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This book, drawing on recent literature, highlights several methodologies for the detection of outliers and explains how to apply them to solve several interesting real-life problems. The detection of objects that deviate from the norm in a data set is an essential task in data mining due to its significance in many contemporary applications. More specifically, the detection of fraud in e-commerce transactions and discovering anomalies in network data have become prominent tasks, given recent developments in the field of information and communication technologies and security. Accordingly, the book sheds light on specific state-of-the-art algorithmic approaches such as the community-based analysis of networks and characterization of temporal outliers present in dynamic networks. It offers a valuable resource for young researchers working in data mining, helping them understand the technical depth of the outlier detection problem and devise innovative solutions to address related challenges.
st We welcome you to the proceedings of the 21 International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications held in Bilbao. With information and database s- tems being a central topic of computer science, it was to be expected that the integ- tion of knowledge, information and data is today contributing to the again rapidly increasing attractiveness of this field for researchers and practitioners. Since its foundation in 1990, DEXA has been an annual international conference, located in Europe, which showcases state-of-the-art research activities in these areas. DEXA 2010 continued this tradition and provided a forum for presenting and discu- ing research results in the area of database and intelligent systems and advanced - search topics, applications and practically relevant issues related to these areas. It offered attendees the opportunity to extensively discuss requirements, problems, and solutions in the field in the pleasant atmosphere of the city of Bilbao, which is known for its driving industriousness, its top cultural venues and its rich and inspiring he- tage and lifestyle. The University of Deusto with its great educational and research traditions, and the hospitality which the university and the city are so famous for, set the stage for this year's DEXA conference. This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the DEXA conference.
The IDEAL conference has become a unique, established and broad interdisciplinary forum for experts, researchers and practitioners in many fields to interact with each other and with leading academics and industries in the areas of machine learning, information processing, data mining, knowledge management, bio-informatics, neu- informatics, bio-inspired models, agents and distributed systems, and hybrid systems. This volume contains the papers presented at the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL 2010), which was held September 1-3, 2010 in the University of the West of Scotland, on its Paisley campus, 15 kilometres from the city of Glasgow, Scotland. All submissions were strictly pe- reviewed by the Programme Committee and only the papers judged with sufficient quality and novelty were accepted and included in the proceedings. The IDEAL conferences continue to evolve and this year's conference was no exc- tion. The conference papers cover a wide variety of topics which can be classified by technique, aim or application. The techniques include evolutionary algorithms, artificial neural networks, association rules, probabilistic modelling, agent modelling, particle swarm optimization and kernel methods. The aims include regression, classification, clustering and generic data mining. The applications include biological information processing, text processing, physical systems control, video analysis and time series analysis.
This volume in the Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) series contains the papers presented at the S+SSPR 2010 Workshops, which was the seventh occasion that SPR and SSPR workshops have been held jointly. S+SSPR 2010 was organized by TC1 and TC2, Technical Committees of the International Association for Pattern Recognition(IAPR), andheld inCesme, Izmir, whichis a seaside resort on the Aegean coast of Turkey. The conference took place during August 18-20, 2010, only a few days before the 20th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) which was held in Istanbul. The aim of the series of workshops is to create an international forum for the presentation of the latest results and exchange of ideas between researchers in the ?elds of statistical and structural pattern recognition. SPR 2010 and SSPR 2010 received a total of 99 paper submissions from many di?erent countries around the world, giving it a truly international perspective, as has been the case for previous S+SSPR workshops. This volume contains 70 accepted papers, 39 for oral and 31 for poster presentation. In addition to par- lel oral sessions for SPR and SSPR, there were two joint oral sessions of interest to both SPR and SSPR communities. Furthermore, to enhance the workshop experience, there were two joint panel sessions on "Structural Learning" and "Clustering," in which short author presentations were followed by discussion. Another innovation this year was the ?lming of the proceedings by Videol- tures.
