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Camembert--delectably fragrant, creamy-centered, neatly boxed--is
the most popular and most famous French cheese. Originally made by
hand in the Norman countryside, it is now mass-produced
internationally, yet Camembert remains a national symbol for
France, emblematic of its cultural identity. In this witty and
entertaining book, Pierre Boisard investigates the history of
Camembert and its legend. He considers the transformation of
France's cheese-making industry and along the way gives a highly
selective, yet richly detailed history of France--from the
Revolution to the European Union. "Camembert: A National Myth
"weaves together culinary and social history in a fascinating tale
about the changing nature of food with implications for every
The public is more interested in agricultural and food issues than ever before, as is evident in the many agricultural controversies debated in the media. Why is it that some people embrace new agricultural technologies while others steadfastly defend traditional farming methods? Why do some prefer to buy food grown around the world while others patronize small, local farmers? In the debates about organic food, genetically modified organisms, and farm animal welfare, it is not always clear what the scientific literature actually says. To understand these controversies, the authors encourage readers to develop first an appreciation for why two equally intelligent and well-intentioned people can form radically different notions about food. Sometimes the disputes are scientific in nature, and sometimes they arise from conflicting ethical views. This book confronts the most controversial issues in agriculture by first explaining the principles of both sides of the debate, and then guiding readers through the scientific literature so that they may form their own educated opinions. Is food safe if the farm used pesticides, or are organic foods truly better for your health? Are chemical fertilizers sustainable, or are we producing cheap food today at the expense of future generations? What foods should we eat to have a smaller carbon footprint? Is genetically-modified food the key to global food security, and does it give corporations too much market power? Is the prevalence of corn throughout the food system the result of farm subsidies? Does buying local food stimulate the local economy? Why are so many farm animals raised indoors, and should antibiotics be given to livestock? These are the issues addressed in Agricultural and Food Controversies: What Everyone Needs to Know. While it doesn't claim to have all the answers, it provides a synthesis of research and popular opinions on both sides of these important issues, allowing readers to decide what they value and believe for themselves.
This volume applies a mix of qualitative and quantitative research and case studies to analyze the role that the craft beverage industry plays within society at large. It targets important themes such as environmental conservation and social responsibility, as well as the psychology of the craft beer drinker and their impact on tourism marketing. This volume advances marketing, hospitality, and leisure studies research for academics, industry experts, and emerging entrepreneurs.
This volume is the first to combine textual analysis of food media texts with interviews with media production staff, reality TV contestants, celebrity chefs, and food producers and retailers across the artisan-conventional spectrum. Intensified media interest in food has seen food politics become a dominant feature of popular media-from television and social media to cookbooks and advertising. This is often thought to be driven by consumers and by new ethics of consumption, but Media and Food Industries reveals how contemporary food politics is also being shaped by political and economic imperatives within the media and food industries. It explores the behind-the-scenes production dynamics of contemporary food media to assess the roles of-and relationships between-media and food industries in shaping new concerns and meanings with respect to food.
This book examines the decade from 2004 to 2013 during which people in China witnessed both a skyrocketing number of food safety crises, and aggregating regulatory initiatives attempting to control these crises. Multiple cycles of "crisis - regulatory efforts" indicated the systemic failure of this food safety regime. The book explains this failure in the "social foundations" for the regulatory governance of food safety. It locates the proximate causes in the regulatory segmentation, which is supported by the differential impacts of the food regulatory regime on various consumer groups. The approach of regulatory segmentation does not only explain the failure of the food safety regime by digging out its social foundation, but is also crucial to the understanding of the regulatory state in China.
Consumers are increasingly demanding, looking for different food products, new, more shocking and surprising, and providing more pleasurable feelings. At the same time, consumers are becoming more informed and aware about food and health issues, demanding increasingly safe and healthy products. In such a scenario, the current food industry must maximize efforts to combine innovation, the ability to surprise, quality and safety. On the other hand, it is clear that there is no total overlap between the healthy aspects of food and the perception of this healthiness by consumers. In this sense, consumer information, education and awareness have to be important work areas in the future. This book aims to cover the modern strategies adopted by the food industry to obtain healthier foods without giving up the highest quality standards. The first two chapters are devoted to the novel systems of food hygienization; that is to say, the non-thermal technologies and phage therapy. The next two chapters cover the use of microbial cultures as bioprotective agents or with probiotic purposes in the food industry. Then, three chapters deal with the use of natural substances as preservatives, antioxidants, colorants, emulsifiers, sweeteners, anticaking agents, tenderizers, stabilizers, thickeners and gelling agents. The strategies for reducing some suspicious ingredients, or ingredients that arouse more misgivings in consumers (e.g. salt, fat, etc.), and minimally modifying the sensorial characteristics and consumer acceptability of the foods are also treated in several chapters. The use of microencapsulation, a promising technology for adding additives and ingredients to foods as well as the development of new healthy products are also described. Finally, the benefits and risks of consuming genetically modified food for the population and the technical aspects for producers are detailed in the last chapter. All of the contributors are active researchers, and they maintain excellent international reputations and great expertise in their respective areas. Overall, this book will be useful for graduates studying food science and technology, and for researchers, scientists, policy-makers and professionals from the food industries.
