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This book presents the historical development of Cyclodextrins by scientists who have made outstanding contribution to the field. Cyclodextrins are safe, cage-like molecules that have found major applications in many industrial sectors such as medicine, food, agriculture, environment and chemistry.
This book reviews adsorption techniques to clean wastewater, with focus on pollution by dyes and heavy metals. Advanced adsorbents include carbon nanomaterials, biomass, cellulose, polymers, clay, composites and chelating materials.
This book presents advanced methods to analyse and clean pollutants, such as nanotechnology to treat water, techniques to remediate building materials, and bioindicators. It is very important that the understanding of these methods are brought to the attention of scientists, as cities and ecosystems are still polluted by toxic compounds despite efforts to clean the planet.
This book presents advanced techniques for wastewater treatment and the chapters review the environmental impact of water pollution, the analysis of water quality, and technologies for the preservation of water resources. Also outlined in this volume is the bioremediation of heavy metals, dyes, bisphenols, phthalates, cyanobacteria in contaminated water and wastewater. Another focus of this book is the use of natural remediation techniques such as bacterial biofilms and enzymes.
This volume is a collection of informative chapters on various subjects. It provides information on the effects of pesticides on avian fauna, the impact of microbial ecosystems to solve environmental problems, a detailed review on issues in membrane distillations process, microbial sensor for detection of pollutants, microbial biosurfactants, biotechnological applications of immobilised microalgae as well as a review on Biochar production. Most importantly, this book contains a critical review on microbial degradation of plastic wastes and highlights the Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Herbicides.
This book is the first volume of two volumes on cyclodextrins published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World. After a brief description of the cyclodextrin fundamentals, the first chapter by Gregorio Crini et al. provides an overview of cyclodextrin research during the last 5 years. The second chapter by Michal Rezanka discusses the synthesis of novel cyclodextrin systems by selective modifications. Then Eric Monflier et al. describes the synthesis of nanostructured porous materials based on cyclodextrins, and applications in heterogeneous catalysis and photocatalysis. The use of thermal analyses for assessing cyclodextrin inclusion complexes is reviewed in chapter 4 by Daniel Hadaruga et al. Experimental methods for measuring binding constants of cyclodextrin inclusion compounds are presented by David Landy. The second volume reviews cyclodextrin applications in medicine, food, environment and liquid crystals.
This book deals with the noteworthy advancement in the production of bioactive metabolites from microbes and their pharmacological significance. It highlights the pharmacological potential of marine microbes and endophytic fungi and their bioactive secondary metabolites. Emphasis is also given on the significance of probiotics and their specialized molecules in human health and disease as well as their role in dietary intervention for reducing the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This work also serves as excellent reference material for researchers, students and academicians in the field of natural product chemistry, pharmacology and applied microbiology.
This book serves the environmentalists to track the development of photocatalytic materials and technology in the present context and to explore future trends. Photocatalysis is the most influential greener technology being researched, developed and adopted for the treatment of wastewater. The technological advancements in the area of smart hybrid photocatalytic materials have gained momentum in the present era. The rational designing of photocatalytic materials with a multi-pronged approach opens a new chapter for environmental detoxification. Other important aspects relate to the transfer of this nanostructured photocatalytic technology to real backdrops. Harnessing natural solar energy for energy and environmental roles is another crucial criterion in designing photocatalysts.
This book has been assembled with the hope of being an authoritative, comprehensive, conceptually sound and highly informative compilation of recent advances describing the concepts of bioengineering in the field of microbiology. It comprises of seven chapters written by eminent authors in their respective fields. Topics included deal with the significant advancement of microbial technology with emphasis on drug delivery strategies for healthcare products, vaccine delivery, biotransformation approaches to generate new molecules, upstream/downstream processing of biopharmaceuticals. It serves as excellent reference material for researchers, students and academicians in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology and pharmaceutical sciences.
Energy is a key world issue in the context of climate change and increasing population, 'calling for alternative fuels, better energy storage, and energy-saving devices. This books reviews the principles and applications of metals and metal oxides for energy, with focus on batteries, electrodes, nanomaterials, electronics, supercapacitors, biofuels and sensors.
