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Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics , Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, two practical visionaries working toward ending world poverty, answer these questions from the ground. In a book the Wall Street Journal called marvellous, rewarding," the authors tell how the stress of living on less than 99 cents per day encourages the poor to make questionable decisions that feed,not fight,poverty. The result is a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty that offers a ringside view of the lives of the world's poorest, and shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.
The first chapter in this book deals with an analysis of determinants of both net international investment positions and net costs of negative investment positions in transitive countries. It defines sustainable conditions that assume foreign investors will be prepared to continue to (re)finance negative investment positions in short and long-time periods. The sustainability conditions are derived from dynamics of both sources created through net export surplus and negative net yields paid from an international investment position. This chapter points out important differences between a position of large advanced and small transitive economies in the case of net costs of a negative net investment position. The second chapter examines the Messe-Rogoff puzzle, which demonstrates that exchange rate models cannot outperform the random walk in out-of-sample forecasting. The final chapter assesses the productivity change and efficiency of banks in Ghana.
This fully revised second edition of Bain and Howells' "Monetary
Economics "provides an up-to-date examination of monetary policy as
it is practised and the theory underlying it. The authors link the
conduct of monetary policy to the IS/PC/MR model and extend this
further through the addition of a simple model of the banking
sector. They demonstrate why monetary policy is central to the
management of a modern economy, showing how it might have lasting
effects on real variables, and look at how the current economic
crisis has weakened the ability of policymakers to influence
aggregate demand through the structure of interest rates.
"Monetary Economics" is an ideal core textbook for advanced undergraduate modules in monetary economics and monetary theory and policy.
The world is a better place than it used to be. People are wealthier and healthier, and live longer lives. Yet the escapes from destitution by so many have left gaping inequalities between people and between nations. In "The Great Escape," Angus Deaton--one of the foremost experts on economic development and on poverty--tells the remarkable story of how, starting 250 years ago, some parts of the world began to experience sustained progress, opening up gaps and setting the stage for today's hugely unequal world. Deaton takes an in-depth look at the historical and ongoing patterns behind the health and wealth of nations, and he addresses what needs to be done to help those left behind.
Deaton describes vast innovations and wrenching setbacks: the successes of antibiotics, pest control, vaccinations, and clean water on the one hand, and disastrous famines and the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the other. He examines the United States, a nation that has prospered but is today experiencing slower growth and increasing inequality. He also considers how economic growth in India and China has improved the lives of more than a billion people. Deaton argues that international aid has been ineffective and even harmful. He suggests alternative efforts--including reforming incentives to drug companies and lifting trade restrictions--that will allow the developing world to bring about its own Great Escape.
Demonstrating how changes in health and living standards have transformed our lives, "The Great Escape" is a powerful guide to addressing the well-being of all nations.
This book analyses the controversial and critical issue of 2% inflation targeting, currently practised by central banks in the US, Japan and Europe. Where did the 2% target inflation originate, and for what reason? Do these reasons stand up to scrutiny? This book explores these key questions, contributing to the growing debate that the global 2% inflation standard prescribed by the central banks in the advanced economies globally is actually contributing to the economic malaise of these nations. It presents novel theoretical perspectives, intertwined with historical and market understanding, and features analysis that draws on monetary theory (including Austrian school), behavioural finance, and finance theory. Alongside rigorous analysis of the past and present, the book also features forward looking chapters, exploring how the 2% global inflation standard could collapse and what would ideally follow its demise, including a new look at the role of gold.
This book analyzes how the EU referendum in the United Kingdom came to pass and what the foreseeable consequences are for the UK, Europe, US and world economy. The Brexit decision represents a momentous event for Europe, which weakens the EU and shifts the global balance of power. Welfens argues the EU has lost its appeal and is not in keeping with the twenty-first century, which is being shaped by Asia and digital innovations. The subject of immigration from EU countries played a key role in the Brexit decision, with an anti-EU campaign that was profoundly biased. The estimated impact of the referendum was deeply distorted by the broadly inadequate information produced by the Cameron government, which omitted the expected 10 percent loss in income caused by leaving the EU. With this this information, there could have been a clear pro-EU majority. In the absence of a second referendum, one cannot know what the British electorate really wants. Both the Brexit decision and new President of the United States Donald Trump's approach to European disintegration dynamics also raise serious questions about the future of transatlantic relations.
