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The word barbarian is derived from the Greek term 'barbaroi' - or one who cannot speak Greek. As the Greeks believed that language was the tool of reason, non-Greek speakers, therefore, were considered devoid of the facility to reason or to act according to logic. This concept of barbarism in turn shaped the early anthropological observations of Columbus and the first European visitors to the Americas. Barbaric Others examines the convenient myopia which through the ages has allowed - and continues to allow - the West to see other peoples as 'barbarians', infidels, even savages'. In the book, the authors present a succinct history of racism, xenophobia and the concept of 'otherness' from ancient Greece to the present day. Topics covered include the representation of the other' in mythology, the mediaeval fascination with demons and the idea of the wild man, a critical overview of Columbus and 15th century exploration and the 'other' as colonial subject.
On April 20th, 1989, two passersby discovered the body of the "Central Park jogger" crumpled in a ravine. She'd been raped and severely beaten. Within days five black and Latino teenagers were apprehended, all five confessing to the crime.
The staggering torrent of media coverage that ensued, coupled with fierce public outcry, exposed the deep-seated race and class divisions in New York City at the time. The minors were tried and convicted as adults despite no evidence linking them to the victim. Over a decade later, when DNA tests connected serial rapist Matias Reyes to the crime, the government, law enforcement, social institutions and media of New York were exposed as having undermined the individuals they were designed to protect. Here, Sarah Burns recounts this historic case for the first time since the young men's convictions were overturned, telling, at last, the full story of one of New York's most legendary crimes.
The events surrounding the Central Park Five are dramatised in the critically-acclaimed When They See Us - a Netflix series directed by Ava Duvernay.
After the 9/11 attack on the United States, the brief moment of sympathy for America soon began giving way to blame. In France and other quarters of Europe, and elsewhere in the world, it was said that the Americans had brought this violence upon themselves. The U.S. was a cowboy nation unwilling to abide by the will of the United Nations and other multilateral institutions, and bent on pursuing its objectives at any cost. It was the hyperpower whose corporations manipulated world markets and whose riches are acquired at the price of Third World impoverishment. No wonder it had been attacked Angered by the assault against a nation he knows and admires, the distinguished French intellectual Jean-Francois Revel has come to America's defence in this book, a biting and erudite book that (paradoxically, given his country's specially vehement attacks on the U.S. and its policies) spent several weeks late last year on top of France's best-seller list. Revel believes that what he calls the anti-American obsession is based on a wilful disregard of the most obvious facts of American political and social life, its economic freedom and democratic traditions. He sees much anti-Americanis
With racism on the increase across Europe, and nationalist divisions proliferating throughout the world, "Constructions of Race, Place and Nation" offers a perspective on debates of crucial contemporary significance. Taking as its starting point the idea that "race" and "nation" are social constructions rather than natural phenomena, the book provides a sustained analysis of how these constructions vary from place to place. Covering a range of issues from nation-building, immigration and refugee policy, through land rights and housing issues, to education and policing, the book includes material from Australia, Britain, Canada and the United States. All of the authors are well versed in current social theory and they provide evidence from their own empirical research. They all employ a social constructionist approach without slavishly following a common agenda. As geographers, they share an interest in the spatial constitution of social life and in the territorial expression of racist and nationalist ideologies.;"Constructions of Race, Place and Nation" is intended for social and cultural geographers with an interest in "race" and place. It should also be of interest to political geographers, as well as social and political scientists with interests in nationalism and ethnic relations.;Peter Jackson is author of "Maps of Meaning" (1989).;This book is intended for students, researchers and libraries in race and ethnic studies throughout the social sciences. Interest will be particularly strong among social geographers.
Thirty-five years after its initial publication, Harold Cruse's "The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual," remains a foundational work in Afro-American Studies and American Cultural Studies. Published during a highly contentious moment in Afro-American political life, "The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual" was one of the very few texts that treated Afro-American intellectuals as intellectually significant. The essays contained in Harold Cruse's "The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual Reconsidered" are collectively a testimony to the continuing significance of this polemical call to arms for black intellectuals. Each scholar featured in this book has chosen to discuss specific arguments made by Cruse. While some have utilized Cruse's arguments to launch broader discussions of various issues pertaining to Afro-American intellectuals, and others have contributed discussions on intellectual issues completely ignored by Cruse, all hope to pay homage to a thinker worthy of continual reconsideration.
This passionate, intelligent commentary is an invigorating look at the implications of difference and diversity in two contrasting but simi lar societies: the United States and South Africa. Melting Pots and Rainbow Nations addresses how differences - of gender, race, culture, biology, and sexual orientation - a variously understood and acted on in both countries.
"Ezekiel's pointed volume is the best available modern source for grasping the psychological foundations of the Radical Right."—Thomas F Pettigrew, Univ. of Cal., Santa Cruz.
