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Books > History > European history > General

Bosnia - A Short History (Paperback, Revised edition): Noel Malcolm Bosnia - A Short History (Paperback, Revised edition)
Noel Malcolm
R648 Discovery Miles 6 480 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

This updated edition of Noel Malcolm's highly-acclaimed "Bosnia: A Short History" provides the reader with the most comprehensive narrative history of Bosnia in the English language. Malcolm examines the different religious and ethnic inhabitants of Bosnia, a land of vast cultural upheaval where the empires of Rome, Charlemagne, the Ottomans, and the Austro-Hungarians overlapped. Clarifying the various myths that have clouded the modern understanding of Bosnia's past, Malcolm brings to light the true causes of the country's destruction. This expanded edition of Bosnia includes a new epilogue by the author examining the failed Vance-Owen peace plan, the tenuous resolution of the Dayton Accords, and the efforts of the United Nations to keep the uneasy peace.

What went wrong in the country where Christians and Muslims mingled and tolerated each other for over five centuries? It was a land with a vibrant political and cultural history, unlike any other in Europe, where great powers and religions-the empires of Rome, Charlemagne, the Ottomans; the faiths of Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Judaism, and Islam overlapped and combined. In this first English-language history of Bosnia, Noel Malcolm provides a narrative chronicle of the country from its beginnings to its tragic end. Clarifying the various myths that have clouded the modern understanding of Bosnia's past, Malcolm brings to light the true causes of the country's destruction: the political strategy of the Serbian leadership, the conflict between the city and the countryside, the fatal inaction and miscalculations of Western politicians. Putting the Bosnia war into perspective, this volume celebrates the complex history of a country whose past, as well as its future, has been all but erased. At last, here is the guide for the general reader seeking a comprehensive and accessible account of the war in the former Yugoslavia.

Table of Contents

A Note on Names and Pronunciations
1. Races, myths and origins: Bosnia to 1180
2. The medieval Bosnian state, 1180-1463
3. The Bosnian Church
4. War and the Ottoman system, 1463-1606
5. The Islamicization of Bosnia
6. Serbs and Vlachs
7. War and politics in Ottoman Bosnia, 1606-1815
8. Economic life, culture and society in Ottoman Bosnia, 1606-1815
9. The Jews and the Gypsies of Bosnia
10. Resistance and reform, 1815-1878
11. Bosnia under Austro-Hungarian rule, 1878-1914
12. War and the kingdom: Bosnia 1914-1941
13. Bosnia and the second world war, 1941-1945
14. Bosnia in Titoist Yugoslavia, 1945-1989
15. Bosnia and the death of Yugoslavia: 1989-1992
16. The destruction of Bosnia: 1992-1993

New Approaches to European History - The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618-1815 (Paperback, 3 Revised Edition): Charles W. Ingrao New Approaches to European History - The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618-1815 (Paperback, 3 Revised Edition)
Charles W. Ingrao
R588 Discovery Miles 5 880 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Geographically and linguistically diverse, by 1789 the Habsburg monarchy had laid the groundwork for a single European polity capable of transcending its unique cultural and historic heritage. Challenging the conventional notion of the Habsburg state and society as peculiarly backward, Charles W. Ingrao traces its emergence as a military and cultural power of enormous influence. In doing so, he unravels a web of social, political, economic and cultural factors that shaped the Habsburg monarchy during the period. Firmly established as the leading survey of the early modern Habsburg monarchy, this third edition incorporates a quarter of a century of new, international scholarship. Extending its narrative reach, Ingrao gives greater attention to 'peripheral' territories, manifestations of high culture, and suggests links between the early modern monarchy and the problems of contemporary Europe. This elegant account of a complex story is accessible to specialists and non-specialists alike.