In the past 25 years, the distribution of income and wealth in
Britain and the US has grown enormously unequal, far more so than
in other advanced countries. The book, which is aimed at both an
academic and a general audience, examines how this happened,
starting with the economic shocks of the 1970s and the neo-liberal
policies first applied under Thatcher and Reagan. In essence,
growing inequality and economic instability is seen as driven by a
US-style model of free-market capitalism that is increasingly
deregulated and dominated by the financial sector.
For the past several decades, politicians and economists thought that high levels of inequality were good for the economy. But because America's middle class is now so weak, the US economy suffers from the kinds of problems that plague less-developed countries. As Hollowed Out explains, to have strong, sustainable growth, the economy needs to work for everyone and expand from the middle out. This new thinking has the potential to supplant trickle-down economics the theory that was so wrong about inequality and our economy and shape economic policy making for generations.
The Blue Book provides detailed estimates of national product, income and expenditure for the UK. It covers value added by industry, full accounts by sector and capital formation. This key annual title also includes annual figures for preliminary, provisional and full quarterly estimates of national accounts.
First published in 1987, Evolutionary Macroeconomics offers an evolutionary approach to macroeconomics as an alternative to contemporary new classical and Keynesian macroeconomics. In order to develop such an approach, an alternative view of the micro-foundations of macroeconomics is presented. The book begins with a commentary on the state of macroeconomics and an evaluation of attempts to redevelop its underlying vision of economic behaviour. Particular attention is paid to the treatment of expectations and anticipations. The second part of the book presents a behavioural framework which is compatible with an evolutionary perspective on economic behaviour. The third part of the book discusses the implications of adopting an evolutionary approach to macroeconomic theory, empirical methods and policy design, culminating in a specific policy proposal to cure stagflation.
Kenneth K. Kurihara's book makes a pioneering effort to integrate national income accounting, income-employment theory and growth analysis as a unified whole.
This is the first of three volumes containing edited versions of papers and commentaries presented at invited symposium sessions of the Tenth World Congress of the Econometric Society, held in Shanghai in August 2010. The papers summarize and interpret key developments in economics and econometrics and they discuss future directions for a wide variety of topics, covering both theory and application. Written by the leading specialists in their fields, these volumes provide a unique, accessible survey of progress on the discipline. The first volume primarily addresses economic theory, with specific focuses on nonstandard markets, contracts, decision theory, communication and organizations, epistemics and calibration, and patents.
For courses in Principles of Macroeconomics. Acemoglu, Laibson, List: An evidence-based approach to economics Throughout Macroconomics, 2nd Edition, Global Edition authors Daron Acemoglu, David Laibson, and John List use real economic questions and data to help students learn about the world around them. Taking a fresh approach, the authors use the themes of optimization, equilibrium, and empiricism to illustrate the power of simple economic ideas, and their ability to explain, predict, and improve what happens in the world. Each chapter begins with an empirical question that is later answered using data in the Evidence-Based Economics feature. As a result of the text's practical emphasis, students learn to apply economic principles to guide the decisions they make in their own lives. MyLabTM Economics not included. Students, if MyLab is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MyLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson rep for more information. MyLab is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
Originally published in1985. Jim Tomlinson charters the route of British macroeconomic policy in the post-war era. This book argues that the objectives of macroeconomic policy have not been constant; that the emphasis has shifted from one item to another over time; and that this uncertainty and inconsistency over objectives goes a long way to explaining why macroeconomics management has not been a startling success.
First published in 1991, this book uses a property rights perspective to analyse why there is such widespread resistance to change in the Soviet Economic System. Many within the ruling stratum benefit considerably from their positions, particularly in terms of access to goods and services. In an original conclusion Jan Winiecki argues that a cost-effective way of removing the resistance of the parasitic ruling stratum would be a system of compensatory payments.
