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Focusing on Sobolev inequalities and their applications to analysis on manifolds and Ricci flow, Sobolev Inequalities, Heat Kernels under Ricci Flow, and the Poincare Conjecture introduces the field of analysis on Riemann manifolds and uses the tools of Sobolev imbedding and heat kernel estimates to study Ricci flows, especially with surgeries. The author explains key ideas, difficult proofs, and important applications in a succinct, accessible, and unified manner. The book first discusses Sobolev inequalities in various settings, including the Euclidean case, the Riemannian case, and the Ricci flow case. It then explores several applications and ramifications, such as heat kernel estimates, Perelman's W entropies and Sobolev inequality with surgeries, and the proof of Hamilton's little loop conjecture with surgeries. Using these tools, the author presents a unified approach to the Poincare conjecture that clarifies and simplifies Perelman's original proof. Since Perelman solved the Poincare conjecture, the area of Ricci flow with surgery has attracted a great deal of attention in the mathematical research community. Along with coverage of Riemann manifolds, this book shows how to employ Sobolev imbedding and heat kernel estimates to examine Ricci flow with surgery.
This book provides a collection of 43 simple computer and physical laboratory experiments, including some for an artist's studio and some for a kitchen, that illustrate the concepts of fractal geometry. In addition to standard topics - iterated function systems (IFS), fractal dimension computation, the Mandelbrot set - we explore data analysis by driven IFS, construction of four-dimensional fractals, basic multifractals, synchronization of chaotic processes, fractal finger paints, cooking fractals, videofeedback, and fractal networks of resistors and oscillators.
This volume presents lively and engaging articles from the lecturers and the participants of the 25th and 26th Goekova Geometry-Topology Conferences, held on the shores of Goekova Bay, Turkey, in May/June of 2018 and May/June of 2019. The 25th and 26th Goekova Geometry-Topology Conferences were sponsored by the National Science Foundation, by the Turkish Mathematical Society, and by the European Research Council.
This proceedings volume gathers together selected works from the 2018 "Asymptotic, Algebraic and Geometric Aspects of Integrable Systems" workshop that was held at TSIMF Yau Mathematical Sciences Center in Sanya, China, honoring Nalini Joshi on her 60th birthday. The papers cover recent advances in asymptotic, algebraic and geometric methods in the study of discrete integrable systems. The workshop brought together experts from fields such as asymptotic analysis, representation theory and geometry, creating a platform to exchange current methods, results and novel ideas. This volume's articles reflect these exchanges and can be of special interest to a diverse group of researchers and graduate students interested in learning about current results, new approaches and trends in mathematical physics, in particular those relevant to discrete integrable systems.
Within the subject of topological dynamics, there has been considerable recent interest in systems where the underlying topological space is a Cantor set. Such systems have an inherently combinatorial nature, and seminal ideas of Anatoly Vershik allowed for a combinatorial model, called the Bratteli-Vershik model, for such systems with no non-trivial closed invariant subsets. This model led to a construction of an ordered abelian group which is an algebraic invariant of the system providing a complete classification of such systems up to orbit equivalence. The goal of this book is to give a statement of this classification result and to develop ideas and techniques leading to it. Rather than being a comprehensive treatment of the area, this book is aimed at students and researchers trying to learn about some surprising connections between dynamics and algebra. The only background material needed is a basic course in group theory and a basic course in general topology.
For the past forty years, Robert Bartnik has been one of the leading mathematicians working on mathematical general relativity and geometric analysis. Since his early dissertation work on the existence of maximal hypersurfaces in general asymptotically flat spacetimes, done under the guidance of S.T. Yau at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, Bartnik's work has had a major impact on a number of different areas in mathematical relativity. His careful definition of the ADM mass on asymptotically Euclidean geometries, together with his analysis of the Laplace operator on such geometries, has been highly influential in geometric analysis. This work led in turn to his insightful definition of ""quasi-local mass,"" a topic of intense interest to this day. Bartnik's collaboration with his student John McKinnon resulted in their iconic discovery of a globally regular static solution of the Einstein-Yang-Mills equations. His proof that there exist globally hyperbolic spacetime solutions of Einstein's equations, which contain no constant mean curvature Cauchy surfaces, was very surprising, and has led to a variety of further results of this nature. The procedure he developed for generating solutions of the Einstein constraint equations using a parabolic PDE system, has already led to important applications and is likely to be very useful in the future. With the publication of this volume, the editors wish to honor Robert Bartnik's great contributions to their field. Included in this collection are most of his published papers, together with short essays by friends and colleagues who have been strongly influenced by him. The editors dedicate this collection to Robert, and to all those who will greatly benefit from being introduced to his work.
