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Arising from courses taught by the authors, this largely self-contained treatment is ideal for mathematicians who are interested in applications or for students from applied fields who want to understand the mathematics behind their subject. Early chapters cover Fourier analysis, functional analysis, probability and linear algebra, all of which have been chosen to prepare the reader for the applications to come. The book includes rigorous proofs of core results in compressive sensing and wavelet convergence. Fundamental is the treatment of the linear system y= x in both finite and infinite dimensions. There are three possibilities: the system is determined, overdetermined or underdetermined, each with different aspects. The authors assume only basic familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and matrix theory and modest familiarity with signal processing, so the book is accessible to students from the advanced undergraduate level. Many exercises are also included.
Data in the genomics field is booming. In just a few years, organizations such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will host 50+ petabytes-or over 50 million gigabytes-of genomic data, and they're turning to cloud infrastructure to make that data available to the research community. How do you adapt analysis tools and protocols to access and analyze that volume of data in the cloud? With this practical book, researchers will learn how to work with genomics algorithms using open source tools including the Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK), Docker, WDL, and Terra. With this practical book, researchers will learn how to work with genomics algorithms using open source tools including the Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK), Docker, WDL, and Terra. Geraldine Van der Auwera, longtime custodian of the GATK user community, and Brian O'Connor of the UC Santa Cruz Genomics Institute, guide you through the process. You'll learn by working with real data and genomics algorithms from the field. This book covers: Essential genomics and computing technology background Basic cloud computing operations Getting started with GATK, plus three major GATK Best Practices pipelines Automating analysis with scripted workflows using WDL and Cromwell Scaling up workflow execution in the cloud, including parallelization and cost optimization Interactive analysis in the cloud using Jupyter notebooks Secure collaboration and computational reproducibility using Terra
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptographic Techniques in Africa, AFRICACRYPT 2020, held in Cairo, Egypt, in July 2020. The 21 papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on zero knowledge, symmetric key cryptography, elliptic curves, post quantum cryptography, lattice based cryptography, side channel attacks, cryptanalysis and new algorithms and schemes. AFRICACRYPT is a major scientific event that seeks to advance and promote the field of cryptology on the African continent. The conference has systematically drawn some excellent contributions to the field. The conference has always been organized in cooperation with the International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR).
This two-volume set LNAI 12163 and 12164 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2020, held in Ifrane, Morocco, in July 2020.* The 49 full papers presented together with 66 short, 4 industry & innovation, 4 doctoral consortium, and 4 workshop papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 214 submissions. The conference provides opportunities for the cross-fertilization of approaches, techniques and ideas from the many fields that comprise AIED, including computer science, cognitive and learning sciences, education, game design, psychology, sociology, linguistics as well as many domain-specific areas. *The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The two-volume set LNCS 6753/6754 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Image and Recognition, ICIAR 2011, held in Burnaby, Canada, in June 2011. The 84 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 147 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on image and video processing; feature extraction and pattern recognition; computer vision; color, texture, motion and shape; tracking; biomedical image analysis; biometrics; face recognition; image coding, compression and encryption; and applications.
This best selling book from our BASICS Series has been thoroughly updated with the latest information your students need to know. COMPUTER CONCEPTS BASICS, 4E covers the most important computer literacy topics including computer hardware and software, application skills, keyboarding skills, the Internet, Web page creation, computer ethics and more. Students will gain a strong understanding of the basics of computers, how technology is changing the world in which we live, and the importance of the Internet.
The study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has attracted enormous interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet and the wide availability of inexpensive computers have made it possible to gather and analyze network data on an unprecedented scale, and the development of new theoretical tools has allowed us to extract knowledge from networks of many different kinds. The study of networks is broadly interdisciplinary and central developments have occurred in many fields, including mathematics, physics, computer and information sciences, biology, and the social sciences. This book brings together the most important breakthroughs in each of these fields and presents them in a coherent fashion, highlighting the strong interconnections between work in different areas. Topics covered include the measurement of networks; methods for analyzing network data, including methods developed in physics, statistics, and sociology; fundamentals of graph theory; computer algorithms; mathematical models of networks, including random graph models and generative models; and theories of dynamical processes taking place on networks.
This open access book presents selected papers from International Symposium on Mathematics, Quantum Theory, and Cryptography (MQC), which was held on September 25-27, 2019 in Fukuoka, Japan. The international symposium MQC addresses the mathematics and quantum theory underlying secure modeling of the post quantum cryptography including e.g. mathematical study of the light-matter interaction models as well as quantum computing. The security of the most widely used RSA cryptosystem is based on the difficulty of factoring large integers. However, in 1994 Shor proposed a quantum polynomial time algorithm for factoring integers, and the RSA cryptosystem is no longer secure in the quantum computing model. This vulnerability has prompted research into post-quantum cryptography using alternative mathematical problems that are secure in the era of quantum computers. In this regard, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) began to standardize post-quantum cryptography in 2016. This book is suitable for postgraduate students in mathematics and computer science, as well as for experts in industry working on post-quantum cryptography.
