Books > Reference & Interdisciplinary > Encyclopaedias & reference works > Reference works
Loot Price: R9,492
Discovery Miles 94 920
Series: Great Political Thinkers Series, 3
Expected to ship within 7 - 12 working days
Born in what is now Algeria, Augustine trained in classical Latin
rhetoric and became a professor of rhetoric in Rome. He later
studied neo-Platonic philosophy and experienced a conversion to
Christianity in 386. [Through his numerous theological writings,
Augustine became one of the major architects of Latin Christian
political theory at a time when Roman civilization was in decline.]
In his work `The City of God', Augustine developed his most
influential doctrines: on history, grace and predestination, free
will, a true republic, the duties of Christians to the state, the
just war, the relationship of the institutional Church to secular
government and the `city of God' to 'the city of man'. This notion
of the two cities influenced political theory throughout the next
800 years and beyond. [The political theories of Augustine rest on
his profoundly pessimistic view that human nature is corrupted
beyond any hope of rational self-amelioration and that man tends
naturally to do evil rather than to do good. As a consequence of
this, political association is, for Augustine, an instrument of
coercion and protection from harm rather that an instrument of
human fulfilment.] Augustine's ideas were adopted and rejected in
turn throughout the middle ages as men attempted to reconcile his
negative views of the necessity of the state with the more
optimistic views of Aristotle, rediscovered in the 13th century.
The Reformation in the 16th century saw a revival of the influence
of Augustine's thought and his political opinions have special
resonances for the 20th century. The stimulating articles contained
in these two volumes serve to explain and to explore the
development of Augustine's ideas on society and politics.
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