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This book explores food traceability in raw materials, additives and packing of the dairy sector and it provides an accessible and succinct overview of the new Extended Traceability (ExTra) software. In this work, the authors present several practical examples of extended food traceability for edible products and food-contact materials in the cheese-making industry. Readers will also discover a summary of the existing legal and regulatory requirements for food traceability in Europe. This book will appeal to a wide readership, from academic researchers to professionals and auditors in industry working in quality control, food and packing traceability, and international regulation.
Traditional fermented foods contribute greatly to the healthy food sources for human being. Historically, fermentation is a universal practice that our ancestors used to extend the food shelf life, to improve the palpability and importantly to provide medicinal properties. When the healthy value of fermented foods is gradually recognized, intensive throughput of biotechnological researches have been applied into many fermentative aspects, such as starters' working mode and functional genes, starters' applications in other industries, nutritional improvements of fermented products and more. With the purpose of covering fundamental aspects of fermented foods, the first part of this book will discuss classical fermented starters and their applications, relating to lactic acid bacteria, acetic acid bacteria, yeast and fungi as well as popular fermented products thereof. Beer, bread, kefir, fermented milks products, meats and fermented vegetables will be discussed into details. The second part of this book will focus mainly on the trending researches of fermented foods, involving nutritional and medical value gained from their metabolites like probiotics, carotenoids and flavonoids production, and using the starters in food modifications. Interestingly, several starters such as yeast is capable of carotenoids production in massive scale, which is believed to replace natural carotenoids from plants in a near future. The last part will get into insight of fermented starters by analyzing their genomes, which could reveal a brighter perspective in fermented food researches in next decades.
Food biopreservation involves the use of microbiota or antimicrobials as an efficient way to preserve the food and to extend it shelf life. For centuries, there have been traditional tactics of such natural food preservation by employing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the fermentation process. As LAB grows and proliferates, their metabolites like lactic acid, acetic acid, nisin and other bacteriocins will inhibit the growth of spoilage and pathogenic microbes; and hence, the food is properly preserved. To this extent, LAB has become a classical and solid foundation in food preservation technology. The advent industrial food processing discovered other methods, other biopreservative agents that have been used tremendously in food production nowadays. Apart from LAB, yeast and bacteriophage have also been researched and sucessfully commercialized for food biopreservation and decontamination. While being regarded as more natural than chemical agents for food preservation, the use of biopreservative agents has become a major topic of research trend in food science. This book covers scientific interests in food biopreservation in the recent decade, ranging from seeking newly potential agents to the working mechanism of certain microorganism in food preservation process. The major session will deal with the investigation on new antimicrobials for food preservation from various sources, such as novel fungi, plant extracts, and less known bacteria. For instance, this major research trend in recent years has discovered newly found antimicrobial peptide, essential oils, and enzymes that could be used in food biocontrol, such as diketopiperazine from B.cereus, plantaracin ZJ5 from l.plantarum ZJ5 and (+) Limonene from citrus fruits. These results have bolstered the rapid development of biopreservative agents today. The second part of this book will deal with the insight of classical agents such as LAB bacteriocins. Nisin, a famous antimicrobial peptide produced by L.lactis, is studied deeply in its cancer inhibition ability and its anti-infection of other foodborne diseases. Other bacteriocins from LAB were also involved in the research trend of how their production, mode of action and applications in food and medical sectors. Aspergillus species, Salmonella, L.monogenes, Escherichia coli and other pathogenic microbes have evolved to tolerate the bacteriocins, which impose adverse problems on food biopreservation industry. Therefore, studying of their resistance mechanism has also become an interesting topic, gauging scientific attention for decades. The latest part of this book will discuss on researches on the resistance of pathogenic and spoilage bacteria towards LAB and bacteriocins. Aiming to support a deeper understanding of food biopreservation and the roles of biopreservative agents as well as beneficial and pathogenic microbial action mechanism, cross-disciplinary methods of studies have been employed. Micro-biological, biochemical, genetic methods and analytical instruments are applied at different levels, which will facilitate readers to comprehend biopreservation and to get know to current experimental methods by worldwide researchers.
