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Books > Social sciences > Politics & government > Political science & theory

The Undeserving Poor - America's Enduring Confrontation with Poverty: Fully Updated and Revised (Paperback, 2nd Revised... The Undeserving Poor - America's Enduring Confrontation with Poverty: Fully Updated and Revised (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition)
Michael B Katz
R569 Discovery Miles 5 690 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

First published in 1989, The Undeserving Poor was a critically acclaimed and enormously influential account of America's enduring debate about poverty. Taking stock of the last quarter century, Michael B. Katz's new edition of this classic is virtually a new book. As the first did, it will force all concerned Americans to reconsider the foundations of our policies toward the poor, especially in the wake of the Great Recession that began in 2008. Katz highlights how throughout American history, the poor have been regarded as undeserving: people who do not deserve sympathy because they brought their poverty on themselves, either through laziness and immorality, or because they are culturally or mentally deficient. This long-dominant view sees poverty as a personal failure, serving to justify America's mean-spirited treatment of the poor. Katz reminds us, however, that there are other explanations of poverty besides personal failure. Poverty has been written about as a problem of place, of resources, of political economy, of power, and of market failure. Katz looks at each idea in turn, showing how they suggest more effective approaches to our struggle against poverty. The Second Edition includes important new material. It now sheds light on the revival of the idea of culture in poverty research; the rehabilitation of Daniel Patrick Moynihan; the resurgent role of biology in discussions of the causes of poverty, such as in The Bell Curve; and the human rights movement's intensified focus on alleviating world poverty. It emphasizes the successes of the War on Poverty and Great Society, especially at the grassroots level. It is also the first book to chart the rise and fall of the "underclass" as a concept driving public policy. A major revision of a landmark study, The Undeserving Poor helps readers to see poverty-and our efforts to combat it-in a new light.

Enchanted America - How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics (Paperback): J. Eric Oliver, Thomas J Wood Enchanted America - How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics (Paperback)
J. Eric Oliver, Thomas J Wood
R518 R485 Discovery Miles 4 850 Save R33 (6%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

America is in civic chaos, its politics rife with conspiracy theories and false information. Nationalism and authoritarianism are on the rise, while scientists, universities, and news organizations are viewed with increasing mistrust. Its citizens reject scientific evidence on climate change and vaccinations while embracing myths of impending apocalypse. And then there is Donald Trump, a presidential candidate who won the support of millions of conservative Christians despite having no moral or political convictions. What is going on? The answer, according to J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood, can be found in the most important force shaping American politics today: human intuition. Much of what seems to be irrational in American politics arises from the growing divide in how its citizens make sense of the world. On one side are rationalists. They use science and reason to understand reality. On the other side are intuitionists. They rely on gut feelings and instincts as their guide to the world. Intuitionists believe in ghosts and End Times prophecies. They embrace conspiracy theories, disbelieve experts, and distrust the media. They are stridently nationalistic and deeply authoritarian in their outlook. And they are the most enthusiastic supporters of Donald Trump. The primary reason why Trump captured the presidency was that he spoke about politics in a way that resonated with how Intuitionists perceive the world. The Intuitionist divide has also become a threat to the American way of life. A generation ago, intuitionists were dispersed across the political spectrum, when most Americans believed in both God and science. Today, intuitionism is ideologically tilted toward the political right. Modern conservatism has become an Intuitionist movement, defined by conspiracy theories, strident nationalism, and hostility to basic civic norms. Enchanted America is a clarion call to rationalists of all political persuasions to reach beyond the minority and speak to intuitionists in a way they understand. The values and principles that define American democracy are at stake.

