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Gain a contemporary overview of today's computer science with the best-selling INVITATION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE, 8E. This flexible, non-language-specific book uses an algorithm-centered approach that's ideal for your first introduction to computer science. Measurable learning objectives and a clear hierarchy help introduce algorithms, hardware, virtual machines, software development, applications, and social issues. Exercises, practice problems, and feature boxes emphasize real-life context as well as the latest material on privacy, drones, cloud computing, and net neutrality. Optional online language modules for C++, Java, Python, C#, and Ada let you learn a programming language. MindTap is available with online study tools, a digital Lab Manual and lab software with 20 laboratory projects. Hands-on activities enable you to truly experience the fundamentals of today's computer science.
This book is dedicated to the application of metaheuristic optimization in trajectory generation and control issues in robotics. In this area, as in other fields of application, the algorithmic tools addressed do not require a comprehensive list of eligible solutions to effectively solve an optimization problem. This book investigates how, by reformulating the problems to be solved, it is possible to obtain results by means of metaheuristics. Through concrete examples and case studies particularly related to robotics this book outlines the essentials of what is needed to reformulate control laws into concrete optimization data. The resolution approaches implemented as well as the results obtained are described in detail, in order to give, as much as possible, an idea of metaheuristics and their performance within the context of their application to robotics.
Cambridge International AS and A Level Computer Science offers a complete set of resources to accompany the 9608 syllabus. This Teacher's Resource CD-ROM accompanies the Cambridge International AS and A Level Computer Science Coursebook. It includes answers to all extension and end-of-unit questions, ideas on how to make best use of the materials contained within the coursebook, homework tasks and additional extension activity worksheets, and a bibliography of helpful further reading.
As new technology and opportunities emerge through the revolutionary impacts of the digital age, the function of libraries and librarians and how they provide services to constituents is rapidly changing. The impact of new technology touches everything from libraries' organizational structures, business models, and workflow processes, to position descriptions and the creation of new positions. As libraries are required to make operational adjustments to meet the growing technological demands of libraries' customer bases and provide these services, librarians must be flexible in adapting to this fast-moving environment. This volume shares the unique perspectives and experiences of librarians on the front lines of this technological transformation. The essays within provide details of both the practical applications of surviving, adapting, and growing when confronted with changing roles and responsibilities, as well as a big picture perspective of the changing roles impacting libraries and librarians. This book strives to be a valuable tool for librarians involved in public and technical services, digital humanities, virtual and augmented reality, government documents, information technology, and scholarly communication.
Metamaterials is a young subject born in the 21st century. It is concerned with artificial materials which can have electrical and magnetic properties difficult or impossible to find in nature. The building blocks in most cases are resonant elements much smaller than the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of all aspects of research in this field at a level that should appeal to final year undergraduates in physics or in electrical and electronic engineering. The mathematics is kept at a minimum; the aim is to explain the physics in simple terms and enumerate the major advances. It can be profitably read by graduate and post-graduate students in order to find out what has been done in the field outside their speciality, and by experts who may gain new insight about the inter-relationship of the physical phenomena involved.
This accessible and engaging textbook/guide provides a concise introduction to data structures and associated algorithms. Emphasis is placed on the fundamentals of data structures, enabling the reader to quickly learn the key concepts, and providing a strong foundation for later studies of more complex topics. The coverage includes discussions on stacks, queues, lists, (using both arrays and links), sorting, and elementary binary trees, heaps, and hashing. This content is also a natural continuation from the material provided in the separate Springer title Guide to Java by the same authors.Topics and features: reviews the preliminary concepts, and introduces stacks and queues using arrays, along with a discussion of array-based lists; examines linked lists, the implementation of stacks and queues using references, binary trees, a range of varied sorting techniques, heaps, and hashing; presents both primitive and generic data types in each chapter, and makes use of contour diagrams to illustrate object-oriented concepts; includes chapter summaries, and asks the reader questions to help them interact with the material; contains numerous examples and illustrations, and one or more complete program in every chapter; provides exercises at the end of each chapter, as well as solutions to selected exercises, and a glossary of important terms. This clearly-written work is an ideal classroom text for a second semester course in programming using the Java programming language, in preparation for a subsequent advanced course in data structures and algorithms. The book is also eminently suitable as a self-study guide in either academe or industry.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 8th TPC Technology Conference, on Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking, TPCTC 2017, held in conjunction with the43rd International Conference on Very Large Databases (VLDB 2017) in August/September 2017. The 12 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numeroussubmissions. The TPC remains committed to developing new benchmark standards to keep pace with these rapid changes in technology.
