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A "meticulously researched" (The New York Times Book Review) examination of energy transitions over time and an exploration of the current challenges presented by global warming, a surging world population, and renewable energy-from Pulitzer Prize- and National Book Award-winning author Richard Rhodes. People have lived and died, businesses have prospered and failed, and nations have risen to world power and declined, all over energy challenges. Through an unforgettable cast of characters, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Richard Rhodes explains how wood gave way to coal and coal made room for oil, as we now turn to natural gas, nuclear power, and renewable energy. "Entertaining and informative...a powerful look at the importance of science" (NPR.org), Rhodes looks back on five centuries of progress, through such influential figures as Queen Elizabeth I, King James I, Benjamin Franklin, Herman Melville, John D. Rockefeller, and Henry Ford. In his "magisterial history...a tour de force of popular science" (Kirkus Reviews, starred review), Rhodes shows how breakthroughs in energy production occurred; from animal and waterpower to the steam engine, from internal-combustion to the electric motor. He looks at the current energy landscape, with a focus on how wind energy is competing for dominance with cast supplies of coal and natural gas. He also addresses the specter of global warming, and a population hurtling towards ten billion by 2100. Human beings have confronted the problem of how to draw energy from raw material since the beginning of time. Each invention, each discovery, each adaptation brought further challenges, and through such transformations, we arrived at where we are today. "A beautifully written, often inspiring saga of ingenuity and progress...Energy brings facts, context, and clarity to a key, often contentious subject" (Booklist, starred review).
For courses in Electrical Engineering. Accessible and applicable learning in electrical engineering for introductory and non-major courses The #1 title in its market, Electrical Engineering: Principles and Applications helps students learn electrical-engineering fundamentals with minimal frustration. Its goals are to present basic concepts in a general setting, to show students how the principles of electrical engineering apply to specific problems in their own fields, and to enhance the overall learning process. This book covers circuit analysis, digital systems, electronics, and electromechanics at a level appropriate for either electrical-engineering students in an introductory course or non-majors in a survey course. A wide variety of pedagogical features stimulate student interest and engender awareness of the material's relevance to their chosen profession. The only essential prerequisites are basic physics and single-variable calculus. The 7th Edition features technology and content updates throughout the text. Also available with Mastering Engineering Mastering (TM) Engineering is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Interactive, self-paced tutorials provide individualized coaching to help students stay on track. With a wide range of activities available, students can actively learn, understand, and retain even the most difficult concepts. The text and Mastering Engineering work together to guide students through engineering concepts with a multi-step approach to problems. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyLab (TM) & Mastering (TM) does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MyLab & Mastering, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.
Power Grid Complexity introduces the complex system theory known as self-organized criticality (SOC) theory and complex network theory, and their applications to power systems. It studies the network characteristics of power systems, such as their small-world properties, structural vulnerability, decomposition and coordination strategies, and simplification and equivalence methods. The book also establishes four blackout models based on SOC theory through which the SOC of power systems is studied at both the macroscopic and microscopic levels. Additionally, applications of complex system theory in power system planning and emergency management platforms are also discussed in depth. This book can serve as a useful reference for engineers and researchers working with power systems.
Shengwei Mei is a Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Tsinghua University, China. Xuemin Zhang is a Lecturer at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Tsinghua University, China. Ming Cao is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
Using a real-world systems approach to learning motor control devices, UNDERSTANDING MOTOR CONTROLS, 3rd Edition teaches you to install, troubleshoot, and test electrical motors like the pros! Starting with basic control circuits and components, this book covers all must-know applications and procedures to ensure your success in the more complex topics. From safety and development to operations and problem solving, UNDERSTANDING MOTOR CONTROLS prepares you for a career as an industrial electrician with a strong foundation in basic control circuits, sensing devices, solid-state controls, variable speed drives, programmable logic controllers (PLCs), and more. In addition, hands-on lab experiments give you practice putting what you learn into real-world practice.
Get connected with everything you'll ever want to know about phones--from the switchboard to the smartphone--in this fact-tastic nonfiction Level 3 Ready-to-Read, part of a series about the history of fun stuff! Did you know that the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, wanted everyone to say "ahoy"--instead of "hello"--when answering the phone? Or that your smartphone has more computing power than the computers used during the first moon landing? Phone a friend and dial up your knowledge to become a History of Fun Stuff Expert on phones! Amaze your friends with all you've learned in this fun, fact-filled Level 3 Ready-to-Read! A special section at the back of the book includes Common Core-vetted extras on subjects like science, social studies, and math, and there's even a fun quiz so readers can test themselves to see what they've learned! Learning history has never been so much fun!
