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Financial analysis is integral to business sustainability in determining an organisation's financial viability and revealing its strengths and weaknesses, a key requirement in today's competitive business environment. In a first of its kind, Financial Statements Analysis: Cases from Corporate India: evaluates the financial performance and efficiency of various corporate enterprises in India; presents actual case studies from eight core sectors (in manufacturing and services) - construction, cement, steel, automobile, power, telecom, banking, and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO); examines the financial statements on parameters such as financial ratios (profitability, solvency, and liquidity), while appraising their operating efficiency, market potential and valuation; and investigates their implications for larger decision-making and policy recommendations. It will be an important resource for scholars, teachers and students of business and management, commerce, finance, and accounting. It will also appeal to corporate trainers, senior executives and consultants in related fields.
International Financial Statement Analysis provides the most up-to-date detail for the successful assessment of company performance and financial positions. This rich, clear reference covers all aspects from financial reporting mechanics and standards to understanding income and balance sheets. Comprehensive guidance toward effective analysis techniques helps readers make real-world use of the knowledge presented, with this new third edition containing the most current standards and methods for the post-crisis world. Coverage includes the complete statement analysis process, plus information on income tax accounting, employee compensation, and the impact of foreign exchange rates on the statements of multinational corporations. * Understand the accounting mechanics behind financial reporting * Discover the differences between statements from around the world * Learn how each financial statement element affects securities valuation * Master analysis for clues into operations and risk characteristics International Financial Statement Analysis provides the latest rules and best practices, with clarity and expert advice. International Financial Statement Analysis Workbook helps busy professionals understand and apply the concepts and methodologies essential to accurate financial analysis. A companion to the IFSA text, this workbook offers learning objectives, chapter summaries, and practice problems that reinforce the practitioner-oriented material to give readers the confidence they need before applying these concepts to real cases. Readers will test their understanding, and make use of the tools and techniques described in the text. This informative study guide is designed to facilitate information retention, helping readers build a strong foundation in financial statement analysis, with practical applications across borders.
Sharpen your skills and prepare for your CPA exam with a wealth of essential facts in a fast-and-easy Q&A format
Get the question-and-answer practice you need with
"McGraw-Hill's 500 Financial Accounting and Reporting Questions for
the CPA Exam." Organized for easy reference and intensive practice,
the questions cover all essential topics and include detailed
Prepare for exam day with: 500 essential questions and answers organized by subject Detailed answers that provide important context for studying Content that follows the real CPA exam
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are now mandatory in many parts of the world, including Europe, Australia and China. In addition, many countries are in the process of IFRS adoption. Lastly, foreign registrants in US companies no longer have to undertake a costly US-IFRS reconciliation. Therefore, it is clear that investors, analysts and valuers need to understand financial statements produced under IFRS to feed in to their valuations and broader investment decisions. Written by practitioners for practitioners, the book addresses valuation from the viewpoint of the analyst, the investor and the corporate acquirer. It starts with valuation theory: what is to be discounted and at what discount rate? It explains the connection between standard methodologies based on free cash flow and on return on capital. And it emphasizes that, whichever method is used, accurate interpretation of accounting information is critical to the production of sensible valuations. The authors argue that forecasts of cash flows imply views on profits and balance sheets, and that non-cash items contain useful information about future cash flows - so profits matter. The book then addresses the implications for analysis and valuation of key aspects of IFRS including: - Pensions - Stock options - Derivatives - Provisions - Leases The text also sets out which countries use GAAP, as well as the key differences between IFRS and US GAAP treatments of these issues, in addition to their implications for analysis. A detailed case study is used to provide a step-by-step valuation of an industrial company using both free cash flow and economic profit methodologies. The authors then address a range of common valuation problems, including cyclical or immature companies, as well as the specialist accounting and modelling knowledge required for regulated utilities, resource extraction companies, banks, insurance and real estate companies. Accounting for mergers and disposals is first explained and then illustrated with a detailed potential acquisition using real companies.
