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This issue contains 16 papers, presenting work on tsunami hazards, earthquakes, and related computational infrastructure. The integration of multihazard simulations and remotely sensed observations is providing enormous benefits to earthquake and tsunami research. Earthquakes cause damage, but also generate tsunamis, which create additional damage. Remotely sensed observations coupled with geologic field measurements and simulations contribute to our understanding of earthquake processes, which is necessary for mitigating loss of life and property from these damaging events. This book focuses on assimilation of remotely sensed observations to advance multihazards simulation. This capability provides a powerful virtual laboratory to probe earthquake behavior and the earthquake cycle. Hence, it offers a new opportunity to gain understanding of the earthquake nucleation process, precursory phenomena, and space-time seismicity patterns needed for breakthrough advances in earthquake forecasting and hazard quantification.
Provides a practical framework and toolkit for improved construction project outcomes based on trust and collaboration This book explores the concept of trust as a tool in improved construction procurement strategies, and provides important insight into the influence of trust on the success of construction projects and redevelopment programs. It is a practical guide that offers readers a solid outline and expert strategies for improving project outcomes through collaboration--ultimately proving that teamwork can really make the dream work. Building Collaborative Trust in Construction Procurement Strategies: A Practical Guide incorporates a toolkit, complete with flowcharts, to introduce certain trust building interventions within projects. It shows how initiatives and factors that influence collaborative trust can be easily implemented and embedded in construction management for improved practice. It also covers potential challenges, risks, problems, and barriers when it comes to trust. In addition, the book looks at the influences for collaborative trust in the construction industry as well as implications in practice for it in construction. It finishes by looking at the future of collaborative trust in construction procurement. Teaches the importance and influence of trust on collaborative working and partnerships principles Examines to what extent trust within collaborative working arrangements influences the success of collaborative working practices Covers the effect that certain factors and trust building mechanisms have on collaborative working and partnerships and how they can be embedded into procurement of projects Discusses what constitutes best practice and how trust in collaborative procurement practices influences the success of construction projects Building Collaborative Trust in Construction Procurement Strategies: A Practical Guide is an excellent book for construction management professionals, including clients, consultants, and contractors. It will also serve as a helpful text for undergraduate and postgraduate students and academics.
Understanding Housing Defects provides a concise, coherent and comprehensive introduction to the causes, investigation and diagnosis of defects in domestic buildings. For this new edition, many of the chapters have been substantially updated and new photographs have been added. There are four new chapters covering: How defects are defined An overview of building and architectural history External joinery and painted finishes Environmental and health- related building problems Many of the 21 chapters cover a specific building element and include a brief introduction setting out construction principles and the evolution of current practice. All of the chapters consider the identification, cause and diagnosis of common (and sometimes not so common) defects. This book is a must have for all those students and practitioners who require a broad understanding of housing defects. Building surveyors, general practice surveyors, architects, estate agents, housing officers and anyone involved in the management and maintenance of property as well as its construction will benefit hugely from this highly informative full-colour text. Written by the authors of The Construction of Houses, the book is also the natural companion to this bestselling textbook.
*Fully revised and updated with the latest information and techniques, and covering new issues such as sustainability, so students have everything they need for a modern course. *Bridges the gap between Student and Professional: content and style is pitched to support students with an illustrated and explanative approach, whilst preparing them for the look and feel of professional handbooks. * Provides students with a comprehensive and reliable guide to construction technology, from well-known authors Roy Chudley and Roger Greeno. * Provides expert content in an accessible style with clear, concise text and detailed, explanative illustrations. * Includes references to current Building and Construction Regulations, British and European Standards.