This book presents photocatalysis as a state-of-art technology in energy production and conversion. The ever increasing demand for energy with growing economies has led to a dearth of energy sources. The exhaustive dependability on non-renewable resources of energy has not just depleted them but also lead to the birth of secondary problems such as pollution and climate change. The photoactive processes have opened a new window for the production of green energy and helped in environmental sustainability. The harnessing of renewable sources especially sun and water for fuel production and noxious gases reduction solve both the issues of pollution mitigation and energy crisis.
This book presents recent reviews on the occurrence, analysis, toxicity and remediation of pesticides in biological systems such as fish, chickens, water, soil and food.
This book details first the chemistry of hydrogen production from biomass. Solutions to the CO2 issue are given in three chapters, which describe CO2 photo catalytic reduction, CO2 sequestration in terrestrial biomass, and plants as renewable fuels. Further chapters review the selenium cycle in ecosystems, advanced processes to treat water and ecological ways to dye textiles. Society growth during the last century has almost entirely relied on the carbon economy, which is the use of fossil fuels for energy and materials. The carbon economy has provided and will still provide many benefits. However, the increasing use of fossil fuels is partly responsible for the increase of atmospheric CO2 concentrations and in turn, global warming. There is therefore an urgent need for cleaner fuels such as hydrogen, as well as a need for a carbon neutral economy where each emitted CO2 molecule is fast sequestered in plants, algae, soils, sub soils and sediments.
Legumes are a major constituent of vegetarian diets and alleviate malnutrition because they are protein-rich and easily digestible. Moreover, a legume-based diet is much more sustainable than a meat-based diet. Recent research has disclosed major advances in legume agriculture and biotechnology, leading to improved health benefits from nutrients, antioxidants, polyphenolic phytochemicals, phenolic acids, flavonoids and tannins. This book reviews bioactive compounds and their applications, and conventional breeding and biotechnology for legume sustainability and nutritional enhancement.
This book is the second volume of two volumes on cyclodextrins published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World. This volume focuses on cyclodextrin applications. The first chapter by Divya Arora and Sundeep Jaglan presents cyclodextrin-based carriers for delivery of dietary phytochemicals. The second chapter by Eva Fenyvesi et al. describes the interactions of steroids with cyclodextrins and their applications to pharmaceuticals, food, biotechnology and environment. Nazli Erdogar and Erem Bilensoy discuss cyclodextrin-based nanosystems in targeted cancer therapy. Miriana Kfoury et al. review the use of cyclodextrins for essential oils applications in chapter 4. Hiroshi Ikeda demonstrates in chapter 5 that chromophore-appended cyclodextrins are effective for chemosensors to detect organic molecules by fluorescence or absorbance changes. Then Gregorio Crini et al. describe silica materials-containing cyclodextrin for pollutant removal. The final chapter by Chang-Chun Ling et al. summarizes the synthesis and characterization of supramolecular liquid crystals based on cyclodextrins and their applications.
This book presents the comprehensive description of basic principles, methodologies, similarities and differences of nano-liposomes and -phytosomes. It focuses on the implications of these nano carriers in drug delivery and also includes detailed classification of nanoinonized drug particles, polymeric nanoparticles and hydrophobic nanoparticles. This book concludes with the biological, technical and study-design challenges of Nanopharmaceuticals and presents critical viewpoints of smart DNA nanostructures. The risk factors and regulatory concerns have also been kept in focus and the book includes the toxicity and application of different types of ionic liquids for humans and environment. It also critically describes characteristics, applications and regulatory gaps of nanoparticle-ionic liquid combined systems.
This book discusses the biological, technical and study-design challenges of Nanopharmaceuticals. Chapters of this book are dedicated to supermagentic iron oxide nanoparticles for the diagnosis of brain, breast, gastric, ovarian, liver, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancers. It also includes a brief introduction to magnetic resonance imaging and ends with the future prospective of iron oxide nanoparticles in cancer detection. The book also provides a critical discussion on 'Computational sequence design for DNA nanostructures' and gives a brief introduction about the skin delivery. A detailed discussion has been included about the different types of nanocarriers such as micells, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, polymeric and lipid based nanoparticles. Focussing on the safety concerns of nanomedicine it also covers the safety issues, clinical benefits, ecotoxicity and regulatory frame work of nanopharmaceuticals.
