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The topic of heart failure although extensively researched and reported, has several gray areas. This is especially seen in determining strategies for combating advanced heart failure. The global burden of ischemic heart disease is increasing at an alarming rate to almost pandemic proportions. Even in the presence of state-of the art technology for prompt and successful coronary reperfusion, the population progressing to ischemic cardiomyopathy is substantial. The treatment strategies for ischemic cardiomyopathy do not always ensure optimal clinical results, the reasons for which are varied. The proper patient selection is vital as is the tailoring of suitable therapy. The approach is thus multi-pronged, of which surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) has a definite role. Despite various randomized studies like the STICH-hypothesis 2, where there was a huge selection bias, with patients subjected to an erroneous technique of SVR, with inadequate ventricular remodelling assessment. The present need is to understand the unique anatomy of the left ventricle, its function and perturbations with the onset of heart failure, in order to plan therapeutic strategies to restore near normal anatomy and function. A study of the hemodynamics in ischemic cardiomyopathy is essential, as it differs in certain aspects from other causes of heart failure like idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and valvular heart diseases. Since information on these aspects are scattered in various scholarly articles, a concise source in the form of a book would be appropriate and useful for both cardiologists and cardiac surgeons. This project represents a concise review of normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy and physiology, the evolution of SVR to EVLPP with validation of near normal ventricular restoration, plus act as a reference guide for cardiac surgeons with interest in SVR.
The incidence of concomitant disease in patients referred for cardiac surgery has increased substantially throughout the years. Years ago a significant proportion of patients due for cardiac surgery would not have been operated on, as the risk of concomitant disease were estimated as being too high. Over the years techniques in cardiac surgery, anaesthesiology and intensive care treatment have improved, thus, enabling us to operate on and to treat more severely ill patients and those with extraneous complications. Cardiac Surgery and Concomitant Disease presents the current knowledge in dealing with high risk patients scheduled for cardiac surgery.
It is essential to know all of the intricate lymph pathways when performing surgery for esophageal cancer in order to determine the extent of lymph node metastasis. Professor Sato has undertaken, at the request of the TNM Research Committee of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus, to map out and classify the lymph nodes of the mediastinum and neck. The beautiful artwork in the Color Atlas of Surgical Anatomy for Esophageal Cancer edited by Professor Sato gives an excellent understanding of the lymph node pathways and their importance in surgical treatment. Minute dissections which represent real life situations, not just the superficial pathways, show the precise location and topographical arrangement of the lymphatics. Full-color schematics are given with the actual dissection illustrations and photographs. The atlas clearly presents the classification of four significant pathways and their communication, the relationship of these pathways en route to the venous angles and the definition and assessment of the most critical nodes. Thoracic surgeons especially will benefit from the excellent illustrations of surgical techniques and the methods for recording the dissected lymph nodes which are presented by Professor Kakegawa. Leading experts fighting esophageal cancer with surgical treatment can use the classification in this outstanding atlas for many years to come as a standard for international comparison. The careful dissection of the lymph nodes may be the best way to improve survival rates after surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus.
In July 2008, European and Japanese specialists in neurosurgery, neurology, interventional neuroradiology and neurointensive care joined together to discuss the latest developments in the management of cerebrovascular disorders at the 4th European Japanese Joint Conference on Stroke Surgery, held in Helsinki, Finland. This collection of papers from the meeting deal with aneurysm surgery and management of subarachnoid hemorrhage and stroke, arterial dissection, intracranial arteriovenous malformations and fistulas, and microneurosurgical bypass and revascularization techniques.
A workshop was organised in order to achieve multi-discipli- nary review of the pathogenesis and management of acute failure, particularly as it occurs and is managed in intensive therapy units. The book deals with the realities and practicalities of this important area of acute medicine. Each chapter is followed by a discussion, so that a concen- sus view is obtained from an international body of experts.
In patients with coronary artery disease, surgical revascu- larization with arterial or venous bypass grafts not only relieves symptoms, but also prolongs life. The result of such interventions, however, is frequently impaired by graft dysfunction and occlusion. This monograph highlights the clinical importance of coronary artery bypass graft disease and, in particular, the use of modern diagnostic techniques to assess graft structure and function. The molecular and cellular mechanisms of coronary bypass graft disease are ex- tensively discussed with several chapters devoted to prophy- lactic medical therapy. The indication, technique and results of reinterventions with balloon angioplasty, reope- ration or transplantation in patients with graft failure are also reviewed.
