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This Handbook brings together contributions from over forty international experts in the field of ecotourism. It provides a critical review and discussion of current issues and concepts - it challenges readers to consider the boundaries of what ecotourism is, and could be. The Handbook provides practical information regarding the business of ecotourism; insights into ecotourist behaviour and visitor experiences; and reflections on the practice of ecotourism in a range of different contexts. The Handbook is designed to be a valuable reference book for tourism scholars and researchers.
Recent trends in the social, economic and political lives of many communities have created new challenges for the not-for-profit sector, which, in turn, have demanded new legal and regulatory responses. This Research Handbook takes account of these developments, providing a thorough insight to current scholarship in the field of not-for-profit law. Contributions from both established and emerging scholars reflect a variety of disciplinary and jurisdictional perspectives. A range of topics relating to the not-for-profit sector are explored, including: the sector's composition and scope, the legal conception of charity, the tax treatment of not-for-profits and their supporters, and the regulation of not-for-profits. The Research Handbook also examines the often-neglected topic of not-for-profits and the constitution. This interdisciplinary Research Handbook makes a seminal contribution to defining not-for-profit law as a distinctive field of study, and in doing so, lays a strong foundation for future research. Scholars working on not-for-profit studies, whether in law, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science or business management, will find this a compelling body of work as it covers all aspects of not-for-profit law. Those working within the sector, or providing legal advice to the sector, will also find this Research Handbook to be an indispensable source of information.
Written by leading scholars and judges, the Research Handbook on Representative Shareholder Litigation is a modern-day survey of the state of this essential field. The book is an important and timely contribution by leading corporate law scholars, judges, and practitioners, seeking to better understand and explain the proliferation of shareholder litigation across the globe. It provides a cross-jurisdictional survey of litigation and empirical evidence on the recent evolution of these lawsuits, including in-depth analyses of several key forms of shareholder litigation. Its chapters cover securities class actions, merger litigation, derivative suits, and appraisal litigation, as well as other forms of shareholder litigation. Through in-depth analysis of these different forms of litigation, the book explores the agency costs inherent in representative litigation, the challenges of multijurisdictional litigation and disclosure-only settlements, and the rise of institutional investors. It also surveys how related issues are addressed across the globe, with a special focus on parallel forms of litigation in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Israel and China. This Research Handbook will be an invaluable resource on this important topic for scholars of corporate law, practitioners, judges, and legislators.
Bell-Roberts Publishing is pleased to announce the publication of 10+ years 100 projects - architecture in a democratic South Africa and a companion to 10+ years 100 buildings - architecture in a democratic South Africa (2009) which in 2010 received an Award of Excellence from the South African Institute of Architecture. (http://bell-roberts.com?book=128). 10+ years 100 projects entails the documenting of the most meritorious design dissertations from the eight South African universities offering architectural tuition at a post-graduate level, including the submissions of the national winners of the Corobrik Student of the Year Award from 2002 to 2017. None of the work has previously been assembled and the inf ormation is gradually being lost. The content is structured according to the different Schools of Architecture and includes the following universities: TUT, UP, UJ, WITS, UFS, UCT, NMU and UKZN. Each of the 12+ submissions per university is accompanied by an introduction by an academic from each of these tertiary institutions, contextualising the work of that particular chapter. The 4-page submissions, in turn, consist of a synopsis of the socio-design intentions of each the 100 projects, an academic assessment of each of the projects by the editor, and are accompanied by a series of exploratory design and technical drawings. The result is a 480-page omnibus, and an impressive record of the current architectural discourse within our particular socio-economic and political circumstances. This book is intended to serve as a reference for South African students of architecture, and also for professionals. In its experimental and commercially unfettered form, the collection of projects is undoubtedly the most authentic barometer to gauge how radically our design priorities have shifted in recent years and where our current architectural output is situated. It moreover provides an extraordinary range of highly relevant and exceptionally innovative architectural interpretations, which would also find appeal to everyone associated with the building industry.
