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God as Father in Luke-Acts argues that 'Father' is the central image for God in Luke-Acts by tracing a line of continuity in the portrayal of God as Israel's merciful, faithful, and authoritative Father from the Old Testament to Luke-Acts and its Second Temple Jewish milieu. The fulfillment of the promises to Abraham, David, and Israel in Jesus is best understood as the fatherly actions of Israel's God. Furthermore, the striking similarities between God as Father and Augustus as Pater Patriae undermine the assertion of the Lukan view of the Roman Empire as highly polemical.
This book offers a careful study of biblical texts on menstruation and childbirth in the light of their ancient Near Eastern background. Close reading of the biblical texts, based on classical and feminist biblical interpretation, and supported by comparative study of ancient Near Eastern sources and anthropology, reveals a rich and varied picture of these female events. Fertility and impurity are closely connected to menstruation and childbirth, but their place and importance are different in priestly and nonpriestly writings of the Bible, which are therefore separately dealt with. This book contributes to a better understanding of physiological, social, cultural, and religious aspects of menstruation and childbirth in the larger context of body and society and women and men.
In analyzing the intertextuality between the Genesis and Johannine Prologues, Dr. Lioy maintains that both passages utilize polemical theology to refute distorted views of ultimate reality. Furthermore, he theorizes that the author of the Johannine Prologue deliberately reflected the structure and themes found in the Genesis Prologue to emphasize that the God-man, Jesus Christ, created all things and is a new (spiritual) beginning for all who believe in Him. Ultimate reality is found through faith in the Son.
Exegesis and Hermeneutics in the Churches of the East contains the proceedings of the Bible in the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Traditions unit of the Society of Biblical Literature's (SBL) 2007 meeting in San Diego, California. Biblical professors and scholars from the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox traditions (the latter including Aramaic, Syriac, Armenian, Arabic, Georgian, and Coptic, among others) gathered to engage in critical study of the role of the Bible in eastern Christianity, past and present. The collection of articles in Exegesis and Hermeneutics in the Churches of the East examines the latest scholarly findings in the field of the utilization and interpretation of the Bible in the Christian communities in the East during the first five centuries of Christianity. They offer critical evaluations of the early church's hermeneutical and exegerical tools and methodologies.
In April 2003, Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury, convened a group of twenty-five leading Christian and Muslim scholars for three days of theological dialogue. Scriptures in Dialogue presents a record of this seminar, held in Doha at the invitation of the Amir of Qatar. The focus of this gathering was the study of passages from the Qur'an and the Bible. Combining scholarship at the highest level with commitment to the practice of their faiths in the modern world, the participants addressed questions such as discernment of the Word of God, the place of women in their believing communities, and making space for the religious 'Other'. At a time when the world's attention was fixed on the conflict in Iraq, this inter faith gathering was also a hopeful sign of the deepening of the dialogue between Christians and Muslims which is so important for both faith communities today. It includes: Papers by Vincent Cornell, Basit Koshul, Esther Mombo, Mona Siddiqui, Tim Winter, Tom Wright and Francis Young. Substantial summaries of the discussions. Brief reflections from participants on the place of scripture in their own lives as believers. A major lecture on inter faith relations given by Rowan Williams in Birmingham shortly after the seminar.
Lament, a natural, healthy response to unfair suffering and death, has largely disappeared from modern life and thought. This book reaffirms ancient Greek and Hebrew conceptions of lament as a protest against death as fate. Richard A. Hughes finds lament to be basic in the Bible, and he traces the decline of lament, beginning with Plato's antifeminist critique and early Christian theodicy, through the church fathers and the Protestant reformers. He shows that lament was displaced by classical doctrines of providence but recaptured in the modern existentialist revolt against unjust suffering. Hughes discusses the need for lament in the present age of mass, catastrophic death.
This is a detailed scientific study not only on the concepts of Law and Love in the Gospel of John but also their relationship to each other. This research discovers and proves that the concept of Law in the Fourth Gospel finds its climax in the concept of Love there. The concept of Love finds its clear expression in the Love Commandment of Jesus (John 13, 34; 15, 12.17). All the occurrences of the terms - Law and Love - in the Fourth Gospel are analysed.