This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. It is now widely accepted that politics plays a significant role in shaping the possibilities for inclusive development. However, the specific ways in which this happens across different types and forms of development, and in different contexts, remains poorly understood. This collection provides a state of the art review regarding what is currently known about the politics of inclusive development. Leading academics offer systematic reviews of how politics shapes development across multiple dimensions, including through growth, natural resource governance, poverty reduction, service delivery, social protection, justice systems, the empowerment of marginalised groups, and the role of both traditional and non-traditional donors. The volume not only provides a comprehensive update but also a ground-breaking range of new directions for thinking and acting around these issues. The book's originality thus derives not only from the wide scope of its case-study material, but also from the new conceptual approaches it offers for thinking about the politics of inclusive development, and the innovative and practical suggestions for donors, policy makers, and practitioners that flow from this.
When economists wrestle with issues such as unemployment, inflation, or budget deficits, they do so by incorporating an impersonal, detached mode of reasoning. But economists also analyze issues that, to others, typically do not fall within the realm of economic reasoning, such as organ transplants, cigarette addiction, overeating, and product safety. "Trade-Offs" is an introduction to the economic approach to analyzing these controversial public policy issues. Harold Winter provides readers with the analytical tools needed to identify and understand the trade-offs associated with these topics. By considering both the costs and benefits of potential policy solutions, Winter stresses that real-world decision making is best served by an explicit recognition of as many trade-offs as possible. This new edition incorporates recent developments in policy debates, including the rise of "new paternalism," or policies designed to protect people from themselves; alternative ways to increase the supply of organs available for transplant; and economic approaches to controlling infectious disease.
This clearly-written book provides an historical analysis of postwar economic development in the US, helping the reader to understand the nation's current economic position. Samuel Rosenberg investigates three postwar phases: the creation of an institutional framework setting the stage for prosperity in the US after World War II, the forces undermining this institutional framework and the resulting stagflation of the 1970s, and the recreation of a new institutional structure in the 1980s. Basic economic concepts are introduced and explained throughout and specific attention is paid to macroeconomic policy, industrial relations, the role of the US in the world economy, social and labor policy, the structure of the labor force, and the distribution of income by race and gender.
Too many of the world's citizens face impoverished living standards. The economic and financial crises have made matters worse. The viewpoint of Living Standards and Social Well-Being is that the fundamental objective for an economy is provisioning, not simply efficiency. The chapters in this volume examine how economies across the globe come to understand what constitutes a living and how they can improve living standards, including balancing paid work with family life and civic responsibility.
The authors provide historical, theoretical, and empirical studies of moving economies at the macro level and households at the micro level toward improved living standards. It is argued that achieving well-being and decent living standards, through work and welfare state policies, is a social responsibility. Such improvements could be delivered through basic income policies, family support, job guarantees, decent work, shorter work weeks, and support from social welfare. These issues are important for economics and the other social sciences and in particular for social economics.
This book was published as a special issue of the Review of Social Economy.
Your Survival Guide to the Next Financial Storm
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our downward economic spiral over the next 20 years and recommends
the investments best suited for that journey.""
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""A useful book that underlines an essential reality: Americans
will not be returning to the old normal. We must adapt to a
changing world that presents us with new risks and opportunities.
"The Ten Trillion Dollar Gamble" broadens and deepens a
conversation we have to have.""
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solutions on how to protect their investments and financial
""A superb book. Russ Koesterich's recommendations spanning
financial and real assets are insightful, relevant, and pragmatic.
Russ is among the select few veterans of the investment management
profession who are able to project academic insights faithfully,
offer compelling investment advice--and write a
"""The Ten Trillion Dollar Gamble" is a well-crafted book. At
every turn the author explains the rationale for including or
excluding particular assets in a portfolio, especially as they
react to higher interest rates, slower growth, and possible
inflation. The investor who is worried about protecting his wealth
in the coming decade(s) would do well to consider Koesterich's
""A helpful, methodical 'financial playbook' for realistic
investors. Highly recommended for those planning to invest over the
next five years or more. It is not easy to find books that combine
debt macroeconomics with sound financial advice, but Koesterich
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About the Book:
The next financial disaster is around the corner. Are you prepared?