This book unravels the ethnic history of California since the late
nineteenth-century Anglo-American conquest and institutionalization
of "white supremacy" in the state. Almaguer comparatively assesses
the struggles for control of resources, status, and political
legitimacy between the European American and the Native American,
Mexican, African-American, Chinese, and Japanese populations.
Drawing from an array of primary and secondary sources, he weaves a
detailed, disturbing portrait of ethnic, racial, and class
relationships during this tumultuous time.
Challenging the long-cherished notion of legal objectivity in the United States, this book argues that Chicano history has been consistently shaped by racially biased, combative legal interactions. The book is an insightful and provocative exploration of the ways Chicano and Chicana artists, writers, musicians and filmmakers engage this history in order to resist the disenfranchising effects of legal institutions, including the prison and the court.;Gutierrez-Jones examines the process by which Chicanos have become associated with criminality in both legal institutions and mainstream popular culture in America and thereby offers a new way of understanding minority social experience. Drawing on gender studies and psychoanalysis, as well as critical legal and critical race studies, Gutierrez-Jones's approach to the law and legal discourse reveals the high stakes involved when concepts of social justice are fought out in the home, in the workplace and in the streets.
For people living outside of Northern Ireland, the ongoing troubles have largely overshadowed the presence of over 40 ethnic and religious minority groups in the Province. The Catholic community in the North, and most of the Province's other 20,000 ethnic and religious minority residents have been ignored by government and legislative protection alike. Economic, social and linguistic needs have been denied and many of the groups have suffered racism and discrimination. This collection provides an in-depth study of the subject, focusing on the key issues of racism, anti-racism, sectarianism, representation in the media, and the law. It provides case studies of four key minority groups: the Chinese, Muslim and Jewish communities, and the traveller. With contributions from academics, the voluntary sector and the caring profession, this book provides an overview of a subject now recognized as an integral component of the agenda for change in Northern Ireland.
One of the most influential and widely read texts in all of African American letters and history, "The Souls of Black Folk "combines some of the most enduring reflections on black identity, the meaning of emancipation, and Afican American culture. This new edition reprints the original 1903 edition of W.E.B. Du Bois's classic work with the fullest set of annotations of any version yet published, together with two related essays, and numerous letters Du Bois received and wrote concerning his widely read text. The introductory essay combines the sensibilities of a historian and a philosopher to capture the contours of Du Bois's life and writings along with the early-twentieth-century reception to the book. Photographs, a chronology, questions for consideration, a bibliography, and an index are also included.
Assembles more than forty speeches, lectures, and essays critical to the abolitionist crusade. Features William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, Lydia Maria Child, Wendell Phillips, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. "An invaluable resource to students, scholars, and general readers alike."—Amazon.com.
In Pillar of Fire, the second volume of his America in the King Years trilogy, Taylor Branch portrays the civil rights era at its zenith. The first volume, Parting the Waters, won the Pulitzer Prize for History. It is a monumental chronicle of a movement that stirred from Southern black churches to challenge the national conscience during the Eisenhower and Kennedy years. In this masterly continuation of the narrative, Branch recounts the climactic struggles as they commanded the national and international stage.
Pillar of Fire covers the far-flung upheavals of the years 1963 to 1965 -- Dallas, St. Augustine, Mississippi Freedom Summer, LBJ's Great Society and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Vietnam, Selma. And it provides a frank, revealing portrait of Martin Luther King, Jr. -- haunted by blackmail, factionalism, and hatred while he tried to hold the nonviolent movement together as a dramatic force in history. Allies, rivals, and opponents addressed racial issues that went deeper than fair treatment at bus stops or lunch counters. Participants on all sides stretched themselves and their country to the breaking point over the meaning of simple words: dignity, equal votes, equal souls.
Branch's gallery of historic characters also includes:
Pillar of Fire takes readers inside the dramas that shook every American institution, from the local pulpit to the Presidency. We disappear with courageous young people into Mississippi's feudal Parchman Penitentiary. We absorb the shock of a single Presidential election in 1964 that revolutionized the structure of partisan politics. We follow Northern rabbis summoned by King, and Mary Peabody, mother of the governor of Massachusetts, into the segregated jails of St. Augustine, Florida. We witness the Shakespearean conflicts between Lyndon Johnson and King and Hoover and Robert Kennedy.
Branch brings to bear fifteen years of research -- archival investigation; nearly two thousand interviews: new primary sources, from FBI wiretaps to White House telephone recordings -- in a seminal work of history. Pillar of Fire captures the intensity of the legendary King years, when the movement broke down walls between races, regions, sexes, and religions, and between America and the larger world. Its struggle to rescue and redeem, its victories and defeats, its failings and sacrifices gave rise to opposing tides that still dominate the national debate about justice and democratic government. The story of this movement is an incandescent chapter in America's distinctive quest for freedom.
