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This Is A New Release Of The Original 1883 Edition.
This Is A New Release Of The Original 1883 Edition.
We can't do without radio. However many new forms of mass communication are invented, the grandmother of them all remains indispensable. From Peru to Jordan, it's radio journalists who are often the first, and the last, to defy censorship and push the boundaries. As modern technology multiplies radio's reach, Index examines the medium and its messengers. Alexei Venediktov gives an exclusive interview on the secret of radio station Ekho Moskvy's survival - one of the last bastions of free speech in Russia; Joe Queenan reveals why he has no time for talk radio in the US and Shirazuddin Siddiqi on the programme the Taliban couldn't ban. PLUS Richard Norton-Taylor on the pursuit of secrecy; Marge Berer on a full-frontal cover-up; an exclusive extract from Javad Mahzadeh's acclaimed novel set during the Iran-Iraq war and Martin Rowson's Stripsearch. Index on Censorship is an award-winning magazine, devoted to protecting and promoting free expression. International in outlook, outspoken in comment, Index on Censorship reports on free expression violations around the world, publishes banned writing and shines a light on vital free expression issues through original, challenging and intelligent commentary and analysis, publishing some of the world's finest writers. Forthcoming September 2010: Issue 39/3, Free Speech and Music For subscription options visit: http:/ioc.sagepub.com www.indexoncensorship.org: the place to turn for free up-to-the-minute free expression news and comment Winner 2008 Amnesty International Consumer Magazine of the Year
Critical to understanding developments in China has been the ability of journalists to cover that country. Domestic journalists operate under heavy censorship while foreign journalists now report a worsening environment under President Xi Jinping. In November, Chinese officials denied a visa to Paul Mooney, an American journalist who had spent the past 18 years in China and had reported on environmental problems, Tibet, Xinjiang, the plight of human rights activists, and kidnapped children, among other stories. Currently some two dozen journalists from the New York Times and Bloomberg have yet to receive their visas as a year-end deadline approaches, and the Web sites of both news organizations have been blocked in China after publishing articles detailing the wealth of the relatives of China's top leaders. Foreign journalists report concern over government retaliation, harassment of sources, and physical threats, and allegations of self-censorship in the face of pressure from Chinese authorities have also surfaced.
This is a work of nonfiction plus some speculation. It's largely
about drones and their very rapid miniaturization, their present
and coming use in law enforcement and war, and a potential future
in which spy and communication equipment will literally be the size
of dust motes, almost impossible to see and impossible to escape.
"Boarding Parties is the fourth in a series of anthologies of columns, reviews, and essays about the American condition, covering politics, Islam, freedom of speech, and the culture
Part of The Miracle Polar Bear Book Series Laurel Marie Sobol Amazon Bookstore http: //astore.amazon.com/httpswwwcreat0a-20 This is a book about adventures of two polar bears named Snow Glow and Glacia and their adventures together in North America. These two bears become iconic in their lives and a legend in their lifetimes together. It takes special bears to accomplish this feat, but they do it with grace and dignity. Learn about the secret lives of polar bears with new twists that mingle their lives with others. Come and explore new friends for life with two cuddly and intelligent polar bears like never before known in history. Come share the exploits and adventurers of two world famous polar bears as they discover life together with their mama's. A color edition. Two Polar Bears Travel The World In Global Warming Reference Guide Book One: Newborns Book Two: Cubs Will Be Cubs Book Three: Arctica Book Four: Alaska Growing Up Book Five: Traveling To Japan Book Six: On To China Book Seven: India Book Eight: Australia's Great Barrier Reef Book Nine: Australian's Twelve Apostles Book Ten: Antarctica Book Eleven: Africa Book Twelve: South America Book Thirteen: Galapagos Islands Book Fourteen: North America Book Fifteen: Alaska ****************************************** Book One: Newborns Book Two: Cubs Will Be Cubs Book Three: Arctica Book Four: Alaska Growing Up Book Five: Traveling To Japan Book Six: On To China Book Seven: India Book Eight: Australia's Great Barier Reef Book Nine: Australian's Twelve Apostles Book Ten: Antarctica Book Eleven: Africa Book Twelve: South America Book Thirteen: Galapagos Islands Book Fourteen: North America Book Fifteen: Alaska
Exploring language rights politics in theoretical, historical and international context, this book brings together debates from law, sociolinguistics, international politics, and the history of ideas. The author argues that international language rights advocacy supports global governance of language and questions freedoms of speech and expression.
