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Compact data structures help represent data in reduced space while allowing it to be queried, navigated, and operated in compressed form. They are essential tools for efficiently handling massive amounts of data by exploiting the memory hierarchy. They also reduce the resources needed in distributed deployments and make better use of the limited memory in low-end devices. The field has developed rapidly, reaching a level of maturity that allows practitioners and researchers in application areas to benefit from the use of compact data structures. This first comprehensive book on the topic focuses on the structures that are most relevant for practical use. Readers will learn how the structures work, how to choose the right ones for their application scenario, and how to implement them. Researchers and students in the area will find in the book a definitive guide to the state of the art in compact data structures.
Contains papers presented at the Third International Symposium on
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (1997),
which provide evidence that computer-based models, and in
particular numerical methods, are becoming essential tools for the
solution of many problems encountered in the field of biomedical
engineering. The range of subject areas presented include the
modeling of hip and knee joint replacements, assessment of fatigue
damage in cemented hip prostheses, nonlinear analysis of hard and
soft tissue, methods for the simulation of bone adaptation, bone
reconstruction using implants, and computational techniques to
model human impact. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical
Engineering also details the application of numerical techniques
applied to orthodontic treatment together with introducing new
methods for modeling and assessing the behavior of dental implants,
adhesives, and restorations.
An entertaining and captivating way to learn the fundamentals of using algorithms to solve problems
The algorithmic approach to solving problems in computer technology is an essential tool. With this unique book, algorithm guru Roland Backhouse shares his four decades of experience to teach the fundamental principles of using algorithms to solve problems. Using fun and well-known puzzles to gradually introduce different aspects of algorithms in mathematics and computing. Backhouse presents you with a readable, entertaining, and energetic book that will motivate and challenge you to open your mind to the algorithmic nature of problem solving.Provides a novel approach to the mathematics of problem solving focusing on the algorithmic nature of problem solvingUses popular and entertaining puzzles to teach you different aspects of using algorithms to solve mathematical and computing challengesFeatures a theory section that supports each of the puzzles presented throughout the bookAssumes only an elementary understanding of mathematics
Let Roland Backhouse and his four decades of experience show you how you can solve challenging problems with algorithms
This volume contains papers presented during the first international PLAXIS symposium. Topics covered include: general geo-technical aspects; tunnels and deep excavations, and education and research. This pack is meant for the user of the PLAXIS program, as well as engineers and researchers.
This book highlights success stories and challenges to implementing health IT standards. The narrative of each chapter demonstrates how standards further interoperable health data exchange, especially in the service of advancing tools to monitor population health. These are critical stories that demonstrate to an international community of health and IT experts how to bring the right stakeholders together and bridge classic divides between software architects and clinical end users, health system decision-makers and standard authors.
Join the Raspberry revolution with these fun and easy Pi projects
The Raspberry Pi has opened up a whole new world of innovation for everyone from hardware hackers and programmers to students, hobbyists, engineers, and beyond. Featuring a variety of hands-on projects, this easy-to-understand guide walks you through every step of the design process and will have you creating like a Raspberry Pi pro in no time. You'll learn how to prepare your workspace, assemble the necessary tools, work with test equipment, and find your way around the Raspberry Pi before moving on to a series of fun, lively projects that brings some power to your plain ol' Pi.Introduces Raspberry Pi basics and gives you a solid understanding of all the essentials you'll need to take on your first projectIncludes an array of fun and useful projects that show you how to do everything from creating a magic light wand to enhancing your designs with Lego sensors, installing and writing games for the RISC OS, building a transistor tester, and moreProvides an easy, hands-on approach to learning more about electronics, programming, and interaction design for Makers and innovators of all ages
Bring the power of Pi to your next cool creation with "Raspberry Pi Projects For Dummies "
This text in the series "Innovations in GIS", continues the theme of directions in geographical information systems research established by the four previous Research UK (GISRUK) conferences. The chapters reflect the interdisciplinary nature of GIS research and includes coverage of such themes as: virtual GIS; spatial analysis; artificial intelligence; spatial agents and fuzzy systems; and space-time GIS and GIS applications.
An ideal reference source for CEOs, marketing and sales managers, sales consultants, and students of international marketing, Guide to Software Export provides a step-by-step approach to initiating or expanding international software sales. It teaches you how to examine critically your candidate product for exportability; how to find distributors, agents, and resellers abroad; how to identify the best distribution structure for export; and much, much more Not content with providing just the guidelines for setting up, expanding, and managing your international sales channels, Guide to Software Export advises you on pitfalls to avoid, important legal and financial considerations associated with software export, and essential market and distribution information. In an effort to cover all the bases, this comprehensive text also discusses: negotiating partnerships electronic marketing evaluating the competition cultural assumptions and biases adapting software for use in Asian markets information sources on the Internet distribution channel strategiesIf you re not satisfied with your company 's international sales performance or you want to get into the global market, Guide to Software Export can help you guide your company through the transition. With the book 's easy-to-follow advice and checkpoints, you are sure to bring new levels of success to your company, so act now and get out in the forefront of software exporting.
