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Showing 1 - 25 of 4152 matches in Business & Economics
Andreas Schreiner examines the role of multiples in equity valuation. He transforms the standard multiples valuation method into a comprehensive framework for using multiples in valuation practice, which corresponds to economic theory and is consistent with the results of a broad empirical study of European and U.S. equity markets.
Philipp Jostarndt studies distress-induced changes in ownership and
control, success factors in distressed equity infusions, and firms
choice between in- and out-of-court debt restructurings. In
addition, he analyzes the determinants of survival, acquisition,
and bankruptcy as alternative paths to exit financial distress. He
includes both the firm perspective as well as the market valuations
of the undertaken restructurings and, where applicable, relates the
findings to the microstructure of Germany s revised bankruptcy
Jan Muntermann presents an intraday event study that is conducted within the German capital market, and provides evidence that investors could exploit intraday stock price effects following critical market events. He then develops the concept for a corresponding mobile decision support system that assists investors in identifying those events. Based on the design science research paradigm, he uses this concept in the design of a novel mobile decision support system, which can provide ubiquitous information access to private investors.
Roger Moser analyses the relationships between business priorities and PSM strategy and shows in detail how business strategies influence PSM. He develops a PSM strategy concept which enables supply managers to break down strategic priorities from a business strategy level to a PSM level and to define appropriate actions when dealing with suppliers, supply markets and internal customers.
Ulrich Lossen explores the trade-off between diversification and specialization in private equity funds. In a first step, he analyzes the influence of external factors on the choice of private equity firms to diversify their portfolios across different dimensions, such as financing stages, industries, and geographic regions. Then, he examines the impact of diversification on private equity funds' performance.
The authors of this book analyse the social and technical nature and role of XBRL in information supply chains and capital markets as well as the XBRL standard and taxonomies. They provide a critical view of XBRL from a research perspective, present different projects in the XBRL area and indicate future directions for XBRL research. Current research questions are taken up and discussed from different perspectives. From a technical point of view, the spectrum encompasses the internal perspective up to the final user layer. Apart from these technical issues, there are also key socio-technical aspects which are vital to the understanding of XBRL use.
In this book, internationally renowned scholars and practitioners elaborate on political as well as managerial questions, e.g. how to make overriding Public Governance changes the 'guiding model' for a now needed stronger strategic approach. More specifically, their focus is on how moves towards a re-positioning as an enabling authority are to be made drivers for adapting management systems across all levels. In accordance with present developments, the authors explain how changes in the overall governance structure have to be used to adapt leadership practices in a more output-oriented or even entrepreneurial fashion. Overall, the underlying idea is to provide some further basics for a public sector type of a design-oriented management science.
The quality and characteristics of industrial and consumption goods
are often not revealed until after consumption. However, the
decision to buy these products must be made before buying. Many
strategies and instruments for signalling and screening have been
developed in the economic world in order to overcome potential
market failure due to insufficient quality detection. In many
situations, efficient incentives and quality revelation are given
to the market players by contracts that structure the process and
payments of the transaction.
Maik Kleinschmidt explores the determinants of venture capitalists' influence as well as their impact on the corporate governance of portfolio companies and analyses the influence of corporate governance on the companies' firm value. His findings support the hypothesis that venture capitalists improve the corporate governance of their portfolio companies and that their abilities determine their impact. Moreover, they show the positive impact of good corporate governance on some measures for firm value.
Taking into account strategic, organizational and technological factors Alexander Benlian studies the question of whether to centralize or to decentralize media content. The findings basically emphasize the need to design publishing organizations that follow certain patterns of congruency and consistency in order to realize greater effectiveness.
Potenziale des E-Commerce und E-Business ergeben sich nicht nur fur herkommliche kommerzielle Unternehmen. Auch Nonprofit-Organisationen (NPO) wie z. B. Umwelt-oder Sozialorganisationen konnen fur ihre Geschaftstatigkeit erheblich vom geziehen Einsatz der neuen Medien profitieren. Dies gilt insbesondere fur den Bereich des Fundraising. Fundraising wurde lange Zeit von NPO alleinig als ein Instrument der Mittelbeschaffung zur Finanzierung der eigenen Aktivitaten aufgefasst. Durch Einsatz des Internet besteht die Moglichkeit, die Beschaffungsfunktion des Fundraising zu einem umfassenden Beziehungs management auszubauen und damit eine neue Form der Spenderbindung an NPO zu erreichen. Diesem Themenkomplex widmet sich die vorliegende Arbeit von Bettina Hohn und sie dringt damit in weithin unerforschtes Gebiet vor. Vor dem Hintergrund eines Internet Marketing-Bezugsrahmens analysiert sie den aktuellen Stand des Internet-Marketing und -Fundraising im NPO-Bereich, entwickelt Geschaftsmodelle und gibt konkrete Gestaltungsempfehlungen. Die gesamte Arbeit profitiert von der standigen lllustration der Bezugsrahmen mit praktischen Beispielen aus der NPO-Arbeit. Hier kommen der Autorio sowohl die vielfaltigen Informa tionen aus den zahlreichen Experteninterviews als auch ihre eigene melnjahrige Berufspraxis im Feld zu Gute. Die Arbeit fugt sich hervorragend in den Forschungsschwerpunkt "Nachhaltige lnformationsgesellschaft" an meinem Lehrstuhl Produktionswirtschaft und Umwelt an der Universitat Oldenburg. In diesem Forschungsfeld ist in den letzten Jahren eine sehr engagierte und aktive Doktorandengruppe entstanden, die von den Impulsen der Autorio ganz entscheidend profitiert hat."