The author presents a detailed analysis of 2-complete stable homotopy groups, both in the classical context and in the motivic context over $\mathbb C$. He uses the motivic May spectral sequence to compute the cohomology of the motivic Steenrod algebra over $\mathbb C$ through the 70-stem. He then uses the motivic Adams spectral sequence to obtain motivic stable homotopy groups through the 59-stem. He also describes the complete calculation to the 65-stem, but defers the proofs in this range to forthcoming publications. In addition to finding all Adams differentials, the author also resolves all hidden extensions by $2$, $\eta $, and $\nu $ through the 59-stem, except for a few carefully enumerated exceptions that remain unknown. The analogous classical stable homotopy groups are easy consequences. The author also computes the motivic stable homotopy groups of the cofiber of the motivic element $\tau $. This computation is essential for resolving hidden extensions in the Adams spectral sequence. He shows that the homotopy groups of the cofiber of $\tau $ are the same as the $E_2$-page of the classical Adams-Novikov spectral sequence. This allows him to compute the classical Adams-Novikov spectral sequence, including differentials and hidden extensions, in a larger range than was previously known.
Lucid, well-written introduction to elementary geometry usually included in undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in mathematics. Topics include vector algebra in the plane, circles and coaxal systems, mappings of the Euclidean plane, similitudes, isometries, mappings of the intensive plane, much more. Over 500 exercises. "...lucid and masterly survey."-Math. Gazette.
Differential Forms on Singular Varieties: De Rham and Hodge Theory Simplified uses complexes of differential forms to give a complete treatment of the Deligne theory of mixed Hodge structures on the cohomology of singular spaces. This book features an approach that employs recursive arguments on dimension and does not introduce spaces of higher dimension than the initial space. It simplifies the theory through easily identifiable and well-defined weight filtrations. It also avoids discussion of cohomological descent theory to maintain accessibility. Topics include classical Hodge theory, differential forms on complex spaces, and mixed Hodge structures on noncompact spaces.
This volume presents lecture notes based on the author's courses on Lie algebras and the solution of Hilbert's fifth problem. In chapter 1, "Lie Algebras," the structure theory of semi-simple Lie algebras in characteristic zero is presented, following the ideas of Killing and Cartan. Chapter 2, "The Structure of Locally Compact Groups," deals with the solution of Hilbert's fifth problem given by Gleason, Montgomery, and Zipplin in 1952.
Based on Fields medal winning work of Michael Freedman, this book explores the disc embedding theorem for 4-dimensional manifolds. This theorem underpins virtually all our understanding of topological 4-manifolds. Most famously, this includes the 4-dimensional Poincare conjecture in the topological category. The Disc Embedding Theorem contains the first thorough and approachable exposition of Freedman's proof of the disc embedding theorem, with many new details. A self-contained account of decomposition space theory, a beautiful but outmoded branch of topology that produces non-differentiable homeomorphisms between manifolds, is provided, as well as a stand-alone interlude that explains the disc embedding theorem's key role in all known homeomorphism classifications of 4-manifolds via surgery theory and the s-cobordism theorem. Additionally, the ramifications of the disc embedding theorem within the study of topological 4-manifolds, for example Frank Quinn's development of fundamental tools like transversality are broadly described. The book is written for mathematicians, within the subfield of topology, specifically interested in the study of 4-dimensional spaces, and includes numerous professionally rendered figures.