Cracks in the Iron Closet - Travels in Gay and Lesbian Russia (Paperback, 2nd ed.): David Tuller Cracks in the Iron Closet - Travels in Gay and Lesbian Russia (Paperback, 2nd ed.)
David Tuller; Foreword by Frank Browning
R653 Discovery Miles 6 530 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

David Tuller provides the first look into the emotional and sexual lives of Russian lesbians and gays and the pervasive influence of the state on gay life. Part travelogue, part social history, and part journalistic inquiry, the book challenges our assumptions about what it means to be gay. The book also explores key issues in Russia and Soviet life, including concepts of friendship, community, gender, love, fate, and the relationship between the public and private spheres.
"Tuller's observant reporting and personal experiences make for absorbing reading: the human comedy rendered in unexpected ways."--"New Yorker"
"Anyone who thinks San Francisco is the world capital of sexual polymorphism should read this book."--Adam Goodheart, "Washington Post"
"[This book is] is profoundly moving."--Jim Van Buskirk, "San Francisco Chronicle"

OCR Ancient History AS and A Level Component 2 - Rome (Paperback): Robert Cromarty, James Harrison, Steve Matthews OCR Ancient History AS and A Level Component 2 - Rome (Paperback)
Robert Cromarty, James Harrison, Steve Matthews
R433 Discovery Miles 4 330 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This textbook supports the specification for AS and A-Level Ancient History (first teaching September 2017). It covers the whole of Component 2, both the compulsory Period Study and the three optional Depth Studies: Period Study: The Julio-Claudian Emperors, 31 BC-AD 68 by Robert Cromarty and James Harrison Depth Study: The Breakdown of the Late Republic, 88-31 BC by Steve Matthews Depth Study: The Flavians, AD 68-96 by Robert Cromarty Depth Study: Ruling Roman Britain, AD 43-c.128 by James Harrison How did Augustus change the Roman Constitution? Why was the Roman Republic doomed to fail? How did the Flavians re-invent the Imperial image? What was life like in Roman Britain? These are the sort of questions that you are required to consider for A-Level Ancient History. This textbook guides you through the use of power and politics in the Roman Senate and Imperial court from the Late Republic into the Principate. It considers individual ambition against the need for change, and substantive action against image and deception. The ideal preparation for the final examinations, all content is presented by experts and experienced teachers in a clear and accessible narrative. Ancient literary and visual sources are described and analysed, with supporting images. Helpful student features include study questions, further reading, and boxes focusing in on key people, events and terms. Practice questions and exam guidance prepare students for assessment. A Companion Website is available at www.bloomsbury.com/anc-hist-as-a-level.

Einstein's War - How Relativity Conquered Nationalism and Shook the World (Paperback): Matthew Stanley Einstein's War - How Relativity Conquered Nationalism and Shook the World (Paperback)
Matthew Stanley 1
R320 R252 Discovery Miles 2 520 Save R68 (21%) Shipped within 4 - 8 working days

The story of relativity - showing how science really works, and how Einstein became famous In 1916, Arthur Eddington, a war-weary British astronomer, opened a letter written by an obscure German professor named Einstein. The neatly printed equations on the scrap of paper outlined his world-changing theory of general relativity. Until then, Einstein's masterpiece of time and space had been trapped behind the physical and ideological lines of battle, unknown. Many Britons were rejecting anything German, but Eddington realized the importance of the letter: perhaps Einstein's esoteric theory could not only change the foundations of science but also lead to international co-operation in a time of brutal war. Einstein's name is now synonymous with 'genius', but it was not an easy road. He spent a decade creating relativity and his ascent to global celebrity, which saw him on front pages around the world, also owed much to against-the-odds international collaboration, including Eddington's crucial expedition of 1919 -- which was still two years before they finally met. We usually think of scientific discovery as a flash of individual inspiration, but here we see it is the result of hard work, gambles and wrong turns -- in this case subject to the petty concerns of nations, religions and individuals. Einstein's War is a moving human story of a pair on opposite sides of history who came together for science. It sheds light on science through history, and the physics is more accessible as a result: we see relativity built brick-by-brick in front of us, as it happened 100 years ago.

OCR A Level History: Democracy and Dictatorships in Germany 1919-63 (Paperback): Nicholas Fellows OCR A Level History: Democracy and Dictatorships in Germany 1919-63 (Paperback)
Nicholas Fellows
R601 Discovery Miles 6 010 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Exam board: OCR Level: A Level Subject: History First teaching: September 2015 First exams: AS: Summer 2016, A Level: Summer 2017 An OCR endorsed resource Successfully cover Unit Group 2 with the right amount of depth and pace. This bespoke series from the leading History publisher follows our proven and popular approach for OCR A Level, blending clear course coverage with focused activities and comprehensive assessment support. - Develops understanding of the period through an accessible narrative that is tailored to the specification content and structured around key questions for each topic - Builds the skills required for Unit Group 2, from explanation, assessment and analysis to the ability to make substantiated judgements - Enables students to consolidate and extend their topic knowledge with a range of activities suitable for classwork or homework - Helps students achieve their best by providing step-by-step assessment guidance and practice questions - Facilitates revision with useful summaries at the start and end of each chapter - Ensures that students understand key historical terms and concepts by defining them in the glossary