Written by a well-known author who is very close to the material without being compromised by direct involvement in standard setting, this book makes a major contribution to the history of financial reporting, exploring the current and international aspects of standard setting.
Compiled through consultation of a considerable amount of relevant literature and interviews with a large number of key players of the ASC, it analyzes the big 'set battles' between standard setters and preparers of financial statements, over topics such as price change accounting, goodwill, and leasing and foreign currency translation, the stand-offs which delayed development in specific areas and the smaller skirmishes which impeded the work of improving financial reporting.
It covers a range of topics, including:
A fine account of the period following the 1960s, charting the history of the Accounting Standards Committee, this book is an essential resource for business and finance students.
An invaluable tool equipping healthcare professionals, auditors, and investigators to detect every kind of healthcare fraud
According to private and public estimates, billions of dollars are lost per hour to healthcare waste, fraud, and abuse. A must-have reference for auditors, fraud investigators, and healthcare managers, "Healthcare Fraud, Second Edition" provides tips and techniques to help you spot--and prevent--the "red flags" of fraudulent activity within your organization. Eminently readable, it is your "go-to" resource, equipping you with the necessary skills to look for and deal with potential fraudulent situations.Includes new chapters on primary healthcare, secondary healthcare, information/data management and privacy, damages/risk management, and transparencyOffers comprehensive guidance on auditing and fraud detection for healthcare providers and company healthcare plansExamines the necessary background that internal auditors should have when auditing healthcare activities
Managing the risks in healthcare fraud requires an understanding of how the healthcare system works and where the key risk areas are. With health records now all being converted to electronic form, the key risk areas and audit process are changing. Read "Healthcare Fraud, Second Edition" and get the valuable guidance you need to help combat this critical problem.
Churyk, Weirich, and Pearson's "Mastering the Codification and eIFRS: A Case Approach" is a new accounting book that focuses on teaching students how to use the FASB Codification and the IASB e-IFRS research databases. This is a perfect companion for an Intermediate Accounting, Accounting Research, or Advanced Accounting course, where research skills are integrated in the curriculum.
In today's environment, professional accountants conducting financial accounting research will be utilizing some type of electronic research database. Understanding how to use the FASB Codification system is becoming more crucial to a student's success on the CPA exam and their success in the profession. Throughout the text, the authors use cases to step students through the fundamentals of how to conduct research at the professional level.
Corporate finance is a multifaceted discipline in which everything
works in theory but not necessarily in practice. To bridge this
gap, intelligently designed and executed surveys are essential in
empirically validating conceptual hypotheses and the relative
usefulness of various theories.
The importance of moving toward high-quality, global standards of accounting and auditing has never been clearer. In the midst of the global financial and economic crisis, the leaders of the Group of 20 met and issued their Declaration on Strengthening the Financial System, placing significant emphasis on sound accounting and auditing standards as a critical piece of the international financial architecture. Transparent and reliable corporate financial reporting underpins much of the Latin America and Caribbean development agenda, from private-sector-led growth to enhanced financial stability, facilitating access to finance for small and medium enterprises, and furthering economic integration. For nearly 10 years, the World Bank has prepared diagnostic Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs) on Accounting and Auditing (A and A) at the country level. In Latin America and the Caribbean, ROSC A and A reports have been completed for 17 countries. This book takes a step back and seeks to distill lessons from a regional perspective. 'Accounting for Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean' is the first book to examine financial reporting and auditing in the region in a systematic way, drawing on the World Bank s years of experience and analysis in this area. The book is designed to inform the policy dialogue on accounting and auditing issues among government officials, the accounting profession, the private sector, academia, and civil society in LAC countries. It also seeks to disseminate the lessons learned to key players at the international and regional level, including the donor community, in order to generate momentum for reform of accounting and auditing throughout the region."
