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A timely book containing foundations and current research directions on emotion recognition by facial expression, voice, gesture and biopotential signals This book provides a comprehensive examination of the research methodology of different modalities of emotion recognition. Key topics of discussion include facial expression, voice and biopotential signal-based emotion recognition. Special emphasis is given to feature selection, feature reduction, classifier design and multi-modal fusion to improve performance of emotion-classifiers. Written by several experts, the book includes several tools and techniques, including dynamic Bayesian networks, neural nets, hidden Markov model, rough sets, type-2 fuzzy sets, support vector machines and their applications in emotion recognition by different modalities. The book ends with a discussion on emotion recognition in automotive fields to determine stress and anger of the drivers, responsible for degradation of their performance and driving-ability. There is an increasing demand of emotion recognition in diverse fields, including psycho-therapy, bio-medicine and security in government, public and private agencies. The importance of emotion recognition has been given priority by industries including Hewlett Packard in the design and development of the next generation human-computer interface (HCI) systems. Emotion Recognition: A Pattern Analysis Approach would be of great interest to researchers, graduate students and practitioners, as the book * Offers both foundations and advances on emotion recognition in a single volume * Provides a thorough and insightful introduction to the subject by utilizing computational tools of diverse domains * Inspires young researchers to prepare themselves for their own research * Demonstrates direction of future research through new technologies, such as Microsoft Kinect, EEG systems etc.
Book DescriptionHow will AI evolve and what major innovations are on the horizon? What will its impact be on the job market, economy, and society? What is the path toward human-level machine intelligence? What should we be concerned about as artificial intelligence advances? Architects of Intelligence contains a series of in-depth, one-to-one interviews where New York Times bestselling author, Martin Ford, uncovers the truth behind these questions from some of the brightest minds in the Artificial Intelligence community. Martin has wide-ranging conversations with twenty-three of the world's foremost researchers and entrepreneurs working in AI and robotics: Demis Hassabis (DeepMind), Ray Kurzweil (Google), Geoffrey Hinton (Univ. of Toronto and Google), Rodney Brooks (Rethink Robotics), Yann LeCun (Facebook) , Fei-Fei Li (Stanford and Google), Yoshua Bengio (Univ. of Montreal), Andrew Ng (AI Fund), Daphne Koller (Stanford), Stuart Russell (UC Berkeley), Nick Bostrom (Univ. of Oxford), Barbara Grosz (Harvard), David Ferrucci (Elemental Cognition), James Manyika (McKinsey), Judea Pearl (UCLA), Josh Tenenbaum (MIT), Rana el Kaliouby (Affectiva), Daniela Rus (MIT), Jeff Dean (Google), Cynthia Breazeal (MIT), Oren Etzioni (Allen Institute for AI), Gary Marcus (NYU), and Bryan Johnson (Kernel). Martin Ford is a prominent futurist, and author of Financial Times Business Book of the Year, Rise of the Robots. He speaks at conferences and companies around the world on what AI and automation might mean for the future.
This state-of-the-art survey offers a renewed and refreshing focus on the progress in evolutionary computation, in neural networks, and in fuzzy systems. The book presents the expertise and experiences of leading researchers spanning a diverse spectrum of computational intelligence in these areas. The result is a balanced contribution to the research area of computational intelligence that should serve the community not only as a survey and a reference, but also as an inspiration for the future advancement of the state of the art of the field. The 13 selected chapters originate from lectures and presentations given at the IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, held in Brisbane, Australia, in June 2012.
