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This book centres on Webcam Child Sex Tourism and the Sweetie Project initiated by the children's rights organization Terre des Hommes in 2013 in response to the exponential increase of online child abuse. Webcam child sex tourism is a growing international problem, which not only encourages the abuse and sexual exploitation of children and provides easy access to child-abuse images, but which is also a crime involving a relatively low risk for offenders as live-streamed webcam performances leave few traces that law enforcement can use. Moreover, webcam child sex tourism often has a cross-border character, which leads to jurisdictional conflicts and makes it even harder to obtain evidence, launch investigations or prosecute suspects. Terre des Hommes set out to actively tackle webcam child sex tourism by employing a virtual 10-year old Philippine girl named Sweetie, a so-called chatbot, to identify offenders in chatrooms. Sweetie 1.0 could be deployed only if police officers participated in chats, and thus was limited in dealing with the large number of offenders. With this in mind, a more pro-active and preventive approach was adopted to tackle the issue. Sweetie 2.0 was developed with an automated chat function to track, identify and deter individuals using the internet to sexually abuse children. Using chatbots allows the monitoring of larger parts of the internet to locate and identify (potential) offenders, and to send them messages to warn of the legal consequences should they proceed further. But using artificial intelligence raises serious legal questions. For instance, is sexually interacting with a virtual child actually a criminal offence? How do rules of criminal procedure apply to Sweetie as investigative software? Does using Sweetie 2.0 constitute entrapment? This book, the outcome of a comparative law research initiative by Leiden University's Center for Law and Digital Technologies (eLaw) and the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT), addresses the application of substantive criminal law and criminal procedure to Sweetie 2.0 within various jurisdictions around the world. This book is especially relevant for legislators and policy-makers, legal practitioners in criminal law, and all lawyers and academics interested in internet-related sexual offences and in Artificial Intelligence and law. Professor Simone van der Hof is General Director of Research at t he Center for Law and Digital Technologies (eLaw) of the Leiden Law School at Leiden University, The Netherlands. Ilina Georgieva, LL.M., is a PhD researcher at the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs at Leiden University, Bart Schermer is an associate professor at the Center for Law and Digital Technologies (eLaw) of the Leiden Law School, and Professor Bert-Jaap Koops is Professor of Regulation and Technology at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT), Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
The book gathers high-quality research papers presented at the International Conference on Advanced Computing and Intelligent Engineering (ICACIE 2017). It includes technical sections describing progress in the fields of advanced computing and intelligent engineering, and is primarily intended for postgraduate students and researchers working in Computer Science and Engineering. However, researchers working in Electronics will also find the book useful, as it addresses hardware technologies and next-gen communication technologies.
The book presents a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wide range of topics in the areas of intelligent systems and artificial intelligence, and their real-world applications. It gathers the proceedings of the Intelligent Systems Conference 2019, which attracted a total of 546 submissions from pioneering researchers, scientists, industrial engineers, and students from all around the world. These submissions underwent a double-blind peer-review process, after which 190 were selected for inclusion in these proceedings. As intelligent systems continue to replace and sometimes outperform human intelligence in decision-making processes, they have made it possible to tackle a host of problems more effectively. This branching out of computational intelligence in several directions and use of intelligent systems in everyday applications have created the need for an international conference as a venue for reporting on the latest innovations and trends. This book collects both theory and application based chapters on virtually all aspects of artificial intelligence; presenting state-of-the-art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real-world problems, along with a vision for future research, it represents a unique and valuable asset.
This book gathers a collection of the latest research, applications, and proposals, introducing readers to innovations and concepts from diverse environments and systems. As such, it will provide students and professionals alike with not only cutting-edge information, but also new inspirations and potential research directions. Each chapter focuses on a specific aspect of applied decision making, e.g. in complex systems, computational intelligence, security, and ubiquitous computing.
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
This book represents the combined peer-reviewed proceedings of the ninth International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing - IDC'2015, of the Workshop on Cyber Security and Resilience of Large-Scale Systems - WSRL'2015, and of the International Workshop on Future Internet and Smart Networks - FI&SN'2015. All the events were held in Guimaraes, Portugal during October 7th-9th, 2015. The 46 contributions published in this book address many topics related to theory and applications of intelligent distributed computing, including: Intelligent Distributed Agent-Based Systems, Ambient Intelligence and Social Networks, Computational Sustainability, Intelligent Distributed Knowledge Representation and Processing, Smart Networks, Networked Intelligence and Intelligent Distributed Applications, amongst others.