Whether NASA is using social networks to allow students to interact directly with astronauts or creating a Cloud Computing Platform to give unprecedented access to scientific data, NASA has embraced Open Government. Our founding legislation in 1958 instructed NASA to ..".provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information..." The principles of Open Government have been embedded in NASA operations for 50 plus years. This plan is our start in revisiting these concepts and creating a new level of openness and accountability in our policies, technology, and overall culture. The plan will evolve over time as we continue to see success in these areas and work to replicate it throughout the Agency. The NASA Open Government Plan is divided into two main sections: the "Framework and Leadership" section and 25 fact sheets. The "Framework and Leadership" section describes NASA's history of openness and outlines our framework for approaching Open Government. This framework is based on: a perspective of continuous learning; integration of policy, technology, and culture; and the rapidly changing external environment. We believe that integrating Open Government Principles into existing systems (e.g., governance councils and performance management system) provides the best framework for success. Through this plan we establish a solid foundation for institutional change based on the five NASA Open Government principles: 1. Increase Agency transparency and accountability to external stakeholders. 2. Enable citizen participation in NASA's mission. 3. Improve internal NASA collaboration and innovation. 4. Encourage partnerships than can create economic opportunity. 5. Institutionalize Open Government philosophies and practices at NASA. The 25 fact sheets in this plan highlight specific activities at NASA that meet and, in many cases, exceed the requirements Open Government Directive. Three "Flagship" initiatives describe NASA's most recent efforts and commitment that take Open Government to a new level. Each "Flagship" initiative focuses on one of the interconnected tenets of Open Government: Policy: NASA is working to make open source software development more collaborative at NASA to benefit both the Agency and the public. Technology: NASA Nebula, the U.S. government's only cloud computing platform, offers an easier way for NASA scientists and researchers to share large, complex data sets with external partners and the public. Culture: The creation of a new NASA Participatory Exploration Office will infuse more public participation into NASA's mission. In addition to the "Flagship" fact sheets, this plan highlights four other new initiatives that demonstrate how NASA is more open and participatory, such as NASA's contributions to Data.gov and Open Innovation Pilots. More than half of fact sheets outline ongoing initiatives at NASA that have been in place for some time and our efforts to make them even more open and collaborative. Some fact sheets describe ongoing activities unique to NASA that showcase our history of giving the public open access to our missions such as NASA TV and opportunities for public participation and collaboration such as Education Activities and Centennial Challenges, NASA's prize program. Other fact sheets describe areas that apply to all Agencies, such FOIA, Congressional outreach, declassification, and records management. All of the initiatives, both new and ongoing, described in this plan outline how these areas will make improvements in the Open Government principles in the short and long term. The fact sheets all follow the same structure to enable easier browsing and comprehension. Each one is written by the respective initiative, project, or program giving them the opportunity to communicate what they do, how it fits into Open Government, their goals for the next two years, useful links, and two anecdotes that embody Open Government.
The author argues that not only Ancient philosophers and political thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment saw the guiding and prominent role of educated elites and their censorship of thoughts and mores of the rest as an important factor in preserving Liberty in society. Such an argument was also an essential part of the Founding Fathers' reasoning. The resulting "Aristocratic Constitution" (in terms of Anti-Federalists) was meant to limit imprudence of the general populace, in particular that which was influenced by the autocratic, Bible-centered political ideology of the Puritan, Calvinist sects. When the paternalistic social model of the Founders was over-throned during the Civil War, which was effectively a coup d'etat of the Big Capital supported by Puritans who saw commonalities between their self-reliance doctrine and the new unrestricted predatory capitalism ideology, original mechanisms of the Founders' Constitution had begun to work against Liberty. The firm hold on the power by the union of the Big Capital and Evangelicals was briefly and indecisively interrupted by the Progressivist ideas of the New Deal, but now it is precipitously strengthening again. In such conditions the unrestricted Freedom of Speech and Expressions, guarded not exclusively from the infringements of the Government, but also from the Special Interest Groups and individuals, is the only way to save our deteriorating Liberty.
This book analyzes the discourses and deliberations in the discussion forums of three of the most visited Islamic websites. In doing so, it explores the potential impact of the Islamic public sphere, as well as the re-configuration of the 'virtual umma' (Islamic community) online on the creation of multiple identities and resistances, which manifest themselves through various Islamic sites, producing varying degrees of consensus, divergence, and negotiation in multiple contexts and across different discourses. The book also investigates the extent to which these Islamic websites have provided a venue for Muslims to freely engage in vibrant deliberations and constructive discussions among themselves, as well as with 'Others', i.e., non-Muslims, about various political, economic, religious and social issues.
