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An understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants is of
fundamental importance in both basic and applied plant sciences.
The Second Edition of this book retains the aim of the first in
presenting the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of
Reviving the Living: Meaning Making in Living Systems presents a novel perspective that relates to current biological knowledge and issues. Written by polymath Dr. Yair Neuman, the book challenges the dogmas that frame our understanding of living systems and presents a radical alternative approach to understanding the world around us, one that avoids the pitfalls of non-scientific perspectives such as Vitalism and Creationism. In this thought provoking and iconoclastic manuscript, Neuman follows the footsteps of Gregory Bateson, Mikhail Bakhtin, Michael Polanyi and others, to suggest that living systems are meaning making systems. The book delves into the unique processes of meaning making that characterize organisms as a unique category of nature, and offers new and fascinating insights into a variety of enigmatic biological phenomena from immune memory to hidden life (cryptobiosis). It consists of four parts divided into 18 chapters and covers topics ranging from reductionism and its pitfalls to genetics; why organisms are irreducible; immunology; meaning making in language and biology; meaning-bridging the gap between physics and semantics; context and memory; and the poetry of living. Core concepts and themes are illustrated using examples based in current science. This text would be of high interest to biologists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, psychologists, and semioticians, as well as to any reflective individual who is willing to examine the realm of the living from a novel and fascinating perspective.
This book begins with an overview of current thinking on
bioavailability, its definition, cutting edge research in
speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical
bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section
of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in
bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and
ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on
bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections
provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting
edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last
section of the book builds on previous sections in relating
bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for
managing risks associated with contaminated land.
The theory of Memory Evolutive Systems represents a mathematical
model for natural open self-organizing systems, such as biological,
sociological or neural systems. In these systems, the dynamics are
modulated by the cooperative and/or competitive interactions
between the global system and a net of internal Centers of
Regulation (CR) wich a differential access to a central
Lead Molecules from Natural Products: Discovery and New Trends
provides the reader with a thorough overview of current discoveries
and trends in Natural Products research.
This book provides a clear picture of the use of applied mathematics as a tool for improving the accuracy of agricultural research. For decades, statistics has been regarded as the fundamental tool of the scientific method. With new breakthroughs in computers and computer software, it has become feasible and necessary to improve the traditional approach in agricultural research by including additional mathematical modeling procedures.
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest
among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians.
Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these
crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food
safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world.
Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a
comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the
costs and benefits of GMO products.
This 33-chapter volume presents a critical examination of the
importance of stable isotopes in understanding key plant metabolic
Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, examines the basic principles of wood chemistry and its potential applications to pulping and papermaking, wood and wood waste utilization, pulping by-products for production of chemicals and energy, and biomass conversion.
This volume covers the most significant advances of the last ten years in understanding intermediary nitrogen metabolism in plants. The eight chapters comprise aspects of nitrate and nitrogen assimilation, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, glutamine and glutamate enzymology, amino acid biosynthesis, ureides, and polyamine and sulfur metabolism. The volume emphasizes molecular and genetic advances as well as biochemistry and physiology. Intermediary Nitrogen Metabolism will be of interest to all plant biochemists and molecular geneticists who study nitrogen metabolism, enzymology, and amino acids.
This work is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, widely-calibrated checklist for EU sustainable landscape management, which is intended to serve both as an analytical tool of reference as well as a design tool for local, regional and European policy making on sustainable developments.
The tool has been developed out of a multidisciplinary study in EU countries which was designed to find out what would be the overall requirements for a sustainable management of the landscape of rural areas. Could these stipulations be brought together in a comprehensive system with sufficient consistency to comply with the notion that the landscape is an entity, which should be managed accordingly? Cooperation of the scientific experts with those involved in the practical side, and alternating plenary reporting with subgroup visits to farms in the rural landscapes of the participants' countries, allowed for the development of some truly interdisciplinary teamwork. Organic agriculture has been included to find out how organic agriculture contributes to the rural landscape.
Microirrigation has become the fastest growing segment of the
irrigation industry worldwide and has the potential to increase the
quality of food supply through improved water fertilizer
efficiency. This book is meant to update the text "Trickle
Irrigation, Design, Operation and Management." This text offers the
most current understanding of the management criteria needed to
obtain maximum water and fertilization efficiency.
This volume is a comprehensive treatment of how the principles of
ecology and conservation biology can be used to maximize biological
control. Conservation Biological Control presents various means to
modify or manipulate the environment to enhance the activities of
natural enemies of pests. It establishes a conceptual link between
ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control,
and discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical
management concerns. Certain to be interesting to ecologists and
entomologists, this volume will also appeal to scientists, faculty,
researchers and students interested in pest management,
horticulture, plant sciences, and agriculture.
Turmeric has been used as a medicine, a condiment, and a dye since at least 600 B.C., while ginger has been used extensively throughout history for its medicinal purposes. "The Agronomy and Economy of Turmeric and Ginger" brings these two important plants together in one reference book, explaining their history, production techniques, and nutritional and medicinal properties in detail.
This book is intuitively organized by plant and use, allowing quick access to information. It puts the uniquely Indian use and history of turmeric and ginger plants into a global context of production and economic aspects. It explores the plants from a botanical perspective, and goes into details of their chemical composition as well. Rounding out the book are chapters on disease and pest control issues.
The book is a valuable resource for those involved in the
production and marketing of these plants, as well as those looking
for more information on the medicinal and nutritional properties of
turmeric and ginger.
