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This volume presents lecture notes based on the author's courses on Lie algebras and the solution of Hilbert's fifth problem. In chapter 1, "Lie Algebras," the structure theory of semi-simple Lie algebras in characteristic zero is presented, following the ideas of Killing and Cartan. Chapter 2, "The Structure of Locally Compact Groups," deals with the solution of Hilbert's fifth problem given by Gleason, Montgomery, and Zipplin in 1952.
Extrinsic geometric flows are characterized by a submanifold evolving in an ambient space with velocity determined by its extrinsic curvature. The goal of this book is to give an extensive introduction to a few of the most prominent extrinsic flows, namely, the curve shortening flow, the mean curvature flow, the Gauss curvature flow, the inverse-mean curvature flow, and fully nonlinear flows of mean curvature and inverse-mean curvature type. The authors highlight techniques and behaviors that frequently arise in the study of these (and other) flows. To illustrate the broad applicability of the techniques developed, they also consider general classes of fully nonlinear curvature flows. The book is written at the level of a graduate student who has had a basic course in differential geometry and has some familiarity with partial differential equations. It is intended also to be useful as a reference for specialists. In general, the authors provide detailed proofs, although for some more specialized results they may only present the main ideas; in such cases, they provide references for complete proofs. A brief survey of additional topics, with extensive references, can be found in the notes and commentary at the end of each chapter.
The work of the Japanese sculptor Toshimasa Kikuchi (born in 1979) is somehow bewilderingly obvious. Trained in the restoration of Buddhist statues, mastering to perfection the techniques of classical Japanese statuary, he carves pure forms in wood - geometric, hydrodynamic or figurative. His scientific repertory is of all time (mathematics, engineering, natural history), but his preferred materials and techniques are firmly grounded in tradition (Japanese hinoki cypress, urushi lacquer, kinpaku gold leaf). The installation he presents for his Carte Blanche at the musee Guimet in Paris, brings together a series of slender sculptures in lacquered wood of mathematical objects, in the tradition of the celebrated photographs that Man Ray took of them. These abstract forms, hanging from the ceiling like mobiles or laid on the floor like devotional objects, take shape through a virtuosity and craftsmanship seldom found in contemporary art. The book is lavishly illustrated by the Japanese photographer Tadayuki Minamoto, who was able to capture the magnificence of the mathematical abstraction of the works of Kikuchi; by photographs and paintings by Man Ray; and with fascinating mathematical objects from the Institut Henri Poincare, Paris, photographed by the French photographer Bertrand Michau. It is essential reading for lovers of surrealism and of the early years of twentieth-century abstraction as well as for all who are intrigued by the close relationship between art and mathematics.
Lucid, well-written introduction to elementary geometry usually included in undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in mathematics. Topics include vector algebra in the plane, circles and coaxal systems, mappings of the Euclidean plane, similitudes, isometries, mappings of the intensive plane, much more. Over 500 exercises. "...lucid and masterly survey."-Math. Gazette.
This book provides the theory for stratified spaces, along with
important examples and applications, that is analogous to the
surgery theory for manifolds. In the first expository account of
this field, Weinberger provides topologists with a new way of
looking at the classification theory of singular spaces with his
Algebra & Geometry: An Introduction to University Mathematics, Second Edition provides a bridge between high school and undergraduate mathematics courses on algebra and geometry. The author shows students how mathematics is more than a collection of methods by presenting important ideas and their historical origins throughout the text. He incorporates a hands-on approach to proofs and connects algebra and geometry to various applications. The text focuses on linear equations, polynomial equations, and quadratic forms. The first few chapters cover foundational topics, including the importance of proofs and a discussion of the properties commonly encountered when studying algebra. The remaining chapters form the mathematical core of the book. These chapters explain the solutions of different kinds of algebraic equations, the nature of the solutions, and the interplay between geometry and algebra. New to the second edition Several updated chapters, plus an all-new chapter discussing the construction of the real numbers by means of approximations by rational numbers Includes fifteen short 'essays' that are accessible to undergraduate readers, but which direct interested students to more advanced developments of the material Expanded references Contains chapter exercises with solutions provided online at www.routledge.com/9780367563035
ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS, 7th Edition, is designed to help students develop a comprehensive vocabulary of geometry, an intuitive and inductive approach to the development of principles, and strong deductive skills to solve geometry-based real-world applications. Over 150 new exercises provide additional practice in writing proofs. Available with access to WebAssign, an online study tool that helps students master the course concepts.
