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* Latest, up-to-date edition of a standard text* Incorporates all developments in accountancy practice since the previous edition* Instructs the non-accountant in how accountants set about preparing financial statementsThe latest edition of a standard introductory-level explanation of the fundamentals of accounting, this volume also addresses how to assess the financial information contained in accounting documents and how to learn to base decisions on them.Especially helpful for non-accountants who have to work with accounts, and a recommended textbook for students of financial services.
This pack provides commentary and worked examples on preparing accounts under UK GAAP or IFRS in the UK. It is an essential purchase for acountants that are responsible for reporting under both standards. PwC UK Financial Reporting 2012 Pack contains the following 5 titles: Manual of Accounting: IFRS for the UK - 978 1 84766 904 9 Manual of Accounting: UK GAAP 2012 - 978 1 84766 903 2 UK Illustrative Statements for 2011 Year Ends - 978 1 84766 908 7 Manual of Accounting: Financial Instruments 2012 - 978 1 84766 905 6 Manual of Accounting: Narrative Reporting 2012 - 978 1 84766 907 0
The producer price index (PPI) measures the rate at which the prices of producer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and business decision-making and inflation monitoring. ""The Producer Price Index Manual: Theory and Practice"" provides clear, up-to-date guidance on the concepts, uses, methods, and economic theory of the PPI, including information on classifications, sources, compilation techniques, and analytical uses of the PPI. The Manual supersedes the previous international guidance on PPIs (available in the Manual on Producers' Price Indices for Industrial Goods, published by the United Nations Statistics Division in 1979). The Manual's conceptual framework derives from the System of National Accounts 1993 and recent developments in index number theory. Preparation of the Manual was undertaken by the Intersecretariat Working Group on Price Statistics through a technical expert group chaired by the IMF and involving representatives from the ILO, the OECD, the UN Economic Commission for Europe, the World Bank, national statistical offices, and academic institutions.
This book explores certain contemporary problems of accounting through the eyes and pens of historians. Many accounting problems are not new ones and it is therefore important to understand their history and development through the ages. This book places twentieth century studies in context and provides clues to possible solutions. The focus of this book is on companies and their financial reports and will be of use to students of economic and business history who wish to provide themselves with an accounting background in relation to the financial reports of companies they may be studying.
Written by a well-known author, this book makes a major contribution to the history of financial reporting, exploring the current and international aspects of standard setting. Compiled through consultation of a considerable amount of relevant literature and interviews with a large number of key players of the ASC, it analyzes the big `set battles' between standard setters and preparers of financial statements, over topics such as price change accounting, goodwill, and leasing and foreign currency translation, the stand-offs which delayed development in specific areas and the smaller skirmishes which impeded the work of improving financial reporting. It covers a range of topics, including: the formulation of standards on specific topics the evolution of the institutional machinery of standard-setting the politics of standard-setting the theory of accounting standardization the emergence of a conceptual framework for financial reporting. A fine account of the period following the 1960s, charting the history of the Accounting Standards Committee, this book is an essential resource for business and finance students.
As the monetary cost of fraud escalates globally, and the ensuing confidence in financial markets deteriorates, the international demand for quality in financial statements intensifies. But what constitutes quality in financial statements? This book examines financial statement fraud, a topical and increasingly challenging area for financial accounting, business, and the law. Evidence shows that accounting anomalies in an organization's financial statements diminish the quality and serviceability of financial information. However, an anomaly does not necessarily signal fraud. Financial statement fraud is intended to mislead shareholders and other stakeholders. In this book, elements that underpin diversity of accounting anomalies likely found in fraudulent financial accounting statements are revealed. Multiple research methods are used in the analysis of selected international fraud cases, each illustrating examples of financial statement fraud, including: revenue recognition, overstatement and/or misappropriation of assets, understatement of expenses and liabilities, disclosure fraud, bribery and corruption. Additionally, the phoenix phenomenon with regard to fraud in financial accounting is investigated. Drawing on documented observations of commercial and legal cases globally this study highlights the necessity for continued development of financial audit practices and other audit services.