Cassava produces about 10 times more carbohydrates than most cereals per unit area, and are ideal for production in marginal and drought prone areas. Cassava, which originated from tropical South America, is a perennial woody shrub with an edible root, which today is grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world where it provides energy food and serves as a veritable source of food and income for over a billion people. This handbook provides new research on the production, consumption and potential uses of cassava.
This edited collection explores the historical dimensions, cultural practices, socio-economic mechanisms and political agendas that shape the notion of a national cuisine inside and outside of Japan. Japanese food is often perceived as pure, natural, healthy and timeless, and these words not only fuel a hype surrounding Japanese food and lifestyle worldwide, but also a domestic retro-movement that finds health and authenticity in 'traditional' ingredients, dishes and foodways. The authors in this volume bring together research from the fields of history, cultural and religious studies, food studies as well as political science and international relations, and aim to shed light on relevant aspects of culinary nationalism in Japan while unearthing the underlying patterns and processes in the construction of food identities.
To meet the World Health Assembly global nutrition targets for stunting, anemia in women, exclusive breastfeeding and wasting, the world needs to invest $70 billion over 10 years in high-impact nutrition-specific interventions. Not only would the benefits be enormous but these investment are among the best value-for-money development actions.
Consultant and long-time Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food labeling expert James Summers answers the many questions surrounding FDA food labeling regulations and compliance in Food Labeling Compliance Review. This comprehensive manual and fully searchable, accompanying CD-ROM are designed to aid in understanding the requirements of the FDA. Food Labeling Compliance Review is a must-have for regulatory officials, industry personnel, and others responsible for assuring that the label and labeling of domestic and imported food products in interstate commerce comply with the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, as amended. The new fourth edition of Food Labeling Compliance Review fully covers recently enacted provisions requiring labeling for allergens, trans fats, and qualified health claims. Clearly illustrated with dozens of charts, sample label panels and "Nutrition Facts" boxes, Food Labeling Compliance Review is the practical, no-nonsense tool needed by both the experienced and inexperienced food label reviewer. * Current, complete, and accurate food labeling guidance concerning FDA regulations * Covers new requirements for labeling allergens, trans fats, and qualified health claims * Essential for all food manufacturers, packers, labelers, relabelers, and distributors * Fully illustrated with clear Q and A explanations * Fully-searchable CD-ROM enables quick look ups
The book demonstrates that food safety is a multidisciplinary scientific discipline that is specifically designed to prevent foodborne illness to consumers. It is generally assumed to be an axiom by both nonprofessionals and professionals alike, that the most developed countries, through their intricate and complex standards, formal trainings and inspections, are always capable of providing much safer food items and beverages to consumers as opposed to the lesser developed countries and regions of the world. Clearly, the available data regarding the morbidity and the mortality in different areas of the world confirms that in developing countries, the prevalence and the incidence of presumptive foodborne illness is much greater. However, other factors need to be taken into consideration in this overall picture: First of all, one of the key issues in developing countries appears to be the availability of safe drinking water, a key element in any food safety strategy. Second, the availability of healthcare facilities, care providers, and medicines in different parts of the world makes the consequences of foodborne illness much more important and life threatening in lesser developed countries than in most developed countries. It would be therefore ethnocentric and rather simplistic to state that the margin of improvement in food safety is only directly proportional to thelevel of development of the society or to the level of complexity of any given national or international standard. Besides standards and regulations, humans as a whole have evolved and adapted different strategies to provide and to ensure food and water safety according to their cultural and historical backgrounds. Our goal is to discuss and to compare these strategies in a cross-cultural and technical approach, according to the realities of different socio-economic, ethnical and social heritages.