Reconstructing the Commercial Republic - Constitutional Design After Madison (Paperback): Stephen L. Elkin Reconstructing the Commercial Republic - Constitutional Design After Madison (Paperback)
Stephen L. Elkin
R597 Discovery Miles 5 970 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

James Madison is the thinker most responsible for laying the groundwork of the American commercial republic. But he did not anticipate that the propertied class on which he relied would become extraordinarily politically powerful at the same time as its interests narrowed. This and other flaws, argues Stephen L. Elkin, have undermined the delicately balanced system he constructed. In Reconstructing the Commercial Republic, Elkin critiques the Madisonian system, revealing which of its aspects have withstood the test of time and which have not. The deficiencies Elkin points out provide the starting point for his own constitutional theory of the republic-a theory that, unlike Madison's, lays out a substantive conception of the public interest that emphasizes the power of institutions to shape our political, economic, and civic lives. Elkin argues that his theory should guide us toward building a commercial republic that is rooted in a politics of the public interest and the self-interest of the middle class. He then recommends specific reforms to create this kind of republic, asserting that Americans today can still have the lives a commercial republic is intended to promote: lives with real opportunities for economic prosperity, republican political self-government, and individual liberty.

Secrets and Leaks - The Dilemma of State Secrecy (Hardcover, New): Rahul Sagar Secrets and Leaks - The Dilemma of State Secrecy (Hardcover, New)
Rahul Sagar
R779 R594 Discovery Miles 5 940 Save R185 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

"Secrets and Leaks" examines the complex relationships among executive power, national security, and secrecy. State secrecy is vital for national security, but it can also be used to conceal wrongdoing. How then can we ensure that this power is used responsibly? Typically, the onus is put on lawmakers and judges, who are expected to oversee the executive. Yet because these actors lack access to the relevant information and the ability to determine the harm likely to be caused by its disclosure, they often defer to the executive's claims about the need for secrecy. As a result, potential abuses are more often exposed by unauthorized disclosures published in the press.

But should such disclosures, which violate the law, be condoned? Drawing on several cases, Rahul Sagar argues that though whistleblowing can be morally justified, the fear of retaliation usually prompts officials to act anonymously--that is, to "leak" information. As a result, it becomes difficult for the public to discern when an unauthorized disclosure is intended to further partisan interests. Because such disclosures are the only credible means of checking the executive, Sagar writes, they must be tolerated. However, the public should treat such disclosures skeptically and subject irresponsible journalism to concerted criticism.

In The Shadow of Empire - Canada for Americans (Hardcover): Joseph K. Roberts In The Shadow of Empire - Canada for Americans (Hardcover)
Joseph K. Roberts
R1,657 Discovery Miles 16 570 In stock

With the passage of NAFTA, Canada has suddenly caught the attention of its U.S. neighbors. There has been too little knowledge of this society, which seems so "American," yet stubbornly insists on maintaining its separate and sometimes hostile identity. In this book, Joseph K. Roberts describes for U.S. readers the centuries of transformation that have taken Canada from British colonial status to the high ranks of industrial power. Through the decades, Canada has seen its national development shaped by the dictates of U.S. government and corporate centers. With a clear account of present-day political and economic issues, this text is as timely as it is instructive for students of political science and Canadian and American studies.

Irish Military Elites, Nation and Empire, 1870-1925 - Identity and Authority (Hardcover, 1st Ed. 2019): Loughlin Sweeney Irish Military Elites, Nation and Empire, 1870-1925 - Identity and Authority (Hardcover, 1st Ed. 2019)
Loughlin Sweeney
R1,619 Discovery Miles 16 190 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days
Comparing Party System Change (Hardcover): Jan-Erik Lane, Paul Pennings Comparing Party System Change (Hardcover)
Jan-Erik Lane, Paul Pennings
R2,133 Discovery Miles 21 330 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