'This is the most important conversation of our time, and Tegmark's thought-provoking book will help you join it' Stephen Hawking THE INTERNATIONAL BESTSELLER. DAILY TELEGRAPH AND THE TIMES BOOKS OF THE YEAR SELECTED AS ONE OF BARACK OBAMA'S FAVOURITE BOOKS OF 2018 AI is the future - but what will that future look like? Will superhuman intelligence be our slave, or become our god? Taking us to the heart of the latest thinking about AI, Max Tegmark, the MIT professor whose work has helped mainstream research on how to keep AI beneficial, separates myths from reality, utopias from dystopias, to explore the next phase of our existence. How can we grow our prosperity through automation, without leaving people lacking income or purpose? How can we ensure that future AI systems do what we want without crashing, malfunctioning or getting hacked? Should we fear an arms race in lethal autonomous weapons? Will AI help life flourish as never before, or will machines eventually outsmart us at all tasks, and even, perhaps, replace us altogether? 'This is a rich and visionary book and everyone should read it' The Times
This book presents advances in alternative swarm development that have proved to be effective in several complex problems. Swarm intelligence (SI) is a problem-solving methodology that results from the cooperation between a set of agents with similar characteristics. The study of biological entities, such as animals and insects, manifesting social behavior has resulted in several computational models of swarm intelligence. While there are numerous books addressing the most widely known swarm methods, namely ant colony algorithms and particle swarm optimization, those discussing new alternative approaches are rare. The focus on developments based on the simple modification of popular swarm methods overlooks the opportunity to discover new techniques and procedures that can be useful in solving problems formulated by the academic and industrial communities. Presenting various novel swarm methods and their practical applications, the book helps researchers, lecturers, engineers and practitioners solve their own optimization problems.
We like to think that we are in control of the future of "artificial" intelligence. The reality, though, is that we--the everyday people whose data powers AI--aren't actually in control of anything. When, for example, we speak with Alexa, we contribute that data to a system we can't see and have no input into--one largely free from regulation or oversight. The big nine corporations--Amazon, Google, Facebook, Tencent, Baidu, Alibaba, Microsoft, IBM and Apple--are the new gods of AI and are short-changing our futures to reap immediate financial gain. In this book, Amy Webb reveals the pervasive, invisible ways in which the foundations of AI - the people working on the system, their motivations, the technology itself - are broken. Within our lifetimes, AI will, by design, begin to behave unpredictably, thinking and acting in ways which defy human logic. The big nine corporations may be inadvertently building and enabling vast arrays of intelligent systems that don't share our motivations, desires, or hopes for the future of humanity. Much more than a passionate, human-centred call-to-arms, this book delivers a strategy for changing course and provides a path for liberating us from algorithmic decision-makers and powerful corporations.
Master the subjects of reversible computing and DNA computing with this expert volume Reversible and DNA Computing offers readers new ideas and technologies in the rapidly developing field of reversible computing. World-renowned researcher and author Hafiz Md. Hasan Babu shows readers the fundamental concepts and ideas necessary to understand reversible computing, including reversible circuits, reversible fault tolerant circuits, and reversible DNA circuits. Reversible and DNA Computing contains a practical approach to understanding energy-efficient DNA computing. In addition to explaining the foundations of reversible circuits, the book covers topics including: Advanced logic design An introduction to the fundamentals of reversible computing Advanced reversible logic synthesis Reversible fault tolerance Fundamentals of DNA computing Reversible DNA logic synthesis DNA logic design This book is perfect for undergraduate and graduate students in the physical sciences and engineering, as well as those working in the field of quantum computing. It belongs on the bookshelves of anyone with even a passing interest in nanotechnology, energy-efficient computing, and DNA computing.
