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This is the story of struggles against management regimes in the car industry in Britain from the period after the Second World War until the contemporary regime of lean production. Told from the viewpoint of the workers, the book chronicles how workers responded to a variety of management and union strategies, from piece rate working, through measured day work, and eventually to lean production beginning in the late 1980s. The book focuses on two companies, Vauxhall-GM and Rover/BMW, and how they developed their aroaches to managing labour relations. Worker responses to these are intimately tied to changing patterns of exploitation in the industry. The book highlights the relative success of various forms of struggle to establish safer and more humane working environments. The contributors bring together original research gathered over two decades, plus exclusive surveys of workers in four automotive final assembly plants over a ten year period.
A history of the Citroen presence in the UK from 1923 to 2003. The history of Citroen Cars Ltd. in the UK 1923 - 2003, cataloguing the RHD vehicles built at the Slough Works from 1926 to 1966, and the models subsequently imported from France. It includes the conventional rear-wheel-drive cars of the Andre Citroen era, the Traction Avant, the Kegresse, the 2CV, the DS and ID series, and the Citroen-Maserati SM.. Also, included is the story of the Citroen factory at Slough together with some social history surrounding its opening and operation.
The motor vehicle manufacturing industry in many western countries has been faltering in recent years. And now, the car markets around the world are about to get hit by a large quantity of inexpensive quality new cars and car components, and the impact of those cars will be as sudden and as forceful as a tsunami. The surge of competition will be a result of the ever-accelerating development of Chinese motor vehicle manufacturers. These manufacturers were comparatively small and technologically inferior during the latter part of the 20th century, but in the new millennium, they have developed with surprising speed, doubling their output around every five years. In the very near future, they will not only be dominant in China, but will also be a major player on the world stage.This book presents research into the development of car industry infrastructure in China and the implications of the increasing efficiency of its auto manufacturing industries, in particular the impact of the Chine
In "Shift, Carlos Ghosn, the brilliant, audacious, and widely
admired CEO of Nissan, recounts how he took the reins of the nearly
bankrupt Japanese automotive company and achieved one of the most
remarkable turnarounds in automotive--and corporate--history.
Winner of the 2005 Business History Review Newcomen Award for best book in business history, The Struggle for Control of the Modern Corporation provides a fascinating historical overview of decision-making and political struggle within one of America's largest and most important corporations. Drawing on primary historical material, Robert Freeland examines the changes in General Motors' organization between the years 1924 and 1970. He takes issue with the well-known argument of business historian Alfred Chandler and economist Oliver Wiliamson, who contend that GM's multidivisional corporate structure emerged and survived because it was more efficient than alternative forms of organization. This book illustrates that for most of its history, GM intentionally violated the fundamental axioms of efficient organization put forth by these analysts. It did so in order to create cooperation and managerial consent to corporate policies. Freeland uses the GM case to re-examine existing theories of corporate governance, arguing that the decentralized organizational structure advocated by efficiency theorists may actually undermine cooperation, and thus foster organizational decline.
The struggles and victories of the UAW form an important episode in the story of American democracy and economics. ""American Vanguard"" is the first and only history of the union available for both general and academic audiences. In this thorough and engaging narrative, John Barnard not only records the controversial issues tackled by the UAW, but also lends them immediacy through details about the workers and their environments, the leaders and the challenges that they faced outside and inside the organization, and the vision that guided many of these activists. Throughout, Barnard traces the UAW's two-fold goal: to create an industrial democracy in the workplace and to pursue a social-democratic agenda in the interest of the public at large. Barnard presents balanced interpretations grounded in evidence, while setting the UAW within the context of the history of the U.S. auto industry and national politics.