This definitive Handbook addresses the current lack of research into European policymaking and development using an interpretive perspective. Questioning areas that mainstream approaches tend to neglect, contributors target the ways in which ideas, arguments and discourses shape policies in the institutional context of the EU. The Handbook of European Policies provides an in-depth and comprehensive introduction for all significant policy areas in the EU, highlighting the theories of post-positivism and interpretivism. With rich explanations of different methodological and conceptual approaches to post-positivist research, key chapters consider the essential exchange between EU integration studies and EU policy studies, examining how both can benefit from this new and exciting approach. Offering theoretically grounded answers, this Handbook creates a dialogue between critical policy studies and European integration theory. Academics and practitioners concerned with the functioning of EU policies will benefit from the eminent contributors' insights into issues high on the institutional agenda of the EU and its member states. In addition, the Handbook is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses concerned with European integration and EU policies.
Today the regulation of everything from e-commerce and product safety to air quality is global. To understand how regulation is made and enforced in the multiple domestic and international jurisdictions involved, it is necessary to move beyond conventional sub-fields of law like administrative law and international law. Drawing on contributions from leading scholars with diverse subject and country expertise, Comparative Law and Regulation introduces a new field of legal research geared at understanding the operation of the global regulatory process. The book affords cutting-edge analysis of the entire gamut of regulatory law: rulemaking by bureaucracies, legislatures, and private bodies; oversight by public and private actors; civil and criminal enforcement; and judicial review. The chapters cover over thirty different domestic and international jurisdictions, including the United States, Germany, the European Union, India, China, South Korea, Colombia, the World Trade Organization, and private investor-state arbitral tribunals. The theoretical and methodological innovations introduced in this book will make it compulsory reading for scholars of public law, comparative law, and international law as well as those working in public policy, political science, and economics. For legal professionals in government agencies and the private sector, it affords both a useful theoretical framing of the multifaceted issues involved in international and comparative regulation and an overview of the legal and technical aspects.
The Encyclopedia is the definitive reference work on international economic law. This comprehensive resource helps redefine the field by presenting international economic law in its broadest, real-world context. Organized thematically rather than alphabetically, the subject is split into four principal sections: the foundations and architecture of international economic law, its principles, its main regulatory areas, and the future challenges that it faces. Comprising over 250 entries written by leading scholars and practitioners, traditional international economic law subject matter is supplemented by coverage of newly developing areas. Thus, the concepts and rules of trade, investment, finance and international tax law are found alongside entries discussing the relationship of international economic law with environmental protection, social standards, development, and human rights. The concise entries present an accessible and condensed overview of each topic within its legal context. Contributors offer insight into how institutions interact with each other and other legal systems, in addition to providing individual overviews of their history, structure, principles and procedures. Selected references follow each entry, suggesting directions for further detailed exploration of the topic. This Encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both practitioners and academics. It acts as a handy reference to all areas of international economic law, and provides the ideal starting point for any research journey. Key features: * valuable reference tool for scholars, students and practitioners * organised thematically, covering newly developing areas of international economic law * concise, structured entries from the top experts in the field * selected references for further study * awarded American Society of International Law 2018 Certificate of Merit for high technical craftsmanship and utility to practicing lawyers and scholars.
Celebrated by medical students for over a decade, Kaplan's pocket-sized Dr. Pestana's Surgery Notes is the highest-yield surgery review for the the shelf and USMLE Step 2 CK exams. Designed for portable prep, Dr. Pestana's Surgery Notes fits perfectly in your lab coat so you can refresh your knowledge in between cases. The Best Review Concise high-yield review of core surgery material 180 up-to-date vignettes for self-testing 15 brief essays examining selected diagnostic and therapeutic tools from a surgical perspective NEW essay topics: intravenous fluid therapy, surgical infections, and fluid needs in children NEW illustrated chapter on bariatric surgery NEW introduction with guidance for addressing regional variations in medical practice on National Board questions Expert Guidance Revised and fully up-to-date content from distinguished surgery instructor Dr. Carlos Pestana For over a decade, Dr. Pestana's Surgery Notes has helped med students excel on the surgery shelf exam and USMLE Step 2 CK
Gustav Davidson's classic text, A dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels, is the result of sixteen years of research in Talmudic, gnostic, cabalistic, apocalyptic, patristic, and legendary texts. The classic reference work on angels is beautifully illustrated and its reissue coincides with the resurgence of belief in angels in America. This well researched and exquisitely illustrated dictionary is a wonderful collectable for all those who believe in angels, miracles, lore, and faith.