This textbook provides a unified and concise exploration of undergraduate mathematics by approaching the subject through its history. Readers will discover the rich tapestry of ideas behind familiar topics from the undergraduate curriculum, such as calculus, algebra, topology, and more. Featuring historical episodes ranging from the Ancient Greeks to Fermat and Descartes, this volume offers a glimpse into the broader context in which these ideas developed, revealing unexpected connections that make this ideal for a senior capstone course. The presentation of previous versions has been refined by omitting the less mainstream topics and inserting new connecting material, allowing instructors to cover the book in a one-semester course. This condensed edition prioritizes succinctness and cohesiveness, and there is a greater emphasis on visual clarity, featuring full color images and high quality 3D models. As in previous editions, a wide array of mathematical topics are covered, from geometry to computation; however, biographical sketches have been omitted. Mathematics and Its History: A Concise Edition is an essential resource for courses or reading programs on the history of mathematics. Knowledge of basic calculus, algebra, geometry, topology, and set theory is assumed. From reviews of previous editions: "Mathematics and Its History is a joy to read. The writing is clear, concise and inviting. The style is very different from a traditional text. I found myself picking it up to read at the expense of my usual late evening thriller or detective novel.... The author has done a wonderful job of tying together the dominant themes of undergraduate mathematics." Richard J. Wilders, MAA, on the Third Edition "The book...is presented in a lively style without unnecessary detail. It is very stimulating and will be appreciated not only by students. Much attention is paid to problems and to the development of mathematics before the end of the nineteenth century.... This book brings to the non-specialist interested in mathematics many interesting results. It can be recommended for seminars and will be enjoyed by the broad mathematical community." European Mathematical Society, on the Second Edition
The 36th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG 2010) took place in Zar os, Crete, Greece, June 28-30, 2010. About 60 mathematicians and computer scientists from all over the world (Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Switzerland, the UK, and the USA) attended the conference. WG has a long tradition. Since 1975, WG has taken place 21 times in Germany, four times in The Netherlands, twice in Austria, twice in France and once in the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Norway, Slovakia, Switzerland, and the UK. WG aims at merging theory and practice by demonstrating how concepts from graph theory can be applied to various areas in computer science, or by extracting new graph theoretic problems from applications. The goal is to presentemergingresearchresultsand to identify and exploredirections of future research.The conference is well-balanced with respect to established researchers and young scientists. There were 94 submissions, two of which where withdrawn before entering the review process. Each submission was carefully reviewed by at least 3, and on average 4.5, members of the Program Committee. The Committee accepted 28 papers, which makes an acceptance ratio of around 30%. I should stress that, due to the high competition and the limited schedule, there were papers that were not accepted while they deserved to be.
The 35th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG 2009) took place at Montpellier (France), June 24-26 2009. About 80 computer scientists from all over the world (Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Japan, Korea, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, UK, USA) attended the conference. Since1975,ithastakenplace20timesinGermany,fourtimesinTheNeth- lands, twice in Austria, as well as once in Italy, Slovakia, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, France, Norway, and the UK. The conference aims at uniting theory and practice by demonstrating how graph-theoretic concepts can be applied to various areas in computer science, or by extracting new problems from appli- tions. The goal is to present recent research results and to identify and explore directions of future research. The conference is well-balanced with respect to established researchers and young scientists. There were 69 submissions. Each submission was reviewed by at least three, and on average four, Program Committee members. The Committee decided to accept 28 papers. Due to the competition and the limited schedule, some good papers could not be accepted. Theprogramalsoincludedexcellentinvitedtalks:onegivenbyDanielKralon "AlgorithmsforClassesofGraphswithBoundedExpansion," the otherbyDavid Eppsteinon"Graph-TheoreticSolutionstoComputationalGeometryProblems." The proceedings contains two survey papers on these topics.
Mathematical Methods of Analytical Mechanics uses tensor geometry and geometry of variation calculation, includes the properties associated with Noether's theorem, and highlights methods of integration, including Jacobi's method, which is deduced. In addition, the book covers the Maupertuis principle that looks at the conservation of energy of material systems and how it leads to quantum mechanics. Finally, the book deduces the various spaces underlying the analytical mechanics which lead to the Poisson algebra and the symplectic geometry.
Groups as abstract structures were first recognized by
mathematicians in the nineteenth century. Groups are, of course,
sets given with appropriate "multiplications," and they are often
given together with actions on interesting geometric objects. But
groups are also interesting geometric objects by themselves. More
precisely, a finitely-generated group can be seen as a metric
space, the distance between two points being defined "up to
quasi-isometry" by some "word length," and this gives rise to a
very fruitful approach to group theory.
Starting from the foundations, the author presents an almost
These proceedings contain the contributions of some of the participants in the "intensive research period" held at the De Giorgi Research Center in Pisa, during the period May-June 2010. The central theme of this research period was the study of configuration spaces from various points of view. This topic originated from the intersection of several classical theories: Braid groups and related topics, configurations of vectors (of great importance in Lie theory and representation theory), arrangements of hyperplanes and of subspaces, combinatorics, singularity theory. Recently, however, configuration spaces have acquired independent interest and indeed the contributions in this volume go far beyond the above subjects, making it attractive to a large audience of mathematicians.