This Code of Practice provides a clear overview of EV charging equipment, as well as setting out the considerations needed prior to installations and the necessary physical and electrical installation requirements. It also details what needs to be considered when installing electric vehicle charging equipment in various different locations - such as domestic dwellings, on-street locations, and commercial and industrial premises. Key changes for the 4th Edition include: General requirements - updated in line with the very latest amendment to BS 7671 (specifically within Section 722) On street installations - section updated to reflect a range of situations Installations at dwellings - section updated to provide greater clarity on domestic installs Three phase installations - address in more detail within the commercial and industrial section of the code Vehicle to grid - section updated and expanded providing useful background to this emerging development as well as providing detail on installation issues Smart infrastructure integration - updated to cover installation considerations that are becoming increasingly complicated as EV charging needs to be compatible and integrated with a range of other systems and installations Wireless charging - expansion of coverage of this area as its potential begins to be established and realised
Small hydro power installations have the potential to provide a renewable supply of energy to people in remote, hilly communities, far from the national gird. This book is based on the authors' considerable experience of installing hydroelectric schemes that produce up to 500kW for powering small communities. The book describes not only the electro-mechanical equipment and how it is installed, but also the correct setting of the installation and how to design and build the channels leading up to the turbine so as to optimize performance. These civil works can be carried out by local manpower, using materials that are usually available locally. Chapters cover the main components of small hydroelectric plants from the intake and the headrace channel, via the conveyance channel, to the forebay tank, penstock, turbine, and generator. This practical manual is a major new addition to the resources available for micro-hydro power project and programme managers worldwide and represents excellent value for such a detailed technical reference handbook.
The energy revolution is already underway as people around the world embrace renewable energy in their communities. This groundbreaking book summarises why we must switch to renewables and explains how this can be achieved where you live. It is packed full of success stories from energy pioneers in the UK, America, Europe, Asia and Africa. It shows how we can all play a vital role in the energy revolution and change the world, one community at a time!Drawing on the author's two decades of experience as a renewable energy engineer, community activist, consultant, business leader and government adviser, Energy Revolution gives you the tools to develop projects in your locality. This handbook covers everything needed to structure your community power company - the technology, site assessment, legal and business planning, fundraising and financial modelling - whilst putting people at the heart of your strategy. Change the system from the bottom up and make the next great leap forward to achieving clean, affordable, democratic energy. It's time for us to take control, relocalise, reduce costs and carbon emissions, repower our neighbourhoods and join the energy revolution.
This monograph offers comprehensive descriptions of recent investigations on the development and biomedical applications of electromagnetic (EM) induction imaging which enables scientists and engineers to use EM imaging techniques to develop medical diagnostic and radio-therapy instruments. This book focuses on the following areas: Chapter 1 reviews various medical screening and sensing approaches for cancer detection. Chapter 2 summaries several EM induction imaging techniques, including theory, apparatus, medical applications, and challenges. Chapter 3 introduces a new two dimensional (2D) holographic electromagnetic induction (HEI) imaging approach and measurement apparatus. Chapter 4 presents the development of three dimensional (3D) HEI approach and its feasibility for brain stroke detection. Chapter 5 aims to apply a new compressive sensing technique to solve the conventional EM imaging such as microwave imaging problems including super-resolution and fusion of images. Chapter 6 reports the development of a radio frequency antenna for microwave liver tumor ablation. Chapter 7 concludes the book and discussions of future research directions of EM induction imaging-based techniques.
This text contains computer implementation procedures for correcting densities and volumes to 20C.
This brief describes the current critical situation of global warming and shows its solution by renewable energy use. The author has long studied the development of new materials with chemical functions and is renowned as the first advocate of power-to-gas. He established the technology to convert renewable energy to synthesized natural gas, methane by electrolytic hydrogen generation using surplus electricity from renewable energy, and subsequent methanation of carbon dioxide by reaction with hydrogen.In the first part of this brief, data on global warming and energy consumption are shown and analyzed from the author's keen point of view. The second part introduces the author's research results on key materials for global carbon dioxide recycling and constructed pilot plants based on them. Finally, an evidence-based solution to maintain sustainable development by using only renewable energy is described as a future prospect.This book is useful not only for researchers and students studying chemical engineering, materials, or energy, but also for general citizens who are interested in the global environment.
