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Sub-Saharan Africa faces three big challenges over the next generation. It will double its population to two billion by 2045. By then more than half of Africans will be living in cities. And this group of mostly young people will be connected through mobile devices.
Properly harnessed and planned for, these are positive forces for change. Without economic growth and jobs, they could prove a political and social catastrophe. Old systems of patronage and muddling through will no longer work.
Making Africa Work is a practical account of how to ensure growth beyond commodities, and to create jobs. It’s a handbook for dynamic leadership inside and outside the continent.
The nature of competitive rivalry, and the power and interests of large firms and their owners, is at the heart of how countries develop. Large firms shape the economy as these firms can make the investments required in productive capacity, provide the upstream inputs and services required by smaller businesses and, in many areas, are also the main routes to market. At the same time these firms tend to have market power if competition between them is weak. In crude terms, it is critical whether these firms are able to focus on extracting rents through market power, or whether the returns reward their effort, creativity and entrepreneurship. Competition authorities and economic regulators are critical institutions in restraining the market power of firms while at the same tie taking into account the need to incentivise investment. The book maps out key issues in competition through four key industry studies across Southern and East Africa. It considers the nature and extent of market power, the development of large firms, their production, investment and the prices of products across countries. This takes into account the work of competition authorities in the different countries and the implications of industrial policies. The concluding chapter draws out critical implications for competition, regional integration and economic development. This fills a big gap as there are no similar publications relating to this important topic.
A unique and comprehensive source of information, this book is the only international publication providing economists, planners, policymakers and business people with worldwide statistics on current performance and trends in the manufacturing sector. The Yearbook is designed to facilitate international comparisons relating to manufacturing activity and industrial development and performance. It provides data which can be used to analyse patterns of growth and related long term trends, structural change and industrial performance in individual industries. Statistics on employment patterns, wages, consumption and gross output and other key indicators are also presented.
This text attempts to lift the lid on the food industry. It is a topical and politically charged examination of an adulterated food supply chain and the governmental and European Community policies that maintain the status quo.
This book answers the question: 'What's next?' The Internet had a world-changing impact on businesses and the global community over the twenty years from 1994 to 2014. In the next ten years, change will happen even faster. As Hillary Clinton's Senior Advisor for Innovation, Alec Ross travelled nearly a million miles to forty-one countries, the equivalent of two round-trips to the moon. From refugee camps in the Congo and Syrian war zones, to visiting the world's most powerful people in business and government, Ross's travels amounted to a four-year masterclass in the changing nature of innovation. In The Industries of the Future, Ross distils his observations on the forces that are changing the world. He highlights the best opportunities for progress and explains how countries thrive or sputter. Ross examines the specific fields that will most shape our economic future over the next ten years, including robotics, artificial intelligence, the commercialization of genomics, cybercrime and the impact of digital technology. Blending storytelling and economic analysis, he answers questions on how we will need to adapt. Ross gives readers a vivid and informed perspective on how sweeping global trends are affecting the ways we live, now and tomorrow.
Fourteen captains of industry. One hour of intense, candid and often brutal examination with each leader. Courageous conversations takes the reader on a privileged walk through the corridors of corporate power, on a journey to the centre of leadership. What is leadership? How have these remarkable individuals steered their companies through times of largeness and, more recently, recession? Has the board become an outdated model? Are visions, values and ethics being sacrificed on the altar of profitability? Has executive remuneration really gone too far? The ultimate goal: to discover what lessons can be learned and taken on board for the next generation of South Africa's corporate leaders. David Gleason, a well-known financial journalist and columnist, gets into the minds, and ultimately the hearts, of these celebrated leaders with often surprising and dramatic consequences. Courageous conversations is a fearless exposition of real-life leadership. It stands apart from other books in the field of leadership with its dual-analysis format: one analysis written by Gleason and an academic analysis of each interview by Professor Stella Nkomo, with contributions from Professor Derick de Jongh. Each interview has been transcribed and copied onto a CD, which accompanies the book.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is changing everything - from the way we relate to each other, to the work we do, the way our economies work, and what it means to be human. We cannot let the brave new world that technology is currently creating simply emerge. All of us need to help shape the future we want to live in. But what do we need to know and do to achieve this? In Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Klaus Schwab explores how people from all backgrounds and sectors can influence the way that technology transforms our world. Drawing on contributions by more than 200 of the world's leading technology, economic and sociological experts to present a practical guide for citizens, business leaders, social influencers and policy-makers this book outlines the most important dynamics of the technology revolution, highlights important stakeholders that are often overlooked in our discussion of the latest scientific breakthroughs, and explores 12 different technology areas central to the future of humanity. Emerging technologies are not predetermined forces out of our control, nor are they simple tools with known impacts and consequences. The exciting capabilities provided by artificial intelligence, distributed ledger systems and cryptocurrencies, advanced materials and biotechnologies are already transforming society. The actions we take today - and those we don't - will quickly become embedded in ever-more powerful technologies that surround us and will, very soon, become an integral part of us. By connecting the dots across a range of often-misunderstood technologies, and by exploring the practical steps that individuals, businesses and governments can take, Shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution helps equip readers to shape a truly desirable future at a time of great uncertainty and change.
