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In a finished nutraceutical product, flavors play an integral role. Flavor Development for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is about the crucial role added flavors play in any nutraceutical product. It describes the various extraction techniques that are being adopted for manufacturing flavors from natural raw materials. Yield and retention of aromatic components during several extraction methods and flavor encapsulation techniques for thermal degradable food components are discussed. Advanced methods of flavor extraction techniques like supercritical C02 extraction are emphasized. The safety and quality aspects of flavor incorporation in food processing industries are reviewed with respect to international regulations. The importance of flavor in the nutraceuticals industry is also discussed. In addition, the book stresses the functional value and organoleptic acceptability towards product optimization/formulation. Features: Explains how flavors play an integral role in a finished nutraceutical product Describes the various extraction techniques that are being adopted for manufacturing flavors from natural raw materials Covers flavor encapsulation techniques for thermal degradable food components Provides an introduction to the history of how some natural flavor ingredients, botanicals, and extracts were used in ancient times in Ayurveda and herbal medicine This is an ideal reference book for the flavor chemists, food scientists, nutraceutical formulators, and students and academicians who are working in the area of nutraceutical, supplement, and functional food development and provides very useful information to help them select appropriate flavors for their products. Also available in the Nutraceuticals: Basic Research/Clinical Applications Series: Flavors for Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, edited by M. Selvamuthukumaran and Yashwant Pathak (ISBN: 978-1-1380-6417-1) Antioxidant Nutraceuticals: Preventive and Healthcare Applications, edited by Chuanhai Cao, Sarvadaman Pathak, Kiran Patil (ISBN 978-1-4987-3703-6) Food By-product Based Functional Food Powders, edited by OEzlem Tokusoglu (ISBN 978-1-4822-2437-5)
A number of recent books, magazines, and television programs have emerged that promise to take viewers inside the exciting world of professional chefs. While media suggest that the occupation is undergoing a transformation, one thing remains clear: being a chef is a decidedly male-dominated job. Over the past six years, the prestigious James Beard Foundation has presented 84 awards for excellence as a chef, but only 19 were given to women. Likewise, Food and Wine magazine has recognized the talent of 110 chefs on its annual "Best New Chef" list since 2000, and to date, only 16 women have been included. How is it that women - the gender most associated with cooking - have lagged behind men in this occupation? Taking the Heat examines how the world of professional chefs is gendered, what conditions have led to this gender segregation, and how women chefs feel about their work in relation to men. Tracing the historical evolution of the profession and analyzing over two thousand examples of chef profiles and restaurant reviews, as well as in-depth interviews with thirty-three women chefs, Deborah Harris and Patti Giuffre reveal a great irony between the present realities of the culinary profession and the traditional, cultural associations of cooking and gender. Since occupations filled with women are often culturally and economically devalued, male members exclude women to enhance the job's legitimacy. For women chefs, these professional obstacles and other challenges, such as how to balance work and family, ultimately push some of the women out of the career. Although female chefs may be outsiders in many professional kitchens, the participants in Taking the Heat recount advantages that women chefs offer their workplaces and strengths that Harris and Giuffre argue can help offer women chefs - and women in other male-dominated occupations - opportunities for greater representation within their fields.
In this vivid ethnography, Paige West tracks coffee as it moves from producers in Papua New Guinea to consumers around the world. She illuminates the social lives of the people who produce coffee, and those who process, distribute, market, and consume it. The Gimi peoples, who grow coffee in Papua New Guinea's highlands, are eager to expand their business and social relationships with the buyers who come to their highland villages, as well as with the people working in Goroka, where much of Papua New Guinea's coffee is processed; at the port of Lae, where it is exported; and in Hamburg, Sydney, and London, where it is distributed and consumed. This rich social world is disrupted by neoliberal development strategies, which impose prescriptive regimes of governmentality that are often at odds with Melanesian ways of being in, and relating to, the world. The Gimi are misrepresented in the specialty coffee market, which relies on images of primitivity and poverty to sell coffee. By implying that the "backwardness" of Papua New Guineans impedes economic development, these images obscure the structural relations and global political economy that actually cause poverty in Papua New Guinea.