From large-scale cattle farming to water pollution, meat- more than any other food-has had an enormous impact on our environment. Historically, Americans have been among the most avid meat-eaters in the world, but long before that meat was not even considered a key ingredient in most civilizations' diets. Labor historian Wilson Warren, who has studied the meat industry for more than a decade, provides this global history of meat to help us understand how it entered the daily diet, and at what costs and benefits to society. Spanning from the nineteenth century to current and future trends, Warren walks us through the economic theory of food, the discovery of protein, the Japanese eugenics debate around meat, and the environmental impact of livestock, among other topics. Through his comprehensive, multifaceted research, he provides readers with the political, economic, social, and cultural factors behind meat consumption over the last two centuries. With a special focus on East Asia, Meat Makes People Powerful reveals how national governments regulated and oversaw meat production, helping transform virtually vegetarian cultures into major meat consumers at record speed. As more and more Americans pay attention to the sources of the meat they consume, Warren's compelling study will help them not only better understand the industry, but also make more informed personal choices. Providing an international perspective that will appeal to scholars and nutritionists alike, this timely examination will forever change the way you see the food on your plate.
This second volume of Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity follows on directly from the successes of the first volume published last year. This series disseminates important data pertaining to food and nutrition safety and toxicology that is relevant to humans. Chapters in this series extend from the introduction of toxins in the manufacture or production of artificial food substances, to the ingestion of microbial contaminants or toxins and the cellular or physiological changes that arise. The present volume has a broad range chapters reviewing contaminants in beer, the effects of alcohol on the intestine, ciguatera fish poisoning, hepatitis A, beta-nitropropionic acid, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, bacterial toxins, pesticide toxicity, polyhalogenated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and a survey of contamination episodes. Each chapter is written by experts with supportive tables and figures. These concise and informative articles should stimulate a scientific dialogue. Food production processes and nutritional or dietary habits are continually changing and it is important to learn from past lessons and embrace a multidisciplinary approach. For example, some cellular mechanisms elucidated by studying one toxin may also be relevant to other areas of food pathology. Therefore it is the intention of the Editors to impart such comprehensive information in a single series, namely Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity.
Secondary Metabolite and Functional Food Components: Their Roles in Health and Disease consists of original chapters, provides updates to previous source material and acts as a unique source of information for all those interested in secondary metabolites and functional food components. The proposed publication focuses on the pharmaceutical and food industries, with an emphasis on their aspects pertaining to chemistry, nutrition sciences, biochemistry and biology. In the present book, the major secondary metabolites and the chemistry in conjunction with functional food components have been discussed. The book also deals with the role of secondary metabolites in human health and diseases. This book is specifically marketed towards graduate and masters students. It deals with the knowledge and recent advancements in the field of secondary metabolites and functional food components as well as their importance in health and disease. Moreover, the book will also be very useful for the students preparing for various competitive examinations such as the CSIR, ICMR, DBT, and ICAR JRF/NET exams.
In this anthology, editors Kym Anderson and Vicente Pinilla have gathered together some of the world's leading wine economists and economic historians to examine the development of national wine industries before and during the two waves of globalization. The empirically-based chapters analyze developments in all key wine-producing and consuming countries using a common methodology to explain long-term trends and cycles in wine production, consumption, and trade. The authors cover topics such as the role of new technologies, policies, and institutions, as well as exchange rate movements, international market developments, evolutions in grape varieties, and wine quality changes. The final chapter draws on an economic model of global wine markets, to project those markets to 2025 based on various assumptions about population and income growth, real exchange rates, and other factors. All authors of the book contributed to a unique global database of annual data back to the mid-nineteenth century which has been compiled by the book editors.
This is the book for anyone who hunts, farms, or buys large
quantities of meat. The author takes the mystery out of
slaughtering and butchering everything from beef and veal, to
venison, pork, and lamb. The text is clear and easy-to-follow.
Combined with 130 detailed illustrations by Elayne Sears, the
reader is provided with complete, step-by-step instructions.
How did meat become such a popular food among Americans? And why did the popularity of some types of meat increase or decrease? Putting Meat on the American Table explains how America became a meat-eating nation - from the colonial period to the present. It examines the relationships between consumer preference and meat processing - looking closely at the production of beef, pork, chicken, and hot dogs. Roger Horowitz argues that a series of new technologies have transformed American meat - sometimes for the worse, sometimes for the better. He draws on detailed consumption surveys that shed new light on America's eating preferences - especially differences associated with income, rural versus urban areas, and race and ethnicity. Engagingly written, richly illustrated, and abundant with first-hand accounts and quotes from period sources, Putting Meat on the American Table will captivate general readers and interest all students of the history of food, technology, business, and American culture.
