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When Computers Were Human (Paperback) Loot Price: R805
Discovery Miles 8 050
You Save: R241 (23%)
When Computers Were Human (Paperback): David Alan Grier

When Computers Were Human (Paperback)

David Alan Grier

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List price R1,046 Loot Price R805 Discovery Miles 8 050 | Repayment Terms: R74 pm x 12* You Save R241 (23%)

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Before Palm Pilots and iPods, PCs and laptops, the term "computer" referred to the people who did scientific calculations by hand. These workers were neither calculating geniuses nor idiot savants but knowledgeable people who, in other circumstances, might have become scientists in their own right. "When Computers Were Human" represents the first in-depth account of this little-known, 200-year epoch in the history of science and technology.

Beginning with the story of his own grandmother, who was trained as a human computer, David Alan Grier provides a poignant introduction to the wider world of women and men who did the hard computational labor of science. His grandmother's casual remark, "I wish I'd used my calculus," hinted at a career deferred and an education forgotten, a secret life unappreciated; like many highly educated women of her generation, she studied to become a human computer because nothing else would offer her a place in the scientific world.

The book begins with the return of Halley's comet in 1758 and the effort of three French astronomers to compute its orbit. It ends four cycles later, with a UNIVAC electronic computer projecting the 1986 orbit. In between, Grier tells us about the surveyors of the French Revolution, describes the calculating machines of Charles Babbage, and guides the reader through the Great Depression to marvel at the giant computing room of the Works Progress Administration.

"When Computers Were Human" is the sad but lyrical story of workers who gladly did the hard labor of research calculation in the hope that they might be part of the scientific community. In the end, they were rewarded by a new electronic machine that took the place and the name of those who were, once, the computers.


Imprint: Princeton University Press
Country of origin: United States
Release date: August 2007
First published: 2007
Authors: David Alan Grier
Dimensions: 235 x 152 x 23mm (L x W x T)
Format: Paperback - Trade
Pages: 424
ISBN-13: 978-0-691-13382-9
Categories: Books > Science & Mathematics > Science: general issues > Impact of science & technology on society
Books > Science & Mathematics > Science: general issues > History of science
Books > Professional & Technical > Technology: general issues > History of engineering & technology
Books > Computing & IT > Social & legal aspects of computing > Human-computer interaction
LSN: 0-691-13382-4
Barcode: 9780691133829

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