Varietals of Capitalism shows that politics is an omnipresent part of the economics of wine and of economic activity in general. Based on a four-year research project encompassing fieldwork in France, Spain, Italy, and Romania, Xabier Itcaina, Antoine Roger, and Andy Smith examine the causes and effects of a radical reform adopted at the EU level in 2008. Regulatory change politically transformed the rationale of EU support to the wine industry, from shaping the supply side to encouraging producers to adapt to the demands of a supposedly "new consumer."To explain the adoption and impact of the reform, the authors develop an analytical framework to capture the actors-their perceptions, preferences, and interdependencies-within an industry crisscrossed by institutions located at the global, European, national, and local scales. This framework combines concepts and lessons from historical institutionalism and regulationist economics, Bourdieu's field theory, and the sociology of public policymaking. The authors reject accounts that attribute policy change simply to material determinants and "the invisible hand of the market." They emphasize the crucial importance of institutions within sectors of the economy, and propose ways to bolster constructivist approaches to political economy by linking industrial change to scientific and bureaucratic balances of power. This book's novel focus on different levels of institutional impact should prove influential in the study of the politics of industry, and more broadly within the comparative analysis of capitalism.
This publication provides a risk assessment of known toxins leading to ciguatera poisoning as well as guidance on risk management options, including establishing and/or strengthening surveillance programmes and monitoring transmission through the food web. Ciguatera poisoning (CP) is one of the most common food-borne illnesses related to seafood consumption. While in some regions it has been known for centuries, its true incidence is not fully understood, with an estimated 10 000-50 000 people affected every year. CP is predicted to become more common due to climate change and the globalization of trade, which may contribute to its spread. CP is caused by the consumption of marine species that have become toxic from feeding on toxic benthic dinoflagellates (Gambierdicus toxicus) or from the consumption of carnivorous marine species that have consumed other toxic species that have fed on the dinoflagellate. Gambierdicus toxicus is found primarily in the tropics and more than 400 aquatic species are known to be vectors of ciguatera.
This book will offer companies in the food industry a comprehensive guide to preparing for a British Retail Consortium Standard evaluation (Issue 6). It will enable them to ensure that the correct systems are in place to achieve the Standard, and also that they present themselves in the best possible light during the audit process. It will also recommend the correct steps to take following evaluation and how to correct non-conformities. The book will be of interest not only to suppliers who are seeking certification for the first time but also to those already in the scheme, and are seeking to improve their grades.
Food Safety is an increasingly important issue. Numerous food crises have occurred internationally in recent years (the use of the dye Sudan Red I; the presence of acrylamide in various fried and baked foods; mislabelled or unlabelled genetically modified foods; and the outbreak of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease) originating in both primary agricultural production and in the food manufacturing industries. Public concern at these and other events has led government agencies to implement a variety of legislative actions covering many aspects of the food chain. This book presents and compares the HACCP and ISO 22000:2005 food safety management systems. These systems were introduced to improve and build upon existing systems in an attempt to address the kinds of failures which can lead to food crises. Numerous practical examples illustrating the application of ISO 22000 to the manufacture of food products of animal origin are presented in this extensively-referenced volume. After an opening chapter which introduces ISO 22000 and compares it with the well-established HACCP food safety management system, a summary of international legislation relating to safety in foods of animal origin is presented. The main part of the book is divided into chapters which are devoted to the principle groups of animal-derived food products: dairy, meat, poultry, eggs and seafood. Chapters are also included on catering and likely future directions. The book is aimed at food industry managers and consultants; government officials responsible for food safety monitoring; researchers and advanced students interested in food safety.
In this book, the authors present current research in the study of meat consumption and health. Topics include strategies to improve the healthy properties of meat and meat products; the nutritional value of fermented meat products; bioactive peptides derived from beef hydrolysates of Hanwoo and their bioactivities; evaluation of food additives in fresh meat preparations; the quality of dietary protein in Africa; and the microbiological quality of meat-based dishes purchased from food service establishments in Spain.
Malnutrition -- in the form of undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity -- imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. The causes of malnutrition are complex, yet all forms of malnutrition share one common feature: nutritionally inappropriate diets. "The State of Food and Agriculture 2013" makes the case that healthy diets and good nutrition begin with food and agriculture.
FAO estimates that each year, approximately one-third of all food produced for human consumption in the world is lost or wasted. This food wastage represents a missed opportunity to improve global food security, but also to mitigate environmental impacts and resources use from food chains. Although there is today a wide recognition of the major environmental implications of food production, no study has yet analysed the impacts of global food wastage from an environmental perspective. This FAO study provides a global account of the environmental footprint of food wastage (i.e. both food loss and food waste) along the food supply chain, focusing on impacts on climate, water, land and bio-diversity. A model has been developed to answer two key questions: what is the magnitude of food wastage impacts on the environment; and what are the main sources of these impacts, in terms of regions, commodities, and phases of the food supply chain involved - with a view to identify "environmental hotspots" related to food wastage.