Circulation through the deep femoral artery and its branches is critical to patients with aortoiliac and infrainguinal arteriosclerosis. It is, accordingly, essential that all physicians who are seriously interested in treating patients with lower extremity ischemia have a good working knowledge of this crucial artery's anatomy and func tion. It is equally essential that they be aware of arteriosclerotic disease patterns that involve this important artery, how these patterns can be Clccurately defined, and, most importantly, what therapeutic options are available and when they should be used. All this important information relating to the deep femoral artery and its surgical significance is included in Dr. Merlini's fine volume. Eighteen authors have contributed 11 well-edited and nicely illustrated chapters that provide all the facts that the com mitted vascular surgeon would ever want to know about the deep femoral artery and how it should be managed in patients with lower limb ischemia. Although some of the chapters overlap in some areas, this adds to the value of the book since the different authors are' all acknowledged experts and their varying perspectives. are beneficial to a reader seeking to formulate his own unbiased views.
Assisted Circulation 4 is an authoritative review of the progress which has been achieved in the last 5 years since the publication of "Assisted Circulation 3" in 1989. The present book highlights the work of well-known experts on indications for assisted circulation, cardiac support devices such as bridges, devices for transplantation, devices for chronic mechanical support, biological energy sources, cardiomyoplasty, extracorporeal membraneoxygenation and an overview of cardiac devices support with a specific emphasis on xenotransplantation. Assisted Circulation 4 is the latest product of an ongoing effort by the editors to keep readers regularly informed of recent developments in the field. Assisted Circulation is a standard technology in cardiac surgery and especially in cardiac transplantation.
Redo cardiac surgeries are challenging cases with a myriad of influential factors, ranging from the patient's pathology to the whimsy of the previous surgeon. Redo Cardiac Surgery in Adults, 2nd Edition clearly outlines practical approaches, surgical techniques, and management of associated conditions such as perioperative stroke and acute kidney function. It covers the spectrum of redo cardiac operations, including coronary artery bypass, mitral valve repair, reoperation for prosthetic mitral valve endocarditis, aortic arch reoperation, descending and thoracoabdominal aortic reoperation, and reoperations following endovascular aortic repair. All redo cardiac surgeries present a complex array of challenges beyond what the original procedure demands. This book, written by an outstanding group of prominent physicians, will give the reader the knowledge and tools to approach these cases with confidence.
Dieser Ratgeber informiert Patienten mit einem Herzklappenfehler und Leser, die sich fA1/4r das Thema interessieren, in gut verstAndlicher Sprache A1/4ber diese Erkrankung. Er gibt einen Aoeberblick A1/4ber die Ursachen von Herzklappenerkrankungen sowie A1/4ber die TherapiemAglichkeiten, die heutzutage Standard sind. Der Schwerpunkt liegt hierbei auf der chirurgischen Therapie, d. h. der Herzklappenoperation.
Das Buch beantwortet Fragen, wie sie von unseren Patienten an unser Team gestellt werden. Als Begleiter fA1/4r die Zeit in der Klinik und fA1/4r das Leben nach der Herzoperation hilft es den Patienten, besser mit ihrer Erkrankung und den mit ihr verbundenen A"ngsten umzugehen.
Theodore H. Stanley, M. D. Anesthesiology and the Heart contains the Refresher Course manuscripts of the presentations of the 35th Annual Postgraduate Course in Anesthesiology which took place at The Cliff Conference Center in Snowbird, Utah, February 16-20, 1990. The chapters reflect new data and concepts within the general framework of "evaluating myocardial function," "pharmacology and the cardiac patient," "anesthesia for patients with cardiac disease," and "stress, cardiopulmonary bypass, coagulation problems and related issues. " The purposes of the textbook are to 1) act as a reference for the anesthesiologists attending the meeting, and 2) serve as a vehicle to bring many of the latest concepts in anesthesiology to others within a short time of the formal presentation. Each chapter is a brief but sharply focused glimpse of the interests in anesthesia expressed at the conference. This book and its chapters should not be considered complete treatises on the subjects addressed but rather attempts to summarize the most salient points. This textbook is the eighth in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the Postgraduate Course in Salt Lake City. We hope that this and the past and future volumes reflect the rapid and continuing evolution of anesthesiology in the late twentieth century. vii LIST OF CoNTIUBUTDRS Bailey, P. L. Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, U. S. A. Barash, P. Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, U. S. A. Covino, B. G.