Applying International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in a business situation can have a signficant effect on the financial results and position of a division or an entire business enterprise. 'International Financial Reporting Standards: A Practical Guide' gives private or public sector executives, managers, and financial analysts without a strong background in accounting the tools they need to participate in discussions and decisions on the appropriateness or application of IFRS. Each chapter summarizes an International Financial Reporting Standard, following a consistent structure: Objective of the Standard Scope of the Standard Key concepts Accounting treatment Presentation and disclosure Financial analysis and interpretation Many chapters of the book also contain examples that illustrate the practical application of key concepts in a particular standard. The publication includes all of the standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) through December 2008."
Wise investors uncover a company's real story.. .
"The Secret Language of Financial Reports" helps you read a company's annual report like a good book so you can make informed investment decisions. From reading the fine print to interpreting what isn't accounted for, this authoritative guide provides a road map for seeing past the complexity and jargon in company reports in order to understand what is and is not communicated there. Through numerous diagrams, insightful analogies, and real-world based examples, it deconstructs and explains the critical aspects of an annual report by revealing 14 underlying secrets.. .
In "The Secret Language of Financial Reports," Mark E. Haskins demystifies the process of creating annual reports in order for you to fully understand the main purposes, fundamental premises, basic content, embedded compromises, and inherent shortcomings of these documents. He offers detailed coverage of: . Balance sheets, income statements, and statements of cash flow. The auditor's report, financial statement notes, and management's discussion and analysis. Strategies for applying the information you decipher.
Examiners, lecturers and students know that practice is vital to
exam success, so why not test your knowledge with these useful
Finance is the study of value and how it is determined. Individuals, small businesses and corporations regularly make use of value determinations for making strategic decisions that affect the future outcomes of their endeavors. The importance of accurate valuations cannot be overestimated; valuing assets too highly will lead to investing in assets whose costs are greater than their returns, while undervaluing assets will lead to missed opportunities for growth. In some situations (such as a merger or an acquisition), the outcome of the decision can make or break the investor. The need for solid financial skills has never been more pressing than in today's global economy. The Fundamental Principles of Finance offers a new and innovative approach to financial theory. The book introduces three fundamental principles of finance that flow throughout the theoretical material covered in most corporate finance textbooks. These fundamental principles are developed in their own chapter of the book, then referred to in each chapter introducing financial theory. In this way the theory is able to be mastered at a fundamental level. The interactions among the principles are introduced through the three precepts, which help show the impact of the three principles on financial decision making. This fresh and original approach to finance will be key reading for undergraduate students of; Introduction to Finance, Corporate Finance, Capital Markets, Financial Management and related courses as well as managers undertaking MBA's.
Full of valuable tips, techniques, illustrative real-world examples, exhibits, and best practices, this handy and concise paperback will help you stay up to date on the newest thinking, strategies, developments, and technologies in XBRL.
"The accounting industry is in the midst of a technological tsunami in which antiquated closed, proprietary financial reporting systems are being challenged by more cost effective, XBRL-based systems. Bergeron’s book provides an excellent, no-nonsense overview of how executives can take advantage of this cost savings technology without losing their shirts on hidden infrastructure costs. Don’t even think about talking to a vendor before reading this book."
"Implementing XBRL is likely to be on the top 10 wish list of CFOs throughout the next decade. Essentials of XBRL provides the executive with a comprehensive range of information about this important new technology, describes how it can improve financial and business processes, notes possible pitfalls, and lists key points to consider during an implementation. It is a mandatory guidebook on the journey to a successful XBRL implementation."
Publishing the Nonprofit Annual Report offers your nonprofit organization hands-on guidance to help you create an annual report that goes beyond fulfilling your financial reporting responsibilities and instead becomes a valuable communications, marketing, and image-building tool. Written by Caroline Taylor--a consultant who has more than twenty years of experience producing award-winning annual reports--this essential guide takes you through the report-writing cycle from start to finish. Step by step, she shows you how to create a plan, fit the report process into the overall schedule, assign tasks, develop the executive message, work with designers to integrate visual elements, and get the report printed on time and within budget.
