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Chronic electrical stimulation of the brain has demonstrated excellent outcomes in patients with Parkinson s disease and has recently also been applied to various other neurological diseases. This comprehensive, up-to-date textbook will meet the needs of all who wish to learn more about the application of deep brain stimulation and will provide a sound basis for safe and accurate surgery. The book comprises two main parts, the first of which presents relevant anatomical and functional background information on the basal ganglia, thalamus and other brain structures as well as on the mechanism of brain stimulation. The second part describes clinical studies on deep brain stimulation, covering results in a range of movement disorders and psychiatric diseases and also important aspects of instrumentation and technique. The authors are outstanding scientists and experts in the field from across the world."
Distal radial fractures are still puzzling us 200 years after Colles' classic description. Despite the advent of various new imaging techniques, including 3D CT, the availability of diagnostic adjuncts such as arthroscopy, and treatment options that include more than 30 different volar locking plates, the rate of unsatisfactory treatment results remains very high. Furthermore, while we are aware of more associated injuries, such as carpal ligament tears and injuries to the radioulnar ligament (TFCC), there is still intense debate on the relevance of these injuries. This textbook aims to provide the reader with a complete understanding of distal radius fractures, their inherent problems, and how to manage them successfully. It is written by widely published experts from a part of the globe where distal radius fractures are very common, especially during the winter months. Clear guidance is provided on diagnostic imaging, classification, and assessment of fracture instability. The complete spectrum of operative and nonoperative treatment options are then clearly explained with the aid of step-by-step illustrations. Extensive information is also provided on complications and their treatment. Both students and experienced practitioners will find this book to be an enlightening, practice-oriented reference on the management of these challenging fractures.
This second edition of Samii's Essentials in Neurosurgery contains revised and updated versions of chapters from the first edition plus contributions on new topics written by leading neurosurgeons who were trained by Professor Madjid Samii in Hannover, Germany. Almost all fields of neurosurgery are covered. The authors follow the traditional principles of Samii's philosophy in the diagnosis and management of various neurosurgical pathologies, while presenting their own personal experiences. The extensively illustrated texts document clearly how cutting-edge technology in neurosurgery is being applied in new approaches and techniques. This book will greatly assist neurosurgeons, ENT surgeons, neuroradiologists, neurologists, and neurophysiotherapists in their everyday practice.
This well-illustrated book presents one hundred and eighty cases that have been consulted on by an international breast group (organized and run by Dr. Michael Higgs) that comprises experts in breast surgery and is dedicated to the solution of problems associated with aesthetic breast surgery. The focus of the book is accordingly on actual pre- and postsurgical problems in breast surgery. Each case study includes the history of the breast problem, photos, questions, recommendations for treatment, and discussions of relevant subjects from a variety of specialists. Outcomes of the selected treatments are also presented. The book is unique in covering the multitude of complications that can arise with breast surgery from the perspective of international experts. It will enable readers to identify appropriate methods of handling specific problems and to implement the recommendations in their practice.
This handbook provides step-by-step instructions enabling even a novice in the field of interventional neuroradiology/endovascular neurosurgery to perform a procedure. It covers the breadth of mainstream endovascular techniques. This manual provides lucid, readily accessible and pertinent hands-on information. It focuses on practicalities such as technique, choice of equipment and rationale, contrast agents, medications, precise pre- and post-procedure management and management of complications. It does not elaborate on theoretical aspects of disease e.g., etiology, pathogenesis, statistics, etc. In essence, it provides the necessary information to enable performance of a procedure. Handbook of Neuroendovascular Techniques will be a great resource for a whole range of physicians from residents, to those just embarking on their own independent practice to established experts reviewing methodology of a technique. The authors have a depth of experience and are highly qualified, ensuring objective, pertinent, authoritative and competent coverage of subject matter.