In Created Equal, Joshua Berman engages the text of the Hebrew Bible from a novel perspective, considering it as a document of social and political thought. He proposes that the Pentateuch can be read as the earliest prescription on record for the establishment of an egalitarian polity. What emerges is the blueprint for a society that would stand in stark contrast to the surrounding cultures of the ancient Near East -- Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ugarit, and the Hittite Empire - in which the hierarchical structure of the polity was centered on the figure of the king and his retinue. Berman shows that an egalitarian ideal is articulated in comprehensive fashion in the Pentateuch and is expressed in its theology, politics, economics, use of technologies of communication, and in its narrative literature. Throughout, he invokes parallels from the modern period as heuristic devices to illuminate ancient developments. Thus, for example, the constitutional principles in the Book of Deuteronomy are examined in the light of those espoused by Montesquieu, and the rise of the novel in 18th-century England serves to illuminate the advent of new modes of storytelling in biblical narrative.
Clayton Powell (1865-1953) was one of a very few African-American religious, cultural, and social leaders of his era to oppose what he called the cheap grace of racist conservative and liberal ideologies in what he called a world come of age. His use of what a sociologist and several philosophers called the emotionalization of the ideal changed his congregations, cities, and nation, as well as one German Sunday school teacher - Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Ralph Garlin Clingan explores Powell's role as a radical, progressive prophet with a well thought out program of emotionalizing the ideal of the meek, universal love of Jesus Christ, the center of his life and ideal church, and raising a standard for his community and the world. Powell is discussed in the context of his sources, current Bonhoeffer scholarship, and today's issues.
This is a study of the interrelationships between the formulary traditions of the legal documents of the Jewish colony of Elephantine and the legal formulary traditions of their Egyptian counterparts.
The legal documents of Elephantine have been approached in three different ways thus far: first, comparing them to the later Aramaic legal tradition; second, as part of a self-contained system, and more recently from the point of view of the Assyriological legal tradition. However, there is still a fourth possible approach, which has long been neglected by scholars in this field, and that is to study the Elephantine legal documents from an Egyptological perspective. In seeking the Egyptian parallels and antecedents to the Aramaic formulary, Botta hopes to balance the current scholarly perspective, based mostly upon Aramaic and Assyriological comparative studies.
The present study discusses the symbiotic relationship between Augustine's hermeneutical insights and Christology. It focuses on the first three books of De doctrina Christiana in their given sequence. Since Augustine's hermeneutics implies a Christological epistemology, the author approaches De doctrina Christiana through Augustine's early epistemological treatises Contra Academicos and De Magistro. The former defends the possibility of certain knowledge, and the latter explains how this knowledge is gained through the illuminative activity of the Inner Teacher. The work also integrates linguistic signification in ancient philosophy which prepares the ground for understanding Augustine's 'science of signs' and the fundamental Christological analogy in doc. Chr. 1.13. This study exemplifies that Augustine's whole semiotic system is constructed around the fundamental Sign, the humanity of Christ, which in its hypostatic union with the divine nature enables one to know God through Christ the human being. Contents: patristic exegesis--Christology and exegesis--Augustine on interpretation--History of biblical interpretation--Thought and language--Linguistic signification--Ancient philosophy and theology--Augustine and the ancient philosophical tradition--Literal and figurative interpretation--Regula fidei and biblical interpretation--Ancient epistemology and hermeneutics--Augustine on understanding the bible--The scriptural words and Christ the Word--The analogy between incarnation and the scripture
This is accessible and reliable survey of Kabbalah's key elements, uniquely exploring the contemporary phenomena of its popularity and the notoreity of some its modern purveyors. "Kabbalah: A Guide for the Perplexed" is a concise and accessible introduction to the major elements of the prevalent metaphysical system of Judaism, Kabbalah. The book covers the historical and theoretical essence of Kabbalah, offering a clear definition of the term and the limitations of what Kabbalah is and is not. Pinchas Giller provides an overview of the history of the movement, reflecting the sweep of Jewish history as a whole, and examines its metaphysical system, the advanced mythos of early and later Luria, doctrines of the soul, and the mysteries of Jewish religious practice and law. The book concludes with a summary of the contemporary kabbalistic phenomena, particularly in light of the notoriety of some modern purveyors of Kabbalah. As cogent and objective as possible, this is the ideal companion for those wishing to gain a sound understanding of this often perplexing mystical aspect of Judaism. "Continuum's Guides for the Perplexed" are clear, concise and accessible introductions to thinkers, writers and subjects that students and readers can find especially challenging - or indeed downright bewildering. Concentrating specifically on what it is that makes the subject difficult to grasp, these books explain and explore key themes and ideas, guiding the reader towards a thorough understanding of demanding material.