Here, two of the foremost cardiothoracic surgeons have brought together many of the top cardiologists and haematologists to produce the most current reference source on all aspects of blood conservation, from an overall clinical approach to the use of erythropoietin and the benefits of post-operative blood salvage. The subject matter covers numerous areas involved in the preoperative considerations in cardiac surgery, the intraoperative decision-making in cardiac surgery, postoperative bleeding and management and a section on the algorithm for bloodless surgery used at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center.
Based on the research and clinical work presented at the Sixth International Symposium, Vascular Surgery 1992, this book gathers contributors from renowned clinicians and researchers and outstanding young investigators from around the world.
Originally published in 1980-1981 as a two-volume set, the Manual of Cardiac Surgery has been completely revised and now includes new full-color illustrations in a single convenient volume. This new edition maintains the high standards established in the first edition: insightful descriptions of various cardiac surgical procedures illuminated by clear, brilliant illustrations.
A major need of all cardiologists and surgeons involved with the application of allograft tissue to cardiac surgical reconstructions is met by this unique atlas. Step by step, it carefully describes the procedures involved in acquiring, sterilizing, and cryo-preserving allograft valves as well as the surgical technique used in left and right ventricular outflow tract reconstructions. All of the information needed to perform the reconstructions is given, including relevant references and applicable variations in method. Excellent illustrations accompany the description of surgical technique. All of the techniques are based on classic approaches, but assimilate the authors' modifications arrived at through vast experience. The wealth of references, illustrations and expertise in this volume make it a valuable asset for all cardiac surgeons.
Landmarks are preferred image features for a variety of computer vision tasks such as image mensuration, registration, camera calibration, motion analysis, 3D scene reconstruction, and object recognition. Main advantages of using landmarks are robustness w. r. t. lightning conditions and other radiometric vari ations as well as the ability to cope with large displacements in registration or motion analysis tasks. Also, landmark-based approaches are in general com putationally efficient, particularly when using point landmarks. Note, that the term landmark comprises both artificial and natural landmarks. Examples are comers or other characteristic points in video images, ground control points in aerial images, anatomical landmarks in medical images, prominent facial points used for biometric verification, markers at human joints used for motion capture in virtual reality applications, or in- and outdoor landmarks used for autonomous navigation of robots. This book covers the extraction oflandmarks from images as well as the use of these features for elastic image registration. Our emphasis is onmodel-based approaches, i. e. on the use of explicitly represented knowledge in image analy sis. We principally distinguish between geometric models describing the shape of objects (typically their contours) and intensity models, which directly repre sent the image intensities, i. e., the appearance of objects. Based on these classes of models we develop algorithms and methods for analyzing multimodality im ages such as traditional 20 video images or 3D medical tomographic images."
Cardiac surgery is performed on hundreds of thousands of patients a year, and can have an important beneficial impact on the outcomes of patients with coronary and valvular heart diseases. Despite the favorable recovery of most patients, some will have their post-operative period interrupted by the development of atrial fibrillation, with a host of potential complications including stroke. High risk subgroups may develop atrial fibrillation in more than half of cases, and often despite aggressive prophylactic measures. Treatment of atrial fibrillation and its aftermath can also add days to the hospital stay of the cardiac surgical patient. In an era of aggressive cost cutting and optimization of utilization of health care resources, the financial impact of this arrhythmic complication may be enormous. Experimental studies have led to a greater understanding of the mechanism of atrial fibrillation and potential precipitating factors in the cardiac surgical patient. Prophylactic efforts with beta-blockers, antiarrhythmic drugs and atrial pacing are being used, or are being investigated in clinical trials. New methods of achieving prompt cardioversion with minimal disruption of patient care, and prevention of the thromboembolic complications of atrial fibrillation, are also important therapeutic initiatives. This text is designed to aid health care professionals in the treatment of their patients in the recovery period after cardiac surgery, and to instigate additional research efforts to limit the occurrence of, and the complications following, this tenacious postoperative arrhythmia.