The International Conference on Scienti?c and Statistical Database Mana- ment (SSDBM) is an established forum for the exchange of the latest research resultsonconcepts,tools,andtechniquesforscienti?cdatabaseapplications. The nd 2010meeting markedthe 22 time that scienti?c domain experts, databases- searchers,practitioners,anddeveloperscametogethertosharetheirinsightsand to discuss future research directions in a stimulating environment. The conf- encewasheldfromJune30toJuly2atVillaBosch,neartheCarlBoschMuseum and Heidelberg Castle, overlooking the picturesque Neckar Valley. The conf- ence was organized at and co-sponsored by Heidelberg University and HITS, the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, established in January 2010 by Dr. Klaus Tschira, co-founder of SAP AG, as a successor to the EML Research Institute. HITSfocuses onnew approachesandfoundations towardsinterpreting the rapidly increasing amounts of experimental data. Heidelberg University, the oldest university in Germany, was founded in 1386, is a German Excellence U- versity, and a top-ranking university in Europe and worldwide, known among other things for its excellence in the natural sciences and medicine. The univ- sity also hosts a unique Interdisciplinary Center for Scienti?c Computing (IWR) where grand challenges in the computational sciences are tackled, e. g. , climate and ocean modeling, turbulent ?ows, combustion, bio-molecules, and drug - sign. In 2010, SSDBM received a near-record number of 94 submissions from 27 countries. Each submission was reviewed by at least three of the 38 PC m- bers or externalreviewers. After careful consideration,41 papers (?44%) overall where accepted, 30 as long papers (?32%) and 11 short papers and demonst- tions. The reviewing process was managedby the EasyChair Conference System (www. easychair.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th IFIP TC 5 International Conference on Computer Science and Its Applications, CIIA 2015, held in Saida, Algeria, in May 2015. The 56 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 225 submissions. The papers are organized in the following four research tracks: computational intelligence; security and network technology; information technology; and software engineering.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation, LOPSTR 2014, held in Canterbury, UK, in September 2014. The 18 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 34 submissions. The aim of the LOPSTR series is to stimulate and promote international research and collaboration on logic-based program development. The papers are organized along a set of thematic tracks: program analysis and transformation, constraint handling rules, termination analysis, security, program testing and verification, program synthesis, program derivation, semantic issues in logic programming and program transformation and optimization.
This book features research papers presented at the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Data Mining and Information Security (IEMIS 2018) held at the University of Engineering & Management, Kolkata, India, on February 23-25, 2018. It comprises high-quality research work by academicians and industrial experts in the field of computing and communication, including full-length papers, research-in-progress papers, and case studies related to all the areas of data mining, machine learning, Internet of Things (IoT) and information security.
This book features research related to computational intelligence and energy and thermal aware management of computing resources. The authors publish original and timely research in current areas of power, energy, temperature, and environmental engineering as and advances in computational intelligence that are benefiting the fields. Topics include signal processing architectures, algorithms, and applications; biomedical informatics and computation; artificial intelligence and machine learning; green technologies in information; and more. The book includes contributions from a wide range of researchers, academicians, and industry professionals. The book is made up both of extended papers presented at the International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Sustainable System (ICICSS 2018), September 20-21, 2018, and other accepted papers on R&D and original research work related to the practice and theory of technologies to enable and support Intelligent Computing applications.
Gain a gentle introduction to the world of Artificial Intelligence (AI) using the Raspberry Pi as the computing platform. Most of the major AI topics will be explored, including expert systems, machine learning both shallow and deep, fuzzy logic control, and more! AI in action will be demonstrated using the Python language on the Raspberry Pi. The Prolog language will also be introduced and used to demonstrate fundamental AI concepts. In addition, the Wolfram language will be used as part of the deep machine learning demonstrations. A series of projects will walk you through how to implement AI concepts with the Raspberry Pi. Minimal expense is needed for the projects as only a few sensors and actuators will be required. Beginners and hobbyists can jump right in to creating AI projects with the Raspberry PI using this book. What You'll Learn What AI is and-as importantly-what it is not Inference and expert systems Machine learning both shallow and deep Fuzzy logic and how to apply to an actual control system When AI might be appropriate to include in a system Constraints and limitations of the Raspberry Pi AI implementation Who This Book Is For Hobbyists, makers, engineers involved in designing autonomous systems and wanting to gain an education in fundamental AI concepts, and non-technical readers who want to understand what AI is and how it might affect their lives.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the Workshops held at the International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2014, which took place in Barcelona, Spain, in November 2014. This year SocInfo 2014 included nine satellite workshops: the City Labs Workshop, the Workshop on Criminal Network Analysis and Mining, CRIMENET, the Workshop on Interaction and Exchange in Social Media, DYAD, the Workshop on Exploration of Games and Gamers, EGG, the Workshop on HistoInformatics, the Workshop on Socio-Economic Dynamics, Networks and Agent-based Models, SEDNAM, the Workshop on Social Influence, SI, the Workshop on Social Scientists Working with Start-Ups and the Workshop on Social Media in Crowdsourcing and Human Computation, SoHuman.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the Second Workshop on Multimodal Analyses Enabling Artificial Agents in Human Interaction, MA3HMI 2014, held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, in Singapore, Singapore, on September 14th, 2014. The 9 revised papers presented together with a keynote talk were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They are organized in two sections: human-machine interaction and dialogs and speech recognition.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of three workshops of the 12th International Conference on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2011, held in Wuhan, China, in September 2011. The 20 revised full papers are organized in topical sections on the three following workshops: the First International Workshop on Web-based Geographic Information Management (WGIM 2011), the Third International Workshop on XML Data Management (XMLDM 2011), and the First International Workshop on Social Network Analysis (SNA 2011).