Create applications using Industry 4.0. Discover how artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) capabilities can be enhanced using the Internet of things (IoT) and secured using Blockchain, so your latest app can be not just smarter but also more connected and more secure than ever before. This book covers the latest easy-to-use APIs and services from Microsoft, including Azure IoT, Cognitive Services APIs, Blockchain as a Service (BaaS), and Machine Learning Studio. As you work through the book, you'll get hands-on experience building an example solution that uses all of these technologies-an IoT suite for a smart healthcare facility. Hosted on Azure and networked using Azure IoT, the solution includes centralized patient monitoring, using Cognitive Services APIs for face detection, recognition, and tracking. Blockchain is used to create trust-based security and inventory management. Machine learning is used to create predictive solutions to proactively improve quality of life. By the end of the book, you'll be confident creating richer and smarter applications using these technologies. What You'll Learn Know the technologies underpinning Industry 4.0 and AI 2.0 Develop real-time solutions using IoT in Azure Bring the smart capabilities of AI 2.0 into your application using a simple API call Host and manage your solution on Azure Understand Blockchain as a Service Capture and analyze data on the fly Make predictions using existing data Who This Book Is For Novice and intermediate .NET developers and architects who want to learn what it takes to create a modern or next-generation application
The development of thinking machines is an adventure as bold and ambitious as any that humans have attempted. And the truth is that Artificial Intelligence is already an indispensable part of our daily lives. Without it, Google wouldn't have answers and your smartphone would just be a phone. But how will AI change society by 2050? Will it destroy jobs? Or even pose an existential threat? Android Dreams is a lively exploration of how AI will transform our societies, economies and selves. From robot criminals to cyber healthcare, and a sky full of empty planes, Toby Walsh's predictions about AI are guaranteed to surprise you.
This book discusses emerging technologies in the field of the Internet of Things and big data, an area that will be scaled in next two decades. Written by a team of leading experts, it is the only book focusing on the broad areas of both the Internet of things and big data. The thirteen chapters present real-time experimental methods and theoretical explanations, as well as the implementation of these technologies through various applications. Offering a blend of theory and hands-on practices, the book enables graduate, postgraduate and research students who are involved in real-time project scaling techniques to understand projects and their execution. It is also useful for senior computer students, researchers and industry workers who are involved in experimenting with the Internet of Things and big data technologies, helping them to solve the real-time problem. Moreover, the chapters covering cutting-edge technologies help multidisciplinary researchers who are bridging the gap of two different outset real-time problems.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern computer-based techniques for analyzing the structure, properties and dynamics of biomolecules and biomolecular processes. It is organized in four main parts; the first one deals with methodology of molecular simulations; the second one with applications of molecular simulations; the third one introduces bioinformatics methods and the use of experimental information in molecular simulations; the last part reports on selected applications of molecular quantum mechanics. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to include the latest progresses made in the respective field of research.
Over the coming decades, Artificial Intelligence will profoundly impact the way we live, work, wage war, play, seek a mate, educate our young, and care for our elderly. It is likely to greatly increase our aggregate wealth, but it will also upend our labor markets, reshuffle our social order, and strain our private and public institutions. Eventually it may alter how we see our place in the universe, as machines pursue goals independent of their creators and outperform us in domains previously believed to be the sole dominion of humans. Whether we regard them as conscious or unwitting, revere them as a new form of life or dismiss them as mere clever appliances, is beside the point. They are likely to play an increasingly critical and intimate role in many aspects of our lives. The emergence of systems capable of independent reasoning and action raises serious questions about just whose interests they are permitted to serve, and what limits our society should place on their creation and use. Deep ethical questions that have bedeviled philosophers for ages will suddenly arrive on the steps of our courthouses. Can a machine be held accountable for its actions? Should intelligent systems enjoy independent rights and responsibilities, or are they simple property? Who should be held responsible when a self-driving car kills a pedestrian? Can your personal robot hold your place in line, or be compelled to testify against you? If it turns out to be possible to upload your mind into a machine, is that still you? The answers may surprise you.
This Brief presents a study of SAX/GA, an algorithm to optimize market trading strategies, to understand how the sequential implementation of SAX/GA and genetic operators work to optimize possible solutions. This study is later used as the baseline for the development of parallel techniques capable of exploring the identified points of parallelism that simply focus on accelerating the heavy duty fitness function to a full GPU accelerated GA.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology, RSKT 2011, held in Banff, Canada, in September 2011. The 89 revised full papers presented together with 3 keynote lectures and 1 invited tutorial session were carefully reviewed and selected from 229 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on attribute reduction and feature selection, generalized rough set models, machine learning with rough and hybrid techniques, knowledge technology and intelligent systems and applications.
The tech revolution will hit us all soon. How can any organisation survive and thrive?