Shaw argues that journalism should focus on deconstructing the underlying structural and cultural causes of political violence such as poverty, famine and human trafficking, and play a proactive (preventative), rather than reactive (prescriptive) role in humanitarian intervention.
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.
" Mwakenya: Real or Phantom?," is Jimmy Achira's persecution experience Daniel Arap Moi's Kenya in 1980s. The "Daily Nation" captured best the nebulous phenomenon called "Mwakenya." "
Mwakenya remained a chimera to the Kenyan media. Reporters knew no Mwakenya officials and received no calls, manifestos or press releases from them.
There was no known office location, or telephone or fax numbers. Everything that came to the media house, and appeared as trial evidence, was from the Moi-KANU government.
The seditious documents produced in court were always photo-copies, never originals. It was not only university lecturers, students who were victims of the security dragnet-civil servants and journalists too, were picked up . -"Daily Nation, Sept. 20th 1987.""
In the 1980s, in Moi 's regime, it was anathema to be termed ""Mwakenya"" for that would pronounce arrest, torture and jail. It was one of the saddest chapters in the nation 's history; people talked in hushed voices, looking over their shoulders to see who was listening; when people worried what they were seen reading for it could be seditious .
Jimmy Achira, a journalist who found himself in the "Mwakenya" dragnet, chronicles his experiences in "Mwakenya: Real or Phantom?"
The book is not a history of "Mwakenya" but a personal account of encounter with oppression in Moi 's Kenya. The real story of "Mwakenya" would be told by historians. It is unfortunate that instruments like the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission have yet to unearth the atrocities against Kenyan people; atrocities perpetuated in the name of state security; and law and order.
What others say:
" "It is important that the experiences such as Achira's be told for the sake of history and posterity. The history of those dark days should be taught in schools, alongside tales of heroic struggles such as that of " Mau Mau"
"Many Kenyans who enjoy the fruits of "freedom" under multi-party democracy know little about the suffering many faced and sacrifices made to achieve the current freedom. " - Gershom Otachi Bw'Omanwa
" "The Nyaro era of the 1980s was a time of horror in the history of human rights in Kenya. In early 1986 the crackdown on those Kenyans perceived to have dissenting views about the government had been put in motion. Under the guise of rooting out subversives, particularly referred to as "Mwakenya" (" Muungano wa Wakenya") the police unleashed such a reign of terror that a wide cross-section of people's lives were destroyed. " - Dr Carey Francis Onyango, Lecturer and HUman Rights Activist.
" Political imprisonment was common in the "Nyayo" era in which Moi held Kenya in a vice-like grip. Now, the untold can be told. Stories, as Jimmy Achira's, help us understand those days and the price many Kenyans paid for freedoms enjoyed today. " - Dr Matunda Nyanchama, ICT Professional and Publisher.
About the Author
Achira was born at Bosiango, West Mugirango, Nyamira and went to Bosiango Primary School, Taranganya and Nyansabakwa High Schools. He taught at Mborogo Secondary School before entering journalism.
He has worked for " Target/ Lengo, East African Standard, Nation " and "Kenya Times." Others are "The Weekend Mail" and "The Weekly Revie ." In April 1995, he incorporated " Rural Media Services Limited " under which he published regional rural monthly newspaper, "The Western Monitor." He co-edited, with Tom Amoro, "A Guide to Gusii Politics 1997," published "What Next after 1997 General Elections in Gusii?"Presently, he is media consultant/publisher and working on "The Memoirs of a Veteran Journalist 1979 1999."
India aspires to play a greater role on the global stage, while there is an increasing desire on the part of other countries to engage more closely with it on a range of global issues. This report analyzes India's international role in development, trade and investment, security and democracy, and the environment.