Over the last decade research into design processes utilizing ideas
and models drawn from artificial intelligence has resulted in a
better understanding of design -- particularly routine design -- as
a process. Indeed, most of the current research activity directly
or indirectly deals only with routine design. Not surprisingly,
many practicing designers state that the level of understanding
represented by these models is only of mild interest because they
fail to embody any ideas about creativity.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Engineering Multi-Agent Systems, EMAS 2014, held in Paris, France, in May 2014. The 22 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 41 submissions. The focus of the papers is on following topics: intelligent agents, multi-agent systems, software design engineering, model-driven software engineering, reasoning about belief and knowledge, cooperation and coordination, constraint and logic programming, software verification, design patterns.
This book is dedicated to Professor Martin Wirsing on the occasion of his emeritation from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat in Munich, Germany. The volume is a reflection, with gratitude and admiration, on Professor Wirsing's life highly creative, remarkably fruitful and intellectually generous life. It also gives a snapshot of the research ideas that in many cases have been deeply influenced by Professor Wirsing's work. The book consists of six sections. The first section contains personal remembrances and expressions of gratitude from friends of Professor Wirsing. The remaining five sections consist of groups of scientific papers written by colleagues and collaborators of Professor Wirsing, which have been grouped and ordered according to his scientific evolution. More specifically, the papers are concerned with logical and algebraic foundations; algebraic specifications, institutions and rewriting; foundations of software engineering; service oriented systems; and adaptive and autonomic systems.
Recent years have seen the development of two significant trends namely: the adoption of some Traditional Chinese Medicine Practices into mainstream Allopathic Western Medicine and the advent of the internet and broad band networks leading to an increased interest in the use of Telemedicine to deliver medical services. In this book, we see the convergence of these two trends leading to a semantically-based TCM Telemedicine system that utilizes an ontology to provide sharable knowledge in the TCM realm to achieve this. The underpinning research required the development of a three-layer architecture and an Ontology of the TCM knowledge. As TCM knowledge like all medical knowledge is not frozen in time it was important to develop an approach that would allow evolution of the Ontology when new evidence became available. In order for the system to be practically grounded it was important to work with an industry partner PuraPharm Group/HerbMiners Informatics Limited. This partnership was initiated through Professor Allan Wong and the Chairman of PuraPharm Group Mr. Abraham Chan. This led to the system being utilized in more than 20 Mobile Clinics in Hong Kong and 300 Hospitals in China. In order for these different deployments of the system to be coherent with the main core Ontology, it was necessary for us to develop an Ontology Driven Software System Generation approach.
This book aims to provide a description of these new Artificial Intelligence technologies and approaches to the modeling and simulation of complex systems, as well as an overview of the latest scientific efforts in this field such as the platforms and/or the software tools for smart modeling and simulating complex systems. These tasks are difficult to accomplish using traditional computational approaches due to the complex relationships of components and distributed features of resources, as well as the dynamic work environments. In order to effectively model the complex systems, intelligent technologies such as multi-agent systems and smart grids are employed to model and simulate the complex systems in the areas of ecosystem, social and economic organization, web-based grid service, transportation systems, power systems and evacuation systems.
Genetic algorithms are playing an increasingly important role in studies of complex adaptive systems, ranging from adaptive agents in economic theory to the use of machine learning techniques in the design of complex devices such as aircraft turbines and integrated circuits. "Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems" is the book that initiated this field of study, presenting the theoretical foundations and exploring applications. In its most familiar form, adaptation is a biological process, whereby organisms evolve by rearranging genetic material to survive in environments confronting them. In this now classic work, Holland presents a mathematical model that allows for the nonlinearity of such complex interactions. He demonstrates the model's universality by applying it to economics, physiological psychology, game theory, and artificial intelligence and then outlines the way in which this approach modifies the traditional views of mathematical genetics. Initially applying his concepts to simply defined artificial systems with limited numbers of parameters, Holland goes on to explore their use in the study of a wide range of complex, naturally occuring processes, concentrating on systems having multiple factors that interact in nonlinear ways. Along the way he accounts for major effects of coadaptation and coevolution: the emergence of building blocks, or schemata, that are recombined and passed on to succeeding generations to provide, innovations and improvements. John H. Holland is Professor of Psychology and Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan. He is also Maxwell Professor at the Santa Fe Institute and is Director of theUniversity of Michigan/Santa Fe Institute Advanced Research Program.
