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In the latest volume of Advances in Taxation, editor John Hasseldine includes studies from expert contributors to explore topics such as earnings repatriation elections, corporates' uncertain tax positions reported on Schedule UTP, tax audits, voluntary and enforced tax compliance, and tax evasion. Reporting peer-reviewed research contributions from North America and also including international studies from Indonesia, Bangladesh and South Africa, this volume is essential reading for those looking to keep abreast of the most recent research. The empirical research published by the authors of this volume include archival, survey, and experimental methods that have been applied to challenges facing tax systems around the globe. These challenges affect tax administrators, large corporates, and small and medium-sized enterprises. The studies contained in this volume will be influential and help direct future research around the globe.
A Student's Guide to Analysing Corporate Reports, written by Paul Robins, helps to answer the 'so what?' questions arising from Corporate Reports.In addition to a worked case study, this book outlines the components of a typical corporate report, providing a structure that can be used as a basis for the development of a reasoned interpretation of corporate reports by students and to help improve exam results. Ideal for accountancy students who need to be able to demonstrate skills in the analysis of corporate reports for assessment purposes, this book will also be of benefit to those who need some understanding of what published corporate reports can (and cannot ) tell a user about corporate performance.
A practical comparison of--and expert guidance on--IFRS and GAAP written by a practicing controller
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are used in over 120 countries. US companies will inevitably encounter IFRS when evaluating the financial health of suppliers and customers. "IFRS and US GAAP: A Comprehensive Comparison" provides instruction in accounting under IFRS within the context of US accounting standards. Practical and easy-to-use, this book includes a case study of a first time IFRS adoption, emphasizing the much greater degree of professional judgment that is needed for IFRS.Provides a heavy emphasis on practical examplesIncludes an online companion website with downloadable spreadsheets and templatesReflects current financial reporting trendsAddresses accounting requirements of which today's auditors, accountants and preparers of financial reports need to be aware
Clarifying IFRS, its impact on US companies, and where to start in understanding it, "IFRS and US GAAP" prepares US accountants to be knowledgeable with day to day financial accounting issues using IFRS's substantial similarity with US GAAP as a context.
The book provides an insight into the concepts pertaining to financial accounting in the most simplified way. With clear and concise presentation and systematic discussion of the concepts, the text helps in developing the basic understanding of corporate financial reporting. It explicates the accounting principles and methods stipulated in Ind AS, without going into too much detail to make the book useful to the students without previous accounting knowledge. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BOOK Case study-based approach. Ind AS revised up to March 31, 2018, including Ind AS 15. Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Use of financial statements of HUL, Infosys and Suzlon for the year 2016-17 throughout the text to explain Schedule III, accounting principles and financial statement analysis. Numerous illustrations and self-test questions (with answers) after each concept for students to assess their knowledge and grasping. Chapter-end assignments including multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks, analytical questions and problems for practice.
Handbook of Frontier Markets: Evidence from Asia and International Comparative Studies provides novel insights from academic perspectives about the behavior of investors and prices in several frontier markets. It explores finance issues usually reserved for developed and emerging markets in order to gauge whether these issues are relevant and how they manifest themselves in frontier markets. Frontier markets have now become a popular investment class among institutional investors internationally, with major financial services providers establishing index-benchmarks for this market-category. The anticipation for frontier markets is optimistic uncertainty, and many people believe that, given their growth rates, these markets will be economic success stories. Irrespective of their degrees of success, The Handbook of Frontier Markets can help ensure that the increasing international investment diverted to them will aid in their greater integration within the global financial system.
Globalization and the accompanying investment facilities available have resulted in rapid popularity for international financial reporting standards (IFRS). However, differences often exist in terms of what firms report, and once inconsistency between tax regulations and financial reporting regulations occur, differences between taxable and accounting practices are inevitable. This book introduces a new approach to corporate financial reporting by investigating goal incongruence (GING) in the context of the principal and agent (PA) setting. The authors argue that improving the method for the disclosure of information would not only increase the quality of corporate financial information and reporting but also reduce the possibility of any GING arising. This book presents the financial implications of international accounting and financial reporting standards (IAS and IFRS), presenting numerous real-life situations, cases, examples and implications to reveal how GING might influence the implementation of corporate financial reporting of profit volumes and sizes, which are the leading drivers of and widely accepted proxies for corporate financial performance.