Explains the mathematics, theory, and methods of Big Data as applied to finance and investing Data science has fundamentally changed Wall Street--applied mathematics and software code are increasingly driving finance and investment-decision tools. Big Data Science in Finance examines the mathematics, theory, and practical use of the revolutionary techniques that are transforming the industry. Designed for mathematically-advanced students and discerning financial practitioners alike, this energizing book presents new, cutting-edge content based on world-class research taught in the leading Financial Mathematics and Engineering programs in the world. Marco Avellaneda, a leader in quantitative finance, and quantitative methodology author Irene Aldridge help readers harness the power of Big Data. Comprehensive in scope, this book offers in-depth instruction on how to separate signal from noise, how to deal with missing data values, and how to utilize Big Data techniques in decision-making. Key topics include data clustering, data storage optimization, Big Data dynamics, Monte Carlo methods and their applications in Big Data analysis, and more. This valuable book: Provides a complete account of Big Data that includes proofs, step-by-step applications, and code samples Explains the difference between Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) Covers vital topics in the field in a clear, straightforward manner Compares, contrasts, and discusses Big Data and Small Data Includes Cornell University-tested educational materials such as lesson plans, end-of-chapter questions, and downloadable lecture slides Big Data Science in Finance: Mathematics and Applications is an important, up-to-date resource for students in economics, econometrics, finance, applied mathematics, industrial engineering, and business courses, and for investment managers, quantitative traders, risk and portfolio managers, and other financial practitioners.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications, ICETE 2009, held in Milan, Italy, in July 2009. The 34 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited papers in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 300 submissions. They have passed two rounds of selection and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on e-business; security and cryptography; signal processing and multimedia applications; wireless information networks and systems.
Master the features of C++ that are frequently used to write financial software for options and derivatives, including the STL, templates, functional programming, and numerical libraries. This book also covers new features introduced in C++20 and other recent standard releases: modules, concepts, spaceship operators, and smart pointers. You will explore how-to examples covering all the major tools and concepts used to build working solutions for quantitative finance. These include advanced C++ concepts as well as the basic building libraries used by modern C++ developers, such as the STL and Boost, while also leveraging knowledge of object-oriented and template-based programming. Options and Derivatives Programming in C++ provides a great value for readers who are trying to use their current programming knowledge in order to become proficient in the style of programming used in large banks, hedge funds, and other investment institutions. The topics covered in the book are introduced in a logical and structured way and even novice programmers will be able to absorb the most important topics and competencies. This book is written with the goal of reaching readers who need a concise, algorithms-based book, providing basic information through well-targeted examples and ready-to-use solutions. You will be able to directly apply the concepts and sample code to some of the most common problems faced in the analysis of options and derivative contracts. What You Will Learn Discover how C++ is used in the development of solutions for options and derivatives trading in the financial industry Grasp the fundamental problems in options and derivatives trading Converse intelligently about credit default swaps, Forex derivatives, and more Implement valuation models and trading strategies Build pricing algorithms around the Black-Sholes model, and also using the binomial and differential equations methods Run quantitative finance algorithms using linear algebra techniques Recognize and apply the most common design patterns used in options trading Who This Book Is For Professional developers who have some experience with the C++ language and would like to leverage that knowledge into financial software development.
Get the expert perspective and practical advice on big data The Big Data-Driven Business: How to Use Big Data to Win Customers, Beat Competitors, and Boost Profits makes the case that big data is for real, and more than just big hype. The book uses real-life examples from Nate Silver to Copernicus, and Apple to Blackberry to demonstrate how the winners of the future will use big data to seek the truth. Written by a marketing journalist and the CEO of a multi-million-dollar B2B marketing platform that reaches more than 90% of the U.S. business population, this book is a comprehensive and accessible guide on how to win customers, beat competitors, and boost the bottom line with big data. The marketplace has entered an era where the customer holds all the cards. With unprecedented choice in both the consumer world and the B2B world, it's imperative that businesses gain a greater understanding of their customers and prospects. Big data is the key to this insight, because it provides a comprehensive view of a company's customers who they are, and who they may be tomorrow. The Big Data-Driven Business is a complete guide to the future of business as seen through the lens of big data, with expert advice on real-world applications. * Learn what big data is, and how it will transform the enterprise * Explore why major corporations are betting their companies on marketing technology * Read case studies of big data winners and losers * Discover how to change privacy and security, and remodel marketing Better information allows for better decisions, better targeting, and better reach. Big data has become an indispensable tool for the most effective marketers in the business, and it's becoming less of a competitive advantage and more like an industry standard. Remaining relevant as the marketplace evolves requires a full understanding and application of big data, and The Big Data-Driven Business provides the practical guidance businesses need.