The book is devoted to the neurosurgical management of spasticity. Starting with a chapter on the anatomical and physiological foundations of spasticity and a short history of its neurosurgical treatment, it describes the neurosurgical methods currently available. As management differs between adults and children, the book is also structured accordingly, including evaluation, decision-making, Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy (ITB), botulinum toxin therapy, and surgery. Beyond ITB, the neurosurgical options covered include procedures focusing on the peripheral nerves, dorsal roots, Dorsal Root Entry Zone and spinal cord. Based on surgical experience collected with more than a thousand patients, the book gathers the most important aspects of our present understanding, presented using a practical, educational approach. It stresses the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, including neurologists, pediatricians and rehabilitation specialists. Close collaboration with other surgical disciplines like orthopedic surgery and neuro-urology are also outlined.
Significant changes in surgical training have occurred over the past decade, with the inevitable progress towards specialization in the various surgical specialties. The current edition of Essential Surgical Practice: Higher Surgical Training in General Surgery reflects these latest developments with a new structure that accurately mirrors current surgical training. This new edition excludes surgical specialties that are distinct from general surgery, allowing an increased focus on topics of direct relevance to trainees in higher surgical training. Over 31 chapters, the book provides detailed information on those specialties of which the general surgeon is required to have a working knowledge, and highlights core information for revision and quick reference. Topics include: * Surgical biology and pathology * Surgical craft approaches and technologies * Perioperative care * Cardiovascular, pulmonary and renal pathophysiology * Surgical infections * Interventional radiology * Trauma and head injuries * Disorders of the thyroid and adrenal glands * Disorders of the stomach, liver, spleen, colon and pancreas * Bariatric surgery This book can be used with confidence by those enrolled in local courses and is also consistent with the scope and level of information required for international postgraduate examinations, such as the Joint Surgical Colleges' Fellowship Examination. To enhance the book's utility, the print edition includes complimentary access to a VitalSource ebook online and offline on your PC or Mac, iPhone(R)/iPod Touch(R)/ iPad(R), Kindle Fire or Android(TM) device.
This book covers all aspects of body contouring with silicone implants with the exception of breast augmentation. After a discussion of the available silicone implants and anesthetic management, the various techniques that may be used in body sculpting are carefully described in a series of chapters focusing on augmentation of the biceps, triceps, pectorals, buttocks, hip/thigh, calf, and quadriceps. Potential complications are identified for each of the procedures and clear guidance is provided on how to avoid them. The book will enable the surgeon to gain a sound understanding of the different body sculpting techniques and when they are applicable. It is intended both for students/beginners and for experienced cosmetic plastic surgeons alike.
Robotic Cardiac Surgery is a comprehensive guide to robotic/totally endoscopic cardiac surgery. The book is intended to provide in-depth information regarding the history of robotic surgical systems, their components and principles. It emphasizes patient selection, perioperative management, anesthesia considerations and management, operative techniques and management, postoperative care and results. Extensive, detailed photographs and illustrations of different kinds of robotic surgery are also included. It provides cardiac surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, and perfusionists with a comprehensive review of current robotic cardiac surgeries and related knowledge. Changqing Gao, MD, is a professor at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.
An illustrated guide to oral and maxillofacial surgery, written by dental nurses for dental nurses Basic Guide to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery will help you understand the role of the dental nurse in oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. Written in a highly accessible style, comprehensive coverage includes anatomy of the head and neck, pain and anxiety control, assessment clinics, equipment selection, extractions, soft tissue lesions, and trauma and more complex procedures. Key features include: * Learning outcomes at the start of each chapter, and full-colour photographs and line drawings throughout * An overview of the maxillofacial team, the referral process and the legal aspects of maxillofacial procedures * Clear explanations of the various duties performed by dental nurses during oral and maxillofacial surgery Basic Guide to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is suitable for dental nurses working in practice or specialist maxillofacial units, and is also ideal for student dental nurses working towards the NEBDN National Diploma in Dental Nursing.
