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This text presents a conceptual framework with case studies in
dryland development and management. The option of a rational and
ethical discourse for development that is beneficial for both the
environment and society is emphasized, avoiding extreme
environmentalism and human destructionism. This book has been
compiled with the purpose of giving guidance to Geography teachers
in both primary and secondary schools.
The French entered the Pacific in the late 17th century, but the ocean remained largely a Spanish preserve until British navigators began to cross its vast expanse in the mid 1760s. France's concerns that Britain might establish its superiority in the area, meant they welcomed Louis de Bougainville's voyage of exploration undertaken in 1766-9. After handing over the colony he had established in the Falkland Islands to Spain, he sailed through the still relatively unknown Straits of Magellan into the poorly charted South Pacific. He made a number of discoveries in the south west, but was too late to discover Tahiti, where Samuel Wallis had preceded him by less than a year. Reports on Bougainville's reception there and on life in the island were to create wide interest and controversy in Europe. He then sailed to the Samoan Islands and on to Vanuatu, as far as the Great Barrier Reef, and north towards New Guinea and the Samoan Islands making a number of discoveries and all the while leaving his name to a number of features, the best known of which are the island of Bougainville and the Bougainvillea flower. He returned home by way of the Dutch East Indies and the Indian Ocean. Although Bougainville published an account of his voyage in 1771, his original journal was published only in 1977; the present volume makes the latter text available for the first time in English translation.
The field of regional development is subject to an ever-increasing multiplicity of concepts and theories seeking to explain uneven competitiveness. In particular, economic geographers and spatial economists have rapidly developed the theoretical tools by which to approach such analyses. The aim of this Handbook is to take stock of regional competitiveness and complementary concepts as a means of presenting a state-of-the-art discussion of the advanced theories, perspectives and empirical explanations that help make sense of the determinants of uneven development across regions. Drawing on an international field of leading scholars, the book is assembled and organized so that readers can first learn of the theoretical underpinnings of regional competitiveness and development theory, before moving on to deeper discussions of key factors and principal elements, the emergence of allied concepts, empirical applications, and the policy context. International in its scope, including global empirical analysis, the book is a definitive resource in terms of providing access to some of the seminal research and thinking on regional competitiveness. This contemporary Handbook is an ideal reference for students and academics in the fields of economic geography and spatial economics. It will also appeal to policymakers and other stakeholders involved in regional economic development.
Processes of globalization have changed the world in many, often fundamental, ways. Increasingly these processes are being debated and contested. This Handbook offers a timely, rich and critical panorama of these multifaceted developments from a geographical perspective. This Handbook explores the myriad of ways in which differing cross-border flows - of people, goods, services, capital, information, pollution and cultures - have (re)shaped concrete places across the globe and how these places, in turn, shape those flows. With original contributions from worldwide leading scholars, the Handbook positions globalization in a broader historical perspective, presenting a variety of geographical examples so that readers can better understand these processes. Regional studies and economic and human geography scholars will find this an invaluable resource for exploring the key topics of the geographies of globalization. Lecturers and advanced students will also find the detailed case studies useful to help explain the fundamental concepts outlined in the book.
Manuscript estate maps provide an invaluable link to past physical landscapes and previous human existence. The Lanhydrock Atlas is no exception. Each of its 258 highly-decorated maps opens a door into the lost world of life in the seventeenth century, and brings to life not only the physical lie of the land but the stories of the people and their lives. These documents record the widely-scattered Cornish landholdings of a single gentry family - the Robartes of Lanhydrock - during the 1690s, the period when the family's wealth and possessions were at their most extensive. Though unsigned, there is sufficient stylistic and circumstantial evidence to support the confident attribution of the maps to Joel Gascoyne, one of the foremost cartographers of the time. In addition to the painstaking listing of the field names, acreages and agrarian uses of Robartes land from St Just in the far west of the county to The Lizard in the south and as far east as the River Tamar separating Cornwall from Devon, the maps also feature topographical details of the Cornish landscape such as buildings, coastlines, roads and rivers which have become an important resource for historians. In this book the National Trust makes available for the first time the complete set of maps which comprise the Lanhydrock Atlas. The superb quality of the reproductions is complemented by a detailed commentary on the individual maps by Dr Oliver J. Padel, and by essays from Paul Holden on the history of the Robartes family and from Peter Herring on the interpretation of the Cornish landscape in the Atlas. The publication has been made possible by generous grants from the Piet Mendels Foundation and from Cornwall County Council.