When the author discovered that sugar was being refined in a boiler at an inn in Ormskirk in the 1680s, only sixty years after the successful cultivation of the cane in the West Indies, she decided to plot the emergence of the industry around the region and discovered that a fascinating industry existed from an early time. Although sugar cane had been grown since classical times, it was not until the 1600s when it was introduced to the West Indies that refining came to the North West. Entrepreneurs from towns including Liverpool,Che ster, Warrington, Manchester, Lancaster and Whitehaven determined to invest in the process, each for their own reasons. The Danvers family moved their refinery to Liverpool after the plague and fire of London, while the Whitehaven refinery was built by Lord Lowther to exploit the coal deposits below his town. Similarly each centre had a different reason for its decline. The increase in the size of the ships created difficulties for importers in both Chester and Lancaster, while greed spelt disaster for both Ormskirk and Whitehaven. Nevertheless the growth of the industry led to an increase in the infrastructure of the region. Using original documents to trace the influence of various personalities on the development and later decline of all but the Liverpool refineries, has been a fascinating project.
Investing in agriculture is essential for reducing hunger and promoting sustainable agricultural production. Those parts of the world where agricultural capital per worker and public investments in agriculture have stagnated are the epicenters of poverty and hunger today. Demand growth over the coming decades will place increasing pressure on the natural resource base. Eradicating hunger sustainably will require a significant increase in agricultural investments, but also an improvement in their effectiveness. Farmers are the largest investors in developing country agriculture and must be central to any strategy for increasing investment in the sector, but if they are to invest more in agriculture they need a favorable climate for agricultural investment based on economic incentives and an enabling environment. Governments also have a special responsibility to help smallholders overcome the constraints they face in expanding their productive assets and to ensure that large-scale investments in agriculture are socially beneficial and environmentally sustainable. Government investment in agriculture is a crucial component of providing an enabling environment for private investments in the sector. Governments need to channel scarce public funds towards the provision of essential public goods with high economic and social returns.
This document contains monographs on residue evaluations of certain veterinary drugs, prepared at the seventy-fifth meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), which was held in Rome, Italy from 8 to 17 November 2011. Four substances were evaluated for the first time for the animal species concerned -- amoxicillin, apramycin, derquantel and monepantel. Three subtances were reassessed, monensin, narasin and triclabendzole. This publication and other documents produced by JECFA contain information that is useful to those who work with or are involved with recommending or controlling maximum residue limits for veterinary drugs in foods of animal origins.
From producing for pleasure to producing for profit! With the growing demand for traditional, well-cooked, locally-sourced, homemade food there's never been a better time to start your own food business. you can sell your products at local food fairs, farmers' markets, food festivals and online. You can even get the ear of the supermarkets. Meanwhile, with modern technology and social media, it's never been easier to promote your products. Produced in partnership with Country Living Magazine, this book will help you to: turn your love of food into a thriving small business, with the right idea and a watertight business plan; create a home-based kitchen that complies with health and safety legislation; use social media to promote your produce and brand; become part of a vibrant community selling at farmers' markets and food festivals across the UK; and sell into shops, pubs and giant supermarket chains. This book is sprinkled with real-life stories of people making money from cooking, baking, blogging and much more besides. You'll meet soft drink producers, beef burger and sausage makers, chocolate and fudge specialists ...and more.All of them started from scratch and are now successfully selling into everywhere from farm shops to supermarkets. With this book you can join them.
"The FAO Statistical Pocketbook" is a new product belonging to a family of revamped statistical products. Like its parent publication "The FAO Statistical Yearbook" it presents a visual synthesis of the key trends and factors shaping the global food and agricultural landscape and their interplay with broader environmental, social and economic dimensions. The pocketbook serves as a rapid and highly accessible reference point for policy-makers, donor agencies, researchers and analysts as well as the general public."
Fish oils have been high on the nutritional agenda for many years now, with the body of research into the beneficial health effects of long chain fatty acids growing each year. The use of fish oils and their constituent fatty acids as functional ingredients, added to an increasing number of products has grown with improved processing techniques and the ability to stabilise and protect these oils in foods such as milk, cheese, yogurts and fat spreads.
The fourth in a series of Handbooks edited by Dr Barry Rossell, the book is a very useful source of information for all those working in the food industry with any involvement in the use of, or research into, fish oils.
The book includes information on: The important dietary constituents in fish oilsPhysical properties such as flash point, density, viscosity, optical properties and Thermal conductivityFatty acids in fish oilsProcessing methodologyThe nutritional benefits of fish oilsUses of liquid fish oils in foodsRancidity in fish oils and its preventionLegislation covering fish oil production and use
The Procedural Manual of the Codex Alimentarius Commission is intended to help Member Governments participate effectively in the work of the joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. The manual is particularly useful for national delegations attending Codex meetings and for international organizations attending as observers. It sets out the basic Rules of Procedure, procedures for the elaboration of Codex standards and related texts, basic definitions and guidelines for the operation of Codex committees. It also gives the membership of the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Also published in French and Spanish.
