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Researchers rely on information - so that they do not repeat what has already been researched and so that they could continuously build and expand the body of knowledge that ensures progress.
Library and Information Service(LIS) professionals have served as intermediaries in the process of finding and disseminating existing information for a very long time. That role is, mainly due to technology and the products that make use of technology, rapidly and continuously changing. LIS professionals therefore have to ensure that they truly add value to the research process and when they become aware of the fact that their services and products are not being used, the matter needs investigation.
This study covers some of the issues relating to marketing tools and strategies that can be used to attract non-users of LIS and the associated products.
In a global marketplace supply chain integration is recognised to be one of today's competitive advantages. This exploratory research utilised a stepwise methodology to investigate pathways to supply chain integration. First, value streams where audited applying Quick Scan Methodology. Next, internal and external barriers to supply chain integration were investigated. Finally, longitudinal case studies were used to investigate ways of supply chain integration. In total, some 240 person days were spent in the field to investigate supply chain integration in practise. The research revealed that supply chain integration practise rarely resembles the theoretical ideal. Further, every case company was found to face significant managerial, socio-cultural barriers to supply chain integration. Good top management support and favourable external dependencies offer the best setting for enhancing supply chain integration in practise. If those are not present companies seem to choose the path of least resistance. Finally, this study yielded some early insights that the speed of supply chain integration development in practise follows a learning curve trajectory.
Agriculture and those involved in agriculture face a lot of natural as well as man-handled menaces. As a result, (small and marginal) farmers' suicides are a very common caption in newspapers. This has led the economists, public agencies and government to introduce the crop insurance policy supporting and stabilizing the income of farmers. The insurance participation is positively linked with life and livelihood security of the poor farmers enabling them to get free from the trap of rural money-lenders, to optimally use the costly inputs like fertilizer, quality seeds etc. and to rescue from the distressed sale of their product. This book has been designed to look into the effects of crop insurance on the use of inputs, production of output for farms of different sizes. Crop insurance has been included in the syllabus of under-graduate courses and masters in economics, statistics, actuarial statistics, commerce, management, sociology and other branches of social sciences. All over the world, a lot of research is being pursued on this issue. This present work will come to the immense help of those who desire to carry out advanced study and undertake research in crop insurance.
The main conclusion of this study is that deeper Bangladesh-India economic cooperation will contribute stronger economic growth of both countries. This book is corroborated by variety of modelling techniques that have been employed to overcome the shortcomings of using one methodology alone. The study clearly establishes that gains are much higher if efficient system are simultaneously established for bilateral trade and infrastructure.
The present document reports on research performed during the academic year 2010-2011 for the purpose of elaborating a business plan for the design of a new fitness centre in the neighbourhood of Liege. The book presents: the results of an external environment analysis, the Key Success Factors (KSF) in the fitness industry, a market research report, a detailed study of market potential carried out on the local level, the segmentation, targeting and marketing positioning, the budget for and distribution of advertising (ATL or BTL), the financial forecasts and business model of the fitness centre and, finally, the general conclusion."
This book provides a methodology for the standardization and integration of processes of subsidiary companies within a Multinational Company utilizing Business Process Reengineering (BPR) which is a Top Management initiative. Action Research with a dual-cycle, specifically the seven-stage Soft Systems was the methodology used. The problem situation was that of processes not being standardized and an organization structure which was not process based. Conceptual To-Be models were created for the business model as well as a process value-chain, macro and micro processes, and a process-based organization structure with process owners and Key Performance Indicators. The To-Be models were compared to the As-Is models. Outcome analysis was carried out. Contributions to knowledge were determined. A guideline is proposed for the BPR definition of dramatic improvements. This book provides a guide for managers who want to standardize processes utilizing BPR with the objective of achieving BPR-defined dramatic improvements
This book is focusing on analyzing current challenges in E-Taxation system as a part of the E-Government initiatives. Governments worldwide have been making significant attempts to make their e-tax filing services available on the Internet. However, despite the apparent benefits as online services' immediacy and saving costs, the rate of adoption of E-Taxation is globally below experts' expectations. The consolidated analysis of E-Taxation models has revealed similar problems in this area - lack of trust and its negative effect on level of E-Taxation adoption. This book is drawing relationship between trust of citizens' and security of E-Taxation transactions which is directly affects their willingness to use online tax filing services.