A new perspective on the global food security situation and highlights the need for seeking a common vision and implementing global planning to define the manner in which the human species will manage its food security. The basic question of 'is there enough food' is examined in general and then in some detail. The history of food production is reviewed in the hope that lessons can be learned from the past. But even after ten thousand years of experience we are not able to feed adequately about a third of our total population, despite what statistics can be made to tell us. Intensive agriculture has stripped out the nutrients that support plant growth and marginalised extensive tracts of land. The global solution to feed the growing population has been and continues to be - produce more food. Even during the last 30 years, about 95 percent of global research investments have focused mainly on increasing productivity. However about a third of the food produced, sufficient to feed over two billion hungry people, is lost or wasted in the food value chain. Climate change is another confounding factor that impinges on our discussions. Pests of all kinds continue to destroy food before and after it is harvested, even though the technology to protect it is available. A huge amount of food is wasted in value chains, particularly at the domestic level. Global food production systems are exposed to unprecedented biosecurity risks posed by invasive harmful organisms and this trend is likely to further exacerbate as current approach to biosecurity is based on the notional premise that lines on maps and the legislation that goes with them is sufficient to halt epidemics. Solutions include extending the number of cultivated plant and animal species to include those that can prosper in what are currently considered to be extreme environments.
This book provides authentic and comprehensive information on the concepts, methods, functional details and applications of nano-emulsions. Following an introduction to the applications of nanotechnology in the development of foods, it elaborates on food-grade nano-emulsion and their significance, discusses various techniques and methods for producing food-grade nano-emulsion, and reviews the main ingredient and component of food-grade nano-emulsions. Further, the book includes a critical review of the engineering aspect of fabricating food-grade nano-emulsions and describe recently developed vitamin encapsulated nano-systems. In closing, it discuss the challenges and opportunities of characterizing nano-emulsified systems, the market risks and opportunities of nano-emulsified foods, and packaging techniques and safety issues - including risk identification and risk management - for nano-foods. The book offers a unique guide for scientists and researchers working in this field. It will also help researchers, policymakers, industry personnel, journalists and the general public to understand food nanotechnology in great detail.
Life is a practical version of Hazard Potential of Chemical Residuals in Food. It provides the basic knowledge in the field of science, no matter where you are standing- in an office, in a bedroom, in an office, or in a field the knowledge about the food you eat is most important. You are observing the manifestation of Food exposed to other materials in one way or in the other way. The subject of hazard potential of chemicals has developed and studied by different points of view in the recent past. It is a rigorous and demanding subject. It is informative for all the individuals, irrespective of their field of study, consideration, perspective about food. In this Textbook, I have tried to introduce hazard potential of materials exposed to food, in such a way as to stimulate an interest and inculcate an understanding of the subject. This book has been written with a mechanistic approach to making the subject matter more clear, interesting and understandable. It covers the subject matter ranging from basics through the complete illustration about the mean theme of life. I have organized the subject matter of this Textbook in a chronological order to best suit your requirements. Each new chapter builds on the foundation laid in the preceding chapters so that when you start with any chapter you find yourself already prepared for the information as well as knowledge. I have tried to cover maximum material in a chapter, yet keeping its length manageable. Hazard potential of chemical residuals in food is mostly based upon the chemicals exposed to food directly and is, therefore, a pre-requisite to the understanding of hazard potential of chemical residuals in food. An understanding of hazards, source of hazards, effects of hazards and ultimate risks to food safety are therefore discussed in the very first chapter of this book followed by the migration of chemicals exposed to food (Chapter 2) that are very helpful in explaining the migration of chemicals by different food packaging materials to the food. Types of migration of chemicals to food are very important in explaining the migration of different chemicals by different sources. Therefore, a full chapter has been given to the packaging materials (Chapter 7) which is discussed after the exposure of food with artificial chemical residuals and natural chemical residuals because these chemicals provide useful basics and illustrations to explain various packaging materials. Although the chemicals in food or in contact with food are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4, the formal introduction to food