The first edition of this book was judged by many to be the best available atlas of upper gastrointestinal and hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. The second edition builds upon this success by covering all of the significant intervening developments, including both new procedures and adaptations of established techniques. The atlas opens with an introductory section on the basic principles of operative surgery. All of the important surgical techniques are then presented in a series of sections devoted to the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, the liver, the biliary system, portal hypertension, the pancreas, and the spleen. General, oncologic, and transplantation surgical procedures are described step by step with the aid of more than 900 superb illustrations drawn by a team of artists with extensive experience. The contributors were selected on the basis of their extensive experience in the procedures discussed and most are established educators.
As the surgical community steps up to tackle the global burden of surgical disease in developing countries, Global Reconstructive Surgery is the first reference of its kind to offer focused, pertinent coverage of key areas surgeons need to understand to fully participate in this endeavor. It provides authoritative, real-world guidance on common surgeries performed around the world to help optimize outcomes in difficult environments and for a variety of conditions. Offers practical wisdom and experience from surgeons who have lived and worked in challenging global settings. The clear, organized format is based on the way clinicians examine, prepare for, and treat patients in resource-limited circumstances. Each chapter matches the clinical pathway and thought processes of care delivery, from the clinical problem and pre-operative assessment to operative intervention, post-operative care, and possible complications and options for management. Covers perioperative management, cleft and craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, burns, trauma, and key techniques commonly performed by surgeons across the globe. Includes the surgical steps of each procedure, photographs of clinical cases, and surgical pearls for resource-poor settings. Discusses alternative approaches related to cultural considerations and unavailability of state-of-the-art equipment. Ideal for plastic surgeons, otolaryngologists, craniofacial surgeons. oral and maxillofacial surgeons, general surgeons - both those who volunteer for surgical trips and those training in local communities. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase, which allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices
Head, Neck, and Dental Emergencies, Second Edition provides the reader with a practical approach to the diagnosis and management of all urgent or emergent problems that occur above the collar bones. Emergency care must be simple and quick so this guide comprises short notes, diagrams, and photographs, with an emphasis on establishing the diagnosis while maintaining a high index of suspicion. New features for this edition are aimed at assisting a rapid diagnosis. Chapters are symptom-based and structured around how the patients present. Quick-reference boxes at the start of each chapter list common presentations and their causes, followed by tips and tricks on what to look for and what questions to ask the patient. Fully comprehensive, this new edition also has two new chapters on 'The Nose' and 'The Throat'.
This work demonstrates that hand and wrist rehabilitation calls for precise anatomical, biomechanical, and physiological expertise, as well as mastery of manual techniques and targeted physiotherapy. Particular attention is given to the complementarity between theoretical knowledge and practical aspects; accordingly, refreshers on the underlying theory; descriptions of the rehabilitation protocols and the specific manual and instrumental techniques; and the type of orthesis used depending on the delay of healing are provided for each pathology. This publication will appeal to a broad readership, from physiotherapists and occupational therapists, to surgeons and practitioners specialized in physical rehabilitation, to students in the fields of physiotherapy and occupational therapy.
Atlas of Organ Transplantation, Second Edition, provides the reader with a comprehensive and pictorial step-by-step account of abdominal organ transplant procedures performed by contemporary transplant surgeons today. Emphasis is placed on newer procedures or procedures that have undergone significant modifications. It is recognized that there are many well-accepted techniques for the same procedure, with each having potential merit. While it is impossible to present all of these variations, an attempt is made to describe the common variations in surgical technique and common variation in procedure based on anatomical variations. Written by an expert in the field, Atlas of Organ Transplantation, Second Edition, includes schematic diagrams and high-quality intraoperative photographs, allowing readers to clearly visualize the course of the operative procedure. This format provides the reader with a clear visual and written description of all major transplant procedures in one reference book.
This book presents the latest knowledge in liver resection. It includes preoperative assessment, hepatic vascular occlusion, live parenchyma transection, various liver resection techniques, liver transplantation, ex situ ex vivo resection, auto-transplantation, laparoscopic liver resection and outcome of liver resection. It describes 21 resection techniques in the same style. Each chapter is built around a series of descriptive photographs and illustrations, which are explained in detail in the text. At the end of each section there are key points that are critical for surgeons performing liver resections. The authors share their extensive experience of liver resections. This book will help practitioners perform safe and expeditious resections and reduce postoperative liver failure. Hepato-bilio pancreatic surgeons, hepatologists, radiologists, clinicians and researchers who are interested in liver surgery will find this book an invaluable guide.