The measurement methods used in financial accounting affect our perception of the value and performance of businesses by determining the amount of reported profit or loss and the resources of the business. Thus, measurement affects shareholders and other stakeholders in the business. It has even been suggested that the world financial crisis of 2007-2010 was partly due to the mis-measurement of financial instruments. In this book, Geoffrey Whittington provides a unique survey of the theory and practice of measurement in financial accounts. It seeks to define and illustrate alternative methods, using simple numerical examples, and to analyse their theoretical properties. Also, it summarises extensive empirical evidence and the historical development of ideas and practice. It is essential reading for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying financial accounting, as well as practitioners and policy-makers concerned with accounting standards.
Academics and practitioners argue that intangible values have become significant value drivers of today's economy. Major production inputs no longer comprise of property, plant and equipment, but rather of brands, knowledge and other technological innovation. Based on this notion, information on such phenomena is supposedly crucial for existing and potential capital providers in making decisions whether to allocate resources to a company. This thesis examines the information use and needs of financial analysts with respect to intangible values. The purpose is to shed light on the usefulness of such information from the perspective of one of the primary user groups of IFRSs.
Everyone interested in building a stronger business needs to understand and use the information captured in financial statements. "In Managing by the Numbers," business education and accounting experts Chuck Kremer and Ron Rizzuto team up with open-book management authority John Case to demystify the numbers. They present a practical, common-sense approach to reading financial statements and to managing the three bottom lines of business financial performance: net profit, operating cash flow, and return on assets. The book features numerous exercises and examples (with associated templates available on the Web), a powerful new management tool known as "The Financial Scoreboard," and an extensive glossary. "Managing by the Numbers" is an essential resource for entrepreneurs, business owners, managers, and anyone eager to improve their mastery of the financial side of running a business.
In Audit Analytics in the Financial Industry, editors Jun Dai, Miklos A. Vasarhelyi and Ann F. Medinets bring together a cast of expert contributors to explore ways to integrate Audit Analytics techniques into existing audit programs for the financial industry. Separated into six parts, the contributors take a variety of approaches to this exploration. In Part One, the contributors present two articles illustrating the process of applying Audit Analytics to solving audit problems. Part Two contains four studies that use various Audit Analytics techniques to discover fraud risks and potential frauds in the credit card sector. In Part Three, the chapter focus on the insurance sector and show the application of clustering techniques in auditing. Part Four includes two chapters on how to employ Audit Analytics in the transitory system for fraud/anomaly detection. Finally, Parts Five and Six illustrate the use of Audit Analytics to assess risk in the lawsuit and payment processes. For students, researchers, and professionals in the accounting sector, this is an unmissable read exploring the latest research in Audit Analytics.
Volume 25 features eight articles. In the lead article, Savannah Guo, Sabrina Chi, and Kirsten Cook examine short selling as one external determinant of corporate tax avoidance and find that short interest is negatively associated with subsequent tax-avoidance levels and this effect is incremental to other factors identified by prior research. Next, Mark Bauman and Cathalene Rogers Bowler examine the effect of FIN48 on earnings management activity, by focusing on changes in the deferred tax asset valuation allowance. In the third article, Anthony Billings, Cheol Lee, and Jaegul Lee study whether the lowering of dividend taxes as part of the U.S. Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 resulted in an increase in dividend payouts at the expense of R&D spending. The fourth article by Brian Dowis and Ted Englebrecht examines reasonable compensation in closely-held corporations and the impact of gender, political affiliation, and family makeup on decisions made in the U.S. Tax Court. Then, a practice-related study by Sonja Pippin, Jeffrey Wong, and Richard Mason reports on a survey of Americans living abroad on the impact of tax rules explicitly designed for these individuals. They find that Americans living abroad experience the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act as negatively impacting their lives. The next three articles in this volume have an international focus. Zakir Akhand investigates the effects of the corporate sector on the effectiveness of selected tax compliance instruments in the context of large Bangladesh corporate taxpayers. K-Rine Chong and Murugesh Arunachalam examine the determinants of enforced tax compliance behaviour of Malaysian citizens with trust in the tax agency assumed to be a mediating variable. Lastly, Bitzenis and Vasileios investigate the effect of the economic downturn in Greece on the factors determining the level of tax morale through primary data from a European Union funded research project on the Greek shadow economy.