industries was postponed till Chapter 8 in which various food industries are discussed. In chapter 5 the evaluation of sensory properties of food has been discussed, and in chapter 6 cleaning and disinfection importance in food processing is explained. The legislations on food contact materials and chemicals in contact with food are discussed in chapter 9 which is followed by one more chapter that is the last chapter of the book Chapter 10 named as prevention from the hazard. The general description of the chapter and basic knowledge about each chapter is given at the starting of every chapter because it has been found to be an effective way of recognizing the basics about that certain chapter. The ending of each chapter is by the best way to close the chapter and comprehension of the subject attained through study of the chapter. Answers to some questions can be found directly in the text, whereas the other will require some more efforts by reading the text carefully. However, the readers will be able to answer all the questions if they have acquired the comprehension of the subject matter given in the text. Detailed contents, in the beginning, provide the reader with a ready reference to the desired subject matter. Important terms are in bold face and their definition or explanations are given to make the text as clear as possible. I have used my experience gained by discussions spread over several years to present this job in a simple, systematic, lucid and logical way. I have given an up-to-date account of the subject within the framework of this Textbook. Primarily this book has been written for the graduate students.
Minerals should be present in adequate amount. If the amount of minerals is high or low than the normal limit than it will cause disease. Physiology of minerals deals with the normal functioning of minerals. However pathology of minerals deals with deviation from normal function of minerals, which may be due to high or low amount from normal amount. This Book Minerals for Life provide huge prodigious information regarding minerals for life. This book also provides information that is necessary for spending healthy life by including agriculture and livestock knowledge in it.
Over the past century, as science in general has grown at an ever increasing pace, many aspects of yeast have also been studied in depth, including the complete elucidation of the pathway of alcoholic fermentation. This book is an effort to compile various studies of the alcohol fermentation process and the different substrates leading to differences in the final product in high quality, using the original text and artwork.
A guide to achieving business successes through statistical methods
Statistical methods are a key ingredient in providing data-based guidance to research and development as well as to manufacturing. Understanding the concepts and specific steps involved in each statistical method is critical for achieving consistent and on-target performance.
Written by a recognized educator in the field, Statistical Methods for Six Sigma: In R&D and Manufacturing is specifically geared to engineers, scientists, technical managers, and other technical professionals in industry. Emphasizing practical learning, applications, and performance improvement, Dr. Joglekarís text shows todayís industry professionals how to:
This long-awaited guide for students and professionals in research, development, quality, and manufacturing does not presume any prior knowledge of statistics. It covers a large number of useful statistical methods compactly, in a language and depth necessary to make successful applications. Statistical methods in this book include: variance components analysis, variance transmission analysis, risk-based control charts, capability and performance indices, quality planning, regression analysis, comparative experiments, descriptive statistics, sample size determination, confidence intervals, tolerance intervals, and measurement systems analysis. The book also contains a wealth of case studies and examples, and features a unique test to evaluate the readerís understanding of the subject.
Modern awareness of nutrition issues can be understood correctly if considered the destination of a historic journey, the critical aspects and outcomes of which have led to the current situation. In fact, over time there have been changes to scientific knowledge, food availability and processing and preservation methods. Commercial exchange has increased considerably between the countries of the world - so much so that it has defined a completely different scenario to the past and has influenced food availability, distribution models, preservation methods and the composition of individual foodstuffs. The products consumed on a daily basis throughout the world in industrialised countries have undergone review by the food industry, incorporating great aspects of innovation that make them highly different in their structure, content and even the packaging that protects and contains them. After covering the subject of innovation in the food sector, this Brief of work will discuss the various first- and second-generation product categories distributed in Europe starting from the period of post-war reconstruction, in order to illustrate the reasons that led to their birth and development on the market. Specific examples are shown for each proposed class, including highlights of their properties, technologies, innovation potential, related regulations, and distinctive features.
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