This book presents an advanced systematic mapping review (SMR) and state-of-the-art taxonomy of emergency departments (EDs). Focusing on the patients' level of fulfilment and how it can be enhanced, it examines existing problems like waiting periods and overcrowding and how these can be alleviated to provide a better service. The author examined research papers from 1964 to 2018, and developed six research questions, organising them using mapping studies, the primary objectives of which were firstly, to obtain a common understanding of the problems that need to be highlighted in EDs, and secondly, to re-analyse the methods used. Focusing on quality, the book encourages citations of experimental methods from important studies concerning EDs that can improve services. Through different research papers, various thematic areas in the healthcare sector were examined, like the determination of the relative efficiency of pre-discharge interventions; the analysis of care and managing common indications during the last stages of life; using e-Health to enhance effectiveness and proficiency; the seriousness of patient differences among EDs; the identification of quality problems in healthcare contexts; existing opportunities and the suggested plans. The book concludes that an analytical decision-making process should be used to assess a health technology on the basis of its performance. It stresses the importance of updating this analytical system frequently.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 6th Conference on Information Technologies and Communication of Ecuador "TIC-EC", held in Riobamba City from November 21 to 23, 2018, and organized by Universidad Nacional del Chimborazo (UNACH) and its Engineering School, and the Ecuadorian Corporation for the Development of Research and Academia (CEDIA). Considered as one of the most important ICT conferences in Ecuador, it brought together international scholars and practitioners to discuss the development, issues and projections of the use of information and communication technologies in multiple fields of application. Presenting high-quality, peer-reviewed papers, the book discusses the following topics: * Communication networks * Software engineering * Computer sciences * Architecture * Intelligent territory management * IT management * Web technologies * ICT in education * Engineering, industry, and construction with ICT support * Entrepreneurship and innovation at the Academy: a business perspective The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to the invited speakers for their inspirational talks, to the authors for submitting their work to this conference, and the reviewers for sharing their experience during the selection process.
This book presents the outcomes of the 16th International Conference on Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence Research, Management and Applications (SERA 2018), which was held in Kunming, China on June 13-15, 2018. The aim of the conference was to bring together researchers and scientists, businessmen and entrepreneurs, teachers, engineers, computer users, and students to discuss the various fields of computer science, to share their experiences, and to exchange new ideas and information in a meaningful way. The book includes findings on all aspects (theory, applications and tools) of computer and information science, and discusses related practical challenges and the solutions adopted to solve them. The conference organizers selected the best papers from those accepted for presentation. The papers were chosen based on review scores submitted by members of the program committee and underwent a further rigorous round of review. From this second round, 13 of the conference's most promising papers were then published in this Springer (SCI) book and not the conference proceedings. We eagerly await the important contributions that we know these authors will make to the field of computer and information science.
This book is a compilation of selected papers from the 4th ENRI International Workshop on ATM/CNS (EIWAC2015). The work focuses on novel techniques for aviation infrastructure in air traffic management (ATM) and communications, navigation, surveillance, and informatics (CNSI) domains. The contents make valuable contributions to academic researchers, engineers in the industry, and regulators of aviation authorities. As well, readers will encounter new ideas for realizing a more efficient and safer aviation system.
In the coming decades robots and artificial intelligence will fundamentally change our world. In doing so they offer the hope of a golden future, one where the elderly are looked after by companion robots, where the disabled can walk, robot security protects us all, remote rural areas have access to the best urban facilities and there is almost limitless prosperity. But there are dangers. There are fears in the labour market that robots will replace jobs, leaving many unemployed, and increase inequality. In relying too much on robots, people may reduce their human contact and see their cognitive abilities decline. There are even concerns, reflected in many science fiction films, that robots may eventually become competitors with humans for survival. This book looks at both the history of robots, in science and in fiction, as well as the science behind robots. Specific chapters analyse the impact of robots on the labour market, people's attitudes to robots, the impact of robots on society, and the appropriate policies to pursue to prepare our world for the robot revolution. Overall the book strikes a cautionary tone. Robots will change our world dramatically and they will also change human beings. These important issues are examined from the perspective of an economist, but the book is intended to appeal to a wider audience in the social sciences and beyond.