Die Organisation des Geheimbuchhandels im 18. Jahrhundert gestaltete sich im deutschsprachigen Raum grundsatzlich anders als im benachbarten Frankreich. Der von Christine Haug, Franziska Mayer und Winfried Schroder herausgegebene Sammelband richtet sein Augenmerk dezidiert auf die Durchlassigkeit der Grenzen und die regional unterschiedlichen Zensurbestimmungen, die einen florierenden Handel mit verbotener Literatur uberhaupt erst erlaubten und die Kommunikation im Verborgenen stimulierten. Im Gegensatz zu Frankreich wurden politisch und religios diskreditierte Schriften im deutschsprachigen Buchhandel offentlich in Katalogen und Gelehrtenjournalen beworben, wobei sich die Handler einerseits der burokratischen Schwerfalligkeit der Zensurbehorden bewusst waren, andererseits aber auch sehr geschickte Verschleierungsstrategien entwickelten. Gegenstand der Beitrage sind sowohl einschlagige Texte des literarischen Untergrunds, zum Beispiel Werke der franzosischen und deutschen Radikalaufklarung oder pornographisch-erotische Schriften, als auch die sich im Verborgenen entfaltenden Kommunikations- und Schreibstrategien sowie die Herausbildung von sehr effizienten Distributionssystemen, deren besonderes Merkmal ihre Internationalitat war. Die Erforschung von Geheimliteratur und ihrer transnationalen Vertriebswege im 18. Jahrhundert kann nur durch die intensive transdisziplinare Zusammenarbeit verschiedener Facher gelingen. Ein Hauptanliegen des Sammelbandes war daher die langst uberfallige Zusammenfuhrung von Philosophiehistorikern, Buch- und Literaturwissenschaftlern und Vertretern der Komparatistik und Romanistik.
Having observed that there is no reason whatever for the exemption of Literature, let us now turn to the case of Art. Every picture hung in a gallery, every statue placed on a pedestal, is exposed to the public stare of a mixed company. Why, then, have we no Censorship to protect us from the possibility of encountering works that bring blushes to the cheek of the young person?
The distinctly contemporary proliferation of pornography and hate speech poses a challenge to liberalism's traditional ideal of a 'marketplace of ideas' facilitated by state neutrality about the content of speech. This new study argues that the liberal state ought to depart from neutrality to meet this challenge.
Based on interviews with officials, requesters and journalists, as well as a survey of FOI requesters and a study of stories in the national media, this book offers a unique insight into how the Freedom of Information Act 2000 really works.
"Censorship is a casebook designed to help readers understand the complexities of censorship and expressive freedom in America during the past century. The cases and other materials presented in this volume reveal many of the high and low points in the continuing struggle between the promise of the First Amendment and the reality of intermittent censorship and government interference. By focusing on concrete cases and examples, the volume encourages students and other readers to explore the underlying conflicts of values that First Amendment and censorship controversies promote. Censorship is divided into four thematic units: Freedom of Communication: The First Amendment and its Many Limitations Schools and Freedom of Expression The Arts and Censorship Reputational Censorship: Beyond the First Amendment
" Paul Von Blum is Senior Lecturer in African American Studies and Communication Studies at UCLA, where he has taught since 1980, after 11 years of faculty service at the University of California at Berkeley. He has received Distinguished Teaching Awards at both Berkeley and UCLA and teaches a course in Race, Racism and the Law. Trained originally as a lawyer at UC Berkeley, he has handled racial profiling and other public interest cases for 40 years. He is the author of six previous books and over 100 articles on art and cultural history, law, education, and politics."
This is a study of Vietnam's socialist transition and state transformation, generally known as doi moi. It examines the drivers of socialist-regime change, the nature of the doi moi state, and the basis of regime legitimacy in Vietnam. The Element argues that despite its 'one-party rule' label, the party-state apparatus that channels said rule has become fragmented. State-building during the doi moi period involved negotiations and bargaining that redefine authority and power relations within the state apparatus. The party-state's accountability projects are designed to target the specific self-aggrandizing tendencies of the state apparatus, its policies, and abuse of state power. At the leadership level, patterns of resource allocation underlying the doi moi growth model as well as the VCP's cadre rotation approach have accommodated central and sub-national state elites across sectors and levels, helping shore up the legitimacy of the doi moi state in the eyes of the state elite. The combination of sustained economic growth, expansion of political space, accountability, and tolerance of small-scale public protests have been factors in strengthening regime-society legitimization.
From plays to cartoons, books to Teddy Bears--interest groups, often using the language of human rights, are claiming that they are offended and attempting to ban, gag, even kill, those deemed to be the offenders. Intellectual heavyweights throughout the Anglo-American world of letters have charged to the defense of free expression. There have been many highly charged incidents, in particular around Islam, offering opportunities for an orgy of media self-congratulation about the superiority of secular democracy and the vital role of the press in supporting freedom. Using his experience as editor of "New Humanist" (itself accused of "offensiveness"), Melville tries to disentangle the varieties of offense, to trace the origins of our current situation to the failed identity politics of the 1970s and the new language of human rights, and to distinguish between the duty to offend and the temptations of cultural chauvinism.
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