Headlines predict that whole industries will be decimated by Artificial Intelligence and automation. Some bosses and bankers are rubbing their hands at the prospect of cost savings and staff cuts.
But there is another way. New technology can also empower teams, fuel creativity and make people happier.
At Simply Business, twice voted the UK’s best company to work for, big data and automated systems are being harnessed to generate positive growth, staff are currently trialling a four-day week in their Northampton office. In this bold blueprint, CEO Jason Stockwood – named by the Sunday Times as the UK’s best leader – shows how any organisation can think freshly and benefit from technology by putting its people first.
While several market-leading companies have successfully transformed their business models by following data- and AI-driven paths, the vast majority have yet to reap the benefits. How can your business and analytics units gain a competitive advantage by capturing the full potential of this predictive revolution? This practical guide presents a battle-tested end-to-end method to help you translate business decisions into tractable prescriptive solutions using data and AI as fundamental inputs. Author Daniel Vaughan shows data scientists, analytics practitioners, and others interested in using AI to transform their businesses not only how to ask the right questions but also how to generate value using modern AI technologies and decision-making principles. You'll explore several use cases common to many enterprises, complete with examples you can apply when working to solve your own issues. Break business decisions into stages that can be tackled using different skills from the analytical toolbox Identify and embrace uncertainty in decision making and protect against common human biases Customize optimal decisions to different customers using predictive and prescriptive methods and technologies Ask business questions that create high value through AI- and data-driven technologies
This book contains papers presented in the main track of IITI 2018, the Third International Scientific Conference on Intelligent Information Technologies for Industry held in Sochi, Russia on September 17-21. The conference was jointly co-organized by Rostov State Transport University (Russia) and VSB - Technical University of Ostrava (Czech Republic) with the participation of Russian Association for Artificial Intelligence (RAAI). IITI 2018 was devoted to practical models and industrial applications related to intelligent information systems. It was considered as a meeting point for researchers and practitioners to enable the implementation of advanced information technologies into various industries. Nevertheless, some theoretical talks concerning the state-of-the-art in intelligent systems and soft computing were also included into proceedings.
AI is complicated, but cloud providers have stepped in to make it easier, offering free (or affordable) state-of-the-art models and training tools to get you started. In this book, AI novices will learn how to use Google's AI-powered cloud services to do everything from analyzing text, images, and video to creating a chatbot. Author Micheal Lanham takes you step-by-step through building models, training them, and then expanding on them to accomplish increasingly complex tasks. If you have a good grasp of math and the Python language, this book will get you up and running with Google Cloud Platform, whether you're looking to build a simple business AI application or an AI assistant. Learn key concepts for data science, machine learning, and deep learning Explore tools like Video AI, AutoML Tables, the Cloud Inference API, the Recommendations AI API, and BigQuery ML Perform image recognition using CNNs, transfer learning, and GANs Build a simple language processor using embeddings, RNNs, and Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) Use Dialogflow to build a chatbot Analyze video with automatic video indexing, face detection, and TF Hub
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference on Research in Computational Molecular Biology, RECOMB 2011, held in Vancouver, Canada, in March 2011. The 43 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 153 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including molecular sequence analysis; recognition of genes and regulatory elements; molecular evolution; gene expression; biological networks; sequencing and genotyping technologies; genomics; population, statistical genetics; systems biology; imaging; computational proteomics; molecular structural biology.
This book presents revised and extended versions of the best papers presented at the 9th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2017), held in Funchal, Madeira, from 1 to 3 November 2017. It focuses on four of the main fields of computational intelligence: evolutionary computation, fuzzy computation, neural computation, and cognitive and hybrid systems. As well as presenting the recent advances of these areas, it provides new and innovative solutions for established researchers and a source of information and/or inspiration those new to the field. Discussing innovative techniques in various application areas, it is a useful resource for individual researchers and a valuable addition to academic libraries (of universities and engineering schools).
This SpringerBrief provides a pioneering, central point of reference for the interested reader in Large Group Decision Making trends such as consensus support, fusion and weighting of relevant decision information, subgroup clustering, behavior management, and implementation of decision support systems, among others. Based on the challenges and difficulties found in classical approaches to handle large decision groups, the principles, families of techniques, and newly related disciplines to Large-Group Decision Making (such as Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Social Network Analysis, Opinion Dynamics, Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences), are discussed. Real-world applications and future directions of research on this novel topic are likewise highlighted.
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