The simulation of electromagnetic transients is a mature field that plays an important role in the design of modern power systems. Since the first steps in this field to date, a significant effort has been dedicated to the development of new techniques and more powerful software tools. Sophisticated models, complex solution techniques and powerful simulation tools have been developed to perform studies that are of supreme importance in the design of modern power systems. The first developments of transients tools were mostly aimed at calculating over-voltages. Presently, these tools are applied to a myriad of studies (e.g. FACTS and Custom Power applications, protective relay performance, simulation of smart grids) for which detailed models and fast solution methods can be of paramount importance. This book provides a basic understanding of the main aspects to be considered when performing electromagnetic transients studies, detailing the main applications of present electromagnetic transients (EMT) tools, and discusses new developments for enhanced simulation capability. Key features: * Provides up-to-date information on solution techniques and software capabilities for simulation of electromagnetic transients. * Covers key aspects that can expand the capabilities of a transient software tool (e.g. interfacing techniques) or speed up transients simulation (e.g. dynamic model averaging). * Applies EMT-type tools to a wide spectrum of studies that range from fast electromagnetic transients to slow electromechanical transients, including power electronic applications, distributed energy resources and protection systems. * Illustrates the application of EMT tools to the analysis and simulation of smart grids.
Several fiery rail accidents in 2013-2015 in the U.S. and Canada carrying crude oil produced from the Bakken region of North Dakota have raised questions at many levels on the safety of transporting this, and other types of crude oil, by rail. Sandia National Laboratories was commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy to investigate the material properties of crude oils, and in particular the so-called "tight oils" like Bakken that comprise the majority of crude oil rail shipments in the U.S. at the current time. The book provides a literature survey of public sources of information on crude oil properties that have some bearing on the likelihood or severity of combustion events that may occur around spills associated with rail transport. The book also contains background information including a review of the notional "tight oil" field operating environment, as well a basic description of crude oils and potential combustion events in rail transport.
A general guide to the safe storing, handling and transport of liquefied petroleum gas, giving recommendations rather than rigid rules. This is to encourage the use of new methods, techniques and materials which may develop in the future which meet the requirements laid down in this code.
A practical guide to facilitate statistically well-founded decisions in the management of assets of an electricity grid Effective and economic electric grid asset management involves many complex decisions on repair, replacement and maintenance. This timely reference provides a statistically well-founded, tried and tested analysis methodology for improved decision making and asset management strategy for optimum grid operation and reliability. The techniques described are also sufficiently robust to apply to small data sets enabling asset managers to deal with early failures or testing with limited sample sets. The book describes the background, concepts and statistical techniques to evaluate failure probability, remaining lifetime, compliancy with specifications, effectiveness of network configurations and stocks of spare parts. It also shows how the representation and analysis of data can be made consistent, as well as explaining modern upcoming methodologies such as the Health Index and Risk Index. Key features: * Offers hands-on tools and techniques for data analysis, health and risk indices and the resulting maintenance strategies. * End-of-chapter problems and solutions to facilitate self-study via a book companion website. The book is essential reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, quality engineers, utilities and industry strategists, transmission and distribution system planners, asset managers and risk managers.
This book deals with the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to sustainable energy systems and technologies. It reviews the state-of-the-art of the Italian experiences on the LCA applied to energy, and the most recent results from research in this field, with a particular focus on renewables, bio-energy and sustainable solutions. The contributors describe in detail the applications of LCA to various energy system topics, including: * electricity production, smart energy grids and energy storage systems;* renewable energy production from biomass;* production of biodiesel from microalgae;* environmental impacts of biomass power plants; and* geothermal energy production. These topics are supported by critical reviews and case studies, with discussions of Italian examples, demonstrating LCA's application to various energy systems. A particular focus is placed on bio-energies and bio-energy systems, demonstrating how LCA can be used for optimal bio-energy production. This book offers an opportunity for researchers and advanced practitioners in the field of LCA to learn more about the application of LCA methodology to energy systems and technologies. It will also be of interest to students, as it enables them to understand the environmental impacts of energy systems and sustainable energy technologies, through the analysis of their life cycles.
This first ever reference book that focuses on metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures for renewable energy applications encapsulates the state-of-the-art in multidisciplinary research on the metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures (nanocrystals, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanobelts, nanoflowers, nanoribbons and more).
