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In the history of British patent law, the role of Parliament is often side-lined. This is largely due to the raft of failed or timid attempts at patent law reform. Yet there was another way of seeking change. By the end of the nineteenth century, private legislation had become a mechanism or testing ground for more general law reforms. The evolution of the law had essentially been privatised and was handled in the committee rooms in Westminster. This is known in relation to many great industrial movements such as the creating of railways, canals and roads, or political movements such as the powers and duties of local authorities, but it has thus far been largely ignored in the development of patent law. This book addresses this shortfall and examines how private legislation played an important role in the birth of modern patent law.
Can private law assume an ecological meaning? Can property and contract defend nature? Is tort law an adequate tool for paying environmental damages to future generations? This book explores potential resolutions to these questions, analyzing the evolution of legal thinking in relation to the topics of legal personality, property, contract and tort. In this forward thinking book, Mattei and Quarta suggest a list of basic principles upon which a new, ecological legal system could be based. Taking private law to represent an ally in the defence of our future, they offer a clear characterization of the fundamental legal institutions of common law and civil law, considering the challenges of the Anthropogenic era, technological tools of the Internet era, and the global rise of the commons. Summarizing the fundamental institutions of private law: property rights, legal personality, contract, and tort, the authors reveal the limits of these legal institutions in relation to historical international evolution and their regulation in the contexts of catastrophic ecological issues and technological developments. Engaging and thoughtful, this book will be interesting reading for legal scholars and academics of private law and, in particular, those wishing to understand the role of law when facing technological and ecological challenges.
The past two decades have seen a rapidly growing involvement of
psychologists and psychiatrists in legal proceedings for criminal
cases, divorces, and traffic and industrial accidents. Mental
health professionals are traditionally not trained to cope with the
legal responsibilities that arise from their routine clinical work
and are eager to learn the professional skills that are needed in
forensic settings. There is presently no book which focuses
entirely on the strategies and verbal tactics employed by attorneys
who critically examine and challenge the testimony of mental health
professionals. If psychologists and psychiatrists can familiarize
themselves with the kind of questions and verbal exchanges that
take place in the courtroom, they would be better prepared to
provide their expertise in an effective manner. This book fills
Dealing with the interface between the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) movement and the phenomenon of domestic violence against women, this book examines the phenomenon of divorce disputes involving violence through the prism of 'alternative justice' and the dispute resolution mechanisms offered by the ADR movement. This book is the first academic treatise presenting the theoretical underpinnings of the correlation between the ADR movement and divorce disputes involving violence, and the potential contribution of this movement to the treatment of disputes of this nature. Through mapping the main values of the ADR movement, the book proposes a theoretical-analytical basis for understanding the inability of the legal system to deal with disputes of this nature, alongside a real alternative, in the form of the ADR mechanisms.
What is the purpose of the company and its role in society? From their origin in medieval times to their modern incarnation as powerful transnational bodies, companies remain an important part of business and society at large. Drawing from a variety of perspectives, this book adopts a normative approach to understanding the modern company and provides insights into how companies should be conceptualized. It considers key topics such as the development of corporate theory, the rights and obligations of the company, and the means and ends of corporate governance. Written by leading experts of different jurisdictions, this book provides important international viewpoints on some of the most pressing corporate governance questions.
Conceptualising Property Law offers a transsystemic and integrated approach to common law and civil law property. Property law has traditionally been excluded from comparative law analysis, common law and civil law property being deemed irreconcilable. With this book, Yaell Emerich aims to dispel the myth that comparison between these two systems of property is impossible. By establishing a dialogue between common law and civil law property, it becomes clear that the two legal traditions share common ground in the way that they address legal, cultural, and social issues related to property and wealth. In this comparative analysis, specific parallels are drawn between the common law and civil law in their treatment of historical property models, possession, ownership, private property limits, objects of property, fragmentation and modifications to property, and trusts. This integrated approach to common law and civil law property draws examples from multiple jurisdictions, including England, Scotland, Canada, Quebec, First Nations, France, and Germany. Private, transsystemic, and comparative law scholars and students, especially property law scholars will be interested in the book's approach to property law and its analysis of the theoretical foundations and conceptions of property and ownership in the common law and civil law traditions. It will also be informative for property law practitioners.