This book bridges theoretical computer science and machine learning by exploring what the two sides can teach each other. It emphasizes the need for flexible, tractable models that better capture not what makes machine learning hard, but what makes it easy. Theoretical computer scientists will be introduced to important models in machine learning and to the main questions within the field. Machine learning researchers will be introduced to cutting-edge research in an accessible format, and gain familiarity with a modern, algorithmic toolkit, including the method of moments, tensor decompositions and convex programming relaxations. The treatment beyond worst-case analysis is to build a rigorous understanding about the approaches used in practice and to facilitate the discovery of exciting, new ways to solve important long-standing problems.
This open access book coherently gathers well-founded information on the fundamentals of and formalisms for modelling cyber-physical systems (CPS). Highlighting the cross-disciplinary nature of CPS modelling, it also serves as a bridge for anyone entering CPS from related areas of computer science or engineering.Truly complex, engineered systems-known as cyber-physical systems-that integrate physical, software, and network aspects are now on the rise. However, there is no unifying theory nor systematic design methods, techniques or tools for these systems. Individual (mechanical, electrical, network or software) engineering disciplines only offer partial solutions. A technique known as Multi-Paradigm Modelling has recently emerged suggesting to model every part and aspect of a system explicitly, at the most appropriate level(s) of abstraction, using the most appropriate modelling formalism(s), and then weaving the results together to form a representation of the system. If properly applied, it enables, among other global aspects, performance analysis, exhaustive simulation, and verification. This book is the first systematic attempt to bring together these formalisms for anyone starting in the field of CPS who seeks solid modelling foundations and a comprehensive introduction to the distinct existing techniques that are multi-paradigmatic. Though chiefly intended for master and post-graduate level students in computer science and engineering, it can also be used as a reference text for practitioners.
Edited by a renowned and much cited chemist, this book covers the
whole span of molecular computers that are based on biomolecules.
The contributions by all the major scientists in the field provide
an excellent overview of the latest developments in this rapidly
This book presents original results on the leading edge of computer science research. Each article has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial research results across a broad spectrum. Topics discussed include telecommunication network security; application of cloud computing in preclinical radiation treatment planning; computational cryptography based on phase encoding and intensity pattern superposition via optics theory; an agent-based optimised cloud service discovery system; computing network reliability with diameter constraints; a survey on the open source tools for modelling and implementing enterprise application integration solutions; a technology proposal to realise enterprise application integration.
The proceedings of the 9th conference on "Finite Volumes for Complex Applications" (Bergen, June 2020) are structured in two volumes. The first volume collects the focused invited papers, as well as the reviewed contributions from internationally leading researchers in the field of analysis of finite volume and related methods. Topics covered include convergence and stability analysis, as well as investigations of these methods from the point of view of compatibility with physical principles. Altogether, a rather comprehensive overview is given on the state of the art in the field. The properties of the methods considered in the conference give them distinguished advantages for a number of applications. These include fluid dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, structural analysis, nuclear physics, semiconductor theory, carbon capture utilization and storage, geothermal energy and further topics. The second volume covers reviewed contributions reporting successful applications of finite volume and related methods in these fields. The finite volume method in its various forms is a space discretization technique for partial differential equations based on the fundamental physical principle of conservation. Many finite volume methods preserve further qualitative or asymptotic properties, including maximum principles, dissipativity, monotone decay of free energy, and asymptotic stability, making the finite volume methods compatible discretization methods, which preserve qualitative properties of continuous problems at the discrete level. This structural approach to the discretization of partial differential equations becomes particularly important for multiphysics and multiscale applications. The book is a valuable resource for researchers, PhD and master's level students in numerical analysis, scientific computing and related fields such as partial differential equations, as well as engineers working in numerical modeling and simulations.
Recent years have seen an explosion of new mathematical results on
learning and processing in neural networks. This body of results
rests on a breadth of mathematical background which even few
specialists possess. In a format intermediate between a textbook
and a collection of research articles, this book has been assembled
to present a sample of these results, and to fill in the necessary
background, in such areas as computability theory, computational
complexity theory, the theory of analog computation, stochastic
processes, dynamical systems, control theory, time-series analysis,
Bayesian analysis, regularization theory, information theory,
computational learning theory, and mathematical statistics.
Explores the emerging subject of epidemic dynamics on complex networks, including theories, methods, and real-world applications
Throughout history epidemic diseases have presented a serious threat to human life, and in recent years the spread of infectious diseases such as dengue, malaria, HIV, and SARS has captured global attention; and in the modern technological age, the proliferation of virus attacks on the Internet highlights the emergent need for knowledge about modeling, analysis, and control in epidemic dynamics on complex networks.