The "Practical Food Microbiology Series" gives practical and
accurate information about specific organisms of concern to public
health. The information is designed for use by those in the food
industry working in manufacturing, retailing and quality assurance,
those in associated professional sectors e.g. public health, and
students in each of these areas.
"Clostridium botulinum" produces a toxin which causes the
severe, often fatal illness, botulism. It is a potential hazard
associated with a wide range of both ambient stable and chilled
Foodborne botulism still occurs all around the world. As new outbreaks are reported implicating yet more food types and food processes, so the food industry needs to regularly review processes and product characteristics to assure safety.
Global demand for and consumption of olive oil has increased significantly since the 1990s. While the United States and other "New World" players, such as Australia, Argentina, and Chile, have emerged as both producers and consumers, countries in the European Union (EU) and North Africa still dominate global production, consumption, and trade. Almost 60 percent of global exports by volume were intra-EU trade flows during 2008-12. The largest bilateral trade flows during this period were Spanish exports of olive oil to Italy, where large multinational companies source oil from around the world, blend and bottle it, and then re-export the final product to third-country markets, including the United States. The benchmark for international standards for determining the grade of an olive oil are set by the International Olive Council. Findings suggest that the current standards for extra virgin olive oil are widely unenforced and allow a wide range of olive oil qualities to be marketed as extra virgin. Broad and unenforced standards can lead to adulterated and mislabelled product, weakening the competitiveness of high-quality U.S.-produced olive oil in the U.S. market. In addition, many U.S. consumers are unable to distinguish quality differences and, as a result, gravitate toward less costly oils, giving an advantage to large bottlers that sell low-cost imported product. This book describes and analyses the factors affecting competition between the United States and major olive oil producing countries. It provides: (a) an overview of global production, consumption, exports, and imports during 2008-12 and 2013 where available; (b) an analysis of the factors impacting consumption in the U.S. market; (c) profiles of the olive oil industries in the United States and other major producing countries; and (d) an examination of competition between firms and countries in both the global and U.S. market.
The Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to expand the authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in performing its human drug, biological product, and medical device responsibilities. Frequently referred to as the user fee reauthorisation act, FDASIA does include four titles relating to user fees. This book focuses on these acts, as well as the prescription drug user fee act, the FDA medical device user fee program and discusses the proposed FDA user fee acts generic drug user fee amendments.
This book aims to inform the development of a feasible nutrition policy and strategy and to guide nutrition investments over the coming years in Egypt. It looks at Egypt's nutrition situation, interventions currently in place, and opportunities to scale up, along with the fiscal requirements of doing so.
Food security and nutrition can only be assured if it is based on sustainable production practices and crop seeds of good quality and purity. Good quality seeds are needed on farm as a major asset to boost crop yields. However, availability of good quality seeds largely depends on investment by the private sector, which depends on availability of a significant market to ensure profit. But, enforcement of different national seed legislations, which is the case in many countries, for example in Africa, does not provide a seed market large enough to attract investment from the private sector. In this context, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) encourages and supports regional harmonization of rules governing quality control, certification and marketing of crop seeds. While regional harmonization enlarges the seed market and makes it attractive for investment by the private sector, care must be taken to upgrade the seed standards by insertion of the list of dangerous seed borne pests, pathogens and weeds, to anticipate on their possible spread over entire regions. With regard to weeds, contamination of crop seeds by weed propagules is an important issue in several countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Contamination of crop seeds by weed propagules contributes to spreading of weeds to places where they were not encountered before, which increases weed management cost incurred by the farmer, may take land out of production and may become an impediment to sustainable crop production intensification.
Eat & Art, from the people behind Lisbon's famous Can the Can restaurant, brings together some of Portugal's finest chefs and artists, using the country's canned fish industry as the source of inspiration. Using striking photography and contemporary design, the book explores the undeniable affinities between gastronomy and art. It features a fascinating and expansive historical timeline, which charts parallel events in the two fields, such as early Egyptian tomb painting and the Chinese cultivating soybeans, rice, wheat and barley to create noodles in 3000 BCE. The book, which aims to place the canned fish industry, one of the oldest and most important in Portugal, firmly in the international spotlight, presents eighteen dynamic chef and artist pairings. The combined output of these pairings, either as an inspirational dish or innovative work of art, is a visual feast that will feed the hearts, heads and stomachs of readers.
An international expert meeting on the potential food safety implications of the application of nanotechnologies in the food and agriculture sectors was convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in June 2009. The key findings, conclusions and recommendations of the meeting were published in 2010 (FAO/WHO, 2010) and are briefly summarized in this publication. This report was commissioned by FAO and WHO with the objective of summarizing and analyzing the information that has become available since the 2009 expert meeting and determining possible courses of action to be followed by FAO and WHO in this matter.
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