In the past two to three decades, the software industry in India has witnessed rapid growth with no sufficient time to have standard HR policies and practices. In this context, a detailed study on HR policies and practices in different sized software companies was conducted with the following four objectives: To study the organizational set up for HRM functions; To identify and review the policies and practices relating to specific HRM functions such as acquisition, development, motivation and maintenance of human resource; To study the background of the employees, their perception on the HR policies and practices; To highlight the differences in the policies and practices among Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3 companies. The data were collected from both employers and employees, and analyzed based on the improvised model of Meg Isaac Sternberg, covering four major areas of HRM, namely acquisition, development, motivation and maintenance. The study brings forth the HR practices almost in all aspects of HRM and makes suggestions accordingly, not only for the development of HR practices in selected companies but also for the development of software industry as a whole.
Group lending microfinance program has gained its fame from the success of many microfinance institutions across the world. Prior to the microfinance revolution in 1970s, formal lending institutions vehemently considered that poorer people cannot be banked and cannot repay a loan lacking collateral to guarantee. One potential solution to these problems was pioneered during the late 1970s as group lending microfinance, thanks to Nobel laureate Professor M Yunus at Grameen Bank, Bangladesh. Group lending induces borrowers to self select their peer, monitor each others and enforce repayment at the end. Group lending is thus considered as the key factor behind the high rates of repayment and the success story of many microfinance institutions. In this book the mechanism of group lending is examined with theoretical rigour and justified with empirical evidences. The book is specially suitable for the professionals in microfinance, NGO personnel, policy makers, donor agencies and graduate and research students of economics and finance
In the modern world, companies have to find numerous new ways to develop. Development, however, is often interconnected with investments. Then, the question appears - what is the best solution to allow a company finance them? A wide variety of possibilities, such as business angels, taking a loan or liquidation of assets can be considered. In this book, another source of funding is presented and profoundly analysed - Initial Public Offering (IPO). This very book, though initially a report, came to existence as a result of research conducted by a group of students, supervised by their lecturer - Sebatian Bakalarczyk, at the Lodz University of Technology. Their project was realised as a Problem Based Learning programme at their university. Then, the most ambitious as well as knowledge-seeking student decided to continue their investigation in order to gain full understanding of the topic. The authors hope that presented results give a thorough insight into the extremely complicated matter of choosing the appropriate way of financing as well as the reasons behind going public.
Among 121 isolates, four strains showed the multiresistance against vancomycin, imipenem, ciprofloxacin and oxycillin antibiotics were selected and identified molecularly using 16S rDNA gene sequence as Staphylococcus aureus strains. The determined minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the tested antibiotics indicated the difference in antibiotic resistance among the four tested S. aureus strains. Of nine tested essential oils, thyme and tea tree oils were the most potent for all tested S. aureus strains. Synergetic effects were obtained in combination treatment between vancomycin with thyme oil or tea tree oil against the multi-resistant S. aureus strains. Also, vancomycin and tea tree oil combined at 25%MIC of each had complete inhibitory effects on virulence factors; hemolysin, lecithinase and protease produced by the tested strains. Molecular studies revealed that all tested strains were mecA gene negative, while two out of four tested strains detected vanA gene.
In times of global competition, banks, as service organizations, must search a manner not only to reach new clients, but also to maintain the existing ones. The specificity of financial services and their elasticity is hard to realize from the unique market of bank products. Clients, in this situation, have the choice of a full palette of similar services. They probably choose the best way for themselves. This work presents a review of available literature which is used to meet the objectives of the reported research. It is structured as follows: a familiarisation of the main features accompanying the Asset-Backed Commercial Paper as a most common form of SPV funding and as a starting point of pricing the stand-by facility; models and approaches that might be helpful in solving given problems. Following Merton and Matz, and Neu, it is known that the contingent claim can be treated as an option. The present monograph is an analysis of the chosen areas of bank management. The author hopes that the knowledge contained in this publication will help understand specific banks management using modern (innovative) products and models of analysis.
The latest financial crisis highlighted several problems with credit derivatives and raised questions about the effectiveness of Credit Rating Agencies' (CRAs) assessment of risks in rating complex financial products such as Collateralized Debt Obligation (CDO). Credit derivatives provided a powerful new tool for managing credit risk that had the potential to facilitate risk-sharing, enhance the efficiency of risk management and promote market completeness. Measuring the exposure taken on a credit derivative contract can be very difficult. As a result market participants have rely on credit ratings as a source of information to assess the risk of their derivative transactions. During the latest crisis the role of the major credit rating agencies have come under increased scrutiny. This work, after the introduction of credit risk, provides an overview of credit derivatives instruments and explain the central role that rating and credit rating agencies play in the financial markets. Moreover, it highlights the criticism of credit rating agencies in rating structured finance products and provide an in-depth view of the CDO rating methodologies.