This text offers a selection of papers on singularity theory presented at the Sixth Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities held at ICMC-USP, Brazil. It should help students and specialists to understand results that illustrate the connections between singularity theory and related fields. The authors discuss irreducible plane curve singularities, openness and multitransversality, the distribution Afs and the real asymptotic spectrum, deformations of boundary singularities and non-crystallographic coxeter groups, transversal Whitney topology and singularities of Haefliger foliations, the topology of hypersurface singularities, polar multiplicities and equisingularity of map germs from C3 to C4, and topological invariants of stable maps from a surface to the plane from a global viewpoint.
The work of the Japanese sculptor Toshimasa Kikuchi (born in 1979) is somehow bewilderingly obvious. Trained in the restoration of Buddhist statues, mastering to perfection the techniques of classical Japanese statuary, he carves pure forms in wood - geometric, hydrodynamic or figurative. His scientific repertory is of all time (mathematics, engineering, natural history), but his preferred materials and techniques are firmly grounded in tradition (Japanese hinoki cypress, urushi lacquer, kinpaku gold leaf). The installation he presents for his Carte Blanche at the musee Guimet in Paris, brings together a series of slender sculptures in lacquered wood of mathematical objects, in the tradition of the celebrated photographs that Man Ray took of them. These abstract forms, hanging from the ceiling like mobiles or laid on the floor like devotional objects, take shape through a virtuosity and craftsmanship seldom found in contemporary art. The book is lavishly illustrated by the Japanese photographer Tadayuki Minamoto, who was able to capture the magnificence of the mathematical abstraction of the works of Kikuchi; by photographs and paintings by Man Ray; and with fascinating mathematical objects from the Institut Henri Poincare, Paris, photographed by the French photographer Bertrand Michau. It is essential reading for lovers of surrealism and of the early years of twentieth-century abstraction as well as for all who are intrigued by the close relationship between art and mathematics.
Throughout their long history the craft traditions of the Islamic world evolved a multitude of styles applied to a great variety of media but always with unifying factors that make them instantly recognizable. Harmony is central. There are two key aspects to the visual structure of Islamic design, calligraphy using Arabic script-one of the world's great calligraphic traditions-and abstract ornamentation using a varied but remarkably integrated visual language. This art of pure ornament revolves around two central themes; crystalline geometric patterns, the harmonic and symmetrical subdivision of the plane giving rise to intricately interwoven designs that speak of infinity and the omnipresent center; and idealized plant form, spiraling tendrils, leaves, buds and flowers embodying organic life and rhythm. 1. WIDE APPEAL: Anyone interested in science, mathematics, design, architecture, and the natural world. 2. AUTHORITATIVE: A compelling blend of scholarship and visual presentation, packs an enormous amount of information into a short space. 3. BEAUTIFUL PACKAGE: A bargain at $10.00. Winner of First Prize for Nonfiction at the New York Book Show 4. SERIES PURPOSE: All are aimed at bringing ancient wisdom forward into the 21st century. 5. INSPIRING: The perfect entree into a challenging topic; will inspire other reading.
Alexandr Danilovich Alexandrov has been called a giant of 20th-century mathematics. This volume contains some of the most important papers by this renowned geometer and hence, some of his most influential ideas. Alexandrov addressed a wide range of modern mathematical problems, and he did so with intelligence and elegance, solving some of the discipline's most difficult and enduring challenges. He was the first to apply many of the tools and methods of the theory of real functions and functional analysis that are now current in geometry. The topics here include convex polyhedrons and closed surfaces, an elementary proof and extension of Minkowski's theorem, Riemannian geometry and a method for Dirichlet problems. This monograph, published in English for the first time, gives unparalleled access to a brilliant mind, and advanced students and researchers in applied mathematics and geometry will find it indispensable.
The literature on the spectral analysis of second order elliptic differential operators contains a great deal of information on the spectral functions for explicitly known spectra. The same is not true, however, for situations where the spectra are not explicitly known. Over the last several years, the author and his colleagues have developed new, innovative methods for the exact analysis of a variety of spectral functions occurring in spectral geometry and under external conditions in statistical mechanics and quantum field theory.
ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS, 7th Edition, is designed to help students develop a comprehensive vocabulary of geometry, an intuitive and inductive approach to the development of principles, and strong deductive skills to solve geometry-based real-world applications. Over 150 new exercises provide additional practice in writing proofs. Available with access to WebAssign, an online study tool that helps students master the course concepts.