This reference/text offers a systematic and unified approach to the classical theories and recent techniques of multilayered aquifer systems-clarifying governing principles and facilitating industrial problem solving. Uses the automated numerical Laplace inversion procedure to simplify mathematical material Multilayered Aquifer Systems progresses from the non-leaky and leaky aquifers of Theis, Cooper-Jacob, Jacob-Lohman, Papadopulos-Cooper, Hantush-Jacob, and Hantush-Neuman to the multilayer aquifer theory of Neuman-Witherspoon-Herrera treats sensitivity and stochastic analyses utilizes the latest computer methods for parameter determination examines groundwater with fractured aquifers encourages application of theories by supplying specialized tools based on Fortran programs and macro packages for MathematicaT and much more Referenced and illustrated with over 860 literature citations, drawings, and tables, Multilayered Aquifer Systems is an excellent reference and self-study companion for civil, environmental, groundwater, water supply and resource, and agricultural engineers; hydrogeologists and geologists; and an invaluable text for graduate and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
The Light Metals symposia are a key part of the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, presenting the most recent developments, discoveries, and practices in primary aluminum science and technology. Publishing the proceedings from these important symposia, the Light Metals volume has become the definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metal technologies. The 2014 collection includes papers from the following symposia: *Alumina and Bauxite *Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications *Aluminum Processing *Aluminum Reduction Technology *Cast Shop for Aluminum Production *Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production *Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites
Tajikistan is one of the lesser-known and least-researched former Soviet Central Asian republics. The birth of the new state in 1991 was followed closely by a civil war which killed more than 50,000 people and displaced many tens of thousands more. While a peace agreement was signed in 1997, significant political violence continued until 2001 and intermittent outbreaks still occur today. Many claim it remains a very weak state and perhaps in danger of state failure or a return to civil war. However, the revival of Tajikistan should not simply be seen in terms of its post-conflict stabilization. Since its creation as a republic of the Soviet Union in 1920s, Tajikistan has been transformed from being a shell for socialist engineering to become a national society under a modern state. Despite a multitude of economic, social and political shocks, the Republic of Tajikistan endures. This book places the transformation of Tajikistan in its Soviet and Post-Soviet historical settings and local and global contexts. It explores the sources of a state with Soviet roots but which has been radically transformed by independence and its exposure to global politics and economics. The authors address the sources of statehood in history, Islam and secularism, gender relations, the economy, international politics and security affairs. This book is a new edition of a special issue of Central Asian Survey, 'Tajikistan: the sources of statehood', including two additional papers and a revised introduction.
The 4th edition of Plumbing continues to provide the definitive single volume text on plumbing, heating and gas installation work, ideal for students working towards their Diploma in plumbing or NVQ/SVQ at levels 2 and 3. Highly illustrated and easy to read and understand, it tackles plumbing topic by topic, in double page spreads with text, full colour illustrations, and clear photographs, enabling the reader to grasp the essentials quickly and easily. This approach ensures it also provides a concise reference for the trained plumber. Special features include: * concise text * many clear, full colour illustrations * around 140 photographs * topics focussed on the needs of NVQ/SVQ levels 2 and 3 * additional topics beyond levels 2 and 3 * a self-assessment section * a problem-solving section This new edition has been thoroughly updated to take account of changes to the Building Regulations, including changes to the following approved documents: Part F: Ventilation; Part G: Sanitation, hot water safety and water efficiency; Part H: Drainage and waste disposal; Part L: Conservation of fuel and power and Part P: Electrical safety. A significant new section on energy conservation & sustainability has been added, and additional related material introduced where relevant. The extensive coverage with new, full colour illustrations to enhance legibility and understanding, and the emphasis on safety in the work place ensure this remains the definitive single volume for both student and trained plumbers.
Includes a free CD containing the full contents of the book. The rammed earth technique, in all its variants, is widespread all over the world. This enormously prevalent building technique harbours an important richness of varieties both in application and in materials used. Interventions on historical rammed earth buildings have also been carried out in all the geographical areas where these structures are found. This historical heritage has undergone diverse forms of reconstruction, conservation, repair, substitution and/or structural consolidation. The different criteria applied require different techniques, materials or forms of intervention. The results of the interventions have also been manifold, both in terms of the impact on the building and the technical and material durability. With a view to these issues, this book deals with rammed earth architecture and its restoration, and, in a more general sense, with the construction techniques and restoration of all earthen structures. Rammed Earth Conservation will be a valuable source of information for academics and professionals in the fields of Civil Engineering, Construction and Building Engineering and Architecture.