Cambridge International AS Level History Modern Europe, 1750-1921 Coursebook (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition): Graham Goodlad,... Cambridge International AS Level History Modern Europe, 1750-1921 Coursebook (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition)
Graham Goodlad, Patrick Walsh-Atkins, Russell Williams; Edited by Patrick Walsh-Atkins
R561 Discovery Miles 5 610 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

This series is for the Cambridge International AS History syllabus (9489) for examination from 2021. Written by an experienced author team that includes examiners, a practising teacher and trainer, this coursebook supports the Cambridge International AS History syllabus. With increased depth of coverage, this coursebook helps build confidence and understanding in language, essay-writing and evaluation skills. It develops students' conceptual understanding of history with the five new 'Key concepts', for example exploring similarity and difference in the aims/achievements of Witte and Stolypin. In addition, it encourages individuals to make substantiated judgments and reflect on their learning. Students can consolidate their skills though exam-style questions with source material and sample responses.

Exiles in Sepharad - The Jewish Millennium in Spain (Paperback): Jeffrey Gorsky Exiles in Sepharad - The Jewish Millennium in Spain (Paperback)
Jeffrey Gorsky
R490 R391 Discovery Miles 3 910 Save R99 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

The dramatic one-thousand-year history of Jews in Spain comes to life in Exiles in Sepharad. Jeffrey Gorsky vividly relates this colorful period of Jewish history, from the era when Jewish culture was at its height in Muslim Spain to the horrors of the Inquisition and the Expulsion. Twenty percent of Jews today are descended from Sephardic Jews, who created significant works in religion, literature, science, and philosophy. They flourished under both Muslim and Christian rule, enjoying prosperity and power unsurpassed in Europe. Their cultural contributions include important poets; the great Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides; and Moses de Leon, author of the Zohar, the core text of the Kabbalah. But these Jews also endured considerable hardship. Fundamentalist Islamic tribes drove them from Muslim to Christian Spain. In 1391 thousands were killed and more than a third were forced to convert by anti-Jewish rioters. A century later the Spanish Inquisition began, accusing thousands of these converts of heresy. By the end of the fifteenth century Jews had been expelled from Spain and forcibly converted in Portugal and Navarre. After almost a millennium of harmonious existence, what had been the most populous and prosperous Jewish community in Europe ceased to exist on the Iberian Peninsula.

Italy '50s (Paperback): Sanford Roth Italy '50s (Paperback)
Sanford Roth
R574 R395 Discovery Miles 3 950 Save R179 (31%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Photographs by Sanford Roth.

Warsaw 1944 - Hitler, Himmler and the Crushing of a City (Paperback): Alexandra Richie Warsaw 1944 - Hitler, Himmler and the Crushing of a City (Paperback)
Alexandra Richie 1
R410 R255 Discovery Miles 2 550 Save R155 (38%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The traumatic story of one of the last major battles of World War II, in which the Poles fought off German troops and police, street by street, for sixty-three days. The Warsaw Uprising of August 1944 was a shocking event in a hideous war. This is the first account to recall the tragedy from both German and Polish perspectives and asks why, when the war was nearly lost, Hitler and Himmler decided to return to Warsaw bent on murder, deportation, and destruction. This was the only time in history that a European capital has ever been emptied of its entire population and destroyed entirely. Hundreds were thrown from windows, burned alive, trampled to death. The murder of 40,000 innocents on 5th August was the largest battlefield massacre of the war. But the Poles did not give in. Organized and popular, the Uprising, which had been expected to last under a week, fought off German troops including Himmler's most notorious SS battalions street by street, for sixty-three days. Using first-hand accounts, Richie charts the atrocities and the breakdown of SS morale, but she also goes on to examine the long-term implications of Stalin's refusal to help and how the Uprising affected negotiations over the fate of post-war Europe, sowing the seeds of the Cold War. But above all else `Warsaw 1944' is the story of a city's unbreakable spirit, in the face of unspeakable barbarism.

