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This book provides an introduction to the analysis of chaos and chaos theory as it relates to agricultural science. With clear explanations of chaos theory and principles, the first part of the book offers some basic facts, the fundamental terminology, and the concepts of deterministic chaos.
This comprehensive book describes cork as a natural product, as an
industrial raw-materials, and as a wine bottle closure. From its
formation in the outer bark of the cork oak tree to the properties
that are of relevance to its use, cork is presented and explained
including its physical and mechanical properties.
The Biochemistry of Plants, Volume 14: Carbohydrates provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of plant biochemistry. This book deals with the function and structure of the plant cell wall by describing the physical and chemical properties of cell wall components. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of hexose phosphate metabolism in nonphotosynthetic tissues. This text then examines the findings in fructan structures, conformations, and linkages, the enzymes involved in fructan synthesis and degradation, and their cellular regulation, location, and metabolic role in plants. Other chapters consider the methods employing enzymes to determine starch structure. This book discusses as well the different biosynthetic modes of plant cell walls. The final chapter deals with the various environmental factors that influence expression of the ?-amylase gene, suggesting how molecular biology may help in understanding carbohydrate biochemistry and the enzymes involved in carbohydrate synthesis and metabolism. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists.
The value of multi-disciplinary research lies in the exchange of
ideas and methods across the traditional boundaries between areas
of study. It could be argued that many of the advances in science
and engineering take place because the ideas, methods and the tools
of thought from one discipline become re-applied in another.
More than two billion people worldwide have currently no access to
grid electricity or other efficient energy supply. This is one
third of humanity and the majority live in rural areas. The
productivity and health of these people are diminished by reliance
on traditional fuels and technologies, with women and children
suffering most. Energy is the key element to empower people and
ensure water, food and fodder supply as well as rural development.
Therefore access to energy should be treated as the fundamental
right to everybody. Renewable energy has the potential to bring
power, not only in the literal sense, to communities by
transforming their prospects.
This volume highlights aspects and approaches to questions on the development and findings of biotic indicator (systems), considering the complex problems of conversion into practice. Biotic indication in relation to sustainable land use and biodiversity is discussed from many angles.
This second volume of "The Chlamydomonas Sourcebook" provides the
background and techniques for using this important organism in
plant research. From biogenesis of chloroplasts and mitochondria
and photosynthesis to respiration and nitrogen assimilation, this
volume introduces scientists to the functions of the organism. The
volume then moves on to starch biosynthesis, sulfur metabolism,
response to heavy metals, and hydrogen production.
Volume 3 reviews virtually everything that is known about cell
motility and behavior in Chlamydomonas. World experts in each area
focus on mitosis and cytokinesis; flagellar assembly and motility;
intraflagellar transport; dynein; the structure and function of
centrioles/basal bodies and their associated structures; ciliary
signaling; mating and gamete fusion; photobehaviors; and
Chlamydomonas as a model for understanding human diseases of the
cilium. The volume is richly illustrated and is supplemented by a
website containing both classic and previously unpublished videos
of cell motility in Chlamydomonas. A unique and especially valuable
feature is the inclusion of tables listing the known proteins (with
NCBI accession numbers) for each structure discussed, and the known
mutations that affect each structure and process. Because
Chlamydomonas has been the premier model for investigating the
function and behavior of cilia and flagella, the chapters summarize
the current state of knowledge in these areas as it applies to all
ciliated organisms. Thus, this volume will be an essential source
for all students and researchers interested in cell motility.
Vascular Transport in Plants provides an up-to-date synthesis of
new research on the biology of long distance transport processes in
plants. It will be a valuable resource and reference for
researchers and graduate level students in physiology, molecular
biology, physiology, ecology, ecological physiology, development,
and all applied disciplines related to agriculture, horticulture,
forestry and biotechnology. The book considers long-distance
transport from the perspective of molecular level processes to
whole plant function, allowing readers to integrate information
relating to vascular transport across multiple scales. The book is
unique in presenting xylem and phloem transport processes in plants
together in a comparative style that emphasizes the important
interactions between these two parallel transport systems.
During the 4th ESA-Congress, held in the Netherlands, 7-11 July 1996, a new perspective for agronomy emerged. Various contributions demonstrate the need for a new role of agronomy and its tools. In recent decades, agriculture has evolved from an activity with mainly productivity aims, into an issue conciliating environmental, agricultural, and economic and social objectives. Placing agriculture in such a broadened perspective requires a different agronomy, with new tools and approaches at a range of aggregration levels. It calls for detailed knowledge concerning the functioning, productivity and ecological relationships of agricultural plants and crops. In addition, it calls for a constant update and synthesis of existing and newly generated knowledge, the design of new ideotypes and genotypes, new production technologies, cropping systems, farming systems and agro-ecological land use systems.
This proceedings book presents a set of case studies illustrating the various agronomic tools that can be used for specific agronomic questions. The case studies are grouped in sections illustrating relevant subquestions in developing an agriculture with broadened objectives. The book starts with an introductory paper on the role of agronomy in research and education in Europe. The second section deals with agricultural land use, food security and environment. This is followed by a set of papers describing experimental research and modeling approaches used to design new ideotypes of crops, including physiological properties in relation to growth factors such as radiation, CO2, temperature and water.
Sustained soil fertility directly links to nutrient cycling and soil organic matter. A selected set of papers addresses the improvements in resource use efficiency and as such their contribution towards economic, environmental and agricultural objectives. The final section addresses the design of integrated and ecological arable farming systems. It highlights the role of prototyping interaction with leading-edge farmers, as promising tools to design, implement and test new farming systems.