This book is the outcome of the sustained research activities of the authors. It narrows a significant gap between the theoretical and practical aspects of financial administrations, as it analyses and synthesises, simultaneously, financial administration theory and practice. It examines the Indian financial system whilst covering conceptual areas. Besides dealing with Tax Administration in India, Ministry of Finance and Centre-State fiscal relations, the book also deals with the types and essentials of budgeting while highlighting the budgeting procedure being followed in India. It covers Finance Commissions, especially the Thirteenth Financial Commission and audit and accounting. The book also gives an explicit explanation of public debt, deficit financing and the monetary and fiscal policy of India. This updated text, written from students' point of view is presented in a straightforward, precise manner. The concepts are explained and analysed with relevance to contemporary India.
-- Explanations of IFRS and IFRIC interpretations
A one-stop resource for understanding and applying current
International Financial Reporting Standards
As the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) makes rapid progress towards widespread acceptance and use of IFRS (formerly named International Accounting Standards) worldwide, the need to understand these new standards increases. Now fully revised and updated, IFRS Practical Implementation Guide and Workbook, "Third Edition" is the straightforward handbook for understanding and adapting the IFRS standards.
This quick reference guide includes easy-to-understand IAS/IFRSoutlines, explanations, and practical insights that greatly facilitate understanding of the practical implementation issues involved in applying these complex standards.
Clearly explaining the IASB standards so that even first-time adopters of IFRS will understand the complicated requirements, the Third Edition presents:
Ten recently issued and revised IFRS standards including business combinations, financial instruments and newly issued IFRS for SMEs
New International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) projects
Multiple-choice questions with solutions and explanations to ensure thorough understanding of the complex IFRS/IAS standards
Case studies or "problems" with solutions illustrating the practical application of IFRS/IAS
Excerpts from published financial statements around the world
Designed with the needs of the user in mind, "IFRS Practical Implementation Guide and Workbook," Third Edition is an essential desktop reference for accountants and finance professionals, as well as a thorough review guide for the IFRS/IAS certification exam.
Firm valuation is currently a very exciting topic. It is interesting for those economists engaged in either practice or theory, particularly for those in finance. The literature on firm valuation recommends logical, quantitative methods, which deal with establishing today's value of future free cash flows. In this respect firm valuation is identical with the calculation of the discounted cash flow, DCF. There are, however, different coexistent versions, which seem to compete against each other. Entity approach and equity approach are thus differentiated. Acronyms are often used, such as APV (adjusted present value) or WACC (weighted average cost of capital), whereby these two concepts are classified under entity approach.
Why are there several procedures and not just one? Do they all lead to the same result? If not, where do the economic differences lie? If so, for what purpose are different methods needed? And further: do the known procedures suffice? Or are there situations where none of the concepts developed up to now delivers the correct value of the firm? If so, how is the appropriate valuation formula to be found? These questions are not just interesting for theoreticians; even the practitioner who is confronted with the task of marketing his or her results has to deal with it. The authors systematically clarify the way in which these different variations of the DCF concept are related throughout the book
ENDORSEMENTS FOR LOFFLER: DISCOUNTED 0-470-87044-3
""Compared with the huge number of books on pragmatic approaches to discounted cash flow valuation, there are remarkably few that lay out the theoretical underpinnings of this technique. Kruschwitz and Loffler bringtogether the theory in this area in a consistent and rigorous way that should be useful for all serious students of the topic,""
--Ian Cooper, London Business School
""This treatise on the market valuation of corporate cash flows offers the first reconciliation of conventional cost-of-capital valuation models from the corporate finance literature with state-pricing (or 'risk-neutral' pricing) models subsequently developed on the basis of multi-period no-arbitrage theories. Using an entertaining style, Kruschwitz and Loffler develop a precise and theoretically consistent definition of 'cost of capital', and provoke readers to drop vague or contradictory alternatives,""
--Darrell Duffie, Stanford University
""Handling firm and personal income taxes properly in valuation involves complex considerations. This book offers a new, precise, clear and concise theoretical path that is pleasant to read. Now it is the practitioners task to translate this approach into real-world applications"!"