Nature's Mutiny - How the Little Ice Age Transformed the West and Shaped the Present (Hardcover): Phillip Blom Nature's Mutiny - How the Little Ice Age Transformed the West and Shaped the Present (Hardcover)
Phillip Blom 1
R472 R356 Discovery Miles 3 560 Save R116 (25%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

'Europe where the sun dares scarce appear For freezing meteors and congealed cold.' - Christopher Marlowe In this innovative and compelling work of environmental history, Philipp Blom chronicles the great climate crisis of the 1600s, a crisis that would transform the entire social and political fabric of Europe. While hints of a crisis appeared as early as the 1570s, by the end of the sixteenth century the temperature plummeted so drastically that Mediterranean harbours were covered with ice, birds literally dropped out of the sky, and `frost fairs' were erected on a frozen Thames - with kiosks, taverns, and even brothels that become a semi-permanent part of the city. Recounting the deep legacy and sweeping consequences of this `Little Ice Age', acclaimed historian Philipp Blom reveals how the European landscape had ineradicably changed by the mid-seventeenth century. While apocalyptic weather patterns destroyed entire harvests and incited mass migrations, Blom brilliantly shows how they also gave rise to the growth of European cities, the appearance of early capitalism, and the vigorous stirrings of the Enlightenment. A sweeping examination of how a society responds to profound and unexpected change, Nature's Mutiny will transform the way we think about climate change in the twenty-first century and beyond.

The Penguin History of Modern Russia - From Tsarism to the Twenty-first Century (Paperback): Robert Service The Penguin History of Modern Russia - From Tsarism to the Twenty-first Century (Paperback)
Robert Service
R403 R278 Discovery Miles 2 780 Save R125 (31%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Russia's recent past has encompassed revolution, civil war, mass terror and two world wars, and the country is still undergoing huge change. In his acclaimed history, now updated to 2015, Robert Service provides a superb panoramic viewpoint on Russia, exploring the complex, changing interaction between rulers and ruled from Nicholas II, Lenin and Stalin through to Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Putin and beyond. This new edition also discusses Russia's unresolved economic and social difficulties and its determination to regain its leading role on the world stage and explains how, despite the recent years of de-communization, the seven decades of communist rule which penetrated every aspect of life still continue to influence Russia today.

How the First World War Began - The Triple Entente and the Coming of the Great War, 1914-18 (Paperback): Edward E. McCullough How the First World War Began - The Triple Entente and the Coming of the Great War, 1914-18 (Paperback)
Edward E. McCullough
R683 Discovery Miles 6 830 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

The current dogma concerning the origins of the First World War supports the militarist myth that wars are caused by stupid, evil, aggressive nations on the other side of the world who refuse to get along with the intelligent, good, peaceful people on this side.

This book attempts to understand the real causes of war and to dissociate propaganda from historical fact. By reviewing the events of the pre-1914 period, the responsibility of Germany for the outbreak of the war is reconsidered.

It begins with a short account of the situation after the Franco-Prussian War, when France was isolated and Germany secure in the friendship of all the other Great Powers, and proceeds to describe how France created an anti-German coalition. The account of the estrangement of England from Germany attempts to correct the usual pro-British prejudice and to explain the real causes of this development. The centrepiece of the work is the creation of the Triple Entente.

This book is unique in its positive approach to the German Empire of 1871-1918.

The Society of Prisoners - Anglo-French Wars and Incarceration in the Eighteenth Century (Hardcover): Renaud Morieux The Society of Prisoners - Anglo-French Wars and Incarceration in the Eighteenth Century (Hardcover)
Renaud Morieux
R1,827 Discovery Miles 18 270 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Very little has been written of the history of prisoners of war before the twentieth century, and Renaud Morieux seeks to correct this in this new history of war captivity in the eighteenth century. He redefines how we understand the notion of what a prisoner of war was before international legal and social conventions were introduced - in the eighteenth century, the distinction between a prisoner of war, a hostage, a criminal, and a slave was not always clear-cut. Morieux then uses war captivity as a lens through which to observe the eighteenth-century state, how it transformed itself, and why it endured. What impact did the practice of holding prisoners of war have on international relations of the time? How were eighteenth-century societies impacted by war, when the detention of foreign enemies on home soil revealed and challenged social values, representations, hierarchies, and practices? The Society of Prisoners answers these questions while taking the reader on a journey between Britain, France, the West Indies, and St Helena, following the prisoners.