The commonly used financial statements--balance sheet, income statement, and statement of changes in cash flows-- focus on a firM's financial structure and performance over a defined period of time. Although they may conform to generally accepted accounting standards they still fail to provide other information that is equally important to achieving true full disclosure. Riahi-Belkaoui proposes remedies for this neglect by taking a close look at other types of statements: the inflation, value added, employee, social performance, and human asset reports. His book is a concise, easily accessed summary of all types of reports, for practitioners, and especially useful as a text or review for students in graduate level courses in financial management and accounting.
The author begins by examining the traditional statements. He shows how they fail to disclose vital information on the measurement and impact of inflation; the measurement of total wealth generated by the total production team, not merely its return to stockholders; necessary information on employees, and about them, that can be useful in management decision making; the measurement of social costs and the benefits attributable to the effects of organizational behavior on the environment, and the measurement of the value of human assets. He takes up these failures and neglects one by one and provides concise discussions of the other, less widely used statements that could remedy them, statements that could provide a fully useful display of an organization's financial well being, if they were better understood and commonly available.
Praise for The Manager’s Guide to Financial Statement Analysis
"The Manager’s Guide to Financial Statement Analysis opens the door for both financial and nonfinancial managers to develop a framework for understanding a company’s true financial performance. The Manager’s Guide goes the extra step by providing the reader with the skills necessary to communicate the impact of a firm’s financial measures in a nontraditional, easy-to-understand manner. It is this combination of understanding and effective communication that allows the manager to then improve a firm through the use of financial information."–Christopher D. Flick, Investment Manager, The Vanguard Group
"The Manager’s Guide to Financial Statement Analysis has helped me in both my personal (investing) and professional (management) lives. The authors unravel the complexities of financial statements so that the information they contain can be easily digested and exploited. There is no more hiding a company’s strategy behind a set of financial statements. I keep this book close at hand!"–Steven I. Glusman, Chief Engineer, Comanche Helicopter Program, Boeing Rotorcraft Program Management Center
"A valuable framework for communicating firm results and aligning managers around common goals. The methodology links the information contained in a company’s financial statements with its external market performance in a format that is easily understandable by the different functional managers of any company."–Scott Teeter, The LTC Group
It is clear that value added methods provide relevant, useful information for financial analysis, market valuation, and financial decision making in corporate settings. Value added methods can be used in ratio analysis, in the determination of earnings as an earnings management tools, and can be substituted for earnings in equity valuation. When included in a wealth measurement it can vastly improve the quality of decision making. Riahi-Belkaoui covers these topics and more. His book is a probing, essential examination of what the latest value added methods are and what they can do, not only for accounting professionals but for academics and top corporate management as well.
Value added reporting is popular in most European countries and in New Zealand, South Africa, and Australia. Most emerging countries are using it too, or considering it. Riahi-Belkaoui explicates latest developments in value-added practice and research, first covering the meaning of the concept, the history behind value added's development and its implied advantages and disadvantages. He then covers the derivation of a value added report, using a fictional case and the resulting data, before moving to an overview of the empirical literature most concerned with value added in the United States. Documenting the overall behavior of the net value added earnings policy model, he lays the foundation for more contextually specific approaches and investigates the usefulness of the substitution of net-value added in equity valuation. The book concludes with an examination of whether accounting knowledge is associated with a decision maker's tendency to ignore value added in wealth measurement in favor of the profit concept. Riahi-Belkaoui draws heavily on his own important writings, to further illustrate and explain the methods and benefits of value added approaches in accounting and other forms of financial decision making.
This book is aimed at the busy professional accountant. It
represents a distillation of the best and most relevant articles in
the professional accounting press published over the last three
years. The articles have been extracted from such prominent
journals as Accountancy, the Journal of Accountancy, Management
Accountancy and Accountancy Ireland.