Karl Menger, one of the founders of dimension theory, belongs to the most original mathematicians and thinkers of the twentieth century. He was a member of the Vienna Circle and the founder of its mathematical equivalent, the Viennese Mathematical Colloquium. Both during his early years in Vienna and after his emigration to the United States, Karl Menger made significant contributions to a wide variety of mathematical fields, and greatly influenced some of his colleagues. The "Selecta Mathematica" contain Menger's major mathematical papers, based on a personal selection by himself out of his extensive writings. They deal with topics as diverse as topology, geometry, analysis and algebra, as well as writings on economics, sociology, logic, philosophy and mathematical results. The two volumes are a monument to the diversity and originality of Menger's ideas.
Geometry is one of the oldest mathematical subjects in history. Unfortunately, few geometry study guides offer clear explanations, causing many people to get tripped up or lost when trying to solve a proof--even when they know the terms and concepts like the back of their hand. However, this problem can be fixed with practice and some strategies for slicing through all the mumbo--jumbo and getting right to the heart of the proof. Geometry Workbook For Dummies ensures that practice makes perfect, especially when problems are presented without the stiff, formal style that you'd find in your math textbook. Written with a commonsense, street--smart approach, this guide gives you the step--by--step process to solve each proof, along with tips, shortcuts, and mnemonic devices to make sure the solutions stick. It also gives you plenty of room to work out your solutions, providing you with space to breathe and a clear head. This book provides you with the tools you need to solve all types of geometry problems, including: * Congruent triangles * Finding the area, angle, and size of quadrilaterals * Angle--arc theorems and formulas * Touching radii and tangents * Connecting radii and chords * Parallel, perpendicular, and intersecting lines and planes * Slope, distance, and midpoint formulas * Line and circle equations * Handling rotations, reflections, and other transformations Packed with tons of strategies for solving proofs and a review of key concepts, Geometry Workbook For Dummies is the ultimate study aid for students, parents, and anyone with an interest in the field.
Each chapter devoted to single type of problem with accompanying commentary and set of practice problems. Amateur puzzlists, students of mathematics and geometry will enjoy this rare opportunity to match wits with civilization's great mathematicians and witness the invention of modern mathematics.
This book features selected papers from The Seventh International Conference on Research and Education in Mathematics that was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 25 - 27th August 2015. With chapters devoted to the most recent discoveries in mathematics and statistics and serve as a platform for knowledge and information exchange between experts from academic and industrial sectors, it covers a wide range of topics, including numerical analysis, fluid mechanics, operation research, optimization, statistics and game theory. It is a valuable resource for pure and applied mathematicians, statisticians, engineers and scientists, and provides an excellent overview of the latest research in mathematical sciences.
This book presents problems and solutions in calculus with curvilinear coordinates. Vector analysis can be performed in different coordinate systems, an optimal system considers the symmetry of the problem in order to reduce calculatory difficulty. The book presents the material in arbitrary orthogonal coordinates, and includes the discussion of parametrization methods as well as topics such as potential theory and integral theorems. The target audience primarily comprises university teachers in engineering mathematics, but the book may also be beneficial for advanced undergraduate and graduate students alike.
In the 1800s mathematicians introduced a formal theory of symmetry: group theory. Now a branch of abstract algebra, this subject first arose in the theory of equations. Symmetry is an immensely important concept in mathematics and throughout the sciences, and its applications range across the entire subject. Symmetry governs the structure of crystals, innumerable types of pattern formation, how systems change their state as parameters vary; and fundamental physics is governed by symmetries in the laws of nature. It is highly visual, with applications that include animal markings, locomotion, evolutionary biology, elastic buckling, waves, the shape of the Earth, and the form of galaxies. In this Very Short Introduction, Ian Stewart demonstrates its deep implications, and shows how it plays a major role in the current search to unify relativity and quantum theory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
This book summarizes the author's lifetime achievements, offering new perspectives and approaches in the field of metal cutting theory and its applications. The topics discussed include Non-Euclidian Geometry of Cutting Tools, Non-free Cutting Mechanics and Non-Linear Machine Tool Dynamics, applying non-linear science/complexity to machining, and all the achievements and their practical significance have been theoretically proved and experimentally verified.
Il volume e una presentazione autocontenuta (ma rigorosa) della teoria dei codici a blocchi tradizionale, con rimandi ad argomenti correnti di ricerca; sono presenti numerosi esercizi svolti, anche con l'ausilio del calcolatore. Il libro e destinato agli studenti del 2 Degrees e 3 Degrees anno di un corso di laurea di primo livello in Matematica, Fisica, Ingegneria. Sono inoltre presenti sezioni avanzate che possono essere utilizzate anche in un corso della laurea specialistica.
Meyer's Geometry and Its Applications, Second Edition, combines
traditional geometry with current ideas to present a modern
approach that is grounded in real-world applications. It balances
the deductive approach with discovery learning, and introduces
axiomatic, Euclidean geometry, non-Euclidean geometry, and
transformational geometry. The text integrates applications and
examples throughout and includes historical notes in many chapters.
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