This supplement is an up-to-date source for the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and notes of advisory committees, plus other relevant source materials, such as provisions from the U.S. Constitution, U.S. Code and proposed legislation, state constitutions, local rules, and Rules of Appellate Procedure. It also contains edited versions of recent cases of the Supreme Court of the United States, and provides materials for experiential learning that can be used even if teaching remotely, including a Flow Chart of a Civil Action, an Illustrative Litigation Problem with Sample Documents, and the complaints in Twombly, Iqbal, and Erickson v. Pardus.
Anyone working in the rehabilitation arena these days is fully aware of the potential for litigation. Whether you are a counselor, life care planner, case manager, researcher, nurse, or technical expert, the chances of being called to give a deposition or make a courtroom appearance increase daily. Today, the role of the rehabilitation professional is not getting any easier. With litigation more than a possibility in any disability or catastrophic illness case, rehabilitation experts, both plaintiff and defense, need to present themselves in the very best light possible. Guide to Rehabilitation Testimony: The Expert's Role as an Educator offers something for everyone, novice and expert alike. Here are 10 comprehensive chapters of courtroom-tested procedures that work. Also provided are 11 valuable appendices. In over 23 years of working as a rehabilitation professional, Dr. Deutsch has spent thousands of hours giving testimony. Here are tried and proven methods of handling yourself and your material in a legal setting.
The second edition of Remedies in Australian Private Law offers readers a clear and detailed introduction to remedies and their functions under Australian law. Clearly structured, with a strong black-letter law focus, the text provides a complete treatment of remedies in common law, equity and statute and develops a framework for understanding the principles of private law remedies and their practical application. This edition has been significantly revised and offers up-to-date coverage of case law and legislation, including the Australian Consumer Law. Building on the detailed treatment of remedies and their broad functions across a range of private law categories, the new edition also offers expanded coverage of vindicatory damages, debt, specific restitution and coercive remedies. With its systematic and accessible approach, this text enables students and practitioners to develop a coherent understanding of remedial law, and to analyse legal problems and identify appropriate remedial solutions.
The Guidelines for the Assessment of General Damages in Personal Injury Cases are designed to provide a clear and logical framework for the assessment of damages in personal injury cases. The first edition of this title was regarded as a landmark in personal injury practice. Each succeeding issue has built on this reputation and the book has now firmly established itself as essential reading for all those involved in the area of personal injury litigation. This new edition has been fully updated to take into account inflation since the last edition as well as reflect decisions of the higher courts on quantum. It also retains the column of figures appropriate to those few remaining claims, still coming before the courts, in which the 10% uplift in general damages recommended by Sir Rupert Jackson and endorsed by the Court of Appeal in Simmons v Castle  EWCA Civ 1288 does not apply. As with previous editions, all judges involved in hearing personal injury cases will automatically receive a copy of the book.
Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021 provides detailed commentary of unrivalled quality on the process of civil litigation. This acclaimed civil work adopts a narrative approach based on the chronology of a claim. Written by a team of expert practitioners and academics, it provides authoritative analysis on the process of civil litigation from commencement of a claim to enforcement of judgments, addressing civil procedure in the County Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court. The book also considers specialist areas such as insolvency proceedings, sale of goods and human rights, providing expert analysis on a comprehensive level. The expert commentary is combined with the text of the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR), Practice Directions, and Pre-Action Protocols and Procedural Checklists, all fully cross-referenced to the text to ensure ease of use for the busy practitioner. As well as a detailed and user-friendly index, the quick-reference guide inside the front cover provides an alternative point of access for those already familiar with the CPR. Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021: The Commentary is a concise version of this book, providing the unique commentary independently from the CPR, Practice Directions, and other appendix materials. Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021: Digital Pack includes a digital version available on PC, Mac, Android devices, iPad or iPhone to ensure that you have easy access to the complete work wherever you are.
The vitality or, alternatively, vitiation of the international arbitral process remains a pressing subject. The explosion of inter-State, investor-State, and international commercial arbitration in recent years magnifies the importance of the subject. This second edition combines the historical analysis of the first edition with a survey of the continued salience and contemporary developments for each of the three problems identified: (i) the severability of the arbitration agreement; (ii) denial of justice (and now other possible breaches of international law) by governmental negation of arbitration; and (iii) the authority of truncated international arbitral tribunals. The international arbitral process continues to be fortified against unilateral attempts to derail it and, to that end, this book will be a valuable guide for practitioners and scholars alike.