1. Introduction, Paul Pennings and Jan-Erik Lane
2. Electoral Instability and Party System Change in Western Europe,Svante Ersson and Jan-Erik Lane 3. Coalitional Potential and Governmental Power,Stefano Bartolini 4. Parties, Party Systems and Policy Effects,Uwe Wagschal 5. The Triad of Party System Change: Votes, Office and Policy, Paul Pennings
PART II: CHANGE AND STABILITY IN ESTABLISHED SYSTEMS 6. Electoral and Parliamentary Aspects of Dominant Party Systems, Francoise Boucek 7. Great Britain: A Stable, but Fragile, Party System? 8. German Unification and Party System Change, Oskar Niedermayer 9. Party Sytem Change in Israel, 1949-96: A Conceptual and Typological Border_Stretching of Europe, Reuven Y. Hazan 10. Electoral Politics and Governance: Transformation of the Party System in Iceland, 1970-96, Svanur Kristjansson PART III: CHANGE AND STABILITY IN RENEWING SYSTEMS
11. Party System Change in Redemocratizing Countries, Anne Bennett 12. The End of the Beginning: The Partial Consolidation of East Central European Parties and Party Systems, Atilla Agh 13. The Logics of Party System Change in Southern Europe, Jose M. Magone

Cambridge Studies in Contentious Politics - Playing by the Informal Rules: Why the Chinese Regime Remains Stable despite Rising... Cambridge Studies in Contentious Politics - Playing by the Informal Rules: Why the Chinese Regime Remains Stable despite Rising Protests (Hardcover)
Yao Li
R1,666 R1,540 Discovery Miles 15 400 Save R126 (8%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Growing protests in non-democratic countries are often seen as signals of regime decline. China, however, has remained stable amid surging protests. Playing by the Informal Rules highlights the importance of informal norms in structuring state-protester interactions, mitigating conflict, and explaining regime resilience. Drawing on a nationwide dataset of protest and multi-sited ethnographic research, this book presents a bird's-eye view of Chinese contentious politics and illustrates the uneven application of informal norms across regions, social groups, and time. Through examinations of protests and their distinct implications for regime stability, Li offers a novel theoretical framework suitable for monitoring the trajectory of political contention in China and beyond. Overall, this study sheds new light on political mobilization and authoritarian resilience and provides fresh perspectives on power, rules, legitimacy, and resistance in modern societies.

War and Political Theory (Hardcover): Brian Orend War and Political Theory (Hardcover)
Brian Orend
R1,178 R910 Discovery Miles 9 100 Save R268 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

In a world that continues to be riven by armed conflict, the fundamental moral and political questions raised by warfare are as important as ever. Under what circumstances are we justified in going to war? Can conflicts be waged in a 'moral' way? Is war an inevitable feature of a world driven by power politics? What are the new ethical challenges raised by new weapons and technology, from drones to swarming attack robots? This book is an engaging and up-to-date examination of these questions and more, penned by a foremost expert in the field. Using many historical cases, it examines all the core disputes and doctrines, ranging from realism to pacifism, from just war theory and international law, to feminism and the democratic peace thesis. Its scope stretches from the primordial causes and perennial drivers of war to the cyber-centric space-age future of armed conflict in the 21st century. War and Political Theory is essential reading for anyone, whether advanced expert or undergraduate, who wants to understand the pressing empirical realities and theoretical issues, historical and contemporary, associated with armed conflict.

Changing Public Sector Values (Hardcover): Montgomery Van Wart Changing Public Sector Values (Hardcover)
Montgomery Van Wart
R2,550 Discovery Miles 25 500 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This new, multidisciplinary series will present works devoted to the indigenous peoples of North America -- the First Nations, Native Hawaiians, Native Americans, and the Indians of Mexico. Topics will range from the social sciences to education, law, criminology, health, the environment, religion, architecture, linguistics, and agriculture, including innovative interdisciplinary approaches. Books featuring Native voices and issues of particular current significance to Native peoples will be featured.

"Changing Public Sector Values has 7 captured the essence of the 'new public administration' movement...a first-rate book that is accessible to both scholars and students". -- Stuart C. Gilman, Georgetown University

"The breadth of Van Wart's treatment of public sector values is truly impressive. He takes 'values, ' an abstraction often thrown into discourse with little connection to concrete reality, and shows how it is fundamentally embedded in public organizations and management. Van Wart examines individual, professional, organizational, legal, and public interest values, lucidity linking them to analysis and decision making. The result is a rich volume that offers the reader comprehensive and useful insights". -- Terry L. Cooper, University of Southern California

Managing values is an organizational priority of the highest order. Ethics are derived from values, and organizational leaders and managers have a responsibility to clarify values, support values consensus, and monitor compliance. Giving all major schools of thought equal coverage, this volume examines values from the individual administrator's perspective, from the cultural framework, and from the functional standpoint. Designed to be is useful to both students and practitioners, the book presents examples drawn from all levels of government, with emphasis on such current topics as downsizing, withdrawing tenure, management reductions, organizational redesign, job restructuring, service provision shifts, privatization, and internal competition.