"John Cuthbert Long's Roy D. Chapin is a thorough and detailed biography of a remarkable, but little-known Detroit automobile industry pioneer. Historians should include Roy Dikeman Chapin (February 23, 1880-February 16, 1936) in any listing of significant American auto industry pioneers, along with the Duryea brothers, Ransom E. Olds, Henry Leland, Henry Ford, William C. Durant, and the Dodge brothers. Outside the cloister of automotive historians, Roy Chapin is an unknown. This is in part because no company or car bore his name. Unlike many contemporary auto pioneers, Roy Chapin was a modest man who did not promote himself. Even Long's superb biography of Chapin is not well-known because it was privately printed in 1945 with a small press run. In reprinting this volume, Wayne State University Press is making an important contribution to automotive history." --From the introduction by Charles K. Hyde, Department of History, Wayne State University
The first comprehensive history of the Chrysler Corporation, this book is intended for readers interested in the history of automobiles and of American business, and for fans and critics of Chrysler's products. From the Chrysler Six of 1924, to the front-wheel-drive vehicles of the 70s and 80s, to the minivan, Chrysler boasts an impressive list of technological "firsts." But even though the company has catered well to a variety of consumers, it has come to the brink of financial ruin more than once in its seventy-five-year history. How Chrysler achieved monumental success and then managed colossal failure and sharp recovery is explained in Riding the Roller Coaster, a lively, unprecedented look at a major force in the American automobile industry since 1925. Charles Hyde tells the intriguing story behind Chrysler--its products, people, and performance over time--with particular focus on the company's management. He offers a lens through which the reader can view the U.S. auto industry from the perspective of the smallest of the automakers who, along with Ford and General Motors, make up the "Big Three." The book covers Walter P. Chrysler's life and automotive career before 1925, when he founded the Chrysler Corporation, and traces the company's history to 1998, when it merged with Daimler-Benz. Chrysler made a late entrance into the industry in 1925 when it emerged from Chalmers and Maxwell, and further grew when it absorbed Dodge Brothers and American Motors Corporation. The author follows this journey, explaining the company's leadership in automotive engineering, its styling successes and failures, its changing management, and its activities from auto racing to defense production toreal estate. Throughout, the colorful personalities of its leaders--including Chrysler himself and Lee lacocca--emerge as strong forces in the company's development, imparting a risk-taking mentality that gave the company its verve.
"Pick a good model and stay with it," Henry Ford once said. No, he was not talking about cars; he was talking about marriage. Was Clara Bryant Ford a "good model"? Her husband of fifty-nine years seems to have thought so. He called her "The Believer," and indeed Clara's unwavering support of Henry's pursuits and her patient tolerance of the quirks and obsessions that accompanied her husband's genius made it possible for him to change the world. In telling the story of "Clara Ford", author Ford Bryan also charts the course of the growing automobile industry and the life of the enigmatic man at its helm. But the book's heart is Clara herself-daughter, sister, wife, mother, and grandmother; cook, gardener, and dancer; modest philanthropist and quiet role model. Clara is newly revealed in accounts and documents gleaned from personal papers, oral histories, and archival material never made public until now.
This study of CAMI Automotive, a unionized joint venture between General Motors and Suzuki, is the most comprehensive ever undertaken of a lean production plant. James Rinehart, Christopher Huxley, and David Robertson address a topic that has inspired fierce debate in industrial relations, sociology, labor studies, and human resource management. Heralded as a model of lean production when it opened in 1989, CAMI promised workers something different from traditional plants a humane environment, empowerment, and cooperative labor-management relations. However, the enthusiasm workers felt during the orientation and early phases of production steadily declined, as did their involvement in participatory activities. Workers came to describe CAMI as "just another car factory." Union challenges and shopfloor resistance to key elements of the lean system grew, capped by a five-week strike in 1992. The authors attribute workers' disillusionment to lean production itself rather than to North American managers' inadequate implementation."
Henry Martyn Leland (1843-1932) is one of the most outstanding figures in automotive history. Best known for developing the Cadillac and the Lincoln, Leland was among the pioneers who set Detroit on its course as the automobile capital of the world. Master of Precision is the fascinating firsthand account of Leland's life and work during the early days of the automobile industry. Trained in New England factories known for their precision manufacturing, Henry Leland was an expert machinist before he began to reshape automobile production. Affectionately called "Uncle Henry" and the "Grand Old Man of Detroit," he was a demanding but highly-respected employer who set new standards of precision, quality, and performance. First published in 1966 by Wayne State University Press, Master of Precision was re-released in 1996 in celebration of the centennial of automobile manufacturing in North America.
A prescriptive guide to business, community, and government cooperation based on the successful "Keep General Motors" campaign In 1997, General Motors prepared to pull out of Lansing, MI, the home of Oldsmobile for nearly 100 years. In response, an unlikely team of government, business, labor, education, and community leaders joined together to convince the company to stay and invest over a billion dollars instead. The "Keep GM" campaign's wild success showed how a collaborative approach to solving complex problems could turn a crisis into a mutually beneficial opportunity for an entire region. Written by Lansing's mayor at the time, David Hollister, and based on the documentary feature, Second Shift tells the inside story of the campaign and details how you can implement the "Second Shift model" to bring competing community, business, and policy leader interests together to achieve a common goal. Hollister provides you with takeaways, metrics, and lessons, along with guidelines and a blueprint for implementation, from this successful model, and looks at case studies of other industries and regions that have used similar approaches to keep businesses running and communities vibrant.