This is the entwined tale of two exceptional women. One was a voluptuous eleven-inch-tall beauty who debuted at the 1959 Toy Fair in New York City and quickly became the treasure of 9 out of 10 American girls and their counterparts in 150 countries. She went on to compete as an Olympic athlete, serve as an air force pilot, work as a boutique owner, run as a presidential candidate, and ignite a cultural firestorm. The other was Ruth Handler, the tenth child of Polish Jewish immigrants.
A brilliant, creative, ruthless, and passionately competitive visionary, she was a mother and wife who wanted it all--a masterful entrepreneur who, together with her curvaceous plastic creation, changed American business and culture forever.
"Barbie and Ruth" is the incredible, inspiring, tragic, and ultimately redeeming true story of how one extraordinary woman built the largest toy company in the world and created an enduring international icon.
Industrial economics has reach a cross roads in its development; the established approach, based on the neoclassical theory of the firm, it now being challenged by a variety of ideas and concepts. Paramount among these are developments within institutions, economics and the world of the Austrian School. This revised and updated edition of Paul Ferguson's successful textbook integrates these new approaches into a critical exposition of neoclassical theory. While the first edition presented the work of the Austrian School as the main counter to the traditional (neoclassical) paradigm, this new edition widens the theoretical approaches considered. The volume now encompasses all the major variants of what is becoming known as the new institutional economics. Topics discussed include: Subjects which neoclassical analysis has always found difficult to accommodate, such as innovation and advertising, topical problems, such as privatization and deindustrialization. Areas of particular importance for policy formation, such as monopoly.
The city of Plymouth, on the south coast of Devon, has been a maritime settlement since its earliest days. A trading port in Roman and Saxon times, fishing and boatbuilding have also been mainstays of the local industry for centuries. The original town of Plymouth was historically the commercial shipping and passenger port - the Pilgrim Fathers left for the Americas from Plymouth in 1620 - and the neighbouring town of Devonport, which is today merged with Plymouth, has been associated with the Royal Navy for the last three centuries. This era saw a massive rise in the Dockyard, probably peaking during the Second World War, when it became the target for heavy aerial bombardment during World War 2, and although it is now in decline, Devonport Dockyard is still a major naval shipyard and the only naval base in Britain that refits nuclear submarines. The local topography has also had a role to play in the industries that have characterised Plymouth over the years. The city is largely built on limestone and there are huge areas which have been quarried away over the centuries; the West Hoe area used to be a large hill but has been flattened by the extraction of stone and another huge quarry site ran alongside Stonehouse Creek. Other minerals nearby have also long being exported from Plymouth Docks alongside other special Plymouth products as Plymouth Gin, the distillery of which was established in the city in 1793. Today, although many of the traditional industries have declined or closed, Plymouth is home to several high-tech industries, including Plessey Semiconductors. Plymouth at Work explores the working life of this Devon city and its people, and the industries that have characterised it. The book will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of Plymouth.
Today, universities around the world find themselves going beyond
the traditional roles of research and teaching to drive the
development of local economies through collaborations with
industry. At a time when regions with universities are seeking best
practices among their peers, Shiri M. Breznitz argues against the
notion that one university's successful technology transfer model
can be easily transported to another. Rather, the impact that a
university can have on its local economy must be understood in
terms of its idiosyncratic internal mechanisms, as well as the
state and regional markets within which it operates.
The city of Newport, lying on the River Usk South Wales, has been an important port serving Wales since mediaeval times. The Industrial Revolution brought enormous wealth to Newport, when it became the centre of coal exports from the Welsh valleys, and although the docks have declined in recent years, large areas of Newport are being regenerated and the city still retains significant industries. Newport at Work explores the history of the city through the work and industries that have characterised it. The docks have played a vital role in the history of Newport, with its many ancillary industries that grew up with the docks, including the railways from the valleys. During the US Civil War many blockade runners came to Newport. Newport was also the home of the Mole Wrench, Pell's Mint Humbugs and Lovell Confectionary's Milky Lunch, and the author includes the story of other businesses and shops since the late Victorian period. Recent industries include micro-breweries and specialised crafts. Newport at Work explores the working life of this South Wales city and its people, and the industries that have characterised it. The book will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of Newport.