Cultural Competency in Health, Social & Human Services - Directions for the 21st Century (Hardcover): Pedro J. Lecca, Ivan... Cultural Competency in Health, Social & Human Services - Directions for the 21st Century (Hardcover)
Pedro J. Lecca, Ivan Quervalu, Joao V. Nunes, Hector F. Gonzales
R2,339 Discovery Miles 23 390 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Cultural competency is an issue that is becoming increasingly more important as thousands of people come to this country every year. Because of widely different social mores, living conditions, traditions, personal beliefs, and practices of clients, health professionals in all specialties are finding it difficult to communicate effectively with the members of the diverse racial and ethnic groups that come to them for help. To give health and human services professionals the necessary training, material on cultural competency has been mandated in several different curricula, yet appropriate pedagogical material remains relatively rare.
This pioneering volume presents the latest information and techniques for improving cultural competency in the delivery of health, social, and human services to ethnic and racial minority groups in the United States. Special attention is paid to the importance of understanding the social and culture backgrounds of clients when assessing diagnosis of policy and economic issues, which are rarely examined in this context.
Notable for its combination of theory and practice, which will be invaluable for both professionals and students, this book also includes material on cultural competency within such special populations as the mentally ill, the elderly, children, and families.

The Sunni-Shi'a Divide - Islam'S Internal Divisions (Hardcover): Robert Brenton Betts The Sunni-Shi'a Divide - Islam'S Internal Divisions (Hardcover)
Robert Brenton Betts
R419 R310 Discovery Miles 3 100 Save R109 (26%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Until the attacks of September 11, 2001, few Americans knew anything about Islam, let alone about the distinctions between Sunni and Shi`a, the Sufi and Wahhabi, the origins of the Holy Qur'an and Shari`a law, and the respect that all Muslims, even secular ones, harbor for the prophet Muhammad, his family, and Islamic traditions. In The Sunni-Shi`a Divide Robert Betts traces the tortuous history of Islam's sectarian divisions, emphasizing the most important one, the Shi`a departure from Sunni"orthodoxy." Although the majority of Muslims remain faithful to the Sunni sect of Islam, approximately 15 percent subscribe to the Shi`a creed. As America's involvement in the Middle East drags on, Betts reiterates that policymakers, scholars, and laymen alike must understand the many faces of Islam, the internal forces in the United States that have brought us into these conflicts, and the role of Israel in the region's escalating tensions. How the increasing hostility between the two main Islamic factions plays out on the world stage-as Sunni Turkey, Shi`a Iran, and their allies vie for dominance-is of major consequence for everyone, especially financially strapped Europe and the United States. About the Author ROBERT BRENTON BETTS is a retired professor at the University of Balamand, Lebanon, and at the American University of Beirut. He holds a PhD in international relations and Middle East studies from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and is the author of three previously published books: Christians in the Arab East: A Political Study (John Knox Press, 1978), The Druze (Yale University Press, 1988), and The Southern Portals of Byzantium (Musical Times, 2009). He lives in Summerville, South Carolina.

The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society (Paperback): Michael Edwards The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society (Paperback)
Michael Edwards
R1,270 Discovery Miles 12 700 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

In the past two decades,'civil society' has become a central organizing concept in the social sciences. Occupying the middle ground between the state and private life, the civil sphere encompasses everything from associations to protests to church groups to nongovernmental organizations. Interest in the topic exploded with the decline of statism in the 1980s and 1990s, and many of our current debates about politics and social policy are informed by the renewed focus on civil society. Michael Edwards, author of the most authoritative single-authored book on civil society, serves as the editor for The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society. Broadly speaking, the book views the topic through three prisms: as a part of society (voluntary associations), as a kind of society (marked out by certain social norms), and as a space for citizen action and engagement (the public square or sphere). It does not focus solely on the West (a failing of much of the literature to date), but looks at civil society in both the developed and developing worlds. Throughout, it merges theory, practice, and empirical research in innovative ways. In sum, The Oxford Handbook on Civil Society is a definitive work on the topic.