First published in 2014. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Business sustainability has advanced from greenwashing and branding to being a business imperative. Stakeholders, including shareholders, demand, regulators require, and companies now need to report their sustainability performance. No longer is this a choice for businesses. A decade ago, fewer than 50 companies released sustainability reports, and now more 8,000 global public companies disclose sustainability performance information on some or all five economic, governance, social, ethical, and environmental (EGSEE) dimensions of sustainability performance, and this trend is expected to continue. Indeed, more than 6,000 European public companies would be required to disclose their environmental, social, governance and diversity information for their 2017 reporting year. However, the proper determination of sustainability performance, accurate and reliable reporting and independent assurance of sustainability information remain major challenges for organizations of all types and sizes. Through reading this book, you will: Identify sustainability strategies to create innovation in new products, services, energy-efficiency, environmental facilities and green initiatives. Understand the role and responsibilities of all participants in the corporate reporting process, including directors, officers, internal auditors, external auditors, legal counsel, and investors. See ways to improve public trust, investor confidence, business reputation, employee satisfaction, corporate culture, social responsibility and environmental performance. Learn all five economic, governance, social, ethical and environmental (EGSEE) dimensions of sustainability performance separately and their integrated and interactive effects on achieving the goal of creating sustainable value for all stakeholders, including shareholders. Learn how to adopt best practices in sustainability development and performance, and deliver effective integrated sustainability reporting and assurance.
A one-stop resource for understanding and applying current International Financial Reporting Standards In this updated edition of Understanding IFRS Fundamentals, readers get access to easy-to-follow examples, case studies, schematics, and tables that make the subject approachable and accessible. Arranged topically, by IFRS Standards, the book serves as a quick source of information that makes it easy to find answers on issues of common interest to beginner financial statement preparers and users. It's clear that the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) is here to stay, with more than 120 countries requiring or allowing the use of IFRS for the preparation of financial statements by publicly held companies and with expectations that by 2015 several more nations will be converging with IFRS. Rather than including interpretations of technical issues from Standards (IFRS), this comprehensive guide offers simple explanations of the complex "principle-based" Standards, making it easy for beginners to grasp complicated concepts without detracting from the thoroughness that experts rely on. The book includes: * Easy-to-understand guidance and simple explanations of IFRS standards * Illustrative excerpts from published financial statements explaining the practical implications of applying IFRS * One-stop fundamental guidance for accountants, finance professionals, and analysts in more than 120 countries that have adopted or adapted IFRS * Copious examples, illustrated explanations, and case studies to enhance readers' understanding of IFRS A practical reference guide with simple answers to your issues of interest, Understanding IFRS Fundamentals, Second Edition, is an essential resource when you need lucid explanations of technically complex Standards.
International accounting standards tend to converge, as do auditing, enforcement, and corporate governance, whereas trading of equity shares remains essentially national. The book provides a thorough analysis of what information investors really need, how financial accounting systems developed and their current requirements in major commercial countries, and examines current issues, particularly the benefits and costs a single or multiple accounting standards, the bases for accounting standards, and limitations to accounting disclosure in financial statements.
This text helps students analyze real company financial statement information. Each activity in the book concentrates on only one aspect of the analysis and uses data from well-known corporations to pique students' interest and add relevancy.
The key message of this book is that the world is changing and that accounting, financial reporting and auditing must change in order to avoid the prospect that all three fail to meet the demands of society and thus become irrelevant. The book identifies four forces that will cause the future to be different from what it is now. Globalisation: Accountancy practice in the UK, and globally, will be increasingly determined by international bodies, such as those of the European Union and the International Accounting Standards Board; especially post the 2007/8 crisis. Society's demand for more ethical behaviour by business: The recent public outrage over the tax avoidance practices of multinationals has demonstrated that society will no longer tolerate unethical behaviour on the part of big business, audit firms and others. The environmental crisis: Accountants will no longer be able to argue that the impact of a business's activities on the environment or on a narrow view of the supply chain is not their concern. Technological change: In the future financial reporting will be largely effected through the Internet and real-time reporting. The present unwieldy and largely unread printed reports will become a relic of the past. Accountancy needs fundamental reform. Integrated reporting , whilst still keeping to some of its original ideals, seems to have failed in its current form. This book develops a novel but thoroughly practical form of financial reporting - hybrid accounting - which should enable accounting and financial reporting to meet the challenge of the future.