Computers and related technologies, such as smart phones and video games, are now a common part of everyday life. Many people spend a large portion of their waking hours using and socialising through these devices, forming what is known as a cyberculture. Personnel security investigative and adjudicative standards were developed before these products were widely available; however, cyberculture bears relevance to personnel security due both to the presence of existing security issues and potential effects on psychological outcomes and workplace performance. Although cyberculture has many beneficial effects, this book evaluates how participation can negatively affect personnel security and employee performance. This book provides context, outlines presently actionable findings and strategies, highlights some questions that cannot yet be answered, and draws on outside research to guide future research. It also presents an ethnographic analysis of a popular virtual social environment, Second Life, as the second part of a larger effort to study the impact of involvement in cyberculture on personnel security and safety outcomes.
In our abundant computing infrastructure, performance improvements across most all application spaces are now severely limited by the energy dissipation involved in processing, storing, and moving data. The exponential increase in the volume of data to be handled by our computational infrastructure is driven in large part by unstructured data from countless sources. This book explores revolutionary device concepts, associated circuits, and architectures that will greatly extend the practical engineering limits of energy-efficient computation from device to circuit to system level. With chapters written by international experts in their corresponding field, the text investigates new approaches to lower energy requirements in computing. Features * Has a comprehensive coverage of various technologies * Written by international experts in their corresponding field * Covers revolutionary concepts at the device, circuit, and system levels
We are very pleased to present to you this LNCS volume, the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature (PPSN 2010). PPSN is one of the most respected and highly regarded c- ference series in evolutionary computation, and indeed in natural computation aswell.Thisbiennialeventwas?rstheldinDortmundin1990,andtheninBr- sels (1992), Jerusalem (1994), Berlin (1996), Amsterdam (1998), Paris (2000), Granada (2002), Birmingham (2004), Reykjavik (2006) and again in Dortmund in 2008. PPSN 2010 received 232 submissions. After an extensive peer review p- cess involving more than 180 reviewers, the program committee chairs went through all the review reports and ranked the papers according to the revi- ers'comments. Each paper wasevaluated by at least three reviewers.Additional reviewers from the appropriate branches of science were invoked to review into disciplinary papers. The top 128 papers were ?nally selected for inclusion in the proceedings and presentation at the conference. This represents an acceptance rate of 55%, which guarantees that PPSN will continue to be one of the c- ferences of choice for bio-inspired computing and metaheuristics researchers all over the world who value the quality over the size of a conference. The papers included in the proceedingsvolumes covera wide range of topics, fromevolutionarycomputationto swarmintelligence, frombio-inspiredcomp- ing to real-world applications. Machine learning and mathematical games s- portedbyevolutionaryalgorithmsaswellasmemetic,agent-orientedsystemsare also represented. They all are the latest and best in natural computation. The proceedings are composed of two volumes divided into nine thematic sections.
This book offers a theoretical and computational presentation of a variety of linear programming algorithms and methods with an emphasis on the revised simplex method and its components. A theoretical background and mathematical formulation is included for each algorithm as well as comprehensive numerical examples and corresponding MATLAB (R) code. The MATLAB (R) implementations presented in this book are sophisticated and allow users to find solutions to large-scale benchmark linear programs. Each algorithm is followed by a computational study on benchmark problems that analyze the computational behavior of the presented algorithms. As a solid companion to existing algorithmic-specific literature, this book will be useful to researchers, scientists, mathematical programmers, and students with a basic knowledge of linear algebra and calculus. The clear presentation enables the reader to understand and utilize all components of simplex-type methods, such as presolve techniques, scaling techniques, pivoting rules, basis update methods, and sensitivity analysis.
The annual International Conference on Global Security, Safety and Sustainability (ICGS3) is an established platform in which security, safety and sustainability issues can be examined from several global perspectives through dialogue between acad- ics, students, government representatives, chief executives, security professionals, and research scientists from the United Kingdom and from around the globe. The three-day conference focused on the challenges of complexity, rapid pace of change and risk/opportunity issues associated with modern products, systems, special events and infrastructures. The importance of adopting systematic and systemic - proaches to the assurance of these systems was emphasized within a special stream focused on strategic frameworks, architectures and human factors. The conference provided an opportunity for systems scientists, assurance researchers, owners, ope- tors and maintainers of large, complex and advanced systems and infrastructures to update their knowledge on the state of best practice in these challenging domains while networking with the leading researchers and solution providers. ICGS3 2010 received paper submissions from more than 17 different countries in all continents. Only 31 papers were selected and were presented as full papers. The program also included a number of keynote lectures by leading researchers, security professionals and government representatives.