IB Prepared resources are developed directly with the IB to provide the most up-to-date, authentic and authoritative guidance on DP assessment. IB Prepared: Geography combines a concise review of course content with strategic guidance, authentic sample material and exam-style practice opportunities, allowing learners to consolidate the knowledge and skills that are essential to success.
Robert Riley has been a renowned figure in landscape studies for over fifty years, valued for his perceptive, learned, and highly entertaining articles, reviews, and essays. Much of Riley's work originally ran in Landscape, the pioneering magazine at which Riley succeeded the great geographer J. B. Jackson as editor. The Camaro in the Pasture is the first book to collect this compelling author's writing. With diverse topics ranging from science-fiction fantasies to problems of academic design research, the essays in this volume cover an entire half-century of Riley's observations on the American landscape. The essays-several of which are new or previously unpublished-interpret changing rationales for urban beautification, the evolution and transformation of the strip, the development of a global landscape of golf and resorts replacing an older tourist search for exoticism, and the vernacular landscape as wallpaper not quilt. Ultimately, Riley envisions our future landscape as a rapidly fluctuating electronic net draped over the more slowly changing and familiar land- and building-based system. Throughout, Riley emphasizes the vernacular landscape of contemporary America-how we have shaped and use it, what it is becoming, and, above all, how we experience it.
Continuing the tradition of the best-selling Getting to Know series, Getting to Know ArcGIS Pro 2.6 teaches new and existing GIS users how to get started solving problems using ArcGIS Pro. Using ArcGIS Pro for these tasks allows you to understand complex data with the leading GIS software that many businesses and organizations use every day. Getting to Know ArcGIS Pro 2.6 introduces the basic tools and capabilities of ArcGIS Pro through practical project workflows that demonstrate best practices for productivity. Explore spatial relationships, building a geodatabase, 3D GIS, project presentation, and more. Learn how to navigate ArcGIS Pro and ArcGIS Online by visualizing, querying, creating, editing, analyzing, and presenting geospatial data in both 2D and 3D environments. Using figures to show each step, Getting to Know ArcGIS Pro 2.6 demystifies complicated process like developing a geoprocessing model, using Python to write a script tool, and the creation of space-time cubes. Cartographic techniques for both web and physical maps are included. Each chapter begins with a prompt using a real-world scenario in a different industry to help you explore how ArcGIS Pro can be applied for operational efficiency, analysis, and problem solving. A summary and glossary terms at the end of every chapter help reinforce the lessons and skills learned. Ideal for students, self-learners, and seasoned professionals looking to learn a new GIS product, Getting to Know ArcGIS Pro 2.6 is a broad textbook and desk reference designed to leave users feeling confident in using ArcGIS Pro on their own.
An engaging, encyclopedic account of the material world of early modern Britain as told through a unique collection of dated objects The period from 1500 to 1800 in England was one of extraordinary social transformations, many having to do with the way time itself was understood, measured, and recorded. Through a focused exploration of an extensive private collection of fine and decorative artworks, this beautifully designed volume explores that theme and the variety of ways that individual notions of time and mortality shifted. The feature uniting these more than 450 varied objects is that each one bears a specific date, which marks a significant moment-for reasons personal or professional, religious or secular, private or public. From paintings to porringers, teapots to tape measures, the objects-and the stories they tell-offer a vivid sense of the lived experience of time, while providing a sweeping survey of the material world of early modern Britain.
This A-Z map of Basingstoke is a full colour street atlas featuring 36 pages of street mapping covering: *Basingstoke *Bramley *Sherfield on Loddon *Hartley Wintney *Hook *Odiham *South Warnborough *North Waltham *Oakley *Sherborne St. John *Chineham There is also separate coverage of: *Andover *Whitchurch *Overton Postcode districts, one-way streets and safety camera locations with their maximum speed limit are featured on the mapping. The index section lists streets, selected flats, walkways and places of interest, place, area and station names, hospitals and hospices covered by this atlas. This Basingstoke map is ideal for residents and visitors alike.
First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Taking a realist approach, this insightful book looks at the forces shaping the evolution of global infrastructure networks. As the international economy globalises, there is an emergent need for national systems to adapt and integrate to form a global system. The authors expose the move to interconnect state infrastructures as a strategy to support and enhance states' territoriality. Examined through the lens of economic infrastructure (including transport, energy and information) this book addresses the forces of integration and fragmentation in the development of global networks. The significant impact of globalisation on infrastructure adaptation is especially highlighted, as well as the key limitations hindering development. Global Infrastructure Networks will be of great interest to academics and graduate students of geography, political economy and public policy. International policy makers will also find this a compelling read, as it identifies the benefits and limitations of upcoming developments in global infrastructure.