From Moral Theology to Moral Philosophy - Cicero and Visions of Humanity from Locke to Hume (Hardcover): Tim Stuart-Buttle From Moral Theology to Moral Philosophy - Cicero and Visions of Humanity from Locke to Hume (Hardcover)
Tim Stuart-Buttle
R1,200 Discovery Miles 12 000 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries represent a period of remarkable intellectual vitality in British philosophy, as figures such as Hobbes, Locke, Hume, and Smith attempted to explain the origins and sustaining mechanisms of civil society. Their insights continue to inform how political and moral theorists think about the world in which we live. From Moral Theology to Moral Philosophy reconstructs a debate which preoccupied contemporaries but which seems arcane to us today. It concerned the relationship between reason and revelation as the two sources of mankind's knowledge, particularly in the ethical realm: to what extent, they asked, could reason alone discover the content and obligatory character of morality? This was held to be a historical, rather than a merely theoretical question: had the philosophers of pre-Christian antiquity, ignorant of Christ, been able satisfactorily to explain the moral universe? What role had natural theology played in their ethical theories - and was it consistent with the teachings delivered by revelation? Much recent scholarship has drawn attention to the early-modern interest in two late Hellenistic philosophical traditions - Stoicism and Epicureanism. Yet in the English context, three figures above all - John Locke, Conyers Middleton, and David Hume - quite deliberately and explicitly identified their approaches with Cicero as the representative of an alternative philosophical tradition, critical of both the Stoic and the Epicurean: academic scepticism. All argued that Cicero provided a means of addressing what they considered to be the most pressing question facing contemporary philosophy: the relationship between moral philosophy and moral theology.

Aspects of Language Variation in Arabic Political Speech-Making (Hardcover): Nathalie Mazraani Aspects of Language Variation in Arabic Political Speech-Making (Hardcover)
Nathalie Mazraani
R2,334 Discovery Miles 23 340 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The sociolinguistic study presented here offers insights on variation and the defining of register in Arabic political discourse. The research is based on three dialects (Egyptian, Iraqi and Libyan) and on political speeches delivered by Gamal Abdunnasir, Saddam Hussein and Muammar Al Gadhdhafi. The data of this study is based on video and audio recordings of the speeches and, in order to determine the language varieties used by the speakers, phonological, morphophonological, syntactic and lexical data is analyzed. Notions such as phonological convergence, communicative competence, prestigious versus dominant dialects, together with mechanisms of code-switching and code-mixing are examined. There is an attempt to relate language form to function in discourse, i.e. the relationship between the speaker's use of language and the subject of his discourse, and a discussion of the concept of "involvement" in Arabic political discourse. Functional and stylistic parallels in Arabic and English political oratory are also studied. Given that applicability and representativeness of the data go beyond its local stance, the work draws conclusions about the "universality" of language strategies

Power and Its Logic - Mastering Politics (Paperback): Dominik Meier Power and Its Logic - Mastering Politics (Paperback)
Dominik Meier
R643 R497 Discovery Miles 4 970 Save R146 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days
A Theology of Liberation (Paperback): Marthe Hesselmans A Theology of Liberation (Paperback)
Marthe Hesselmans
R154 Discovery Miles 1 540 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez wanted to solve the problem of how the church could conduct itself to improve the lives of the poor, while consistently positioning itself as politically neutral. Despite being a deeply religious man, Gutiérrez was extremely troubled by the lukewarm way in which Christians in general, and the Catholic Church in particular, acknowledged and supported the poor. In A Theology of Liberation, he asked what he knew was an awkward question, and came to an awkward answer: the Church cannot separate itself from economic and political realities.