The book provides a description of the Standard ML (SML) Basis Library, the standard library for the SML Language. For programmers using SML, it provides a complete description of the modules, types and functions composing the library, which is supported by all conforming implementations of the language. The book serves as a programmer's reference, providing manual pages with concise descriptions. In addition, it presents the principles and rationales used in designing the library, and relates these to idioms and examples for using the library. A particular emphasis of the library is to encourage the use of SML in serious system programming. Major features of the library include I/O, a large collection of primitive types, support for internationalization, and a portable operating system interface. This manual will be an indispensable reference for students, professional programmers, and language designers.
The proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing provide an overview on supportive software tools and environments in the fields of System Management, Parallel Debugging and Performance Analysis. In the pursuit to maintain exponential growth for the performance of high performance computers the HPC community is currently targeting Exascale Systems. The initial planning for Exascale already started when the first Petaflop system was delivered. Many challenges need to be addressed to reach the necessary performance. Scalability, energy efficiency and fault-tolerance need to be increased by orders of magnitude. The goal can only be achieved when advanced hardware is combined with a suitable software stack. In fact, the importance of software is rapidly growing. As a result, many international projects focus on the necessary software.
Advanced Science and Technology, Advanced Communication and Networking, Information Security and Assurance, Ubiquitous Computing and Multimedia Appli- tions are conferences that attract many academic and industry professionals. The goal of these co-located conferences is to bring together researchers from academia and industry as well as practitioners to share ideas, problems and solutions relating to the multifaceted aspects of advanced science and technology, advanced communication and networking, information security and assurance, ubiquitous computing and m- timedia applications. This co-located event included the following conferences: AST 2010 (The second International Conference on Advanced Science and Technology), ACN 2010 (The second International Conference on Advanced Communication and Networking), ISA 2010 (The 4th International Conference on Information Security and Assurance) and UCMA 2010 (The 2010 International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Multimedia Applications). We would like to express our gratitude to all of the authors of submitted papers and to all attendees, for their contributions and participation. We believe in the need for continuing this undertaking in the future. We acknowledge the great effort of all the Chairs and the members of advisory boards and Program Committees of the above-listed events, who selected 15% of over 1,000 submissions, following a rigorous peer-review process. Special thanks go to SERSC (Science & Engineering Research Support soCiety) for supporting these - located conferences.
Master algorithms programming using Lisp, including the most important data structures and algorithms. This book also covers the essential tools that help in the development of algorithmic code to give you all you need to enhance your code. Programming Algorithms in Lisp shows real-world engineering considerations and constraints that influence the programs that use these algorithms. It includes practical use cases of the applications of the algorithms to a variety of real-world problems. What You Will Learn Program algorithms using the Lisp programming language Work with data structures, arrays, key-values, hash-tables, trees, graphs, and more Use dynamic programming Program using strings Work with approximations and compression Who This Book Is For Intermediate Lisp programmers wanting to do algorithms programming. A very experienced non-Lisp programmer may be able to benefit from this book as well.
This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie-Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cryptography, including primality testing, factorization algorithms, probability theory, information theory, and collision algorithms; an in-depth treatment of important cryptographic innovations, such as elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem. The second edition of An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography includes a significant revision of the material on digital signatures, including an earlier introduction to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new material on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections have been rewritten or expanded for clarity, especially in the chapters on information theory, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the chapter of additional topics has been expanded to include sections on digital cash and homomorphic encryption. Numerous new exercises have been included.
This book covers the issues related to optimization of engineering and management problems using soft computing techniques with an industrial outlook. It covers a broad area related to real life complex decision making problems using a heuristics approach. It also explores a wide perspective and future directions in industrial engineering research on a global platform/scenario. The book highlights the concept of optimization, presents various soft computing techniques, offers sample problems, and discusses related software programs complete with illustrations. Features Explains the concept of optimization and relevance to soft computing techniques towards optimal solution in engineering and management Presents various soft computing techniques Offers problems and their optimization using various soft computing techniques Discusses related software programs, with illustrations Provides a step-by-step tutorial on how to handle relevant software for obtaining the optimal solution to various engineering problems
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