This new edition convenient pocket size map of Pretoria includes the latest up-to-date information, key tourist areas and street plans. The map includes a detailed map at 1:12 500 scale plus a map of the Hartebeespoort area with a scale of 1:100 000. The detailed street plan includes: - Main & minor roads - Retail areas - Traffic light positions - Hotels & accommodation - Tourist information - Places of interest & historic sites - Theatres & cinemas - Shopping malls - Parking - One-way streets - Sports and recreation areas - Embassy positions - Index of street names. The detailed area map covers: Akasia - Hartebeespoort - Atteridgeville - Pretoria CBD - Mamelodi - Renosterspruit - Centurion, Moreleta Park, Rietvlei & Midrand Estates - Built-up areas with suburb names - Index of street names & suburbs.
This well-researched book provides a concise contribution to a large-scale debate on economic globalisation. Martin Sokol introduces key theoretical approaches that help us to understand how economies work, why they suffer recessions and crises, and why economic inequalities at various levels are growing in the context of globalisation. He introduces key economic geography concepts and theories, demonstrating their application to our contemporary globalising world. The role that economic geography may play in informing policymaking is highlighted, and debates surrounding the recent global financial and economic crisis are expounded. This highly accessible book will prove an essential reference tool for academics, students and researchers focusing on geography, economics, planning and regional development, development studies, international politics and international business. Policymakers and practitioners in local, regional and national authorities, international bodies and non-governmental organisations will also find this book to be an invaluable resource.
As a facsimile reproduction of the A to Z London Street Atlas, circa 1938/39, this publication shows street mapping of London as it was before the Second World War bombing and the redevelopments that followed and may be of assistance in tracing family history for that period. The coverage extends from central London to Edgware, Whetstone, Palmers Green, Edmonton, Walthamstow, Snaresbrook, Seven Kings, Barking, Silvertown, Plumstead, Kidbrooke, Bellingham, South Sydenham, Croydon, Streatham Common, Morden, Wimbledon Common, Twickenham, Richmond, Kew, Hanwell, Ealing Broadway, Wembley, Harrow and Wealdstone. Included within the atlas is a map of the Underground Railways of London and Suburbs and location maps of Theatreland, Cinemaland, Clubland and the main Shopping Centres. The Guide to Places of Interest section includes a location map and text giving a summary of each selected place of interest with opening times and admission charges. The index to streets section includes a list of the London County Council street name changes relevant at that time. A foldout coloured Pictorial Map of Central London is attached to the inside back cover and this map features the locations of principal landmarks and places of interest using three dimensional drawings. The original printing of this paperback street atlas before the Second World War was in black only; however, this facsimile reproduction has been printed in colours which simulate the current condition after its ageing over many years. The atlas is supplied in a stout protective slipcase. SAVE 20% OFF the RRP when you buy our special offer package of the "Bedsitter to Household Name" together with the 1938 A-Z Historical London, a saving of GBP3.98. The Beginning Geographers' Map Company was founded in 1936 by Phyllis Pearsall MBE (1906-1996) who, encouraged by her father Alexander Gross, took on the ambitious task of publishing up-to-date street mapping of London. This Historical Edition is a facsimile reproduction of one of her first publications featuring the now renowned A to Z logo on the front cover.
How to Draw a Map is a fascinating meditation on the centuries-old art of map-making, from the first astronomical maps to the sophisticated GPS guides of today. Maps have influenced humanity in many unexpected ways: life, death, sexual reproduction, espionage, war and peace. How to Draw a Map traces the story of mapmaking - cartography - from the first scratchings on the cave wall to the detailed high-tech 'navigator'. This is the story of human conceptions, often misconceptions, of our world. It is also a very personal story about a mapmaker's journey through life - the exciting new perspectives and the occasional misadventures. Over the last 5,000 years societies and empires have risen and fallen; most, if not all, attempt to record their own visions of our world. In the 15th century, Europeans developed a global reach with their oceanic ships, exploring outward into the world, revealing new possibilities, peoples and opportunities. Mapmakers recorded this journey, revealing to us a window into past triumphs and disasters. The story continues into our own day when diplomats carve up our globe, presenting what we now see as the 'modern' world. In How to Draw a Map, father and son cartographers Alexander and Malcolm Swanston demonstrate the skill, creativity and care involved in the timeless art of creating maps - and what these artefacts reveal about the legion of mapmakers who went before us.