Viking - The Norse Warrior's (Unofficial) Manual (Hardcover): John Haywood Viking - The Norse Warrior's (Unofficial) Manual (Hardcover)
John Haywood 1
R311 R250 Discovery Miles 2 500 Save R61 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The fifth instalment in this popular and highly successful series, Viking follows on from Legionary, Gladiator, Knight and Samurai, your guide to the Norse world of the tenth century ad. Discover everything you will need to become a successful Viking warrior: how to join a war band; what to look for in a good leader; how to behave at a feast; what weapons and armour to choose; how to fight in a shield wall; where to go raiding; how to plunder a monastery and ransom a monk; how to navigate at sea; and what to expect if you die gloriously in battle. Modern reconstructions and ancient artefacts, including 16 pages of brilliant colour images, will immerse the reader visually in the Viking world. The humorous text peppered with quotes from sagas and chronicles will take you on an engrossing journey from joining a raiding party to how to die gloriously.

Heroes - The Greatest Generation and the Second World War (Paperback, New Ed): James Holland Heroes - The Greatest Generation and the Second World War (Paperback, New Ed)
James Holland 2
R301 R209 Discovery Miles 2 090 Save R92 (31%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

`Heroes' is the story of an extraordinary generation of young men, mostly British, who came of age in the Second World War. These young men - and women - found themselves facing life-threatening danger and the kind of responsibility few would be prepared to shoulder today. Whether fighting in the jungles of Burma or on the D-Day beaches, as submariners, pilots, spies or prisoners of war, young soldiers in WWII displayed astonishing courage and resilience, united by honour and bound by the fellowship of their comrades. Those who made it home are now a passing generation, and for many this is the last chance for them to tell their stories - men like football legend Tom Finney, who saw action in southern Italy; or James Bond set-designer Ken Adam, a German Jew who flew as a fighter pilot for the RAF; or identical twins Tom and Dee Bowles, who landed together on Easy Red beach on D-Day. Many of these young men never returned home and those who did faced insurmountable challenges assimiliating back into civilian life. `Heroes' is a moving and uplifting tribute to an remarkable generation.

Great French Revolution, 1789-93 (Hardcover): Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin Great French Revolution, 1789-93 (Hardcover)
Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin
R1,380 Discovery Miles 13 800 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Paris in the Fifties (Paperback): Beulah Roth Paris in the Fifties (Paperback)
Beulah Roth; Illustrated by Sanford Roth
R461 R324 Discovery Miles 3 240 Save R137 (30%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Gathers photographers of children, shop windows, street vendors, bicyclists, artists, circus performers, political protestors, cafes, and animals.

Edexcel AS/A Level History, Paper 1&2: Revolutions in early modern and modern Europe Student Book + ActiveBook (Paperback):... Edexcel AS/A Level History, Paper 1&2: Revolutions in early modern and modern Europe Student Book + ActiveBook (Paperback)
Alan White, Daniel Nuttall, Oliver Bullock
R745 Discovery Miles 7 450 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Exam Board: Edexcel Level: A level Subject: History First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 This book: covers the essential content in the new specifications in a rigorous and engaging way, using detailed narrative, sources, timelines, key words, helpful activities and extension material helps develop conceptual understanding of areas such as evidence, interpretations, causation and change, through targeted activities provides assessment support for both AS and A level with sample answers, sources, practice questions and guidance to help you tackle the new-style exam questions. It also comes with three years' access to ActiveBook, an online, digital version of your textbook to help you personalise your learning as you go through the course - perfect for revision

Saint Patrick Retold - The Legend and History of Ireland's Patron Saint (Hardcover): Roy Flechner Saint Patrick Retold - The Legend and History of Ireland's Patron Saint (Hardcover)
Roy Flechner
R513 R403 Discovery Miles 4 030 Save R110 (21%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