Advances in Environmental Accounting & Management aims to advance knowledge of the governance and management of corporate environmental impacts and the accounting for these, including issues related to measurement, valuation, and disclosure. It also aims to increase the awareness of management, accounting practitioners, investors and other stakeholders of the financial and social consequences of corporate environmental impacts, encouraging greater environmental accountability and responsibility. The first chapter in this volume (Dr Yousuf Kamal) is set in the context of the Bangladeshi garment industry, while the second chapter (Delphine Gibassier) explores the practice of water accounting. The remainder of this volume presents three chapters from the 3rd French Conference on Social and Environmental Accounting Research, guest edited by Sophie Giordano-Spring, Jonathan Maurice and Charles H. Cho. These chapters consider sustainability in Canadian CPA teaching programmes (Emilio Boulianne and S. Leanne Keddie); mandatory environmental reporting in France (Juliette Senn); and CSR reporting practices in Brazil and South Korea (Hyemi Shin and Adrian Zicari).
The reputation of corporate reporting has been in crisis. Trust in the process of financial accounting and auditing has been undermined by a series of high profile scandals involving major corporations, including Enron, Parmalat, Ahold and Worldcom. In response, regulators and practitioners world-wide have put forward a series of initiatives to repair the damage and restore faith in corporate governance.
In this important new book, the European Auditing Research Network analyses how that response has developed in Europe, with particular emphasis on the field of auditing. Leading international academics review how regulation has been revised in specific European countries to help restore confidence in the contribution of auditing to corporate governance. Various themes are analysed, including the growing trend of internationalization in regulation, ethics and auditing, professional liability and professional education.
Auditing, Trust and Governance will be an invaluable volume for students, researchers and professionals working in the fields of auditing, accountancy and corporate governance, and will provide a useful basis for further research on the effects of the increased regulation.
Financial analysis is integral to business sustainability in determining an organisation's financial viability and revealing its strengths and weaknesses, a key requirement in today's competitive business environment. In a first of its kind, Financial Statements Analysis: Cases from Corporate India: evaluates the financial performance and efficiency of various corporate enterprises in India; presents actual case studies from eight core sectors (in manufacturing and services) - construction, cement, steel, automobile, power, telecom, banking, and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO); examines the financial statements on parameters such as financial ratios (profitability, solvency, and liquidity), while appraising their operating efficiency, market potential and valuation; and investigates their implications for larger decision-making and policy recommendations. It will be an important resource for scholars, teachers and students of business and management, commerce, finance, and accounting. It will also appeal to corporate trainers, senior executives and consultants in related fields.
?Despite having an underdeveloped supporting infrastructure and limited resources, Kazakhstan was the first CIS country to require international financial reporting standards in 2004 for banks, and in 2005 for all public companies. What were the economic consequences of this important reform? In the 1990s, Kazakhstan's capital market reforms mirrored those of Russia due to the two countries' cooperating mode driven by a high level of resource interdependence and environmental uncertainty, following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Yet, by 2003, dependence on external donors (the IMF, World Bank) took precedence over interdependence with Russia. As a result, Kazakhstan unilaterally proceeded with adoption of IFRS, while Russia backed up from this initiative. This study reports that Kazakhstan's inflow of foreign direct investments was the greatest among the CIS nations following the adoption of IFRS. In addition, in 2005-11, Kazakhstani public firms' reporting quality was higher than that of the Russian public firms operating in a similar environment but exempt from the IFRS reporting requirement. Kazakhstan was the first CIS nation to repay its external debt ahead of schedule and to receive an investment grade from Moody's rating agency. The book concludes that Western-style capital market reforms-in this emerging market with a not-so-distant communist past-had significantly positive outcomes.?