Looking for ways to handle the transition to a digital economy. Robots, artificial intelligence, and driverless cars are no longer things of the distant future. They are with us today and will become increasingly common in coming years, along with virtual reality and digital personal assistants. As these tools advance deeper into everyday use, they raise the question-how will they transform society, the economy, and politics? If companies need fewer workers due to automation and robotics, what happens to those who once held those jobs and don't have the skills for new jobs? And since many social benefits are delivered through jobs, how are people outside the workforce for a lengthy period of time going to earn a living and get health care and social benefits? Looking past today's headlines, political scientist and cultural observer Darrell M. West argues that society needs to rethink the concept of jobs, reconfigure the social contract, move toward a system of lifetime learning, and develop a new kind of politics that can deal with economic dislocations. With the U.S. governance system in shambles because of political polarization and hyper-partisanship, dealing creatively with the transition to a fully digital economy will vex political leaders and complicate the adoption of remedies that could ease the transition pain. It is imperative that we make major adjustments in how we think about work and the social contract in order to prevent society from spiraling out of control. This book presents a number of proposals to help people deal with the transition from an industrial to a digital economy. We must broaden the concept of employment to include volunteering and parenting and pay greater attention to the opportunities for leisure time. New forms of identity will be possible when the ""job"" no longer defines people's sense of personal meaning, and they engage in a broader range of activities. Workers will need help throughout their lifetimes to acquire new skills and develop new job capabilities. Political reforms will be necessary to reduce polarization and restore civility so there can be open and healthy debate about where responsibility lies for economic well-being. This book is an important contribution to a discussion about tomorrow-one that needs to take place today.
The abundance of text available in social media and health-related forums and blogs have recently attracted the interest of the public health community to use these sources for opinion mining. This book presents a lexicon-based approach to sentiment analysis in the bio-medical domain, i.e., WordNet for Medical Events (WME). This book gives an insight in handling unstructured textual data and converting it to structured machine-processable data in the bio-medical domain. The readers will discover the following key novelties: 1) development of a bio-medical lexicon: WME expansion and WME enrichment with additional features.; 2) ensemble of machine learning and computational creativity; 3) development of microtext analysis techniques to overcome the inconsistency in social communication. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of socially-intelligent human-machine interaction and biomedical text mining
This book includes a selection of papers presented at the Third World Conference on Qualitative Research (WCQR2018), held in Lisbon, Portugal on October 17-19, 2018. The WCQR2018 focused on four main fields of application (Education, Health, Social Sciences, and Engineering and Technology) and seven main subjects: Rationale and Paradigms of Qualitative Research; Systematization of Approaches with Qualitative Studies; Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research; Data Analysis Types; Innovative Processes of Qualitative Data Analysis; Qualitative Research in Web Contexts; and Qualitative Analysis with the Support of Specific Software. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for academics, researchers, teachers and students seeking information on the above topics, and on the use of Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis (CAQDAS).
This inspirational book contains evidence-based research presented by educational scientists, for the advancement of stylus-based technology and its applications for college and K-12 classrooms. Writing and sketching are an important part of teaching and learning, and digital ink technologies enable us to perform these activities in a digital world. Frontiers in Pen and Touch aims to highlight software and hardware practices and innovations, to encourage transformational use of pen and touch in the classroom. The content of the book is derived from the 2016 Conference on Pen and Touch Technology on Education (CPTTE). Chapters written by academic practitioners provide stories of success for ink, including multimedia content creation and increasing student engagement. Industry and academic researchers share their findings and present intelligent systems that enable pen and touch systems to teach and motivate students. This book is a must-read for anyone wanting to harness and integrate pen and touch for improving today's student experiences.
The three-volume set LNCS 101164, 11165, and 11166 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia, PCM 2018, held in Hefei, China, in September 2018. The 209 regular papers presented together with 20 special session papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 452 submissions. The papers cover topics such as: multimedia content analysis; multimedia signal processing and communications; and multimedia applications and services.
These contributions, written by the foremost international researchers and practitioners of Genetic Programming (GP), explore the synergy between theoretical and empirical results on real-world problems, producing a comprehensive view of the state of the art in GP. Topics in this volume include: evolving developmental programs for neural networks solving multiple problems, tangled program, transfer learning and outlier detection using GP, program search for machine learning pipelines in reinforcement learning, automatic programming with GP, new variants of GP, like SignalGP, variants of lexicase selection, and symbolic regression and classification techniques. The volume includes several chapters on best practices and lessons learned from hands-on experience. Readers will discover large-scale, real-world applications of GP to a variety of problem domains via in-depth presentations of the latest and most significant results.