The Handbook of Finance and Development provides a thorough assessment of the existing research on the relationship between the financial system and economic growth. Containing chapters on theory, empirical work and historic accounts, this is the first Handbook to provide a comprehensive overview of the fields of finance and development. As leading researchers in the field the contributors analyse the emergence of, and innovations in, financial instruments, markets and intermediaries, providing commentary on how these components of financial systems shape resource allocation, poverty, income inequality and aggregate economic growth. They also explore the causes and consequences of financial fragility, the historic development of financial systems, and the regulatory and supervisory underpinnings of financial sector development. Further chapters examine financial development at both the aggregate and country levels and assess the degree to which individuals and firms can access financial services. Recent literature on the financial inclusion of households and enterprises is also analysed. The Handbook will be of great value to scholars and researchers who are interested in the fields of finance, development and financial inclusion. Throughout the chapters contributors highlight how insights drawn from research inform policy debates on the topics at hand, making this work a useful resource for policy makers and regulators.
An excellent guide for understanding the trends, challenges and opportunities facing China through globalization, this Handbook answers the pertinent questions regarding the globalization process and China's influence on the world. With contributions from leading experts and international researchers, each chapter covers key topics regarding China's participation in globalization, including: China's new role in global economic governance; outward direct investment; China's soft power and the implications for foreign relations; global migration, diaspora and talent. An enriching range of case studies and extensive empirical research are used to explore the successes and failures of globalization in China, and to discuss the dilemmas facing decision makers in today's globalized world. A major contribution to the field, this Handbook offers valuable insights to China's often misunderstood globalization process. An essential reference for academics and researchers looking for a go-to empirical resource, this Handbook provides scholars of economics, politics and East Asian studies with an exemplary selection of contemporary research on China and globalization.
Drawing on the expertise and experience of contributors from a wide range of academic, professional and judicial backgrounds, the Research Handbook on the International Penal System critically analyses the laws, policies and practices that govern detention, punishment and the enforcement of sentences in the international criminal justice context. Comprehensive and innovative, it examines the operation of the international penal system, covering pertinent issues such as non-custodial sanctions, monitoring of conditions of detention, the protection of prisoners under international law and the transfer of prisoners. These aspects are presented in a logical order, linking up with the chronological sequence of the international criminal justice process. Far-reaching, this Handbook also explores broader normative questions related to contemporary human rights law, transitional and restorative justice and victim redress, before exploring contemporary and alternative mechanisms for punishing and overseeing punishment, and possible avenues for development. This up-to-date assessment will provide valuable insights for researchers and students of international criminal law and justice, comparative penal law, penology, prisoners' rights and transitional and restorative justice. Its recommendations for development will also interest international and national officials working in criminal law and justice.
The Elgar Companion to Hayekian Economics provides an in-depth treatment of Friedrich August von Hayek's economic thought from his technical economics of the 1920s and 1930s to his broader views on the spontaneous order of a free society. Taken together, the chapters show evidence both of continuity of thought and of significant changes in focus. Providing a thorough and balanced account of Hayek's work, the authors examine his wide-ranging contribution to thought in the areas of business cycles, socialism and trade unions and the socialist calculation debate, as well as social justice, spontaneous order, globalization and free trade. The authors provide enlightening comparisons between Hayek's views and those of Ludwig von Mises, Ludwig M. Lachmann, Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes. Scholars working in the classical liberal tradition as well as academic economists and political scientists will find this in-depth account to be an invaluable resource.
For nearly thirty years, Pocket World in Figures has been the indispensable handbook on the state of the world. Where else would you find out, in a single volume, that Zambia is the most entrepreneurial country on earth, that Qatar uses the most energy per head of population and that the Virgin Islands has the fourth highest murder rate of any region in the world? The new edition includes data from over 180 countries, presented in a series of rankings and country profiles. Updated, revised and expanded each year to include new rankings and features, it also includes detailed statistical profiles of more than sixty-five of the world's major economies, the euro area and the world itself. The 2021 edition showcases the Economist's strength in data journalism with charts and graphs, and invites readers to test their knowledge with a fiendishly difficult quiz.