This text was written for advanced undergraduate and beginners graduated students, as well as researchers who want to deepen their knowledge in some mathematical methods very useful in the recent economic literature (ordinary difference and differential equations, static and dynamic optimizations). It has been made through the experience of lecturing conducted teaching for many years in advanced courses in Mathematics for Economists at the University of Cagliari, Department of Economics and Business Science. The didactic format aims to present the necessary theory recalls at the beginning of each chapter and then proposes a series of exercises carried out, discussed, problems and deepening of some topics through a lot of economic applications. So the text follows the style of the lectures. It starts with some preliminary topics (geometry, algebra and mathematical analysis) and then it deals with ordinary difference and differential equations and some tools for static and dynamic optimization of functions of one and several variables. The readers have the chance to strengthen and deepen their preparation in the mathematical topics, through the exercises and problems proposed.
Corporate financial scandals caused the investment community, the business world as well as the US Congress to question and then reform the financial auditing standards through the adoption of an act named Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX). The SOX aim is to restore and maintain confidence in financial reporting and it applies to all companies, including foreign ones, which stocks are listed in US stock markets. The documentation of the internal controls over financial reporting and an annual report on the effectiveness of the controls is among SOX key provisions (Section 404 of SOX Act). Therefore, all companies listed on US stock markets have to comply with Section 404 recommendations. This book gives the general basis on SOX, then an application of SOX compliance project in a listed bank. On a quarterly basis, NYSE listed companies need to report on their financial controls, therefore this book is a good tool for CEOs, CFOs, internal auditors, external auditors, business researchers, business schools, listed banks, investors, law makers, Congress Members and students.
Soft Systems Methodology (SSM)has been applied in many industries. A practical critique to its applicability and effectiveness in different contexts is not sufficiently covered in literature. SSM is a human-oriented methodology. This book introduces the reader to soft concepts such as organisational culture and some of the challenges that can occur during change. The book is a reflection on using SSM in a fuzzy situation in an NGO. It includes a narrative about what happened in meetings and a discussion about different aspects of the literature of SSM. The practicality of SSM during the project is discussed based on: (1) the Experience and observations of the author as a facilitator during the project; and, (2) semi-structured interviews with participants.
Banks are among the main participants of the financial system in India. The Indian banking has come from a long way from being a sleepy business institution to a highly proactive and dynamic entity. This transformation has been largely brought about by the large dose of liberalization and economic reforms that allowed banks to explore new business opportunities rather than generating revenues from conventional streams (i.e. borrowing and lending). In India the Reserve Bank of India acts as a centralized body monitoring any discrepancies and shortcoming in the system. It is the foremost monitoring Body in the Indian financial sector. The nationalized banks (i.e. government-owned banks) continue to dominate the Indian banking arena. The Indian banking can be broadly categorized into nationalized, private banks and specialized banking institutions. Under the ambit of the nationalized banks come the specialized banking institutions. These co-operatives, rural banks focus on areas of agriculture, rural development etc.
Driven by economic, political, and environmental dynamics, the path towards achieving sustainability in energy supply on a global scale is one of the key challenges for the twenty-first century. Within this long-term transition process, the transformation of the current energy sector has been identified as a key challenge for a sustainable energy future, which implies that incumbent firms in the two major energy industries (oil-gas and electricity) have a vital role in the development and commercialization process of renewable energy technologies. Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology has seen the most extensive growth over the last decade compared to other renewable energy technologies, and has been identified as a key technology for a sustainable energy future. This study analyzes the role of incumbent firms in the energy industries in the development and commercialization of solar PV technology, as their powerful position in the energy industry gives them a crucial position in the diffusion process of renewable energy technologies. It provides a comparative analysis of strategies regarding solar PV investments, based on in-depth case studies of Europe's leading energy companies.
Some management theorists believe that Muslim organizations across the globe have internalized western values; some hold a diametrically opposite view that Muslims as a community and Muslim executives as well have not given up Islamic values and their companies definitely have a strong imprint of Islamic culture. To fathom the depths of Muslim organizations and to demystify the prevailing corporate culture, this study was designed. This research investigated the internalization and application of value systems - Islamic and western - of Muslim executives in their organizations located in countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia. Further this study has also brought out all those personal values which have transcended the organizational boundaries, i.e. those values which are instrumental in shaping the corporate culture. The question of the impact of executives' values on the styles of management was investigated as well. The findings are presented in this book.
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