The book gathers the chapters of Cognitive InfoCommunication research relevant to a variety of application areas, including data visualization, emotion expression, brain-computer interfaces or speech technologies. It provides an overview of the kind of cognitive capabilities that are being analyzed and developed. Based on this common ground, it may become possible to see new opportunities for synergy among disciplines that were heretofore viewed as being separate. Cognitive InfoCommunication begins by modeling human cognitive states and aptitudes in order to better understand what the user of a system is capable of comprehending and doing. The patterns of exploration and the specific tools that are described can certainly be of interest and of great relevance for all researchers who focus on modeling human states and aptitudes. This innovative research area provides answers to the latest challenges in influence of cognitive states and aptitudes in order to facilitate learning or generally improve performance in certain cognitive tasks such as decision making. Some capabilities are purely human, while others are purely artificial, but in general this distinction is rarely clear-cut. Therefore, when discussing new human cognitive capabilities, the technological background which makes them possible cannot be neglected, and indeed often plays a central role. This book highlights the synergy between various fields that are perfectly fit under the umbrella of CogInfoCom and contribute to understanding and developing new, human-artificial intelligence hybrid capabilities. These, merged capabilities are currently appearing, and the importance of the role they play in everyday life are unique to the cognitive entity generation that is currently growing up.
This book discusses systematic designs of stable adaptive fuzzy logic controllers employing hybridizations of Lyapunov strategy-based approaches/H theory-based approaches and contemporary stochastic optimization techniques. The text demonstrates how candidate stochastic optimization techniques like Particle swarm optimization (PSO), harmony search (HS) algorithms, covariance matrix adaptation (CMA) etc. can be utilized in conjunction with the Lyapunov theory/H theory to develop such hybrid control strategies. The goal of developing a series of such hybridization processes is to combine the strengths of both Lyapunov theory/H theory-based local search methods and stochastic optimization-based global search methods, so as to attain superior control algorithms that can simultaneously achieve desired asymptotic performance and provide improved transient responses. The book also demonstrates how these intelligent adaptive control algorithms can be effectively utilized in real-life applications such as in temperature control for air heater systems with transportation delay, vision-based navigation of mobile robots, intelligent control of robot manipulators etc.
This book contains thirty-five selected papers presented at the International Conference on Evolutionary and Deterministic Methods for Design, Optimization and Control with Applications to Industrial and Societal Problems (EUROGEN 2017). This was one of the Thematic Conferences of the European Community on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS). Topics treated in the various chapters reflect the state of the art in theoretical and numerical methods and tools for optimization, and engineering design and societal applications. The volume focuses particularly on intelligent systems for multidisciplinary design optimization (mdo) problems based on multi-hybridized software, adjoint-based and one-shot methods, uncertainty quantification and optimization, multidisciplinary design optimization, applications of game theory to industrial optimization problems, applications in structural and civil engineering optimum design and surrogate models based optimization methods in aerodynamic design.
Statistics, psychology, and computer science are major influences in machine learning research. This exciting interdisciplinary science is a crucial component in many cutting-edge systems and business processes. Innovations in machine learning stand to change financial markets and uncover mysteries inherent in human learning. Machine Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications offers a wide-ranging selection of key research in a complex field of study. This multi-volume set will cover both broad concepts and specific applications. Chapters will discuss topics ranging from using machine learning to improve the effectiveness of agents and multi-agent systems to developing machine learning software for high frequency trading in financial markets.
This proceedings volume comprises the latest achievements in research and development in educational robotics presented at the 9th International Conference on Robotics in Education (RiE) held in Qawra, St. Paul's Bay, Malta, during April 18-20, 2018. Researchers and educators will find valuable methodologies and tools for robotics in education that encourage learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics (STEAM) through the design, creation and programming of tangible artifacts for creating personally meaningful objects and addressing real-world societal needs. This also involves the introduction of technologies ranging from robotics platforms to programming environments and languages. Extensive evaluation results are presented that highlight the impact of robotics on the students' interests and competence development. The presented approaches cover the whole educative range from elementary school to the university level in both formal as well as informal settings.