It is hoped that the activities of the European Society for Agronomy and the "Proceedings" of its 4th Congress will stimulate to serve the new perspectives of agronomy, i.e. to adopt ecological principles, to optimally manage the use of resources and to meet social and economic objectives.
Rather than simply cataloging the various interpretations of European regulations by Member States, this international team examines the economic priorities, the legal bases, the social norms and cultural patterns which come into play, presenting an analytical approach to the study of production rights in European agriculture.
Grazing animals need to be managed in order to accommodate desired
results in terms of animal, plant, land and economic responses.
Grazing Management, 2nd Edition integrates principles and
management techniques that apply to all grazing lands and to all
grazing animals. This comprehensive volume provides authoritative
review on a wide range of relevant topics: animal nutrition and
nutritional balance when fed on different sorts of grazing lands;
seasonal variation and limits placed on ecosystems by grazing; the
effects of grazing on grazing lands; the various sorts of grazing
behaviors; selecting plants and managing grazing lands, as well as
many other important topics bearing upon the methods, practises and
procedures for properly managing grazing lands and animals.
Agroecology is the science of applying ecological concepts and
principles to the design, development, and management of
sustainable agricultural systems. Agroecological economics, a
subsection of agricultural economics, evaluates the ecological
consequences of agricultural methods on the economic scale.
Agroecological economics considers green engineering as a means of
Collaboratively written by top international experts and
established scientists in various fields of agricultural research,
this book focuses on the state of food production and
sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources
of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops;the
increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food
security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools
and methods of research as well as solid background information
that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in
agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the
challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.
This volume is a comprehensive treatment of how the principles of
ecology and conservation biology can be used to maximize biological
control. Conservation Biological Control presents various means to
modify or manipulate the environment to enhance the activities of
natural enemies of pests. It establishes a conceptual link between
ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control,
and discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical
management concerns. Certain to be interesting to ecologists and
entomologists, this volume will also appeal to scientists, faculty,
researchers and students interested in pest management,
horticulture, plant sciences, and agriculture.
The increased knowledge about the structure of genomes in a number
of species, about the complexity of transcriptomes, and the rapid
growth in knowledge about mutant phenotypes have set off the large
scale use of transgenes to answer basic biological questions, and
to generate new crops and novel products. This volume includes
twelve chapters, which to variable degrees describe the use of
transgenic plants to explore possibilities and approaches for the
modification of plant metabolism, adaptation or development. The
interests of the authors range from tool development, to basic
biochemical know-how about the engineering of enzymes, to exploring
avenues for the modification of complex multigenic pathways, and
include several examples for the engineering of specific pathways
in different organs and developmental stages.
Bamboos constitute one of a few select categories of plants which are taxonomically related, very rich in species and of vital economic and ecological importance. Since the early 20th century the accepted number of species of bamboos, world wide, has tripled. However, until now information was scattered through numerous, often not easily available publications.
"The Bamboos of the World," is the first comprehensive (taxonomic as well as horticultural) reference work that provides basic information on bamboos world wide, whether they are wild or cultivated, well-known or rather unknown. The work, based on bamboo literature, facilitates access to further data by citation and a comprehensive bibliography. Among the main data included are botanical names with synonyms, and geographical distribution of genera and species, varieties with their distinctive characters, common bamboo names, plant introductions to the West, plant size and uses. The distribution of genera is mapped.
"The Bamboos of the World" presents a wealth of essential
information in an accessible and structured manner. It gives the
opportunity to check under what names, and where, relevant
information on any bamboo can be found. For the researcher with
management and development interests it provides a convenient means
of basing bamboo resource on a sound understanding of generic and
species relationships, with names that appear in earlier literature
put into context. The work should prove to be invaluable for those
interested in the morphology, taxonomy, distribution and
cultivation of bamboos. It should support botanical, forestry,
horticultural and ecological research, training and resource
This two-volume work surveys the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research on plants. This first volume is divided into two sections. Section A consists of 11 chapters covering the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research in plants (including a chapter on genetic engineering in crop improvement). Section B is devoted to cytogenetics of cereals and millets (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, maize, rice, pearl millet, and minor millets). More than one chapter is devoted to the same crop to give a detailed treatment of chromosome research (including molecular biology) in these crops.
The second volume deals with cytogenetics of plant materials including legumes, vegetable and oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, fibre crops, medicinal crops and ornamentals. This work will be useful both as a reference work and a teaching aid to satisfy a wide range of workers. Every chapter has been written by an expert who has been involved in chromosome research on a particular plant material for many years.
Bioinformatics offers novel tools and resources to analyze plant genomes and genes. The complete genomes of two important commercial palms (dates and oil palm) have recently been sequenced. This offers scope for many computational tools to decipher the synteny, collinearity and common and unique genes of palms.
This book reviews the latest developments in this field.
Methods in Plant Biochemistry is an authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields of plant biochemical research. Under the expert guidance of guest editors, each volume provides comprehensive, practical information on the assay and analytical techniques appropriate for a particular family of plant compounds. The series emphasizes techniques and laboratory procedures. No plant biochemical laboratory can afford to be without this comprehensive and up-to-date reference.
Dr. Harris has played a major role in the development of this
organism as a model system. Her previous version of the
"Chlamydomonas Sourcebook" which published in 1989, has been a
classic in the field and is considered required reading for anyone
working with this organism. This latest edition has been expanded
to include three volumes providing molecular techniques, analysis
of the recently sequenced genome, and reviews of the current status
of the diverse fields in which Chlamydomonas is used as a model
organism. Methods for Chlamydomonas research and best practices for
applications in research, including methods for culture,
preservation of cultures, preparation of media, lists of inhibitors
and other additives to culture media, are included. Additions to
this volume also include help with common laboratory problems such
as contamination, student demonstrations, and properties of
particular strains and mutants.
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