A sleeker, more comprehensive approach to construction projects BIM and Construction Management, Second Edition is a complete integration guide, featuring practical advice, project tested methods and workflows, and tutorials for implementing Building Information Modeling and technology in construction. Updated to align with the latest software editions from Autodesk, Trimble and Bentley, this book provides a common sense approach to leveraging BIM to provide significant value throughout a project's life cycle. This book outlines a results-focused approach which shows you how to incorporate BIM and other technologies into all phases of construction management, such as: Project planning: Set up the BIM project to succeed right from the start by using the right contracts, the right processes and the right technology Marketing: How to exceed customer expectations and market your brand of BIM to win. Pre-construction: Take a practical approach to engineer out risks in your project by using the model early to virtually build and analyze your project, prior to physical construction. Construction: Leverage the model throughout construction to build safer and with better quality. Field work: Learn how mobile technologies have disrupted the way we work in the field to optimize efficiencies and access information faster. Closeout: Deliver a better product to your customer that goes beyond the physical structure and better prepares them for future operations. Additionally, the book provides a look at technology trends in construction and a thoughtful perspective into potential use cases going forward. BIM and Construction Management, Second Edition builds on what has changed in the construction landscape and highlights a new way of delivering BIM-enabled projects. Aligning to industry trends such as Lean, integrated delivery methods, mobile platforms and cloud-based collaboration this book illustrates how using BIM and technology efficiently can create value.
Based on the practical knowledge amassed by the author through years of hands-on experience, this authoritative guide offers unique insights on currently used concrete formwork structures from classification, system components, and materials properties to selection and construction requirements and procedures while considering product quality, labor, safety, and economic factors throughout. Concrete Formwork Systems assesses conventional, wood, metal, flying, tunnel, ganged, jump, and self-raising forming systems, column-mounted shoring systems, and slipforms in terms of applications, advantages, and limitations elaborates on the design of concrete slabs and wall structures according to standards set by the American Plywood Association and the National Design Specificationr for Wood Construction provides the criteria for choosing the optimal horizontal or vertical forming system using comparative analysis tables covers nationally and internationally recognized design values for stresses and more Complementing discussions with references to key sources in the literature and effective use of equations, drawings, photographs, and examples, Concrete Formwork Stystems is an ideal on-the-job resource for civil and design engineers, architects, concrete contractors, formwork subcontractors, and graduate-level and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
This highly interactive, write-in workbook is part of the Skills2Learn series of construction workbooks available in the following disciplines of construction: * Bricklaying * Carpentry & Joinery * Plastering * Painting & Decorating * Wall & Floor Tiling Published by Cengage Learning in association with Skills2Learn, the series of workbooks are aligned to the National Occupational Standards at Levels 1 and 2 are designed to consolidate learners' theoretical knowledge prior to undertaking practical workshop exercises. This workbook series can be used alongside the Skills2Learn series of virtual reality eLearning programs making this a first-of-its-kind, fully integrated blended learning solution.
Focusing on the conceptual and preliminary stages in bridge design, this practical reference/text addresses the new conceptual criteria employed when evaluating project proposals-considering factors from engineering principles and architectural aspects to structural aesthetics and environmental impact on rural and urban surroundings. Ideal for practitioners preparing preliminary plans for presentation at bridge design competitions, consultants working on the development of structural construction projects, as well as engineering students desiring a lucid introduction to the subject Containing numerous sample problems, examples, and case studies of bridges from around the world, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers surveys a wide range of topics, including the historical development of bridges key elements to consider at the preliminary phase of design, such as loads, soil conditions for foundations, initial construction and maintenance costs, safety, and materials commercially available computer programs bridge retrofitting, historical restoration, and upgrading basic parameters as well as new trends in conceptual design and more Complete with bibliographic citations, drawings, and photographs, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers is an excellent on-the-job reference for civil and structural engineers, architects, landscape architects, environmentalists, planners, transportation specialists, and consultants working on bridge construction projects, as well as an edifying text for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
Offers quantity surveyors, engineers, building surveyors and contractors clear guidance on how to recognise and avoid measurement risk. The book recognises the interrelationship of measurement with complex contractual issues; emphasises the role of measurement in the entirety of the contracting process; and helps to widen the accessibility of measurement beyond the province of the professional quantity surveyor. For the busy practitioner, the book includes: * Detailed coverage of NRM1 and NRM2, CESMM4, Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works and POM(I) * Comparison of NRM2 with SMM7 * Detailed analysis of changes from CESMM3 to CESMM4 * Coverage of the measurement implications of major main and sub-contract conditions (JCT, NEC3, Infrastructure Conditions and FIDIC) * Definitions of 5D BIM and exploration of BIM measurement protocols * Considerations of the measurement risk implications of both formal and informal tender documentation and common methods of procurement * An identification of pre- and post-contract measurement risk issues * Coverage of measurement risk in claims and final accounts * Detailed worked examples and explanations of computer-based measurement using a variety of industry-standard software packages.