This book provides the theory for stratified spaces, along with
important examples and applications, that is analogous to the
surgery theory for manifolds. In the first expository account of
this field, Weinberger provides topologists with a new way of
looking at the classification theory of singular spaces with his
Volume of geometric objects plays an important role in applied and theoretical mathematics. This is particularly true in the relatively new branch of discrete geometry, where volume is often used to find new topics for research. Volumetric Discrete Geometry demonstrates the recent aspects of volume, introduces problems related to it, and presents methods to apply it to other geometric problems. Part I of the text consists of survey chapters of selected topics on volume and is suitable for advanced undergraduate students. Part II has chapters of selected proofs of theorems stated in Part I and is oriented for graduate level students wishing to learn about the latest research on the topic. Chapters can be studied independently from each other. Provides a list of 30 open problems to promote research Features more than 60 research exercises Ideally suited for researchers and students of combinatorics, geometry and discrete mathematics
In this extensive work, the authors give a complete self-contained exposition on the subject of classic function theory and the most recent developments in transcendental iteration. They clearly present the theory of iteration of transcendental functions and their analytic and geometric aspects. Attention is concentrated for the first time on the dynamics of transcendental functions to compliment the growing body of work on rational functions. The subjects covered in detail include the fixed point theory, basic properties of Fatou and Julia sets, components of Fatou sets, the geometry of Julia sets, and the Hausdorff dimension of the Julia set.
Wondrous One Sheet Origami is a how-to book full of beautiful origami designs covering a wide range of folding levels from simple to high intermediate, with more emphasis on the latter. The book is meant for audiences 12 years of age and above, and children folding at higher than age level. Most of the designs are flat and suitable for mounting on cards or framing as gifts. Features * Richly illustrated full-color book with clear, crisp diagrams following international standard, and an abundance of photographs of finished models * Select designs hand-picked by the author based on social media responses * Most of the designs incorporate color-change, a technique showing both sides of paper for enhanced beauty
A theory of generalized Cauchy-Riemann systems with polar singularities of order not less than one is presented and its application to study of infinitesimal bending of surfaces having positive curvature and an isolated flat point is given. The book contains results of investigations obtained by the author and his collaborators.
The 36th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG 2010) took place in Zar os, Crete, Greece, June 28-30, 2010. About 60 mathematicians and computer scientists from all over the world (Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Switzerland, the UK, and the USA) attended the conference. WG has a long tradition. Since 1975, WG has taken place 21 times in Germany, four times in The Netherlands, twice in Austria, twice in France and once in the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Norway, Slovakia, Switzerland, and the UK. WG aims at merging theory and practice by demonstrating how concepts from graph theory can be applied to various areas in computer science, or by extracting new graph theoretic problems from applications. The goal is to presentemergingresearchresultsand to identify and exploredirections of future research.The conference is well-balanced with respect to established researchers and young scientists. There were 94 submissions, two of which where withdrawn before entering the review process. Each submission was carefully reviewed by at least 3, and on average 4.5, members of the Program Committee. The Committee accepted 28 papers, which makes an acceptance ratio of around 30%. I should stress that, due to the high competition and the limited schedule, there were papers that were not accepted while they deserved to be.
A traditional approach to developing multivariate statistical
theory is algebraic. Sets of observations are represented by
matrices, linear combinations are formed from these matrices by
multiplying them by coefficient matrices, and useful statistics are
found by imposing various criteria of optimization on these
combinations. Matrix algebra is the vehicle for these calculations.
A second approach is computational. Since many users find that they
do not need to know the mathematical basis of the techniques as
long as they have a way to transform data into results, the
computation can be done by a package of computer programs that
somebody else has written. An approach from this perspective
emphasizes how the computer packages are used, and is usually
coupled with rules that allow one to extract the most important
numbers from the output and interpret them. Useful as both
approaches are--particularly when combined--they can overlook an
important aspect of multivariate analysis. To apply it correctly,
one needs a way to conceptualize the multivariate relationships
that exist among variables.
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