The properties and synthesis of a class of nanomaterials is essential to renewable energy manufacturing and this book focuses on the synthesis of metal chalcogendie nanostructures, their growth mechanism, optical, electrical, and other important properties and their applications in different diverging fields like photovoltaics, hydrogen production, theromelectrics, lithium battery, energy storage, photocatalysis, sensors.
An important reference source for students, scientists, engineers, researchers and industrialists working on nanomaterials-based energy aspects associated with chemistry, physics, materials science, electrical engineering, energy science and technology, and environmental science.
Project Management and Engineering is an emergent area. Projects have a tendency to grow in size, involve more stakeholders, and be of greater environmental, organizational and technological complexity. They must also fulfil continuously increasing requirements. This causes greater demands on the effectiveness of Project Engineering and the efficiency of Project Management. This volume brings together a collection of recent work by researchers and professionals in the fields of project management and design in civil engineering, environmental engineering, energy efficiency, rural development, production and process engineering, industrial design and information technology and communication.
Electricity is highly desired by low-income households, but is all too often only obtained by the richer people in developing countries. The tremendous sacrifices and high payments that low-income households are often prepared to make to obtain even small amounts indicate the importance that they attach to electricity. Low-cost Electrification looks at why, in most developing countries, efforts to provide electricity to poor households have had only limited success, and recommends some appropriate solutions. This Working Paper draws on the experience of experts involved in low-cost electrification and evidence collected from six developing countries. It presents a complete review of the problems faced by poor users which include high connection costs, high costs of house wiring, and houses failing to meet standard requirements; as well as a review of the constraints faced by power utilities such as high capital costs and high revenue-collection costs. The paper suggests a number of new and practical approaches, and ways to implement them, which can make electrification more economic for the utility, and spread the benefits of electrification more equitably across the social spectrum.
Accurate measurement is essential in the sale, purchase and handling of petroleum products; it provides control over losses and avoids disputes between buyers and sellers. To achieve accurate measurement standardized equipment and procedures must be used. This manual details the recommended methods for proving gantry meters.
This book takes the reader on a journey from the moment that raw wood material enters the factory to the final pellet consumption. It starts by reviewing biomass application and its role for the future development of renewable energies, discussing different biomass conversion methods as alternatives to direct utilization. The second chapter then comprehensively examines densification processes, with a focus on the pelleting process. Chapter three further elaborates on the pelleting process, including an overview of the pellet structure and properties, and the history of this process. The subsequent chapters provide a detailed account of the production process from raw material delivery to final distribution, addressing the chemical and physical quality, and presenting measurement methods and standards. In the final chapters, the authors describe in detail the pellet combustion process and emissions.
This code of practice gives general recommendations covering all aspects of handling fluids used as lubricants or coolants in metalworking processes, including metal removing by cutting or abrasion, metal forming by punching, deep drawing, ironing, power spinning, wire drawing, hot and cold forging, extrusion, stamping and hot and cold rolling. The aim of the code is to promote the most effective and economic use of metalworking fluids, to promotes good working conditions and hygiene standards, minimise health hazards from occupational exposure and to minimise environmental pollution. This is the third edition of the Institute's Code of Practice, which has been substantially updated to take account of the numerous developments in working practice, scientific understanding and regulatory requirements for the use of metalworking fluids.
20 fun and inventive Makey Makey projects for Makers from beginner to expert This hands-on guide is filled with DIY projects that show readers, step-by-step, how to start creating and making cool inventions with the Makey Makey invention kit. Each project features easy-to-follow, fully-illustrated instructions and detailed photographs of the finished gadget. Readers will see how to apply these skills and start building their own Makey Makey projects. 20 Makey Makey Projects for the Evil Genius starts off with very approachable introductory projects, making it a great starting point for beginners. It then builds to more challenging projects, allowing more experienced users to go further by incorporating technologies like Raspberry Pi, Processing and Scratch programming, 3D Printing, and creating wearable electronics with Makey Makey. Projects are divided into four categories: "Fun and Games," Interactive," Hacks and Pranks," and "Makey Makey Go." * No prior programming or technical experience is required * Basic enough for beginners, but challenging enough for advanced makers * Written by two educators who believe in fostering creative innovation for all
The "Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources" is a truly
interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel
cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical
cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of
electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates
coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the
literature for professionals and students alike.
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