The book introduces all the aspects needed for the safe and economic design and analysis of connections in modern steel structures. This is not treated according to any specific standard but making comparison among the different norms and methodologies used in the engineering practice, e.g. Eurocode, AISC, DIN, BS. Several examples are solved and illustrated in detail, giving the reader all the tools necessary to tackle also complex connection design problems. The book is introductory but also very helpful to advanced and specialist audiences because it covers a large variety of practice demands for connection design. Parts that are not taken to an advanced level are seismic design, welds, interaction with other materials (concrete, wood), and cold formed connections.
Covering common problems, likely failures and their remedies, this is an essential on-site guide to the behaviour of a building s structure. Presented in a clear structure and user-friendly style, the book goes through all the structural aspects of a building and assesses the importance of the different components. It explains the structural behaviour of buildings, giving some of the basics of structures together with plenty of real-life examples and guidance.
This book presents the design of steel structures using finite
element methods (FEM)according to the current state of the art in
Germany and the rest of Europe. After a short introduction on the
basics of the design, this book illustrates the FEM with a focus on
internal forces, displacements, critical loads and modal shapes.
Next to finite element procedures for linear calculations
considering the stress states of normal force, biaxial bending and
warping torsion, non-linear calculations and the stability cases of
flexural buckling, lateral torsional buckling and plate buckling
are concentrated on significantly. In this context, design
procedures for stability according to the standard Eurocode 3 is
introduced and discussed. In addition, important fundamental issues
are covered, such as the determination of cross-section properties
as well as the elastic and plastic cross-section resistance.
Complementary, finite element procedures for cross sections are
dealt with, which will have an increasing
Presents the latest strategies in the development and use of composite materials for large structures and the effects of defects Practical Design and Validation of Composites Structures: Effects of Defects offers an important guide to the use of fiber-reinforced composites and how they affect the durability and safety of engineering structures such as aircraft, ships, bridges, wind turbines as well as sporting equipment. The text draws on the authors' direct experience in industry and academia to cover the most recent strategies in the development of composite structures and uniquely integrates the assessment of the effects of defects introduced during production. This comprehensive resource builds on an essential introduction to the characteristics of composites and the most common types of defects encountered in production. The authors review the recent manufacturing methods and technologies used for inspecting composite structures and the design issues related to an analysis of their failure and strength incorporating the variability of processing. The text also contains information on the latest regulatory requirements and the relevant standards associated with the testing and design within a robust design philosophy and approach. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive review of the most current regulatory developments in the use of composites for the construction of complex composite structures Presents information on the basic characteristics of composites Includes testing strategies for determining the impacts of production defects Reviews the most current manufacturing methods and inspection technologies in the field Contains methods for statistical analysis and processing of experimental effects of defects test data Written for professional engineers in mechanical engineering, automotive engineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, and energy engineering as well as industry and academic researchers, Practical Design and Validation of Composites Structures: Effects of Defects is the hands-on text that covers the essential information needed to understand the use of composites and how they affect complex engineering projects using composites.
Steel Structures: Analysis and Design for Vibrations and Earthquakes analyses the behaviour of two steel framed structures and their structural elements subjected to complex dynamic forces under the actions of earthquake motions and vibrations due to dynamic forces created by the effects of an unbalanced rotating mass of machines. Both the complete structures and the structural elements are analysed in compliance with Eurocode 8 and Eurocode 3.