Master the application of artificial intelligence in your enterprise with the book series trusted by millions In Enterprise AI For Dummies, author Zachary Jarvinen simplifies and explains to readers the complicated world of artificial intelligence for business. Using practical examples, concrete applications, and straightforward prose, the author breaks down the fundamental and advanced topics that form the core of business AI. Written for executives, managers, employees, consultants, and students with an interest in the business applications of artificial intelligence, Enterprise AI For Dummies demystifies the sometimes confusing topic of artificial intelligence. No longer will you lag behind your colleagues and friends when discussing the benefits of AI and business. The book includes discussions of AI applications, including - Streamlining business operations - Improving decision making - Increasing automation - Maximizing revenue The For Dummies series makes topics understandable, and as such, this book is written in an easily understood style that's perfect for anyone who seeks an introduction to a usually unforgiving topic.
Portfolio Projects for Business Analysis is designed to help students practice and perfect technology skills. This companion text is ideal for students taking a variety of different courses from Communications, Marketing, and Accounting to Introduction to Business courses. Portfolio Projects for Business Analysis includes 15 projects based on real-world business scenarios, allowing students to compile a comprehensive portfolio of business analysis examples to use during the interview process.
The volume LNAI 12179 constitutes the proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Rough Sets, IJCRS 2020, which was due to be held in Havana, Cuba, in June 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 37 full papers accepted were carefully reviewed and selected from 50 submissions. The papers are grouped in the following topical sections: general rough sets; three-way decision theory; attribute reduction; granular computing; formal concept analysis; data summarization; community detection; fuzzy cognitive maps; tutorials.
This book is designed to equip the reader with all of the best followed, efficient, well-structured program logics in the form of flowcharts and algorithms. The basic purpose of flow charting is to create the sequence of steps for showing the solution to problems through arithmetic and/or logical manipulations used to instruct computers. The applied and illustrative examples from different subject areas will definitely encourage readers to learn the logic leading to solid programming basics. Features: Uses flowcharts and algorithms to solve problems from everyday applications, teaching the logic needed for the creation of computer instructions Covers arrays, looping, file processing, etc.
"Details the most recent advances in Laboratory Information Management Systems. Offers contemporary approaches to system development, design, and installation; system customization; software and hardware compatibility; quality assurance and regulatory requirements; and resource utilization."
This book systematically addresses the design and analysis of efficient techniques for independent random sampling. Both general-purpose approaches, which can be used to generate samples from arbitrary probability distributions, and tailored techniques, designed to efficiently address common real-world practical problems, are introduced and discussed in detail. In turn, the monograph presents fundamental results and methodologies in the field, elaborating and developing them into the latest techniques. The theory and methods are illustrated with a varied collection of examples, which are discussed in detail in the text and supplemented with ready-to-run computer code. The main problem addressed in the book is how to generate independent random samples from an arbitrary probability distribution with the weakest possible constraints or assumptions in a form suitable for practical implementation. The authors review the fundamental results and methods in the field, address the latest methods, and emphasize the links and interplay between ostensibly diverse techniques.
Written with the advanced undergraduate in mind, this book introduces into the field of Bioinformatics. The authors explain the computational and conceptional background to the analysis of large-scale sequence data. Many of the corresponding analysis methods are rooted in evolutionary thinking, which serves as a common thread throughout the book. The focus is on methods of comparative genomics and subjects covered include: alignments, gene finding, phylogeny, and the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The volume contains exercises, questions & answers to selected problems, and a CD-ROM with software to help visualize some of the central algorithms covered.