Winner of the 2003 Shingo Prize! Henry Ford is the man who doubled wages, cut the price of a car in half, and produced over 2 million units a year. Time has not diminished the progressiveness of his business philosophy, or his profound influence on worldwide industry. The modern printing of Today and Tomorrow features an introduction by James J. Padilla, Group Vice President, Ford North America. It also includes an enhanced selection of photos illustrating the processes and facilities Ford covers in the text. Taiichi Ohno acknowledged that a key stimulus to JIT was his close reading of this book. Today, these same ideas are re-emerging to revitalize American industry in new ways. "I, for one, am in awe of Ford's greatness. I believe Ford was a born rationalist -- and I feel more so every time I read his writings. He had a deliberate and scientific way of thinking about industry in America. For example, on the issues of standardization and the nature of waste in business, Ford's perception of things was orthodox and universal." - Taiichi Ohno
The author presents an argument for a system of social insurance that replaces welfare with a Guaranteed Adequate Income. The book reviews public assistance programmes, and evaluates other plans that have been proposed.
The use of the chassis dynamometer test cells has been an integral part of the vehicle development and validation process for several decades, focusing on the delivery of clean, efficient vehicles globally. This type of testing involves specialists from different fields such as mechanics, ventilation and refrigeration, among others. Not all of them necessarily experts in automotive engineering.As the demands on chassis dynamometer testing become more exacting and more diverse, the challenge of delivering effective installations and operating procedures becomes ever greater. Chassis Dynamometer Testing sets out to gather knowledge from multiple groups of specialists to better understand the testing challenges associated with the vehicle chassis dynamometer test cells, and enable informed design and use of these facilities.Chassis Dynamometer Testing analyses the main factors affecting a vehicle in order to closely reproduce them in a testing facility. It provides complete guidance on how these tests should be performed, including the requirements affecting the test cells themselves so that they can be fully optimized.
The Cadillac story is more than the story of a car company. It is,
in many ways, the story of the American automobile industry
itself-- which, as much as any industry, drove America's growth in
the twentieth century and defined who we are as a people: mobile
and prosperous. Cadillac, again and again, played a critical role
in that story, for both good and ill.
Each year car manufacturers release new production models that are unique and innovative. These cars begin as concepts then go through the process of prototyping. The process of creating a new model can take years, involving extensive testing and refining of aerodynamics, safety, engine components, and vehicle styling. The production model is the result of this lengthy process, and its new technologies reflect the latest engineering standards as well as market trends. The 2014 Passenger Car Yearbook details the key engineering developments in the passenger vehicle industry of the year. Each new car model is profiled in its own chapter with one or more articles that were previously published and written by the award-winning editors of Automotive Engineering International. The novel engineering aspects of each new model are explored in depth. Interviews with key developers and engineers are included for some of the models, providing inside details about how initial ideas evolved in the cars that consumers drive. Published for enthusiasts who are interested in new car models and their technologies, as well as practicing automotive engineers who are interested in new engineering trends such as hybrid systems, powertrain designs, automotive design, lightweighting, and materials, and new engineers who want an overview of current trends, the 2014 Passenger Car Yearbook also: Provides a single source for information on the key engineering trends of one year. Allows the reader to skip to chapters that cover specific car models that interest them, or read about all models from beginning to end. Makes for dynamic reading, with its large number of big, full-color images and easy-reading magazine format.
This book, originally published in 1985, examines the development of the car industry in Coventry within both its local context and the wider economic environment. It is a study of expansion and adjustment which reflects the broader pattern of Britain's industrial history. The book analyses the emergence and early dominance of Coventry's motor manufacturers, the appearance of the volume producers in the 1920s and the instability of the post-war era. The relationship between cars and other sectors of the local economy, particularly cycles, machine tools and aircraft, is discussed, while the significance of the two world wars receive special attention. Extensive use is made of original sources material, much of which, prior to publication, had received little or no attention from business historians.
'A very strong bond exists between those who have ever worked at the Marina. Even after retirement, resignation or, unfortunately, redundancy, Fordmen always enquired how things were going in the plant, how so-and-so was getting on, and in which department you were now working. The ubiquitous greeting, which I hear to this day, is Are you still below?A"' Denis McSweeney In 1917 Henry Ford selected Cork for the first Ford factory outside North America. An exciting development for Ireland's economy, the Cork plant became a central feature of Ireland's industrial history. In its time, Ford's Irish experiment saw the burning of Cork, the birth of a new state, Civil War, World War Two, the EEC and countless changes which impacted on his endeavour. The company remains embedded in Cork's popular memory, despite the closure of the plant in 1984. This is the unique and multi-faceted story of the Ford Marina plant, its economic and social impact. It is a vivid picture of the bustle and activity of huge numbers of men, material and noise, a community of workers A--with friendships, stories and camaraderie. Interviews with former employees capture the ebb and flow of life on the marina while the evocative and previously-unpublished photographs of plant construction, vehicles in production and visiting dignitaries - politicians, churchmen and businessmen - complement this chronicle.
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