Jesus showed his love for the poor in practical ways – healing the sick, feeding the hungry, liberating the oppressed. His example showed Gutierrez that economic, political, social and spiritual development are all deeply connected. His problem-solving prowess then led him to conclude that the church had to become politically active if it was to confront poverty and oppression across the world. For Gutierrez, the lives of the poor and oppressed directly reflect the divine life of God.

Intellectuals in Politics - From the Dreyfus Affair to Salman Rushdie (Paperback): Jeremy Jennings, Tony Kemp-Welch Intellectuals in Politics - From the Dreyfus Affair to Salman Rushdie (Paperback)
Jeremy Jennings, Tony Kemp-Welch
R903 Discovery Miles 9 030 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Intellectuals have played a vital part in shaping this century and, since their original intervention in the Dreyfus affair to the case of Salmon Rushdie, intellectuals have caused controversy.
Jeremy Jennings and Tony Kemp-Welch introduce a collection of essays from leading academics in the field of political theory. After an introduction on the major issues confronting intellectuals the book explores the various different aspects of the intellectual's role, including:
* philosophers and academics who have tried to define the function of the intellectual
* how intellectuals have assumed the status of the conscience of the nation and the voice of the oppressed
* the interaction of intellectuals with Marxism
* the place of the intellectual in American society
Covering countries as diverse as Israel, Algeria, Britain, Ireland, central Europe and America, this collection considers the question of whether the intellectual can still lay claim to the language of truth. In answering, this study tells us much about the modern world in which we live.

Drug Free Youth - A Compendium for Prevention Specialists (Hardcover): Elaine Norman, Fordham University Staff Drug Free Youth - A Compendium for Prevention Specialists (Hardcover)
Elaine Norman, Fordham University Staff
R2,226 Discovery Miles 22 260 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Dukes of Duval County - The Parr Family and Texas Politics (Hardcover): Anthony R. Carrozza Dukes of Duval County - The Parr Family and Texas Politics (Hardcover)
Anthony R. Carrozza
R786 Discovery Miles 7 860 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
The General Will - The Evolution of a Concept (Hardcover): James Farr, David Lay Williams The General Will - The Evolution of a Concept (Hardcover)
James Farr, David Lay Williams
R1,992 R1,838 Discovery Miles 18 380 Save R154 (8%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Although it originated in theological debates, the general will ultimately became one of the most celebrated and denigrated concepts emerging from early modern political thought. Jean-Jacques Rousseau made it the central element of his political theory, and it took on a life of its own during the French Revolution, before being subjected to generations of embrace or opprobrium. James Farr and David Lay Williams have collected for the first time a set of essays that track the evolving history of the general will from its origins to recent times. The General Will: The Evolution of a Concept discusses the general will's theological, political, formal, and substantive dimensions with a careful eye toward the concept's virtues and limitations as understood by its expositors and critics, among them Arnauld, Pascal, Malebranche, Leibniz, Locke, Spinoza, Montesquieu, Kant, Constant, Tocqueville, Adam Smith and John Rawls.

Cultural Variation in Conflict Resolution - Alternatives To Violence (Hardcover): Douglas P. Fry, Kaj Bjorkqvist Cultural Variation in Conflict Resolution - Alternatives To Violence (Hardcover)
Douglas P. Fry, Kaj Bjorkqvist
R1,783 Discovery Miles 17 830 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This volume's central purpose is to provide a clearly written, scholarly exploration of cultural variation regarding conflict resolution and in so doing, highlight certain alternatives to violence. It presents an interdisciplinary examination of how conflicts are perceived and handled in a variety of cultural settings. Drawing on data and models from anthropology, psychology, and political science, the chapters analyze conflict resolution across the societal spectrum, including cases from Western and non-Western traditions, complex and tribal societies, and violent and non-violent cultures. While demonstrating the extremely important impact of culture on conflict resolution processes, the book does not solely emphasize cultural specificity. Rather--through introductory chapters, section introductions, and a concluding chapter--the volume editors draw attention to cross-cultural patterns in an attempt to further the search for more general conflict principles.
An explicit message throughout the book is that alternatives to violence exist. The volume demonstrates that at various levels--from the interpersonal to the international-- conflicts can be handled in ways that cause far less pain and destruction than violence. Chapters by psychologists discuss social and cognitive processes for facilitating the learning of alternatives to violence among children and youth. Anthropology contributors explore mechanisms for dealing with social conflict which allow some cultures to remain relatively peaceful and consider implications of their work for reducing violence in other societies. Chapters by former President of Costa Rica, Oscar Arias, and by political scientists examine how non-violent political solutions can be employed as alternatives to warfare and violent resistence.