A gripping biography that brings together the most recent research to shed provocative new light on the life of Saint Patrick Saint Patrick was, by his own admission, a controversial figure. Convicted in a trial by his elders in Britain and hounded by rumors that he settled in Ireland for financial gain, the man who was to become Ireland's patron saint battled against great odds before succeeding as a missionary. Saint Patrick Retold draws on recent research to offer a fresh assessment of Patrick's travails and achievements. This is the first biography in nearly fifty years to explore Patrick's career against the background of historical events in late antique Britain and Ireland. Roy Flechner examines the likelihood that Patrick, like his father before him, might have absconded from a career as an imperial official responsible for taxation, preferring instead to migrate to Ireland with his family's slaves, who were his source of wealth. Flechner leaves no stone unturned as he takes readers on a riveting journey through Romanized Britain and late Iron Age Ireland, and he considers how best to interpret the ambiguous literary and archaeological evidence from this period of great political and economic instability, a period that brought ruin for some and opportunity for others. Rather than a dismantling of Patrick's reputation, or an argument against his sainthood, Flechner's biography raises crucial questions about self-image and the making of a reputation. From boyhood deeds to the challenges of a missionary enterprise, Saint Patrick Retold steps beyond established narratives to reassess a notable figure's life and legacy.

Britain's Europe - A Thousand Years of Conflict and Cooperation (Paperback): Brendan Simms Britain's Europe - A Thousand Years of Conflict and Cooperation (Paperback)
Brendan Simms 1
R215 R169 Discovery Miles 1 690 Save R46 (21%) Shipped within 4 - 8 working days

'Dazzling ... a trenchant, provocative account of the intimate relations of Britain and Europe and how each shaped the other' Prospect Magazine 'Elegant, refreshing and wide-ranging ... this is essentially a brief history of the UK but a deliciously different one' Literary Review Britain has always had a tangled, complex, paradoxical role in Europe's history. It has invaded and been invaded, changed sides, stood aloof, acted with both brazen cynicism and the cloudiest idealism. Every century troops from the British isles have marched across the mainland in pursuit of a great complex of different goals, foremost among them the intertwined defence of parliamentary liberty in Britain and the 'Liberties of Europe'. Dynastically Britain has been closely linked to countries as varied as Spain, the Netherlands, Germany and France. In this bracing and highly enjoyable book, Brendan Simms describes the highlights and low-points in the Euro-British encounter, from the Dark Ages to the present. The critical importance of understanding this history is shown in the final chapter, which dramatizes the issues around British relations with the European Union. Britain's Europe is a vital intervention for our times.

Ancient Rome (Paperback, Epub Edition): David Pickering Ancient Rome (Paperback, Epub Edition)
David Pickering
R140 R98 Discovery Miles 980 Save R42 (30%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

From aqueducts to baths, from gladiators to emperors, the fascinating history and mythology of ancient Rome are brought to life in this entertaining and highly-readable guide. With their sophisticated army, monuments, and roads, the Romans literally paved the way to modern Europe. Learn about the hand-to-hand combat at gladiatorial shows, rediscover the myths and legends of the Roman gods, and find out how and why Rome became the conquering superpower that it did. History will come to life in this engaging and comprehensive introduction to one of the most fascinating and influential places the world has ever known. A map of the Roman Empire and a timeline with the accomplishments of the emperors illustrate the chapters on geography and history. Roman culture, the gods and religious festivals, and mythology including Virgil's Aeneid, Romulus, and Remus are all discussed. Daily life in ancient Greece is covered for all different levels in society, including the jobs, family life, and leisure activities. The transition from republic to dictatorship is an important part of the discussion of politics, and the section on learning and knowledge covers law, science, architecture, literature, and art. Important wars, the Empire, and the army and navy are all explored. Finally, a look at contemporary Rome includes temples, archaeology, and modern tourist sites.