For advancement of techniques, it has become clear that more fundamental knowledge will be needed in mathematical and numerical context about how epidemic dynamical networks can be modelled, analyzed, and controlled. This book explores recent progress in these topics and looks at issues relating to various epidemic systems.
"Propagation Dynamics on Complex Networks" covers most key topics in the field, and will provide a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in network science and dynamical systems, and related interdisciplinary fields.
"Key Features" Includes a brief history of mathematical epidemiology and epidemic modeling on complex networks.Explores how information, opinion, and rumor spread via the Internet and social networks.Presents plausible models for propagation of SARS and avian influenza outbreaks, providing a reality check for otherwise abstract mathematical modeling.Considers various infectivity functions, including constant, piecewise-linear, saturated, and nonlinear cases.
Examines information transmission on complex networks, and investigates the difference between information and epidemic spreading.
* This Revision Workbook delivers hassle-free question practice, covering one topic per page and avoiding lengthy set up time. * Build your confidence with guided practice questions, before moving onto unguided questions and practice tests. * With one-to-one page correspondence between the Workbook and the Revision Guide, this hugely popular Revision series offers the best value available for BTEC learners. * Covers both externally assessed Units for 2012 BTEC First in Information and Creative Technology (Units 1 and 2).
A fresh, contemporary, active introduction to information systems Introduction to Information Systems provides invaluable help for learning the knowledge and skills related to information systems. In it, students see clearly what information systems are all about and why they are so fundamental to business and society. Packed with revelations about business strategies, technology trends and innovations-plus tips to help students work smarter, and more efficiently- Introduction to Information Systems provides a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. Here's how: * A focus on reaching all students, recognizing changing student roles, and showing clearly where the knowledge of information systems skills can take them. * Helping students see beyond today's classrooms and into today's varied world. * End-of-book comprehensive case studies show students the concepts in action. MyMISLab not included. Students, if MyMISLab is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MyMISLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MyMISLab is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
The rapid growth of the electronic products market has created an
increasing need for affordable, reliable, high-speed and
high-density multi-layer printed circuit boards (PCBs). This book
presents the technologies, algorithms, and methodologies for
engineers and others developing the next generation of electronic
This book presents original results on the leading edge of computer science research. Each article has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial research results across a broad spectrum. Topics discussed in this compilation include contemporary DRAM memories using predictors; database management in risk analysis for nuclear reactors; simulating load balancing in a distributed service architecture; ViER and VaSER analyses of logic circuits in advanced CMOS processes; VLSI circuit design for fuzzy C-means algorithm in reconfigurable hardware; scheduling in WiMAX mesh networks and performance evaluation of configurable multiprocessors.
The information age owes its existence to a little-known but crucial development, the theoretical study of logic and the foundations of mathematics. The Great Formal Machinery Works draws on original sources and rare archival materials to trace the history of the theories of deduction and computation that laid the logical foundations for the digital revolution. Jan von Plato examines the contributions of figures such as Aristotle; the nineteenth-century German polymath Hermann Grassmann; George Boole, whose Boolean logic would prove essential to programming languages and computing; Ernst Schroder, best known for his work on algebraic logic; and Giuseppe Peano, cofounder of mathematical logic. Von Plato shows how the idea of a formal proof in mathematics emerged gradually in the second half of the nineteenth century, hand in hand with the notion of a formal process of computation. A turning point was reached by 1930, when Kurt Godel conceived his celebrated incompleteness theorems. They were an enormous boost to the study of formal languages and computability, which were brought to perfection by the end of the 1930s with precise theories of formal languages and formal deduction and parallel theories of algorithmic computability. Von Plato describes how the first theoretical ideas of a computer soon emerged in the work of Alan Turing in 1936 and John von Neumann some years later. Shedding new light on this crucial chapter in the history of science, The Great Formal Machinery Works is essential reading for students and researchers in logic, mathematics, and computer science.
An Introduction to Operator Algebras is a concise text/reference that focuses on the fundamental results in operator algebras. Results discussed include Gelfand's representation of commutative C*-algebras, the GNS construction, the spectral theorem, polar decomposition, von Neumann's double commutant theorem, Kaplansky's density theorem, the (continuous, Borel, and L8) functional calculus for normal operators, and type decomposition for von Neumann algebras. Exercises are provided after each chapter.
Model-Based Systems Engineering explains the fundamental theories
behind model-based systems and the considerations involved in
applying theory to the design of real systems. The book begins by
presenting terms used in systems engineering and introducing the
discrete system and its components. The remainder of the text
explains topics such as the mathematical theory of system coupling,
the homomorphic relationship between systems, the concept of system
mode, the mathematical structure of T3SD system requirements, and
the implications of that structure for T3SD system design.
Appendices include a short bibliography, detailed definitions of
all examples discussed in the text, a list of all notations used,
and an index.
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