There are books available that consider the design of structural members and deal with isolated problems but in the main these emphasize the theory and do not consider the practical design and detailing which engineers face in the design office and within construction. This book considers the structure in its entirety providing a complete picture, guiding the engineer through the full process.
The general principles and practices, design concepts, evaluation of seismic design parameters, calculations of design base shear force in elastic analysis, and vibration analysis are all considered before presentation of the calculations. The author takes the reader through the process in a simple and lucid way with a step-by-step approach stating the design philosophy, design considerations and clarifying the referred clauses of the code of practice, all complemented by design sketches and tables.
Large, high-energy snow avalanches can have high destructive consequences in developed areas. Each year, avalanche catastrophes occur in many mountain regions around the globe. This causes a large number of fatalities and severe damage to buildings and infrastructure. In some mountain areas, especially in the European Alps, a high level of safety for settlement areas is attained by application of technical avalanche defense construction. Simultaneously, new risk potentials continue to emerge in mountain regions from building in endangered areas, the establishment of new roads and railway lines across the mountains and development of tourism. Consequently, the demand for technical avalanche protection is constantly increasing. During the last decades technical avalanche protection has evolved - especially in the Alpine countries Austria, Switzerland, Italy and France as well as Norway, Iceland, USA and Canada - from a specialist field to a stand-alone engineering branch. Currently avalanche defense structures and protection systems are established in practically all inhabited mountain regions worldwide. With this handbook the editors are able to provide the first comprehensive overview of the field of technical avalanche protection in the English language and establish a common "state-of-the-art". The book is based on the German edition, published in 2011, and comprises all relevant facts on fundamentals of avalanche protection technology as well as of planning, dimensioning, construction and maintenance of defense structures. The editors were able to bring together an international team of leading experts in technical avalanche protection. Authors from Austria, Switzerland, USA, Norway, Canada, Iceland, Japan, France and Italy have directly contributed to this book or supported it with essential information.
Bridging the gap between the quantitative viewpoint of management science and the practical, day-to-day needs of project cost management, this well-balanced reference/text offers comprehensive coverage of an integrated cost management program. Emphasizing a systematic approach to cost control, Cost Management of Capital Projects presents the use of method study techniques to increase the effectiveness of procedures and improve the productivity of resources...addresses risk management...describes the planning phase of capital projects and demonstrates how scheduling and cost estimating are used to monitor performance...pinpoints methods to identify misleading information that may enter the system...defines productivity and production...outlines a system that measures performance against predetermined standards...explains how to control performance...and much more. Written by an acknowledged expert in both the industrial and academic aspects of the discipline, Cost Management of Capital Projects is an indispensable reference for cost engineers; and engineering, construction, and project managers; as well as an incomparable text for all upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in business and engineering.
This work details general theories and reliable analysis techniques for solving real-world problems in linear and non-linear mechanics. This book looks at the structural and mechanical behaviour of components such as beams, frames and plates of both uniform and variable stiffness in terms of both stress and deformation. It also emphasizes the challenging demands of industry. College or university bookstores may order five or more copies at a special student price, available on request from Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Due to changes in lifestyle, people spend more time indoors. This refers not only to the time spent at home and at office premises, but also in shopping malls, recreation centers and transport vehicles. Concentrations of many pollutants are higher indoors than they are outdoors. Consequently, the indoor environment has a bigger impact on human health, well being and effectiveness.
Indoor Environment Engineering is a relatively new scientific discipline with an interdisciplinary character, using knowledge from chemistry, biology, medicine and engineering. Since the early 1990s, the number of studies in this area has grown significantly from research on indoor air parameters, new emerging pollutants in indoor air, energy saving systems of heating, to studies on ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings. Even though much progress has been made since then, a number of questions still remains open:
Management of Indoor Air Quality is a collection of 14 peer reviewed papers in Indoor Environment Engineering addressing the above issues. It includes research on HVAC impact on aerosol levels, new ventilation systems as well as air quality problems in new environments. The volume is intended for scientists, engineers, post-graduate and graduate students interested in the area of indoor environment.
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