This book presents a whole-plant perspective on plant integrated
responses to multiple stresses, including an analysis of how plants
have evolved growth forms and phenological responses to cope with
changing stress patterns in natural environments.
The benefits of agriculture's Green Revolution, characterized by high energy input, mechanization, fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation, are not available to millions in the developing world. The possible alternatives employing low energy input, smallness of scale, intensive use of labour and long term sustainability are the subject of this book.;The book includes overviews of current agricultural production systems and alternatives; demographics, mortality and population growth; soils, erosion and water availability; sustainable integrated agroforestry systems and behavioural adaptations.;It also explains why a quality environment is essential for future agricultural and economic development, proves that integrated resource management leads to sustainable and productive agriculture for development, shows that certain agroforestry techniques conserve soil, water, energy and biological resources while increasing food and fuel supplies and addresses the need for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research and training to implement sound resource management policies and programmes.
Vertisols, one of the eleven established soil orders, are clay soils with unusual and interesting properties. They cover more than 350 million hectares of land in the world and in tropical Africa alone there are over 100 million hectares. Because of their very small particle size and high surface area, these soils have higher physical and chemical reactivity than other soils. Their interaction with agrochemicals/industrial wastes, has been, increasingly, the subject of research especially in the last two decades. Vertisols create special problems when used for engineering purposes.
This book is intended to provide comprehensive and state-of-the-art information about Vertisols worldwide. Special attention is given to the use and management of soils such as fertilizer use, crop selection, soil tillage, water restriction on land including irrigation, and soil erosion. A special chapter has been added to deal with geotechnical engineering of Vertisols.
Vertisols have great potential for agricultural production but many, especially in the developing world, are underutilized due to a lack of understanding regarding their behaviour and management.
This book is written by leading scientists worldwide. It is expected that this monograph will be of great use to soil scientists and agronomists, graduate and senior graduate students.
Improvement of their management may solve the current food deficiency in the world.
During the last few years, many journal articles have shown the usefulness of the Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) model for analyzing regional yield trials. AMMI helps agronomists and breeders in several ways: to understand or model complex data sets, especially the interactions; to estimate yields more accurately, even with less data; to make better selections; and to design more efficient yield-trial experiments.
This book is the first systematic treatment of these topics, collecting concepts from the scattered literature and also presenting many new results. Although agricultural applications are emphasized here, AMMI is applicable to two-way data tables containing one kind of data, either replicated or not, so AMMI appears in many areas of science and technology.
The volume's first seven chapters review the agricultural and statistical principles and the final chapter indicates the difference that AMMI can make for agricultural research and world food supplies. This book will be of great value to agricultural scientists throughout the world, enabling them to learn more from their data and thereby make greater progress.
This dictionary contains approximately 60,000 entries, constituting the most extensive listing of Russian, English and Latin names of plants, trees, shrubs, fungi, and lichens. It also includes a large number of botanical and biological terms frequently occurring in Russian botanical literature.
Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under
special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a
variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Mycotoxins have gained
world wide interest in recent years with the revelation of the
effect of these toxins on health. A current example is the presence
of ochratoxin A, a human carcinogen and nephrotoxin, in wines. The
increased concern about fruit safety has led to increased studies
throughout the world and enhanced awareness for stringent
regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food.
No other book on natural rubber covers such a broad spectrum of subjects as this unique publication. Subjects related to the biology, cultivation and technology of natural rubber are dealt with, along with such important aspects as its history, production and processing, through to its sophisticated engineering applications. Every chapter follows a monograph style of presentation, with comprehensive citations and depth of treatment. Contributions from highly experienced, and still active, renowned scientists reflect the truly international effort to the development of this commodity. In addition to the wealth of information presented, most of the chapters contain elaborate lists of earlier contributions in the respective fields; one chapter each has been included on rubber wood, ancillary products and guayule.
Plant biotechnology offers important opportunities for agriculture,
horticulture, and the pharmaceutical and food industry by
generating transgenic varieties with altered properties. This is
likely to change farming practice and reduce the potential negative
impact of plant production on the environment. This volume shows
the worldwide advances and potential benefits of plant genetic
engineering focusing on the third millennium.
The series, Methods in Plant Biochemistry, provides an
authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields
of plant biochemical research. Each volume in the series will,
under the expert guidance of a guest editor, deal with a particular
group of plant compounds. Each will describe the historical
background and current, most useful methods of analysis. The
volumes include detailed discussions of the protocols and
suitability of each technique. Case treatments, diagrams, chemical
structures, reference data, and properties will be featured along
with a full list of references to the specialist literature.
Recognizing the increased interest in forest management world wide, this book addresses the current knowledge gap by defining sustainable forest management, clarifying methods by which ecological knowledge can be applied and how traditional silvicultural methods can be improved.
Knowledge of plant names can give insight into largely forgotten
beliefs. For example, the common red poppy is known as "Blind Man"
due to an old superstitious belief that if the poppy were put to
the eyes it would cause blindness. Many plant names derived from
superstition, folk lore, or primal beliefs. Other names are purely
descriptive and can serve to explain the meaning of the botanical
name. For example, Beauty-Berry is the name given to the American
shrub that belongs to the genus Callicarpa. Callicarpa is Greek for
beautiful fruit. Still other names come from literary sources
providing rich detail of the transmission of words through the
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