On various examples ranging from geosciences to environmental sciences, this book explains how to generate an adequate description of uncertainty, how to justify semiheuristic algorithms for processing uncertainty, and how to make these algorithms more computationally efficient. It explains in what sense the existing approach to uncertainty as a combination of random and systematic components is only an approximation, presents a more adequate three-component model with an additional periodic error component, and explains how uncertainty propagation techniques can be extended to this model. The book provides a justification for a practically efficient heuristic technique (based on fuzzy decision-making). It explains how the computational complexity of uncertainty processing can be reduced. The book also shows how to take into account that in real life, the information about uncertainty is often only partially known, and, on several practical examples, explains how to extract the missing information about uncertainty from the available data.
This monograph presents the concept of agents and agent systems. It starts with a formal approach and then presents examples of practical applications. In order to form the principles of construction of autonomous agents, a model of the agent is introduced. Subsequent parts of the monograph include several examples of applications of the term agent. Descriptions of different examples of applications of agent systems in such fields as evolution systems, mobile robot systems, artificial intelligence systems are given. The book constitutes an outline of methodology of the design and realization of agent systems based on the M-agent architecture oriented on different areas of applications.
This monograph presents and analyzes the optimization, game-theoretic and simulation models of control mechanisms for ecological-economic systems. It is devoted to integrated assessment mechanisms for total risks and losses, penalty mechanisms, risk payment mechanisms, financing and costs compensation mechanisms for risk level reduction, sales mechanisms for risk level quotas, audit mechanisms, mechanisms for expected losses reduction, economic motivation mechanisms, optimization mechanisms for regional environmental (risk level reduction) programs, and mechanisms for authorities' interests coordination. The book is aiming at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as at experts in mathematical modeling and control of ecological economic, socioeconomic and organizational systems.
The development of computational intelligence (CI) systems was inspired by observable and imitable aspects of intelligent activity of human being and nature. The essence of the systems based on computational intelligence is to process and interpret data of various nature so that that CI is strictly connected with the increase of available data as well as capabilities of their processing, mutually supportive factors. Developed theories of computational intelligence were quickly applied in many fields of engineering, data analysis, forecasting, biomedicine and others. They are used in images and sounds processing and identifying, signals processing, multidimensional data visualization, steering of objects, analysis of lexicographic data, requesting systems in banking, diagnostic systems, expert systems and many other practical implementations. This book consists of 15 contributed chapters by subject experts who are specialized in the various topics addressed in this book. The special chapters have been brought out in the broad areas of Control Systems, Power Electronics, Computer Science, Information Technology, modeling and engineering applications. Special importance was given to chapters offering practical solutions and novel methods for the recent research problems in the main areas of this book, viz. Control Systems, Modeling, Computer Science, IT and engineering applications. This book will serve as a reference book for graduate students and researchers with a basic knowledge of control theory, computer science and soft-computing techniques. The resulting design procedures are emphasized using Matlab/Simulink software.
Dive headfirst into Microsoft's Computer Vision APIs through sample-driven scenarios! Imagine an app that describes to the visually impaired the objects around them, or reads the Sunday paper, a favorite magazine, or a street sign. Or an app that is capable of monitoring what is happening inside an area without human control, and then makes a decision based on interpreting an occurrence detected with a live camera. This book teaches developers Microsoft's Computer Vision APIs, a service capable of understanding and interpreting the content of any image. Author Del Sole begins by providing a succinct "need to know" overview of the service with descriptions. You then learn from hands-on demonstrations that show how basic C# code examples can be re-used across platforms. From there you will be guided through two different kinds of applications that interact with the service in two different ways: the more common means of calling a REST service to get back JSON data, and via the .NET libraries that Microsoft has been building to simplify the job (this latter one with Xamarin). What You'll Learn Understand AI's role and how devices and applications use sophisticated algorithms to improve people's lives and business tasks. Analyze images for Optical Character Recognition to detect written words and sentences Think about the next-generation applications in relation to your customers' needs Get up-to-speed on the latest version of the Computer Vision service, which now comes through Azure Set up an Azure subscription in order to access the Cognitive Services within the portal After reading this book, you will be able to get started with AI services from Microsoft in order to begin building powerful new apps for your company or customers. Who This Book Is For Developers just getting familiar with artificial intelligence. A minimal knowledge of C# is required.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Research, and Industrial Applications, held in Kherson, Ukraine, in June 2014. The 16 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on framework and tools; information and communication technologies in teaching and learning; information and communication technologies in research and industrial applications.
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