Russia in Flames - War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914 - 1921 (Paperback): Laura Engelstein Russia in Flames - War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914 - 1921 (Paperback)
Laura Engelstein
R387 R306 Discovery Miles 3 060 Save R81 (21%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

October 1917, heralded as the culmination of the Russian Revolution, remains a defining moment in world history. Even a hundred years after the events that led to the emergence of the world's first self-proclaimed socialist state, debate continues over whether, as historian E. H. Carr put it decades ago, these earth-shaking days were a "landmark in the emancipation of mankind from past oppression" or "a crime and a disaster." Some things are clear. After the implosion of the three-hundred-year-old Romanov dynasty as a result of the First World War, Russia was in crisis-one interim government replaced another in the vacuum left by imperial collapse. In this monumental and sweeping new account, Laura Engelstein delves into the seven years of chaos surrounding 1917-the war, the revolutionary upheaval, and the civil strife it provoked. These were years of breakdown and brutal violence on all sides, punctuated by the decisive turning points of February and October. As Engelstein proves definitively, the struggle for power engaged not only civil society and party leaders, but the broad masses of the population and every corner of the far-reaching empire, well beyond Moscow and Petrograd. Yet in addition to the bloodshed they unleashed, the revolution and civil war revealed democratic yearnings, even if ideas of what constituted "democracy" differed dramatically. Into that vacuum left by the Romanov collapse rushed long-suppressed hopes and dreams about social justice and equality. But any possible experiment in self-rule was cut short by the October Revolution. Under the banner of true democracy, and against all odds, the Bolshevik triumph resulted in the ruthless repression of all opposition. The Bolsheviks managed to harness the social breakdown caused by the war and institutionalize violence as a method of state-building, creating a new society and a new form of power. Russia in Flames offers a compelling narrative of heroic effort and brutal disappointment, revealing that what happened during these seven years was both a landmark in the emancipation of Russia from past oppression and a world-shattering disaster. As regimes fall and rise, as civil wars erupt, as state violence targets civilian populations, it is a story that remains profoundly and enduringly relevant.

1939 - Countdown to War (Paperback): Richard Overy 1939 - Countdown to War (Paperback)
Richard Overy 1
R227 R153 Discovery Miles 1 530 Save R74 (33%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Richard Overy's 1939: Countdown to War re-creates hour-by-hour the last desperate attempts to salvage peace before the outbreak of World War Two. 24 August 1939: The fate of the world is hanging in the balance. Hitler has ambitions to invade Poland and hopes Stalin will now help him. The West must try to stop him. Nothing was predictable or inevitable. The West hoped that Hitler would see sense if they stood firm. Hitler was convinced the West would back down. And both sides acted knowing that they risked being plunged into a war that might spell the end the end of European civilization. 'A gripping analysis of the final days of peace ... indispensable' M. R. D. Foot, The Times 'Nail-biting ... with rare narrative verve, he documents the ultimatums, emissaries, letters and increasingly desperate proposals that shuttled across Europe in the countdown to war' Ian Thomson, Independent 'Even those who think they know it all about how war broke out will learn something from Richard Overy's book' Simon Heffer, Literary Review 'One of the great historians of this conflict' Simon Garfield, Observer 'A brilliantly executed extended essay that reads like a tense political thriller' Sunday Telegraph Richard Overy has spent much of his distinguished career studying the intellectual, social and military ideas that shaped the cataclysm of the Second World War, particularly in his books 1939 - Countdown to War, Why the Allies Won, Russia's War and The Morbid Age. Overy's The Dictators: Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia won the Wolfson Prize for History and the Hessell Tiltman Prize.

Somme - Into the Breach (Paperback): Hugh Sebag Montefiore Somme - Into the Breach (Paperback)
Hugh Sebag Montefiore 1
R271 R191 Discovery Miles 1 910 Save R80 (30%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

THE SUNDAY TIMES TOP 10 BESTSELLER 'The best new narrative of the battle thus far, reflecting his gifts for fluent prose and moving quotations.' Max Hastings, Sunday Times No conflict better encapsulates all that went wrong on the Western Front during World War I than the Battle of the Somme in 1916. The tragic loss of life and stoic endurance by troops who walked towards their death is an iconic image - but this critically-acclaimed bestseller, on the four months of battle, shows the extent to which the Allied armies were in fact able to break through the German front lines again and again. In eight years of research, Hugh Sebag-Montefiore -- the author of Dunkirk -- has found extraordinary new material from Australians, New Zealanders, Canadians, and the British - from heartbreaking diaries and letters to hitherto unseen Red Cross files - recounting their experiences amid the horror of war. It has been hailed as the best book about the battle, which, though not an Allied victory, was the beginning of the slide towards German defeat.

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R747 R516 Discovery Miles 5 160
The Europeans - Three Lives and the…
Orlando Figes Hardcover  (1)
R717 R477 Discovery Miles 4 770