A high level of employee commitment holds particular value for organizations owing to its impact on organizational effectiveness and employee well-being. This Handbook provides an up-to-date review of theory and research pertaining to employee commitment in the workplace, outlining its value for both employers and employees and identifying key factors in its development, maintenance or decline. Including chapters from leading theorists and researchers from around the world, this Handbook presents cumulated and cutting-edge research exploring what commitment is, the different forms it can take, and how it is distinct from related concepts such as employee engagement, work motivation, embeddedness, the psychological contract, and organizational identification. Examining topics such as high-commitment work systems, work attitudes and motivation, the Handbook provides integration with related literatures. Internationally applicable, sections also discuss the implications of culture differences for commitment and present the latest developments in research methods and analytic techniques that can be used to advance our understanding of commitment. Comprehensive and engaging, the Handbook of Employee Commitment is essential reading for commitment scholars and researchers interested in the latest developments in the field as well as for international scholars who will benefit from its guidance on how to approach research in unique cultures. It will also prove of prime interest to managers and management consultants with its wealth of suggestions to guide evidence-based practice.
This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics of science.
The 5800-page Encyclopedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopolitical boundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia tells (as the author himself puts it) "not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done."
The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys 100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists, engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing: mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry), associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and more).
The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas in the leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scientific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered from the wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times.
Contents include: * the medicinal use of herbs, including illustrations of plants easily found in the wild * history and religious lore - specific background information on individual herbs * herb gathering and storage - the magickal way * the herbalist as a magickal practioner * incenses, oils, fluid condensers, amulets, elixirs and balms - detailed information on how to create them * herbs and their relationships with gemstones, etc. * herbal links with astrology and the tarot * rituals - the use of herbs in seasonal festivals, initiations, handfastings, purifications, etc. 'Out of the hundreds of herbals, this book is one of the few that includes serious treatment of the realm of magickal herbalism along with basic information on the physical properties of various plants. This is a wonderful sourcebook with a wealth of information on the ritual uses of herbs. It is not only enjoyable to read, but its numerous chapters and appendices with alphabetical listings makes it easy to use. Thanks to Phoenix Publishing and to author Paul Beyerl for sharing this extensive work with others.'
For courses in e-commerce. The most up-to-date, comprehensive overview of e-commerce today Lively and fun to read, E-commerce 2019: business.technology.society is an in-depth, thought-provoking introduction to e- commerce focusing on key concepts and the latest empirical and financial data. Hundreds of examples from companies such as Facebook (R), Google (R), Twitter (R), and Amazon (R) illustrate how e-commerce is altering business practices and driving shifts in the global economy. The entire 15th edition, including its data, figures, and tables, has been updated through October 2018. It has up-to-date coverage of key topics in e-commerce today, such as privacy and piracy, government surveillance, cyberwar, social-local-mobile marketing, Internet sales taxes, and intellectual property.
The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) is a group of states working together to develop a set of assessments that aim to better measure students' critical-thinking, problem-solving skills, and ability to communicate. Through a series of high quality, computer-based K-12 assessments in Mathematics and English Language Arts, teachers, schools, and parents can rest assured that students are on track for success. Barron's is pleased to offer these newly revised study guides to help students prepare for these tests in the State of New Jersey. In our Grade 7 Math Test workbook, students will find: Two full-length practice tests, one PBA and one EOY, with answers and explanations In-depth review through engaging lessons, hints, and tips for all elements of each PARCC test Content that is reflective of classroom lessons and fully aligned to the Common Core Curriculum An explanation and overview of the PARCC assessments The PARCC assessments were first administered during the 2014-15 school year. This Grade 7 Math Test workbook can be used at home or in school to reinforce classroom lessons and help put students in the best possible position for success.