Coup D'etat - A Practical Handbook, Revised Edition (Paperback, Revised edition): Edward N. Luttwak Coup D'etat - A Practical Handbook, Revised Edition (Paperback, Revised edition)
Edward N. Luttwak
R512 R409 Discovery Miles 4 090 Save R103 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Coup d'Etat astonished readers when it first appeared in 1968 because it showed, step by step, how governments could be overthrown. Translated into sixteen languages, it has inspired anti-coup precautions by regimes around the world. In addition to these detailed instructions, Edward Luttwak's revised handbook offers an altogether new way of looking at political power--one that considers, for example, the vulnerability to coups of even the most stable democracies in the event of prolonged economic distress.The world has changed dramatically in the past half century, but not the essence of the coup d'etat. It still requires the secret recruitment of military officers who command the loyalty of units well placed to seize important headquarters and key hubs in the capital city. The support of the armed forces as a whole is needed only in the aftermath, to avoid countercoups. And mass support is largely irrelevant, although passive acceptance is essential. To ensure it, violence must be kept to a minimum. The ideal coup is swift and bloodless. Very violent coups rarely succeed, and if they trigger a bloody civil war they fail utterly.Luttwak identifies conditions that make countries vulnerable to a coup, and he outlines the necessary stages of planning, from recruitment of coconspirators to postcoup promises of progress and stability. But much more broadly, his investigation of coups--updated for the twenty-first century--uncovers important truths about the nature of political power.

The Return of Martin Guerre (Paperback): Joseph Tendler The Return of Martin Guerre (Paperback)
Joseph Tendler
R152 Discovery Miles 1 520 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Few stories are more captivating than the one told by Natalie Zemon Davis in The Return of Martin Guerre. Basing her research on records of a bizarre court case that occurred in 16th-century France, she uses the tale of a missing soldier – whose disappearance threatens the livelihood of his peasant wife – to explore complex social issues. Davis takes rich material – dramatic enough to have been the basis of two major films – and uses it to explore issues of identity, women's role in peasant society, the interior lives of the poor, and the structure of village society, all of them topics that had previously proved difficult for historians to grapple with.

Davis displays fine qualities of reasoning throughout – not only in constructing her own narrative, but also in persuading her readers of her point of view. Her work is also a fine example of good interpretation – practically every document in the case needs to be assessed for issues of meaning.

The End of History and the Last Man (Paperback): Ian Jackson The End of History and the Last Man (Paperback)
Ian Jackson
R154 Discovery Miles 1 540 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Francis Fukuyama’s controversial 1992 book The End of History and the Last Man demonstrates an important aspect of creative thinking: the ability to generate hypotheses and create novel explanations for evidence.

In the case of Fukuyama’s work, the central hypothesis and explanation he put forward were not, in fact, new, but they were novel in the academic and historical context of the time. Fukuyama’s central argument was that the end of the Cold War was a symptom of, and a vital waypoint in, a teleological progression of history.

Interpreting history as “teleological” is to say that it is headed towards a final state, or end point: a state in which matters will reach an equilibrium in which things are as good as they can get. For Fukuyama, this would mean the end of “mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government”. This grand theory, which sought to explain the end of the Cold War through a single overarching hypothesis, made the novel step of resurrecting the German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel’s theory of history – which had long been ignored by practical historians and political philosophers – and applying it to current events.

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