This comprehensve review of scientific research supporting evidence of the relationship between cardiac disease and psychological condition offers practical suggestions for developing a clinical practice, and proposes directions for future research in the new field of "cardiac psychology." Every chapter is written by world-renowned researchers in the field. A theoretical and practical guide, it will interest physicians, clinical and health psychologists, and all professionals who seek to understand the mind-health link.
This text covers new innovations and concepts in pediatric thoracic surgery practice, basic science and evidence, and the technical aspects of common and rare operative procedures.
It is essential for pediatric surgical trainees and consultants with interest in pediatric thoracic surgery. Providing comprehensive coverage of newer developments, it is also a useful reference work for pediatric and thoracic surgeons and a valuable guide for surgeons (adult or pediatric) managing pediatric thoracic surgery on occasional basis or only during acute emergency.Covering the subjects within pediatric thoracic surgery (non-cardiac) in significant depth, this book acts as a reference text for consultants undertaking pediatric thoracic work as well as for pediatric respiratory, anesthetists and fetal medicine doctors. Topics within this book will also be of interest to pediatric respiratory physicians and pediatric oncologists.
Surgical Management of Heart Failure brings together the current knowledge on the surgical management of heart failure into one volume. It is designed to have copious illustrations and photographic material that will explain the techniques and surgical management of patients with heart failure in an effective modern format.
This book provides cardiologists with access to the wealth of imaging from the Royal Brompton Hospital and National Heart and Lung Institute in London to enable them to improve on their own skills and refine their imaging technique. The authors correlate this echocardiography experience with the pathological and surgical aspects of congenital heart defects. They include a review of the pathologic, physiologic and surgical observations of different congenital diseases to assist in understanding the various echocardiographic presentations. The book contains large numbers of echocardiographic images.
The sober explanation for this book is a call by the Springer-Verlag, London, to edit a publication on 'The functional relevance of the collateral circulation' of the heart. Alternatively, it could be 'sold' as the result of my intention to reduce entropy of 18 years of scientific work on the topic of the coronary circulation, which was itself meant to diminish the amount of 'useless' energy. Such a process of reducing disarray in a system with the aim of grasping it better is related to simplification, which carries the risk of introducing error. This can be exemplified by the historic view of angina pectoris, which used to be simplified as being always fatal, thus obscuring for nearly two centuries the view of a 'self-healing' mechanism such as the collateral circulation of the heart. It would be na?]ve, to assume the present work to be free of erroneous oversimplification, because the very nature of scientific work is related to generating (simple) hypotheses with their subsequent falsification. In that context and bluntly, my primary interest in the field of the collateral circulation was not initiated with a vision of eradicating the consequences of coronary artery disease (CAD) by promoting the growth of natural bypasses. The time for such sizeable ideas had passed in the 1970s with the start of the work by Wolfgang Schaper."
True Atlas, brilliantly illustrated.
Succint review of surgical techniques, including minimally invasive approaches for GERD.
Step by Step descriptions of 13 operative procedures in esophageal surgery.
Significantly lower priced than it's competitors.
Educed from Chassin's Operative Strategies in General Surgery, bound to be a classic.
Interstitial Fibrosis in Heart Failure, edited by Francisco J. Villarreal, M.D., Ph.D., provides a timely and integrative review of the basics of cardiac extracellular matrix structure. Topics covered include how cardiac remodeling influences its disposition, abundance and function; possible non-invasive techniques for diagnosis; and potential drug-based or molecular therapeutic strategies that may interrupt or even reverse the course of the development of cardiac fibrosis.
This resource for both clinicians and scientists aims to cover state-of-the-art findings relevant to cellular and molecular processes underlying cardiac fibrosis including basic elements of structure, function, diagnosis and treatment.
Computational Cardiovascular Mechanics provides a cohesive guide to creating mathematical models for the mechanics of diseased hearts to simulate the effects of current treatments for heart failure. Clearly organized in a two part structure, this volume discusses various areas of computational modeling of cardiovascular mechanics (finite element modeling of ventricular mechanics, fluid dynamics) in addition to a description an analysis of the current applications used (solid FE modeling, CFD).
Edited by experts in the field, researchers involved with biomedical and mechanical engineering will find Computational Cardiovascular Mechanics a valuable reference.
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