This fully updated second edition of European Competition Law: A Case Commentary explains EU competition law by presenting the relevant legal provisions together with carefully selected case extracts pertaining to those provisions. The selection is based on the interpretative value of the extracts and is limited to the essentials in order to clearly demonstrate how competition rules have been interpreted by the European Commission and the courts. The extracts originate primarily from the decisions of the European Commission and judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights. Key features include: * Updated extracts from newly arisen cases and documents on EU competition law * Article-by-article overview of EU competition law jurisprudence * Unique structure enabling users to quickly locate decisions and judgments on all relevant procedural and substantive aspects of EU competition law * Concise and judiciously selected extracts from the judgments in the most important and most instructive cases * A nuanced view of competition law rules provided through the use of extracts rather than author analysis, giving practitioners a more contextual insight * Greater number of case extracts than other books, giving a more complete picture of the way rules translate into European jurisprudence. This unique book is designed for everyday use by practitioners and academics who wish to better understand how competition rules are interpreted in practice, and as a starting point for legal analysis. The book also serves as a handy resource on the exact wording of the essential elements of the most important cases. It will appeal not only to practitioners and academics, but also to all competition authorities in Europe.
The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) is a group of states working together to develop a set of assessments that aim to better measure students' critical-thinking, problem-solving skills, and ability to communicate. Through a series of high quality, computer-based K-12 assessments in Mathematics and English Language Arts, teachers, schools, and parents can rest assured that students are on track for success. Barron's is pleased to offer these newly revised study guides to help students prepare for these tests in the State of New Jersey. In our Grade 6 Math Test workbook, students will find: Two full-length practice tests, one PBA and one EOY, with answers and explanations In-depth review through engaging lessons, hints, and tips for all elements of each PARCC test Content that is reflective of classroom lessons and fully aligned to the Common Core Curriculum An explanation and overview of the PARCC assessments The PARCC assessments were first administered during the 2014-15 school year. This Grade 6 Math Test workbook can be used at home or in school to reinforce classroom lessons and help put students in the best possible position for success.
Unlock the lost and hidden meanings of the world's ancient and modern signs and symbols with the latest in the hugely popular series of 'Element Encyclopedias'. This is the biggest A-Z reference book on symbolic objects you'll ever find. The latest in the popular series of 'Element Encyclopedias', this is the largest, most definitive guide to the secret and ancient knowledge of signs and symbols, some of which has been lost over thousands of years. * Why is the eye believed to be a powerful symbol of protection by fishermen? * Why do Masonic Temples have a black and white chequered floor covering? * Why do Hindus use coloured rice powder to draw elaborate symbols in front of their homes, only to have these patterns destroyed every day by footprints? * What are the hidden meanings behind the symbols on the American dollar? * What is the most important symbol in the World? Divided into easy-to-follow A-Z themed sections, the book answers all these questions and more, from sections on Magic and Mystery, Deities and Rituals, the Animal and Plant Kingdom, Landscape and the Elements, to Food and Sacred Geometry. Find out about the secret Demonic alphabet and Script of the Magi, the Glastonbury Zodiac, the Masonic Compass, the Eye of Horus, Native American hunting symbols, the Caduceus and the Indian Diwali ritual. Element Encyclopedia of Secret Signs and Symbols is a fascinating compendium of the hidden meanings behind the most important visual symbols in the world.
This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the modern economics of education literature, bringing together a series of original contributions by globally renowned experts in their fields. Covering a wide variety of topics, each chapter assesses the most recent research with an emphasis on skills, evaluation and data analytics. Beginning with an analysis of the economic returns to education, the Handbook proceeds to examine educational production functions, various funding models, and the labour market for educators. The Handbook goes beyond these traditional concerns of the economics of education, by revealing how the methods of economics can be applied in the context of education to open up the 'black box' of production in this sector. Detailed analysis and evaluation of educational production offers practical solutions and reveals considerable new insight about the specific interventions that can be made to enhance the value of schooling. Significant new lines of research are also suggested. This Handbook should be read by economists, policy-makers and practitioners in the field of education. Academics in the areas of the economics of education, labour economics and educational policy will also find this Handbook invaluable for current and further research.
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