The Book of Amos as Composed and Read in Antiquity treats the redaction of the Book of Amos and the history of its reception in Second Temple period works including the Septuagint, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and some early Christian and Rabbinic Jewish literature. The first part of this book employs form- and redaction-critical methods. From a synchronic analysis, it attempts to establish a literary structure, genre, setting, and intention with respect to the present form of the Book of Amos. A diachronic analysis attempts to uncover earlier literary-redactional layers based on a set of controlled criteria characterized by literary uniqueness. The second part is a study on Nachleben (living tradition) and employs Comparative Midrash in sensu lato. This book draws the reader's attention to many differing voices documented among the various believing communities in antiquity.
This book presents an original Christian moral psychology based upon the Cain and Abel story and discusses epilepsy, the Cain complex, and biblical lament. Special attention is devoted to moral emotions - rage, compassion, shame, and joy - as they flare up in children and family relationships in relation to an enemy. Lament is a cry of anger that erupts in protest against unfair suffering and that strives for justice through trust in God. As the first prayer of the Bible, Cain's lament reflects the pain of all those who commit evil to vindicate injustice.
Reading the Tapestry proposes a literary-rhetorical, temporal process of reading the fourth Gospel's resurrection narrative (John 20-21) from the perspective of the implied reader in the text, according to the strategies of the implied author. Informed by narrative criticism and reader response criticism, Larry Darnell George unpacks the narrative and rhetorical devices of the three episodes and twelve scenes and argues that the entire resurrection narrative represents a finely woven tapestry, a coherent unified narrative text on its own terms and as it now stands.
This volume is one of two edited by Andrew Rippin which are designed to complement one another, and to comprehend the principal trends in modern scholarship on the Qur'an. Both volumes are provided with a new introduction by the editor, analysing this scholarship, and providing references for further study. The Qur'an: Formative Interpretation is concerned with the questions that have been addressed within the study of the early interpretation (tafsir) of the Qur'an. These papers exemplify the areas of debate within the field, the need for detailed investigative scholarship of individual texts, and the progress made in the systematic study of these early works.
This tome explains the newest research results scientists obtained during their scientific dissertation of the Old Testament, as well as the scientific fields connected with it. The themes of the individual compositions are widely spread; they concern both, exegetical and literary questions, as well as historical and religious history problems and central questions regarding the theology of the Old Testament. Relevant suggested reading invites the reader to go in for such themes. In den Beitraegen dieses Bandes werden neueste Forschungsergebnisse dargelegt, die weltweit in der wissenschaftlichen Arbeit am Alten Testament sowie in den mit ihm in Verbindung stehenden Wissenschaftsgebieten erzielt wurden. Die Themen der einzelnen Aufsaetze sind breit gefaechert; sie betreffen sowohl exegetische und literarische Fragen als auch historische und religionsgeschichtliche Probleme sowie zentrale Fragen der Theologie des Alten Testaments. Einschlaegige Literaturangaben leiten gut zur weiterfuehrenden Beschaeftigung mit den behandelten Themen an.
Die dem Apostel Paulus zugeschriebenen Briefe an Timotheus und Titus (Pastoralbriefe) sind erwiesenermassen pseudepigraphische Schriften. Da sie sich aber nicht nur an den Sprachgebrauch der echten Paulusbriefe anlehnen, sondern auch deutlich auf deren Inhalt Bezug nehmen, scheint eine literarische Beziehung zwischen beiden Schriftengruppen zu bestehen. Das gilt ueber die echten Paulusbriefe hinaus auch fuer das Verhaeltnis zwischen Pastoralbriefen einerseits und Kolosser-, Epheser- und II. Thessalonicherbrief andererseits. Nach mehr als einhundertfuenfzig Jahren kritischer Forschung an den Pastoralbriefen ist die Zeit reif fuer eine umfassende synoptische Darstellung der Parallelen. Diese Synopse will die weitere kritische Forschung an den Pastoralbriefen foerdern und zugleich die bisher erzielten Forschungsergebnisse sichern. The Epistles to Timothy and Titus (Pastoral Epistles) attributed to the Apostle Paul have been proven to be pseudepigraphic epistles. However, because they are not based solely on the kind of language used in the genuine Pauline Epistles but also clearly refer to the contents of these Epistles there seems to be some kind of literary relationship between the two groups of documents. As well as the genuine Pauline Epistles, this also applies to the relationship between the Pastoral Epistles on the one hand and Colossians, Ephesians and II Thessalonians on the other. After more than one hundred and fifty years of critical research on the Pastoral Epistles time is ripe for a comprehensive synoptic presentation of these parallels. This synopsis aims to promote further critical research on the Pastoral Epistles but also to consolidate the results of former research.