This engaging introduction explores the key principles of equity and trusts law and offers students effective learning features. By covering the essentials of each topic, it ensures students have the foundations for success. The law is made relevant to current practice through chapters that define and explain key legal principles, and examples and exercises set the law in context and make the subject interesting and dynamic by showing how these rules apply in real life. Key facts sections and summaries help students remember the crucial points of each topic and practical exercises offer students the opportunity to apply the law. This updated edition offers added features, in particular comprehensive lists of further reading and also a glossary of key terms. Every chapter has been updated and new case law has been added. Exploring clearly and concisely the subject's key principles, this should be every equity student's first port of call.
Environmental mediation continues to develop and evolve in different jurisdictions across the world in order to prevent potential environmental conflicts or to resolve the conflicts while avoiding the inherent drawbacks of an adjudicated solution. This book takes a comparative approach to explore the legal framework of environmental mediation with a focus on the judicial, administrative and private procedures and the criteria for accrediting mediators in a range of jurisdictions across the world. It also examines practical considerations for environmental mediators while analysing the effectiveness of different mediation processes.
Who represents litigants in the Supreme Court of the United States? Kevin T. McGuire shows that the most sophisticated of them have the advantage of representation by an elite counsel made up of former clerks to the justices, alumni of the Office of the Solicitor General, partners in powerful Washington law firms, and public interest lawyers, all of whom serve as gatekeepers to the Court.
In this study, the first to characterize the bar of the Supreme Court as a whole, McGuire uses survey, archival, and interview data to explore the history and social structure of the community of Supreme Court specialists. In so doing, he assesses the strategic politics of Supreme Court practice, the ways in which dominant litigators can shape the Court's decisions, and what the existence of such an elite implies for judicial fairness.
This supplement brings the principal text current with recent developments in the law and contains the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure with selected advisory committee notes and key provisions from the United States Code. It also contains selections from the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, the Federal Rules of Evidence, and the United States Constitution that are useful for teaching Civil Procedure.
First published in 1991, Rethinking Labour-Management Relations explores how the contemporary system of industrial relations developed and outlines proposals for a better alternative. The book examines the positives and negatives of three systems of industrial relations: a freely operating market for labour where workers bargain individually with employers; a strike-based system of collective bargaining; and, a compulsory arbitration system. It discusses how the strike replaced individual bargaining, highlighting the deficiencies in these respective systems and presenting arbitration as the more efficient and effective way of settling disputes. In doing so, the book emphasises the role of the parties involved in finding solutions and considers how government intervention could be kept to a minimum. Exploring a wealth of literature relating to compulsory arbitration systems around the world and formulating a set of criteria for establishing the best possible form of arbitration, Rethinking Labour-Management Relations will appeal to those with an interest in the history of trade union theory, public policy, and labour law.
Nearly all major global financial centres have developed systems of consumer financial dispute resolution. Such systems aim to assist parties to resolve a growing number of monetary disputes with financial institutions. How governments and self-regulatory organizations design and administer financial dispute resolution mechanisms in the context of increasingly turbulent financial markets is a new area for research and practice. Consumer Financial Dispute Resolution in a Comparative Context presents comparative research about the development and design of these mechanisms in East Asia, North America and Europe. Using a comparative methodology and drawing on empirical findings from a multi-jurisdictional survey, Shahla F. Ali examines the emergence of global principles that influence the design of financial dispute resolution models, considers the structural variations between the ombuds and arbitration systems, and offers practical proposals for reform.
Uncovers how the process of sexual assault adjudication reinforces inequality and becomes a public spectacle of violence For victims in sexual assault cases, trials rarely result in justice. Instead, the courts drag defendants, victims, and their friends and family through a confusing and protracted public spectacle. Along the way, forensic scientists, sexual assault nurse examiners, and police officers provide their insight and expertise, shaping the story that emerges for the judge and jury. These expert narratives intersect with the stories of victims, witnesses, and their communities to reproduce our cultural understandings of sexual violence, but too often this process results in reinscribing racial, gendered, and class inequalities. Bodies in Evidence draws on observations of over 680 court appearances in Milwaukee County's felony sexual assault courts, as well as interviews with judges, attorneys, forensic scientists, jurors, sexual assault nurse examiners, and victim advocates. It shows how forensic science helps to propagate public misunderstandings of sexual violence by bestowing an aura of authority to race and gender stereotypes and inequalities. Expert testimony reinforces the idea that sexual assault is physically and emotionally recognizable and always leaves material evidence. The court's reliance on the presence of forensic evidence infuses these very familiar stereotypes and myths about sexual assault with new scientific authority. Powerful, unflinching, and at times heartbreaking, Bodies in Evidence reveals the human cost of sexual assault adjudication, and the social cost we all bear when investing in forms of justice that reproduce inequality and racial injustice.
Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021: The Commentary is a concise version of Blackstone's Civil Practice, providing the unique commentary independently from the CPR, PD, and other appendix materials. The Commentary is directly taken from the established full service volume. Providing detailed commentary of unrivalled quality on the process of civil litigation, this is the only major civil work to adopt a narrative approach based on the chronology of a claim. Written by a team of expert practitioners and academics, it provides authoritative analysis on the process of civil litigation from commencement of a claim to enforcement of judgments, addressing civil procedure in the County Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court. The book also considers specialist areas such as insolvency proceedings, sale of goods and human rights, providing expert analysis on a comprehensive level. As well as a detailed and user-friendly index, the quick-reference guide inside the front cover provides an alternative point of access for those already familiar with the CPR. Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021 is the full service volume, combining the expert Commentary with full CPR, PD, and other Appendix material. Blackstone's Civil Practice 2021: Digital Pack includes a fully linked and annotatable digital version available on PC, Mac, Android devices, iPad or iPhone to ensure that you have access to the latest developments in civil procedure wherever you are.
Possession is a key concept in both the common and civil law, but it has hitherto received little scrutiny. Law and Economics of Possession uses insights from economics, psychology and history to analyse possession in law, compare and contrast possession with ownership, break down the elements of possession as a fact and as a right, challenge the adage that 'possession is 9/10 of the law', examine possession as notice, explain the heuristics of possession, debunk the behavioural studies which confuse possession with ownership, explore the LightSquared dispute from the perspective of 'possession' of spectrum frequency and provide new insights to old questions such as first possession, adverse possession and property jurisdiction. The authors include leading property scholars, who examine possession laws in, among others, the USA, UK, China, Taiwan, Japan, Germany, France, Israel, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Italy and Austria.
This volume considers the application of dispute resolution theory and practice to international conflicts and explores the uses of formal processes such as diplomacy or treaty formation, as well as more informal processes such as multiple-track private negotiations or peace workshops. The volume also presents materials on more innovative forms of complex transnational or sub-national conflict resolution, such as transitional and restorative justice institutions and processes, both formal (truth and reconciliation commissions) and indigenous and informal (Rwandan gacaca). The articles are selected from both public and private international law settings and query whether universal principles of multi-national dispute resolution are possible or whether each conflict is likely to be sui generis or requiring deep contextual analysis and integrity. They also explore the dialogic, as well as dialectical, relationships in the development of conflict resolution theory and practice in multi-cultural and multi-disciplinary settings and show that the application of dispute resolution theories from multiple sources and cultures (both Western and Eastern, as well as Northern and Southern) to multiple sites of conflicts (including courts, tribunals and other forms of dispute resolution at different levels and from multiple jurisdictions) raises important dilemmas of universalism and particularism in international conflict resolution.
Systematic analysis of fiduciaries and trust is rare. The aim of this volume is to help fill this gap. The chapters explore the interactions of fiduciary law and trust, drawing on literatures on trust that have been generated in a variety of disciplines. They do so with an eye to the full scope of extension claimed for the fiduciary principle, from its heartland in private law, to its frontiers in public law and government more broadly. Overall, the volume advances an integrated and wide-ranging understanding of the relation of fiduciaries and trust that illuminates key legal and political problems, and challenges and deepens our understanding of fiduciaries and trust themselves.
The Architect's Legal Handbook is the most widely used reference on the law for practicing architects and the established textbook on law for architectural students. Since the last edition of this book in 2010, the legal landscape in which architecture is practised has changed significantly: the long-standing procurement model with an architect as contract administrator has been challenged by the growing popularity of design and build contracts, contract notices in place of certificates, and novation of architect's duties. The tenth edition features all the latest developments in the law which affect an architect's work, as well as providing comprehensive coverage of relevant UK law topics. Key highlights of this edition include: an overview of the legal environment, including contract, tort, and land law; analysis of the statutory framework, including planning law, health and safety, construction legislation, and building regulations in the post-Grenfell legal landscape; procurement and the major industry construction contract forms; building dispute resolution, including litigation, arbitration, adjudication, and mediation; key fields for the architect in practice, including architects' registration and professional conduct, contracts with clients and collateral warranties, liability in negligence, and insurance; entirely new chapters on various standard form contracts, architects' responsibility for the work of others, disciplinary proceedings, and data protection; tables of cases, legislation, statutes, and statutory instruments give a full overview of references cited in the text. The Architect's Legal Handbook is the essential legal reference work for all architects and students of architecture.
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