Telling the true story of the Asian football experience, this book is by turns humorous, wry, philosophical and impassioned, as it lays bare the cultural and institutional shackles which have historically denied Asians access to the bastion of British football.;The book interweaves testimony from footballers such as Jimmy Khan (rejected by Bury and Blackburn, but a debutant for Pakistan in a crucial World Cup qualifier) and Chris Dolby (ex-Bradford City), with the authors' own accounts of growing up in Sikh communities in the West Midlands in the 1970s and 1980s and following Wolverhampton Wanderers and England. It demonstrates that no Asian footballer has yet made the elusive breakthrough into the top flight of the professional game, in spite of the fact that football is a consuming passion for many British Asians.
A comprehensive inquiry into the history, nature and meaning of racism. There is little agreement about what racism is, where it comes from and whether it can ever be eliminated. This book explore these questions while raising some controversial issues of its own.
Equiano's autobiography, first published in 1789, is probably the most quoted, reprinted and widely published writing by an African before the twentieth century. His words have been extracted and quoted, anthologized and interpreted in dozens of books and articles. More than any single contemporary, Equiano speaks for the fate of millions of Africans in the era of the transatlantic slave trade.
Until now, however, no one has written a serious - or even a popular - biographical study of this remarkable man. Few critics doubt the importance of his writing; few historians would deny the significance of his life and times. Scholars have analysed his work from literary and historical angles, but no one has really studied the man himself. This is the first study which attempts to create a rounded portrait of the man behind the literary image, and to study Equiano in the context of Atlantic slavery. It is, at one and the same time, an original portrait of a remarkable African -- who spoke for millions -- and a study of the world of eighteenth-century Atlantic slavery.
"I let somebody call me 'nigger.' It wasn't just any old body, either; it was my friend. That really hurt."
Martin Luther King, Jr., dreamed of a day when black children were judged not by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. His eloquent charge became the single greatest inspiration for the achievement of racial justice in America. In her powerful fourth book in the Children of Conflict series, Laurel Holliday explores how far we have come as she presents thirty-eight African-Americans who share their experiences as Children of the Dream.
"I was brought up with white Barbie dolls of impossible proportions and long silky blonde hair -- neither of which I possessed. As a child I believed what I was taught, and I wasn't taught to love myself for who I am -- an African-American."
The unforgettable people we hear from are young and old, rich and poor, from inner cities, suburbia, and rural America. In chronicles that are highly personal, funny, tragic, and triumphant, the contributors tell us what it is like coming of age stigmatized by the color of their skin, yet proud of their heritage and culture.
Their voices, their courage, their resilience -- and their understanding -- offer hope for us all.
On 1 December 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, a quiet and dignified 42-year-old black seamstress refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. Her arrest led to a 381-day boycott of the city bus system, led by Martin Luther King, which is now considered the beginning of the American civil rights movement. Rosa Parks' personality and character were crucial to the success of the bus boycott Graceful, reserved and a devout churchgoer, she was also a civil rights activist alongside her daytime job as a seamstress, and she believed in the use of righteous force when necessary. The boycott was an epic event. 50,000 blacks (three quarters of the city's population) somehow found some other way to get to and from work, week after week. In 1957 she and her husband moved north to Detroit, where she continued to work for civil rights, taking part in most of the great marches of the 1960s. When Luther King was assassinated however she sensed that the movement was losing its way, with violence, bitterness and anger replacing non-violent protest.
"White Racism" probes white racism in contemporary society. Central to the book's analysis is a careful documentation of key events which demonstrate the process of racial victimization. The authors focus on "notorious cases", including the Rodney King beating in Los Angeles and its aftermath. The analysis of lesser known anti-black activities - on a liberal college campus, in a heartland city, and in chain restaurants - reveal the everyday character of white racism. The authors' accounts give special attention to the role of stereotyping and rumour, black reaction to white racism, and the mass media's role in ritualized enactment of racialized events.
Today AIDS dominates the headlines, but a century ago it was fears of syphilis epidemics. This book looks at how the spread of syphilis was linked to socio-economic transformation as land dispossession, migrancy and urbanization disrupted social networks--factors similarly important in the AIDS crisis. Medical explanations of syphilis and state medical policy were also shaped by contemporary beliefs about race. Doctors drew on ideas from social darwinism, eugenics, and social anthropology to explain the incidence of syphilis among poor whites and Africans, and to define "normal" abnormal sexual behavior for racial groups.
Telling the largely unknown story of black American soldiers in World War II, these everyday accounts of Army life reveal how black "citizen soldiers" fought on two fronts: against a fascist enemy abroad and against the racial segregation practiced by the Army and in the America of the 1940s. 25 photos.
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