First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
UK Illustrative Financial Statements for 2013 year ends provides examples of sets of accounts for the year ended 31 December 2013. Illustrating the required disclosure and presentation for UK groups and UK companies, these model accounts will help you prepare your financial statements whether you report under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) or UK GAAP. UK Illustrative Financial Statements for 2013 year ends comprises of: IFRS GAAP Plc - consolidated financial statements for a fictional listed group reporting under IFRS; GAAP UK Group Limited - consolidated financial statements for a fictional unlisted UK company; UK GAAP Limited - single-entry financial statements for a fictional unlisted UK company. This publication provides three example sets of financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2013. This edition includes the following updates: IFRS GAAP Plc - updated to illustrate the disclosure and presentation requirements of the IFRS standards and interpretations, changes to UK Company law and reporting requirements for listed companies for financial years beginning on or after 1 January 2013. Significant changes to the financial statements include the application of IFRSs 10, 11, 12 and 13 together with IAS 19 and the IAS 1 presentation changes to Other Comprehensive Income. Significant changes to narrative reporting include: Strategic report requirements and related amendments to the Directors' report for listed companies; Disclosure and presentation requirements of the Directors' Remuneration Report; Updated UK Corporate Governance disclosures; Updated illustrative Auditor's report for listed companies. It also includes appendices providing illustrative financial statements relating to: Alternative presentation of cash flows and statement of comprehensive income; Biological assets; Oil and gas exploration assets; Current and forthcoming requirements. GAAP UK Group Limited & UK GAAP Limited - Example financial statements prepared under existing UK GAAP. Significant changes in narrative reporting include: Strategic report requirements and related amendments to the Directors' report for private companies; Updated illustrated Auditor's report for private companies. Previous ISBN: 9781780431031
This 2016 edition includes the newly clarified Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements in SSAE No. 18, Attestation Standards: Clarification and Recodification. Redrafted in accordance with the clarity drafting conventions and differentiated from the extant standards by using the identifier "AT-C", the attestation standards are easier to read, understand, and apply by establishing objectives and definitions in each AT-C section, and separating requirements from application and other explanatory material. Some of the more significant changes introduced by SSAE No. 18 include (among other changes): Separation of procedural and reporting requirements for review engagements from their counterparts for examination engagementsRequired representation lettersMore robust risk assessment for examination engagements SSAE No. 18 supersedes all of the extant attestation standards with the following exceptions: AT 501, An Examination of an Entity's Internal Control Over Financial Reporting That is Integrated With An Audit of Financial StatementsAT 701, Management s Discussion and Analysis. Key Benefits: Topics are fully indexed and arranged by subjectNew, clarified attestation standards provide a framework (a set of rules) for creating an attestation engagement that meets client needs Who Will Benefit? Practitioners performing attestation engagements
The fiscal market is an unpredictable torrent of information that modern organizations strive to understand. Business professionals dedicate themselves to understanding uncertain results around economic performance to improve management, reporting standards, and predict trends in financial statements. International Financial Reporting Standards and New Directions in Earnings Management is an essential reference source that discusses identifying the behavioral patterns of managers and the accounting policies they use in different opportunistic circumstances. Featuring research on topics such as earnings quality, risk reports, and investor protection, this book is ideal for regulatory authorities, accountants, impression managers, auditors, academics, students, and researchers seeking coverage on the theoretical, empirical, and experimental studies that relate to the different themes within earnings management.
The challenges posed by the non-liquidity and non-diversity of the Islamic debts market make the market an inefficient tool on contributing to Muslim economic growth. Islamic scholars and experts created sukuk as an Islamic debt instrument to avoid riba (usury), but the sukuk market (especially in the Gulf) still struggles with the prohibition of the trade of debt due to the prohibition of the two Fiqh Academies. Trading and securitizing debts should be permitted in Islamic law, with one condition, that the debt should be considered low risk. This new rule, the permissibility of trading debts, is supported by three Islamic legal bases, istishab, qiyas, and maslaha, which are recognized by all four Islamic schools of legal thought. Furthermore, permitting the trading of debts is more consistent with the principles and theories of Islamic law than is forbidding it. It is consistent with the obligations theory that debt is a personal right. It is consistent with the mal (property) theory that debt may be sold according to the three Islamic schools of legal thought, all of which consider debt as property. It is consistent with other modern Islamic financial transactions that are permitted by the two Fiqh Academies, such as tawarruq and murabaha.
Financial report and audited financial statements for the 12-monthperiod from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007 and report of the Board ofAuditors: Vol. 2: United Nations peacekeeping operations
Financial report and audited financial statements for the 12-monthperiod from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007 and report of the Board ofAuditors: Vol. 2: United Nations peacekeeping operations
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