This textbook addresses the main topics associated with mobile computing and wireless networking at a level that enables the students to develop a fundamental understanding of the technical issues involved in this new and fast emerging discipline. The book first examines the basics of wireless technologies and computer communications that form the essential infrastructure required for building knowledge in the area of mobile computations involving the study of invocation mechanisms at the client end, the underlying wireless communication, and the corresponding server-side technologies. The book includes coverage of development of mobile cellular systems, protocol design for mobile networks, special issues involved in the mobility management of cellular system users, realisation and applications of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), design and operation of sensor networks, special constraints and requirements of mobile operating systems, and development of mobile computing applications. Finally, an example application of the mobile computing infrastructure to M-commerce is described in the concluding chapter of the book. This book is suitable as an introductory text for a one-semester course in mobile computing for the undergraduate students of Computer Science and Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Master of Computer Applications (MCA), and the undergraduate and postgraduate science courses in computer science and Information Technology. KEY FEATURES : Provides unified coverage of mobile computing and communication aspects Discusses the mobile application development, mobile operating systems and mobile databases as part of the material devoted to mobile computing Incorporates a survey of mobile operating systems and the latest developments such as the Android operating system
With this practical book, architects, CTOs, and CIOs will learn a set of patterns for the practice of architecture, including analysis, documentation, and communication. Author Eben Hewitt shows you how to create holistic and thoughtful technology plans, communicate them clearly, lead people toward the vision, and become a great architect or Chief Architect. This book covers each key aspect of architecture comprehensively, including how to incorporate business architecture, information architecture, data architecture, application (software) architecture together to have the best chance for the system's success. Get a practical set of proven architecture practices focused on shipping great products using architecture Learn how architecture works effectively with development teams, management, and product management teams through the value chain Find updated special coverage on machine learning architecture Get usable templates to start incorporating into your teams immediately Incorporate business architecture, information architecture, data architecture, and application (software) architecture together
A more intuitive approach to the mathematical foundation of computer science Discrete mathematics is the basis of much of computer science, from algorithms and automata theory to combinatorics and graph theory. This textbook covers the discrete mathematics that every computer science student needs to learn. Guiding students quickly through thirty-one short chapters that discuss one major topic each, this flexible book can be tailored to fit the syllabi for a variety of courses. Proven in the classroom, Essential Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science aims to teach mathematical reasoning as well as concepts and skills by stressing the art of proof. It is fully illustrated in color, and each chapter includes a concise summary as well as a set of exercises. The text requires only precalculus, and where calculus is needed, a quick summary of the basic facts is provided. Essential Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science is the ideal introductory textbook for standard undergraduate courses, and is also suitable for high school courses, distance education for adult learners, and self-study. The essential introduction to discrete mathematics Features thirty-one short chapters, each suitable for a single class lesson Includes more than 300 exercises Almost every formula and theorem proved in full Breadth of content makes the book adaptable to a variety of courses Each chapter includes a concise summary Solutions manual available to instructors
Although computation and the science of physical systems would appear to be unrelated, there are a number of ways in which computational and physical concepts can be brought together in ways that illuminate both. This volume examines fundamental questions which connect scholars from both disciplines: is the universe a computer? Can a universal computing machine simulate every physical process? What is the source of the computational power of quantum computers? Are computational approaches to solving physical problems and paradoxes always fruitful? Contributors from multiple perspectives reflecting the diversity of thought regarding these interconnections address many of the most important developments and debates within this exciting area of research. Both a reference to the state of the art and a valuable and accessible entry to interdisciplinary work, the volume will interest researchers and students working in physics, computer science, and philosophy of science and mathematics.
Proceeding from rapid prototyping (RP) fundamentals and advancing to s Create more accurate prototypes from computer-aided design (CAD) model Promoting design and manufacturing techniques Written from an expert m achine operatorFs perspective and containing numerous photographs, tab les, convenient vendor references, and a reading list, Rapid Prototypi ng Technology fulfills the reference needs of mechanical, manufacturin g, materials, plastics, software, computer, design, quality, and relia bility engineers; and production and operations managers in manufactur ing; and serves as an essential text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
The Poisson process, a core object in modern probability, enjoys a richer theory than is sometimes appreciated. This volume develops the theory in the setting of a general abstract measure space, establishing basic results and properties as well as certain advanced topics in the stochastic analysis of the Poisson process. Also discussed are applications and related topics in stochastic geometry, including stationary point processes, the Boolean model, the Gilbert graph, stable allocations, and hyperplane processes. Comprehensive, rigorous, and self-contained, this text is ideal for graduate courses or for self-study, with a substantial number of exercises for each chapter. Mathematical prerequisites, mainly a sound knowledge of measure-theoretic probability, are kept in the background, but are reviewed comprehensively in the appendix. The authors are well-known researchers in probability theory; especially stochastic geometry. Their approach is informed both by their research and by their extensive experience in teaching at undergraduate and graduate levels.
Although numerical approximation and statistical inference are traditionally covered as entirely separate subjects, they are intimately connected through the common purpose of making estimations with partial information. This book explores these connections from a game and decision theoretic perspective, showing how they constitute a pathway to developing simple and general methods for solving fundamental problems in both areas. It illustrates these interplays by addressing problems related to numerical homogenization, operator adapted wavelets, fast solvers, and Gaussian processes. This perspective reveals much of their essential anatomy and greatly facilitates advances in these areas, thereby appearing to establish a general principle for guiding the process of scientific discovery. This book is designed for graduate students, researchers, and engineers in mathematics, applied mathematics, and computer science, and particularly researchers interested in drawing on and developing this interface between approximation, inference, and learning.
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