Uncover the truth behind our food addiction - and learn how to break the cycle Many of us find ourselves powerless in front of a bag of crisps, a packet of biscuits, the last slice of pizza. Why is it that we simply can't say no? In The End of Overeating David Kessler, the man who took on the tobacco industry, exposes how modern food manufacturers have hijacked the brains of millions by turning our meals into perfectly engineered portions of fat, salt and sugar, turning us into addicts in the process. The result is a ticking time-bomb of growing obesity, heart conditions and a mass of health problems around the globe. Examining why we're so often powerless in the face of such food, Kessler reveals how our appetites have been and are increasingly hijacked by hyper-palatable foods that encourage us to keep eating - all the time. With a special focus on the growing problems in the UK and Europe, Kessler lays out a clear plan and vital tools for reclaiming control over our cravings.
Presents the Codex standards for waters and codes of hygienic practice for bottled/packaged drinking waters, and for collecting, processing and marketing of natural mineral waters. This first edition includes texts adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission up to 2007. Also published in French and Spanish.
This book charts the growth and structure of the retail sale of meat, from a hawker simply upending a barrel by the roadside to the modern supermarket in the context of the changing social climate. The story is not solely confined to statistics or even great events, but just as importantly the employees and customers, essential to their success. From Archbishops, apprentices, class, crime,inventors, insolvency, Royalty and rationing to the great names in meat retailing and beyond. A time when the meat consumption in these islands out stripped the world and the meat industry was only second in importance to the great railways - all is explored. The findings, all interwoven with an enormous amount of detail, allowing the inquisitive and knowledgeable reader alike an enjoyable meander on a journey of discovery revealing much that is still pertinent today.
Until the late 19th century the food industry was restricted to a few activities, usually based on small scale industries. The links between agriculture and food processing were very tight. Due to increased purchasing power, population growth and urbanisation, the demand for food grew substantially. This was not only the case for basis products as corn and potatoes, but also and especially for more expensive, quality products as meat, fish and dairy produce. These developments generated, together with the essential technological innovations, the creation and development of modern food processing in specialized shops and factories. In only a few decades these industries transformed from an important complement to the primary agricultural production on the farms to a much comprising industrial business. At the end of the 20th century food processing has evolved into a modern, high-tech industry, dominated by a few large enterprises, offering a wide range of products. This volume aims to turn the spotlight on this often neglected but important link in the food chain.
How does Britain get its food? Why is our current system at breaking point? How can we fix it before it is too late? British food has changed remarkably in the last half century. As we have become wealthier and more discerning, our food has Europeanized (pizza is children's favourite food) and internationalized (we eat the world's cuisines), yet our food culture remains fragmented, a mix of mass 'ultra-processed' substances alongside food as varied and good as anywhere else on the planet. This book takes stock of the UK food system: where it comes from, what we eat, its impact, fragilities and strengths. It is a book on the politics of food. It argues that the Brexit vote will force us to review our food system. Such an opportunity is sorely needed. After a brief frenzy of concern following the financial shock of 2008, the UK government has slumped once more into a vague hope that the food system will keep going on as before. Food, they said, just required a burst of agri-technology and more exports to pay for our massive imports. Feeding Britain argues that this and other approaches are short-sighted, against the public interest, and possibly even strategic folly. Setting a new course for UK food is no easy task but it is a process, this book urges, that needs to begin now. 'Tim Lang has performed a public service' Simon Jenkins, Sunday Times
Latin American case studies on "Implementing programmes to improve safety and quality in fruit and vegetables supply chains: benefits and drawbacks" provide guidelines to improve understanding of the factors that facilitate and/or hamper the implementation of safety and quality improvements on the part of fruit and vegetable producers, especially small-scale ones, and also of the need to propose integrated solutions that take account of the producers' technical, administrative and economic capacities, together with the amount of institutional support needed in order to develop and /or strengthen these capacities.
Coconut water has traditionally been consumed as a refreshing beverage. Growing consumer interest in the products both as a refreshing beverage and as a sports drink has considerably broadened its market opportunities. Nature provides an ideal sterile package for coconut water in the form of the intact coconut. However, on cutting through the coconut, the coconut water is exposed to the elements and rapidly deteriorates. Application of the cold preservation process described in this guide can slow this rapid deterioration while preserving the delicate flavour of the product. In this manner bottled coconut water, when stored at 0-4 C, can have a shelf-life of 10 days to three weeks. This guide is designed to serve as a learning resource for micro and small-scale enterprises which bottle coconut water as well as a training resource for extension agents and trainers. Also published in French and Spanish."
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