START-UP NATION addresses the trillion dollar question: How is it that Israel - a country of 7.1 million, only 60 years old, surrounded by enemies, in a constant state of war since its founding, with no natural resources-- produces more start-up companies than large, peaceful and stable nations like Japan, China, India, Korea, Canada and the UK? With the savvy of foreign policy insiders, Senor and Singer examine the lessons of the country's adversity-driven culture, which flattens hierarchy and elevates informality - all backed up by government policies focused on innovation. In a world where economies as diverse as Ireland, Singapore and Dubai have tried to re-create the "Israel effect", there are entrepreneurial lessons well worth noting. As America reboots its own economy and can-do spirit, there's never been a better time to look at this remarkable and resilient nation for some impressive, surprising clues.
Doncaster has always benefited from its location. It stands on the Great North Road, superseded by the A1, the primary route for all traffic from London to Edinburgh, and due to its strategic geographical importance it emerged as an industrial centre in the mid-nineteenth century. Beneath the town lies a huge coal seam and it was this that prompted Doncaster's exponential population growth. In the early part of the twentieth century Doncaster became one of the largest coal-mining areas in the country, with the industry becoming one of the most significant local employers. Doncaster At Work explores the life of the town and its people, from pre-industrial beginnings through to the present day. In a fascinating series of contemporary photographs and illustrations it takes us through the rise of the coal industry and the town's role as a major railway engineering centre, the closure of several collieries in the mid-1980s and subsequent loss of many other tertiary industries, and into the 21st century as the town's fortunes have changed with the redevelopment and rejuvenation of its centre.
This text examines the activities of small and medium-sized enterprises, and asks whether they have been regulated entirely through a dependence on the freemarket - which would explain their success compared with large companies. Or have they, on the other hand, simply been better organized? In answering this, the contributors compare the structures of SMEs with those of larger enterprises, and look at how they change when they begin to expand. The interaction of the market and political regulation is also discussed, together with the reasons why SMEs are created.
This candid narrative by Nobel laureate, Arthur Kornberg, chronicles the saga of a small biotech start-up, the key players, the painstaking development of the perfect product, and the forces affecting its resulting success or failure. Kornberg's razor-sharp wit and provocative opinions make this book a compelling page turner, whether he is decrying the current fashion in scientific funding or delving into the hotly contested PCR patent trial.
In today's volatile, complex and fast-moving business world, it can be difficult to gauge how sound a company really is. An apparently strong balance sheet and impressive reported profits may be hiding all sorts of problems that could even spell bankruptcy. So how do you: - Know whether a company is well run and doing well? - Decide which ratios and benchmarks to use to assess performance? - Work out if a company has massaged its results? - Recognise the danger signs on the corporate horizon? - Compare companies operating in different sectors or countries? These and many other important questions are answered in a completely updated and revised sixth edition of this clear and comprehensive guide. It is aimed at anyone who wants to understand a company's annual report, judge a customer's creditworthiness, assess a company's investment potential, and much more.
Between 1939 and 1945, Britain produced around 125,000 aircraft – to take one example – and enormous numbers of ships, motor vehicles, armaments and textiles. We developed radar, antibiotics, the jet engine and the computer. Less than seventy years later, the major industries that had made Britain a global power industrially and militarily, and had employed millions, were dead. These industries had collapsed within a mere three decades. Had they really been doomed, and if so, by what? Can our politicians have been so inept? Was it down to the superior competition of wily foreigners? Or were our rulers culturally too hostile to science and industry?
James Hamilton-Paterson, in this evocation of the industrial world we have lost, analyses the factors that turned us so quickly from a nation of active producers to one of passive consumers and financial middlemen.
America is stuck: just look at the crumbling roads and bridges, mismanaged railways, old-fashioned and easily overloaded air traffic control system, and perpetual lack of political will to do anything about it all. In contrast, take a trip around the world. Whiz through the "Chunnel", get high-speed Internet and phone signal on a remote mountain in Turkey or travel in a driverless Mercedes in Germany and see a future of possibilities that the US is barely glimpsing. Rosabeth Moss Kanter's bold solutions will motivate Americans to move their transportation infrastructure into a cleaner, faster and more prosperous future.