This book contains research contributions from leading global scholars in nature-inspired computing. It includes comprehensive coverage of each respective topic, while also highlighting recent and future trends. The contributions provides readers with a snapshot of the state of the art in the field of nature-inspired computing and its application. This book has focus on the current researches while highlighting the empirical results along with theoretical concepts to provide a comprehensive reference for students, researchers, scholars, professionals and practitioners in the field of Advanced Artificial Intelligence, Nature-Inspired Algorithms and Soft Computing.
Thisbookistheproceedingsofthe5thAnnualConferenceonFuzzyInfor- tionandEngineering(ACFIE2010)fromSep. 23-27,2010in Huludao, China. The conference proceedings is published by Springer-Verlag (Advances in - telligent and Soft Computing, ISSN: 1867-5662). Thisyear, wehavereceivedmorethan191submissions.Eachpaperhas- dergonearigorousreviewprocess.Onlyhigh-qualitypapersareincluded.The 5thAnnualConferenceonFuzzyInformationandEngineering(ACFIE2010), built on the success of previous conferences, the ACFIE2005 (Guangzhou, China), is a major symposium for scientists, engineers and practitioners in China to present their updated results, ideas, developments and applications in all areas of fuzzy information and engineering. It aims to strengthen re- tions between industry research laboratories and universities, and to create a primary symposium for world scientistsinfuzzy?eldsasfollows: 1) The mathematical theory of fuzzy systems; 2) Fuzzy logic, systems and control; 3) Fuzzy optimization and decision-making; 4) Fuzzy information, identi?cation and clustering; 5) Fuzzy engineering application and soft computing method; etc. This book contains 89 papers, divided into ?ve main parts: In Section I, we have 15 papers on "the mathematical theory of fuzzy systems." In Section II, we have 15 papers on "fuzzy logic, systems and control." In Section III, we have 24 papers on "fuzzy optimization and decisi- making." In Section IV, we have 17 papers on "fuzzy information, identi?cation and clustering." In SectionV, wehave18 papers on"fuzzy engineeringapplicationandsoft computing method." VI Preface In addition to the large number of submissions, we are blessed with the presence of eight renowned keynote speakers and several distinguished p- elists and we shall organize workshops.
The book is based on interdisciplinary research on various aspects and dynamics of human multimodal signal exchanges. It discusses realistic application scenarios where human interaction is the focus, in order to identify new methods for data processing and data flow coordination through synchronization, and optimization of new encoding features combining contextually enacted communicative signals, and develop shared digital data repositories and annotation standards for benchmarking the algorithmic feasibility and successive implementation of believable human-computer interaction (HCI) systems. This book is a valuable resource for a. the research community, PhD students, early stage researchers c. schools, hospitals, and rehabilitation and assisted-living centers e. the ICT market, and representatives from multimedia industries
Whilst most research concentrates on the imagined future of robotics, this book brings together a group of international researchers to explore the different ways that robots and humans engage with one another at this point in history. Robotic design is advancing at an incredible pace, and consequently the role of robots has expanded beyond mechanical work in the industrial sector to the social and domestic environment. From kitchen table pets in the shape of dinosaurs or baby seals, to robot arms that assist with eating, to self-driving cars, this book explores the psychological impact of robotic engagement, especially in domestic settings. Each chapter explores a different aspect of humanoid robotics, for example, the relationship between robotics and gender, citizenship, moral agency, ethics, inequality, and psychological development, as well as exploring the growing role of robots in education, care work, and intimate relationships. Drawing on research from across the fields of psychology, anthropology, and philosophy, this ground-breaking volume discusses the emerging social side of robotics. By examining our relationship with robots now, this book offers a new and innovative opportunity for understanding our future with robots and robotic culture. Designing Robots, Designing Humans will be interest to researchers of artificial intelligence and humanoid robotics, as well as researchers from cognitive and social psychology, philosophy, computer science, anthropology, linguistics and engineering backgrounds.
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