Operative trauma surgery is a key element of surgical training world-wide, but many surgical trainees have only limited exposure to it throughout their training. The aim of this book is to provide a detailed technical guide for trauma surgery by two experienced surgical educators who are experts in the field. The original concept behind this text (compared to other operative surgery texts) is a special emphasis on intra-operative judgement, decision-making, and thought processes, as well as technical 'tips and tricks'. The book will be generously illustrated with black-and-white line drawings, but will NOT be a surgical atlas, because there will not be a step-by-step sequence of illustrations for each procedure. The illustrations will be incorporated into the text rather than appearing on separate pages. As such, the book will be an 'operative surgery' book, along the lines of such British classics as Peter Jones' 'Emergency Abdominal Surgery', Hugh Dudley's editions of 'Hamilton Bailey's Emergency Surgery' and Keen's 'Operative Surgery and Management'.
In this book, leading world authorities on brain edema and neurological disorders/injuries and experts in preconditioning join forces to discuss the latest progress in basic sciences, translational research, and clinical management strategies relating to these conditions. The range of topics covered is wide, including microglia, energy metabolism, trace metals and ion channels, vascular biology, cellular treatment, hemorrhagic stroke, novel technological advances, anesthesia and medical gases, pediatric brain edema, neuroimaging, behavioral assessment, clinical trials, peripheral to central signaling pathways, preconditioning translation, and animal models for preconditioning and brain edema research. The book comprises presentations from Brain Edema 2014, the joint meeting of the 16th International Conference on Brain Edema and Cellular Injury and the 3rd Symposium on Preconditioning for Neurological Disorders, held in Los Angeles on September 27-30, 2014.
The dramatic race to transplant the first human heart spanned two years, three continents and five cities against a backdrop of searing tension, scientific brilliance, ethical controversy, racial strife and emotional turmoil. It culminated in a terrifying moment in the early hours of 3 December 1967 when, in a cramped operating theatre in a Cape Town hospital, Professor Chris Barnard stared into an empty cavity from which he had just removed a heart. He knew that he had only minutes left to make history and save the life of a 55-year-old man by filling the gaping hole in his chest with a heart which had just been beating inside a 25-year-old woman. Every Second Countsis the story of this gripping race to conquer the greatest of medical challenges. It also reveals the truth about the man at the centre of it all, whose turbulent life story was just as gripping. The kind of true story that would be dismissed as far-fetched if presented as fiction, it combines an utterly compelling portrait of cutting-edge science with raw human drama, and shows how the course of medicine itself was changed for ever.
The Ilizarov device has revolutionized the treatment of non-healing fractures and the correction of deformities. This book supplies all the information required in order to use the Ilizarov and other external fixation devices optimally; it will serve as an indispensable manual for both trainee and experienced orthopedic surgeons. Biomechanical principles, preoperative preparation, and the use of a system of coordinates to allow safer insertion of K-wires and half pins are thoroughly discussed. External fixation of a variety of fractures in different pathologic settings is then clearly explained in a series of detailed chapters with the aid of high-quality illustrations. Numerous case reports are included to illustrate the results of different treatment methods. In addition, postoperative management and treatment of complications are described. Since the first edition the text has been thoroughly updated, with inclusion of contributions from leading world experts.
Proper ultrasound examination and interpretation hinges on thorough knowledge of the relevant anatomy, artifacts, and technique. This book provides an excellent foundation by going beyond pathology and concentrating on these fundamentals. Basic physics and artifact recognition and prevention are outlined. Chapters review essential anatomy and include images and tables that highlight relevant bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Sites of attachment and the best positions for examination are also noted.Technique is presented via a three-tiered approach and photographs of patients in the transducer position are matched with the resulting ultrasound images and complementary anatomical overlays. The accompanying DVD offers ultrasound technique as performed by experienced radiologists and clinicians. Procedures are detailed with a split screen showing the examination and the corresponding ultrasound image. The dynamic presentation is of value to those just learning the modality as well as physicians wanting to review anatomy and fine-tune their skills.