No nonsense solutions from the straight-talking face of British business. IF FUNDAMENTAL REFORM DOES NOT TAKE PLACE THEN WE ARE DEAD IN THE WATER. GLOBALISATION DOES NOT TAKE PRISONERS. BRITAIN MUST BECOME FIT FOR PURPOSE IN THE 21ST CENTURY. This is the explosive, first book from 'the face of British business', Lord Digby Jones. With a renowned, no-nonsense, straight-talking approach, he is one of the world's most acclaimed business commentators. In his candid and forthright style Fixing Britain puts the spotlight on critical national and international business issues and lays out the essential reform urgently needed for the growth of our nation. Knowledgeable, authoritative and independent, Digby highlights how untenable the status quo is in the UK, and sets out how Britain can get back in and stay in the globalised race. Sending a clear message to government, business leaders, strategists and the media, Fixing Britain explores the effective linkage of change at all levels, from Westminster to education, the public and private sectors, our social cohesion and our sense of common purpose. Digby is never afraid to say what others are thinking - this is the most explosive examination of the state of British business in years.
Hydraulic mining was, and remains, controversial.It produced great wealth from the soil of California, yet damaged the land in such a way that the scars will remain for eons. Great hillsides were denuded of soil by streams of water which boggle the imagination, and the sediment which was washed away filled the streambeds of the valleys below, causing flooding which decimated agriculture and inundated towns.
This important new work, the first book-length study of the subject, provides a complete history of hydraulic mining, its background and eventual demise. Mining techniques prior to the hydraulic period are described, as are the inventions which followed.
The only true invention of a completely new method of mining to be introduced in the California gold fields was hydraulic mining. Today it seems almost incredible that it took so long for someone to finally get the rather simple idea of using a hose and nozzle under pressure to wash down a bank of gravel. The author gives detailed treatment to the inventions and technology developed for hydraulic mining.
The story of the particular mines, of the litigation concerning them, labor problems in them, and individuals who played major roles in their operation are all discussed.
The story of the richest gravel deposits in California, located in the area drained by three major river systems-the American, Yuba, and Feather and also a smaller, but strategically located stream known as the Bear River, are closely chronicled. The region in Nevada County known as the San Juan Ridge, considered by Waldemar Lindgren as the richest Tertiary gravel deposit in all of California, receives special attention.
A magnificent water system was constructed in the Sierra which thrust the mining industry into the forefront of engineering and technological advances-but the way would be plagued by trial and error, disappointment and considerable failure.
Neither a condemnation nor an apologia of hydraulic mining in California, this book attempts an unbiased look at this most controversial of subjects. Although most of the research materials available for this study, such as government mining publications, were written by persons mostly sympathetic to the industry, sufficient objectivity and balance have been maintained to help the reader come to a fair judgment regarding hydraulic mining.
The author's notes and selected bibliography testify to the scope of the research materials utilized in this study.
Illustrations and maps portray the mining areas and the tools and techniques used in hydraulic mining.
The final court battles between the "anti-debris" forces and the miners is detailed and analyzed, as the demise of hydraulic mining was accomplished by its foes.
'Exquisitely written and ripe with detail' Sunday Times.
'An engaging book ... He knows his British stuff' The Times.
'One of England's most skilled and alluring prose writers in or out of fiction, has done something even more original' London Review of Books.
WHAT WE HAVE LOST IS A MISSILE AIMED AT THE BRITISH ESTABLISHMENT, A BLISTERING INDICTMENT OF POLITICIANS AND CIVIL SERVANTS, PLANNING AUTHORITIES AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, WHO HAVE PRESIDED, SINCE 1945, OVER THE DECLINE OF BRITAIN'S INDUSTRIES AND REPLACED THE 'GREAT' IN BRITAIN WITH A FOR SALE SIGN HUNG AROUND THE NECK OF THE NATION.
Between 1939 and 1945, Britain produced around 125,000 aircraft, and enormous numbers of ships, motor vehicles, armaments and textiles. We developed radar, antibiotics, the jet engine and the computer. Less than seventy years later, the major industries that had made Britain a global industrial power, and employed millions of people, were dead. Had they really been doomed, and if so, by what? Can our politicians have been so inept? Was it down to the superior competition of wily foreigners? Or were our rulers culturally too hostile to science and industry?
James Hamilton-Paterson, in this evocation of the industrial world we have lost, analyzes the factors that turned us so quickly from a nation of active producers to one of passive consumers and financial middlemen.
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