Exam Board: AQA Level: AS/A-level Subject: Geography First Teaching: September 2016 First Exam: June 2018 Reinforce students' geographical understanding throughout their course; clear topic summaries with sample questions and answers help students improve their exam technique and achieve their best. Written by a teacher with extensive examining experience, this guide: - Helps students identify what they need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined at AS and A-level - Consolidates understanding through assessment tips and knowledge-check questions - Offers opportunities for students to improve their exam technique by consulting sample graded answers to exam-style questions - Develops independent learning and research skills - Provides the content students need to produce their own revision notes
A comprehensive book on the social and political geography of one of the most distinctive newly independent States to emerge from the collapse of the Soviet Union. Being one of the most developed Soviet republics in terms of levels of welfare, education and cultural activity, Georgia is fiercely defending its national self-identity and striving for independence. The difficult process of building a nation-State and of concurrent dramatic social changes has led in the 1990s to serious complications in its development, even to the point of several civil wars. But there are signs that the crisis will be overcome before long.
Exam board: WJEC Level: A-level Subject: Geography First teaching: September 2016 First exams: Summer 2018 Reinforce students' geographical understanding throughout their course; clear topic summaries with sample questions and answers help students improve their exam technique and achieve their best. Written by a teacher with extensive examining experience, this guide: - Helps students identify what they need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined at AS and A-level - Consolidates understanding through assessment tips and knowledge-check questions - Offers opportunities for students to improve their exam technique by consulting sample graded answers to exam-style questions - Develops independent learning and research skills - Provides the content students need to produce their own revision notes
This book describes how powerful computing technology, emerging big and open data sources, and theoretical perspectives on spatial synthesis have revolutionized the way in which we investigate social sciences and humanities. It summarizes the principles and applications of human-centered computing and spatial social science and humanities research, thereby providing fundamental information that will help shape future research. The book illustrates how big spatiotemporal socioeconomic data facilitate the modelling of individuals' economic behavior in space and time and how the outcomes of such models can reveal information about economic trends across spatial scales. It describes how spatial social science and humanities research has shifted from a data-scarce to a data-rich environment. The chapters also describe how a powerful analytical framework for identifying space-time research gaps and frontiers is fundamental to comparative study of spatiotemporal phenomena, and how research topics have evolved from structure and function to dynamic and predictive. As such this book provides an interesting read for researchers, students and all those interested in computational and spatial social sciences and humanities.
Many people have a love of maps. But what lies behind the process of map-making? How have cartographers through the centuries developed their craft and established a language of maps which helps them to better represent our world and users to understand it? This book tells the story of how widely accepted mapping conventions originated and evolved - from map orientation, projections, typography and scale, to the use of colour, map symbols, ways of representing relief and the treatment of boundaries and place names. It charts the fascinating story of how conventions have changed in response to new technologies and ever-changing mapping requirements, how symbols can be a matter of life or death, why universal acceptance of conventions can be difficult to achieve and how new mapping conventions are developing to meet the needs of modern cartography. Here is an accessible and enlightening guide to the sometimes hidden techniques of map-making through the centuries.
The true Scot's insider's guide to the very best Scotland has to offer. Fully revised and updated in Pete Irvine's own unique style, the 13th edition includes over 2000 recommendations for every type of adventure. Trusted for over 20 years, this fully comprehensive and independent guide to Scotland gives you only the very best recommendations, whatever your budget. * Discover stunning scenery, landscapes and historical highlights * Find the best coastal walks, city strolls and sight-seeing spots * Eat at the best local cafes and regional restaurants * Great advice on where to sleep, from wild camping to boutique hotels * Explore the true culture of Scotland and discover local, hidden gems Peter Irvine is your personal guide to the very best of Scotland. From the streets of Edinburgh to the Western Isles, he's visited, rated and remarked on entry bringing together the must-see highlights of Scotland. The 13th edition is the perfect travel companion, complete with essential information including web sites, phone numbers, costs and top tips to give you the best experience of Scotland.
European rural landscapes as we experience them today are the result of ongoing processes and interactions between nature and society. These are changing fast: the future landscapes will be different from those we know currently. Written for academics, policy-makers and practitioners, this book is the first to explore the complex histories of rural landscapes in Europe as a basis for their sound governance in future. Tensions between the needs of agricultural spaces driven by economic incentives and a variety of non-agricultural functions are explored to demonstrate current challenges and the shortfalls in the policies that address them. Using inspiring case studies that highlight the roles of regional agents and communities, the authors go further than the usual analyses to illustrate the importance of local context. Written by experts currently working to revitalise the rural landscapes of Europe, the text concludes with suggestions for improving landscape policy and planning practice.
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