With the nation's deficit expanding into the trillions of dollars, investors need to be prepared for the inevitable--and potentially devastating--fallout. Most economists agree that interest rates will rise, inflation will likely be higher, and virtually every aspect of our economy will be affected. Smart investors need to ask themselves: "How should I invest today to survive the storm tomorrow?"
The answer is in this brilliantly calculated, forward-thinking investment guide from Black-Rock strategist Russ Koesterich. He'll show you exactly what to expect in the new deficit economy--and how to handle your finances smartly, safely, and securely . . . Stocks and Bonds How to Invest in a Rising Rate Environment Real Estate How the Deficit Will Affect the Market Commodities The Benefits of Owning Real Assets Portfolio Management What You Should Do Before It's Too Late
More than a collection of fascinating financial predictions, "The Ten Trillion Dollar Gamble" offers solid advice on a wide range of investment options. You'll discover which markets are hot--and which are not--when the storm finally hits.
You'll find out if Treasury bonds are right for youand why commodities will be even more important in the future. You'll learn the best ways to invest in real estate, how to handle your growing debt, and how to manage higher interest rates for everything from mortgages to savings accounts.
Most important, you'll be able to apply these professional insights into building a stronger portfolio for you and your family.
Just because the government is gambling with our future doesn't mean you should. "The Ten Trillion Dollar Gamble" offers a winning game plan to help you protect and build your wealth for the long term.
When the next storm hits, you won't just survive, you'll thrive.
The field of input-output analysis is fragmented. Statisticians collect and organize data and construct input-output coefficients. Economists analyze these statistics and their changes to measure and explain important concepts such as productivity, efficiency and comparative advantages. Applied economists and environmental analysts then build models around input-output matrices for scenario and impact analyses. This authoritative Handbook encompasses all these elements, explaining in detail the treatment and role of input-output statistics in the System of National Accounts. Importantly, it provides a unifying global supply-use framework to tie together many of the unresolved issues in collecting statistics, constructing input-output coefficients, and their use in modeling. Leading experts from international statistical offices and universities provide comprehensive coverage of the field, including history, theory, applications, uncertainty and dynamics. They elucidate the collection of accounting statistics, the construction of input-output tables, and their use in economic and environmental analysis. Furthermore, they examine the building of applied general equilibrium models, the use of these models for efficiency analysis, and the links to stochastic and dynamic input-output analysis. Students and academics studying applied economics and environmental modeling will find this an enlightening guide to the state of the art. As well as revealing and exploring the theoretical foundations, the Handbook will also act as a useful guide for practitioners.
The Annual Report 2016 provides an overview of WTO activities in 2015 and early 2016. The Report begins with a message from WTO Director-General Roberto Azev do, followed by a brief overview of 2014-15 and more in-depth accounts of WTO activities over the past year.
Substantially revised and updated the second edition of this highly acclaimed text is both a vital guide and a valuable critical analysis. The book provides a contemporary comparative approach to the process of transformation of the economies of Eastern Europe and Russia. Supplying a large amount of factual and statistical information it also includes consideration of recent progress in the areas of macro-economic-stabilisation, micro-economic restructuring and integration into the world economy.
In one lifetime, GDP, or Gross Domestic Product, has ballooned from a narrow economic tool into a global article of faith. As The Little Big Number demonstrates, this spells trouble. While economies and cultures measure their performance by it, GDP only measures output. It ignores central facts such as quality, costs, or purpose. Sustainability and quality of life are overlooked. Losses don't count. The world can no longer afford GDP rule--GDP ignores real development. Dirk Philipsen demonstrates how the history of GDP reveals unique opportunities to fashion smarter goals and measures. The Little Big Number explores a possible roadmap for a future that advances quality of life rather than indiscriminate growth.
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