--Wolfgang Wagner, PricewaterhouseCoopers
""It is an interesting book, which has some new results and it fills a gap in the literature between the usual undergraduate material and the very abstract PhD material in such books as that of Duffie (Dynamic Asset Pricing Theory). The style is very engaging, which is rare in books pitched at this level,""
--Martin Lally, University of Wellington
"The budget and financial reporting processes are well known sources of frustration for most CFOs. Seeking a quick fix to the problem, the common solution is to pour more money into new and better software. This leaves the root cause, the inefficient and dysfunctional underlying processes and routines, unaddressed. As this book shows, substantial and sustainable improvements are only achieved through an holistic approach to process improvement, technology, strategy, and people."
Proven methods for improving efficiency
Corporations face a high turnover among financial managers, rapid changes in technology, lack of time and process redesign skills, and ongoing ambiguity about primary objectives behind the budgeting and financial reporting processes. Amid this frenzy, it is the fundamental efficiency of these processes that dramatically impact overall business performance. Process Improvement for Effective Budgeting and Financial Reporting provides financial managers with a compelling blueprint for increasing efficiency and eliminating waste of time and energy. Four operational experts lay out an 80/20 plan–improving 80% of processes in 20% of the time it would take to improve 100%–and explain a Business Process Improvement (BPI) plan that incorporates:
There is no substitute for improved efficiency. CFOs, controllers, budget managers, and financial analysts will significantly benefit from adding this authoritative guide to their professional libraries.
It gives an intensive study on the management structure and reporting, seeking to answer the theme in an easy-to-understand manner. The book brings into fore the various topics covering income and balance sheet concepts for financial reporting, evaluation of Accounting Standards, objectives, role of reporting in economic development, double entry system, stakeholders' criteria for decision making and all other areas of financial management.
The use of alternative performance indicators (APMs) (also known as 'Non-GAAP' earnings) is a widespread phenomenon, and the increased reliance on APMs has recently triggered a strong debate among regulators, managers and investors on the nature of these 'tailored' earnings and on the economic reasons behind them. On one hand, APMs might reflect managers' attempt to offer useful information to predict companies' future sustainable cash-flows and earnings (information hypothesis), while, on the other, the non-standardized nature of these metrics impacts on the comparability of the financial results, and reduces the reliability and the faithful representation of financial information (opportunistic hypothesis). By collecting several theoretical and empirical contributions on APMs, this book provides a number of interesting and useful insights on the economics of APMs and their impact on financial markets.
This Audit Risk Alert is intended to help auditors understand and implement the requirements of the new AU-C section 600, Statement on Auditing Standards -Special Considerations - Audits of Group Financial Statements (Including the Work of Component Auditors) It was developed to present issues that auditors may face in their current audits; focusing on emerging practice issues and current auditing developments. The new AU-C section 600 is much more broad than previous guidance and introduces a number of new terms, concepts, and requirements related to group audits that will significantly affect current practice. To assist auditors in implementing the provisions of AU-C section 600, this alert includes a variety of useful resources including: * Technical Questions & Answer sections * An analysis of applicability * A breakdown of new terminology * An exploration of how practice will be affected * Special considerations for state and local governments * Implementation case studies This alert has been updated for the issuance of SAS No. 127, Omnibus Statement on Auditing Standards.
BPP Learning Media offers a range of learning materials for students working to complete the CPA Programme. Our Passcards and Revision Kits products complement the structure and content of the CPA syllabus, help focus your revision and hone your exam technique.