Michael Marti presents a complexity management model that is based on the reasoning that product architecture determines to a considerable extent how external complexity is translated into physical products. The model demonstrates a procedure to optimize a product s architecture and is applied to several industrial products.
Marita Haas claims that social processes are decisive for the success of SME networks and creates a phase concept based on group theory that describes how owners of small enterprises enter into a cooperation. The framework is applied to three network formation cases in Austria, Belgium and Turkey. The author shows that group theory is a useful tool to understand and anticipate processes in networked organizations and indicates that the group formation process must be accomplished before a network will be able to create benefits.
Ian M. Langella examines the planning of disassembly for
remanufacturing of used products, yielding components which are
reassembled into as good as new items.
Stefan Hochrainer develops a catastrophe risk management model. It
illustrates which trade-offs and choices a country must make in
managing economic risks due to natural disasters. Budgetary
resources are allocated to pre-disaster risk management strategies
to reduce the probability of financing gaps. The framework and
model approach allows cross country comparisons as well as the
assessment of financial vulnerability, macroeconomic risk, and risk
management strategies. Three case studies demonstrate its
flexibility and coherent approach.
Janine Frauendorf analyzes how customer processes can be used to optimize the overall service process. Her focus is on the service blueprint: Originally a tool for the design and optimization of the service operator s internal process, it is now extended taking into account the customer process aspect. She presents significant implications for services research and helpful suggestions for business practice.
Employing the most comprehensive sample of European carve-outs to
date, Nikolas Pojezny analyzes the performance of carve-outs along
various dimensions: Both the reaction of parent firms to the
announcement of a carve-out as well as share price and operating
performance in a multi-year window around the event are examined in
Annette Kleinbrod analyses the Chinese capital market and examines to what extent the stock and bond markets contribute to the financing of China's development. Her approach takes into account the relatively recent re-emergence of the stock and bond markets in China, the limited data available, and the country's current dynamics.
Lukas Hengartner shows that both firm complexity and managerial power are associated with higher pay levels. This suggests that top managers are paid for the complexity of their job and that more powerful top managers receive pay in excess of the level that would be optimal for shareholders.
Chuluunbaatar Enkhzaya examines the "inadequate" behaviour of banks in Mongolia by analysing the institutional framework of the banking system, especially in lending. She focuses on the genesis of informal institutions of lending and their interaction with formal institutions of lending. Herewith, informal institutions such as the attitude to risk were indirectly observed by diagnosing the "action-regulating" knowledge of bankers. In order to ensure an effective allocation of the scarce financial resources of Mongolia the author therefore suggests a change - as simultaneous as possible - of formal and informal rules.
Drawing on a comparative case study Michael Haas analyses the consequences of the differences in the innovation strategies of Japanese and European telecommunication firms. He focuses on the following questions: Which are the implications of different approaches towards management of systemic innovations? Do differences matter and why do they matter?
In her first essay Vera Magin uses primary experimental data to explore the effects of information on marketing decisions, performance, and competition. In the second essay she discusses several approaches to measure product differentiation in spatial contexts.
Felix Treptow examines the changing relationship between exchanges and issuers, analyses the micro- and macroeconomic drivers of the demutualization decision, and investigates its impact on market liquidity. He presents a detailed analysis of both the determinants as well as the consequences of the demutualization of securities exchanges.
Using tools of modern industrial economics Urs Meister examines the effects of privatisation and competition in the piped water industry. Considering the two main approaches for competition in an industry with natural monopoly character, common carriage (interconnection) and franchise bidding (auctions), he analyses costs, retail prices and investment. Such analysis shows that competition may be a valuable opportunity to improve the efficiency of water supply.
Based on an empirical study among employees of a multinational corporation (MNC) in Germany and the USA, Marjaana Gunkel shows that the employees in these countries have different preferences regarding incentives and that incentive plans designed for one country are not always effective in others. In addition, the author presents an explorative study of employee groups in China and Japan and gives advice for designing appropriate compensation schemes for employees of MNC in different countries.
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