This is the second volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. Together with the first volume they show a typical selection of green materials used in wastewater treatment, with emphasis on industrial effluents. This second volume focuses on innovative materials. It presents hemp-based materials for metal removal, and the use of leaves for metal removal. It describes the biosorption of metals and metalloids on various materials and discusses the recent advances in cellulose-based adsorbents used in environmental purposes. Furthermore, activated carbons from food wastes, aerogels and bones, and municipal solid waste biochar as efficient materials for pollutant removal, respectively are reviewed as well as biosorption of dyes onto microbial biosorbents and the use of mushroom biomass to remove pollutants are looked at. The volume also includes detailed review of green adsorbents for removal of antibiotics, pesticides and endocrine disruptors and the use of pillared interlayered clays as innovative materials for pollutant removal. Finally, the use of green adsorbents for radioactive pollutant removal from natural water is discussed. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.
This book provides a comprehensive overview on the most important types of nanosensor platforms explored and developed in the recent years for efficient detection of environmental/clinical analytes. The chapters cover basic aspects of functioning principles and describe the technologies and challenges of present and future pesticide, metal ions, toxic gases analytical sensing approaches and environmental sensors. Nanosensors are nanoscale miniature devices used for sensing of analyte in ultra-low range. These have gained considerable interest in environmental applications such as environmental chemistry and functionalization approaches, environmental engineering, sustainability, green technology for sensing, environmental health monitoring, pesticide detection, metal and ions detection using electrochemical and wireless sensor.
This book provides the information on the application of nanotechnology in cleaning wastewater and the impact of microbial ecosystem to solve environmental problems has been critically reviewed in the chapters. It also gives detailed reviews about the conversion of wastewater nutrients into a biofertilizer using microalgae, as well as the applications of Biochar for heavy metal remediation from water. Most importantly, this book contains critical review on microbial fuel cells and highlights the emerging risks of bioplastics on the aquatic ecosystem.
This book provides the technological insight on biorefinery and nanoremediation and provides comprehensive reviews on applications of Biochar for environmental sustainability. Critical review on biosurfectants in food applications as well as sustainable agricultural practices has also been provided in this book. It also highlights the microbial-omics and microRNAs for protecting ecotoxicity. Overall, this book provides critical as well as comprehensive chapters on wastewater treatment using different technologies.
This book introduces recent developments of membrane technologies applied to gas and water treatments, energy processes and environmental issues. Novel knowledge and mechanisms on membrane fabrication and usage in energy, chemical, and environmental engineering are detailed in 12 book chapters from France, UK, Spain, China, Nigeria, Iran and Pakistan. The information in this book will be useful for engineers, students, and experts in these fields.
This is the second volume on Environmental Nanotechnology. The first chapter discusses the synthesis of nanomaterial and mainly the green synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials. Furthermore, a comperative discussion about resistive and capacitive measurement of nano-based biosensor is reviewed and the efficient delivery of nutraceutical with the help of nano-vehicles are explained. Moreover, the book also includes reviews on such topics as nanopharmaceuticals, health benefits and the toxic impact of heavy metal nanomaterials and the impact of several nanomaterials on plant abiotic stress and have focussed on the long term impacts of nanomaterials on agroecosystems. The reader will also find presentations on molecularly imprinted polymeric nanocomposites, critical and comparative comments on Nano-biosensors and Nano-aptasensors and on applications of nanotechnology for the remediation and purification of water with a main focus on drinking water. The last chapter presents a comprehensive review on plasmonic nanoparticle based sensors whereby the authors have hypothesized the future applications in the environment which can be plausible in the near future.
This book presents the environmental benefits of nanomaterials in agriculture, water purification and nanomedicine. Nanotechnology will modify the environment both in a positive and negative way. On the one hand, new nanomaterials are promising for reducing greenhouse gases, cleaning toxic wastes and building alternative energy sources. On the other hand, some toxic nanoparticles enter and disrupt ecosystems. Therefore, research should focus on the sustainable use of nanomaterials to avoid environmental contamination. This volume is the first of several volumes on Environmental Nanotechnology, which will be published in the series Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World.
This book deals with a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. It is a discipline that addresses current issues: climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control and biodiversity depletion. This series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then proposes alternative solutions.
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