The fully update "Third Edition" of the most trusted book on financial statement analysis
Recent financial events have taught us to take a more critical look at the financial disclosures provides by companies. In the "Third Edition" of "Analysis of Financial Statements," Pamela Peterson-Drake and Frank Fabozzi once again team up to provide a practical guide to understanding and interpreting financial statements. Written to reflect current market conditions, this reliable resource will help analysts and investors use these disclosures to assess a company's financial health and risks.
Throughout "Analysis of Financial Statements, Third Edition," the authors demonstrate the nuts and bolts of financial analysis by applying the techniques to actual companies. Along the way, they tackle the changing complexities in the area of financial statement analysis and provide an up-to-date perspective of new acts of legislation and events that have shaped the field.Addresses changes to U.S. and international accounting standards, as well as innovations in the areas of credit risk models and factor modelsIncludes examples, guidance, and an incorporation of information pertaining to recent events in the accounting/analysis communityCovers issues of transparency, cash flow, income reporting, and much more
Whether evaluating a company's financial information or figuring valuation for M&A's, analyzing financial statements is essential for both professional investors and corporate finance executives. The "Third Edition" of "Analysis of Financial Statements" contains valuable insights that can help you excel at this endeavor.
Praise for Valuation for Financial Reporting, Third Edition
"Writing a book on financial reporting is a challenge in and of itself, let alone to focus on the shifting sands of valuation in financial reporting. Yet, Mard and company have done it again, and this time, it is even more user-friendly, easy to read, and topical. If you intend to wade into the swift currents of providing valuation services for financial reporting, you must have Valuation for Financial Reporting in your library or on your desk " --Neil J. Beaton, CPA/ABV, CFA, ASA, National Partner in Charge of Valuation Services, Grant Thornton, LLP
"I really like the flowcharts. The authors take the complex world of fair value measurement for business combinations and convert it to easily understandable and usable flowcharts, worksheets, and checklists." --Gordon Goodman, Trading Control Officer, Occidental Petroleum, and member of the FASB Valuation Resource Group
"The comments on efficient markets and faithful representation in the first chapter were very (very) helpful and well written. Masterful Great book and I look forward to adding it to the library " --Robin E. Taylor, CPA/ABV, CFE, CVA, CBA, Dixon Hughes PLLC, and Chairman, AICPA Business Valuation Committee
What's the big deal about fixed assets?
If the PCAOB starts to review auditor work papers dealing with Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E) on a more intensive basis, will your organization be ready? What if fair value reporting for PP&E were required?
As timely as it is complete, Internal Control of Fixed Assets peels back the layers surrounding the often-complex topic of internal controls for PP&E. This nuts-and-bolts book provides authoritative, step-by-step guidance on developing a system of internal controls for fixed assets, covering:
IFRS versus GAAP: what you must know
Internal control, Sarbanes-Oxley, and the PCAOB
Capitalization and expense of PP&E
Depreciation for books and taxes
Contingent assets and liabilities
Internal auditing of PP&E
With up-to-the-minute discussion of IFRS and GAAP, this is a must-have guide for controllers, auditors, and CFOs, providing practical and proven advice on maintaining a functioning internal control system that will withstand the closest scrutiny from independent public accountants and, ultimately, the PCAOB. Get your existing system in order and stay far ahead of your competitors with the straightforward business analysis in "Internal Control of Fixed Assets."
Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for all 185 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. ""The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions"" (AREAER) draws together information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including during official IMF staff visits to member countries. There is a separate chapter for each of the 188 countries included, and these are presented in a clear, easy-to-read tabular format. A summary table allows for simple cross-country comparisons of key features of their exchange and trade regimes. The report's introduction summarizes recent global trends and developments. It discusses such topical issues as exchange rate arrangements, current or capital transactions, and prudential regulations. The individual country chapters outline exchange measures in place, the structure and setting of exchange rates, arrangements for payments and receipts, procedures for resident and nonresident accounts, mechanisms for import and export payments and receipts, controls on capital transactions, and provisions specific to the financial sector. A separate section in each chapter lists changes made during 2007 and the first half of 2008. The report now provides more detailed information on the operations of foreign exchange markets and exchange rate mechanisms, and better describes the regulatory framework for current and capital account transactions.
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