This volume delves into the socio religious milieu of the authors, editors, and propagators of the ""Rastrapalapariprccha-sutra"" (Questions of Rastrapala), a Buddhist text circulating in India during the first half of the first millennium C.E. Daniel Boucher first reflects upon the problems that plague historians of Mahayana Buddhism, whose previous efforts to comprehend the tradition have often ignored the social dynamics that motivated some of the innovations of this new literature. Following that is a careful analysis of several motifs found in the Indian text and an examination of the value of the earliest Chinese translation for charting the sutra's evolution.The first part of the study looks at the relationship between the bodily glorification of the Buddha and the ascetic career that produced it within the socioeconomic world of early medieval Buddhist monasticism. Boucher then focuses on a third-century Chinese translation of the sutra and traces the changes in the translation to the late tenth century. He concludes with an annotated translation of the sutra based on a new reading of its earliest extant Sanskrit manuscript.
The Qur'an is the scripture of Islam, sacred to over one billion Muslims worldwide. It is regarded by Muslims as the direct word of God, timeless and unchanged. Muslims turn to the Qur'an not only for prayer and worship but also to understand the essence of their relationship with God. Mona Siddiqui considers how the Qur'an has been understood by Muslims in the intellectual traditions of Islam as well as in popular worship. She explores the "big themes" of prophecy, law, sin, and salvation, and what the Qur'an teaches about the particular place of Islam as God's last revelation in human history. Siddiqui's central concern is that Muslims must look to the Qur'an to breathe new life into the social and ethical relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.
Many scholars wishing to consult a specific text in the Dead Sea Scrolls encounter a very specific difficulty: finding where it has been published. The scrolls are found in many publications, especially in the 39 volumes of the series ???Discoveries in the Judean Desert.??? Here they are not published in any systematic way, but in the order in which they were ready for publication.
Joseph Fitzmyer seeks to remedy that situation. His A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature starts by explaining the conventional system of abbreviations for the Scrolls. Then it helpfully lists specifically where readers can find each of the scrolls and fragmentary texts from the eleven caves of Qumran and all the related sites.
Fitzmyer supplies information on tools of study helpful for scholars ? concordances, dictionaries, translations, outlines of longer texts, and more ? and briefly indications electronic resources for the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
This winning guide makes navigating the sprawl of scrolls and information much more straightforward.
This work employs drama and imagination to guide the reader to the discovery of voice. Through this consciousness, the reader is involved in the role of poetry and rhetoric in the comprehension of prose from Homer, Plato and the Bible to John Henry Newman, James Joyce and Norman Mailer and in the role of autobiography in developing a philosophy of life. From these an interest in methods develops. Voice and image unite to challenge today's visual orthodoxy by moving the reader beyond typography to a secondary orality described by Walter Ong in the work's inspiration, Orality and Literacy.
This fresh approach to ecological issues argues that there are important connections between the personal alienations inherited from critical philosophy and the cosmic alienation we call the environmental crisis. Rooted in the historical development of modern attitudes to nature, this study breaks new ground by applying a post-critical perspective to western views of God, humanity, and the natural world. Using the thought of Michael Polanyi, Wendell Berry, Wilfrid Cantwell Smith and William Poteat, it points a way out of our abuse of the earth through a renewing of incarnate life, in which our minds are no longer separated from the natural bodies they express.
Does God act in history? Many passages in the Bible speak with confidence of such action: but does it continue? What does this concept say to us today? By what criteria might we evaluate the events of our own time as the work of God in history? The present study brings to the discussion of these questions the voice of the author of Luke-Acts. It demonstrates the existence of a literary schema in the intra-community discourse in Acts in which God's deeds in history are the central topic, and which presents a set of criteria for calling an event or set of events the work of God. It thus furnishes a solid New Testament basis from which faith communities may begin in their discernment of the reality and the meaning for today of God's working among us.
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