Uterine myomas are the most common benign tumors in women, affecting the half of women and mostly in reproductive age. Myomas cause significant morbidity and are the single most common indication for hysterectomy around the world. Thus, myomas represent a major personal and public health concern worldwide. The diagnosis of fibroids can be established based on ultrasound and radiological imaging. Recent research on the genomics and molecular biology of myomas has enabled us to better understand the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of this benign tumor, but more remains to be discovered. In the clinical parterre, novel methods of conservative treatments have been developed to allow many women to keep their reproductive capacity and to save uterus, and more novel treatments are available on the horizon. For this topic, an outstanding group of worldwide experts have come together to provide a detailed discussion of basic research and clinical aspects of myomas. All the existing knowledge will be summarized in this book that can serve as a starting point for clinicians, young doctors, students, fellows and all researchers who want to read up on this disease. This book is devoted to myomas, covering both recent advances in our understanding of their behaviour, and an overview of the current options for their minimally invasive treatments, with endoscopy and new devices. As we learn more about the molecular, genetic and biology of myomas, we will be able to develop more innovative treatments.
Now in full color, Maxillofacial Surgery, 3rd Edition covers the entire specialty of maxillofacial surgery, including craniofacial deformity, oral surgery, trauma, and oncology. Unlike other OMFS texts where the contributors are singly boarded in oral surgery, this richly illustrated text boasts OMFS contributors who are all dual boarded in both oral surgery and medicine. Thoroughly updated with evidence-based content, it addresses the advances in technology and procedures providing oral and maxillofacial surgeons with new and exciting treatment options. And with print and digital formats, it is easy to use in any setting. Authoritative guidance on oral and maxillofacial surgery by internationally recognized experts in the field. 2,800 illustrations, including radiographs and full color artwork and clinical photos, provide clinicians and OMS residents with a clear visual guide to diagnoses, key concepts, and surgical techniques, as well as examples of preoperative and postoperative results. A multidisciplinary approach reflects the best practices in the disciplines of oral and maxillofacial surgery, head and neck surgery, plastic surgery, and otolaryngology. Covers contemporary techniques and technological advances at the forefront of maxillofacial surgery. Evidence-based content supports the newest, most up-to-date diagnostic and therapeutic options available for a wide variety of clinical problems. Key Points and Pitfalls boxes clearly identify the most important information, as well as potential problem areas that can arise when treating patients. Available in print and digital formats that can be easily accessed via mobile tablets and smart phones in any setting, making it perfect for the modern student of surgery. NEW! Full-color images clearly depict pathologies, concepts, and procedures. EXPANDED and UPDATED! Expanded from 82 to 111 chapters with thoroughly revised content that reflects current information and advances in OMS, so clinicians and students can depend on this text as their go-to resource on oral maxillofacial surgery. NEW! 29 new state-of-the-art chapters covering new topics, including the salivary glands, thyroid and parathyroid glands, tissue engineering, navigational surgery, 3D modeling, and lasers in OMFS. NEW! Two new editors, Professors Brennan and Schliephake, and new section editors and contributors have helped bring advances in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery and offer a fresh perspective. UPDATED! Expanded chapter on cancer keeps you in the know.
Hearing loss can vary in type ranging from conductive, mixed to sensorineural, as well as in degree from mild, moderate, severe to profound. There could also be multiple permutations and combinations like moderate mixed hearing loss or severe conductive hearing loss. In addition, the hearing loss could be unilateral or bilateral. While cochlear implants were devised for bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, various other devices have been invented for other types of hearing losses. Research continues to design a suitable implant which would amplify sound for patients who cannot be candidates for cochlear implants.
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