The traditional model for financial statements is so unreliable, maintains Kirkegaard, that even the most meticulously prepared statement cannot give a true and fair view of the financial health of a business. Statements should be dynamic, current, complete, and comprehensible. Based on strong and well-founded criticism of the traditional accounting model, with its guiding concepts of profit and owners' equity, Kirkegaard proposes a model that concentrates on a company's solvency or insolvency at a given time. With that, it becomes possible to employ modern information technology to predict future liquidity problems early on, thus helping to limit or prevent future losses. A challenging, provocative work for professional accountants and their academic colleagues.
Unforeseen, sudden collapses in business and banking are tragic, familiar phenomena. Creditors suffer huge losses and critics cry, Where was the auditor? Ironically, in most cases the balance sheet published prior to the collapse gave no warning signals. Often it showed a nice owners' equity, and thus the auditors failed to sound an alarm in time. Kirkegaard attributes the lack of advance warning largely to the inadequacy of financial statements. They are so unreliable that even the most meticulously prepared statement cannot give a true, fair view of a business's financial health. Statements should be dynamic, current, complete, and comprehensible. Most importantly, instead of focusing on profit and owners' equity, financial statements should concentrate on a firM's solvency or insolvency. It then becomes possible, using modern technology, to anticipate liquidity problems before they occur, therefore limiting or even preventing future losses. This is precisely the essence of the new model Kirkegaard proposes and develops with forceful clarity. His book will prove to be essential reading, not only for professional and academic accountants, but also for investors, corporate management, and skilled observers of the business scene.
Some of the provocative, challenging ideas that Kirkegaard offers in his book: DEGREESL DEGREESL *The accounting theory which we know at present is in a state of apathy and resistance to change. DEGREESL DEGREESL *Enterprises which are already insolvent but not yet illiquid are dangerous to their creditors DEGREESL DEGREESL *It is impossible to accurately describe the financial position of a business enterprise using traditional financial statements DEGREESL DEGREESL *The concept of time has been a stepchild in accounting theory DEGREESL DEGREESL *It is wrong to believe that the task of accounting is to determine a firM's financial position. Accounting should be concerned with what DEGREESIwe can say DEGREESR about the financial position DEGREESL DEGREESL *The financial statements of the future can be made logically complete, and therefore clean and easy to understand. They can also be made up to date, and used to show the financial situation right now, which will make them reliable.
Value added reporting provides a better measure of the wealth produced by a firm than other methods, says Riahi-Belkaoui in this research-based analysis. It is more useful generally to investors and other users of accounting information, and to policy makers throughout the financial services and related industries. Empirical studies of its uses in Europe support the author's contention and provide a compelling argument for its use in the United States. An important book for professionals and academics alike.
A new form of accounting statement--the value added statement--is gaining popularity in the corporate annual reports of the largest companies in the United Kingdom. This new statement can be viewed as a modified version of the income statement. Like the income statement, the value added statement reports the operating performance of a company at a given point in time, using both accrual and matching procedures. Unlike the income statement, however, it is interpreted not as a return to shareholders but as a return to the larger group of capital and labor providers. Riahi-Belkaoui shows that the value added statement can be easily derived from the income statement and is therefore easily adaptable to the needs of U.S. companies.
To illustrate the usefulness of the value added statement, Riahi-Belkaoui devotes Chapter 1 to a thorough discussion of its many benefits. He then analyzes the usefulness of the value added concept in understanding the characteristics of corporate takeovers in the United States, and in Chapter 3 he discusses the relationship between the value added concept and the systematic risk of U.S. companies, concluding in Chapter 4 with a discussion of value added statements in financial analysis. His book will thus interest not only accountants, teachers, and students who follow trends in international and multi-national accounting but also those who want to prepare themselves for the development of value added techniques and procedures that might reasonably be expected in the United States.
Organizations rely on annual reports to communicate their value and create a sense of corporate community. Assessment of these communications is integral in determining the amount of relevant information disclosed. Global Perspectives on Frameworks for Integrated Reporting: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical scholarly resource that examines the characteristics of communications released by organizations, and evaluates the compliance with the model proposed. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics such as corporate citizenship, country-specific indicators, and modeling relations, this book is geared toward academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on the application of integrated reporting models in relevant organizations.
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