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Books > Philosophy > Western philosophy > Western philosophy, c 500 to c 1600

Straw Dogs - Thoughts On Humans And Other Animals (Paperback): John Gray Straw Dogs - Thoughts On Humans And Other Animals (Paperback)
John Gray
R366 R303 Discovery Miles 3 030 Save R63 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The British bestseller "Straw Dogs "is an exciting, radical work of philosophy, which sets out to challenge our most cherished assumptions about what it means to be human. From Plato to Christianity, from the Enlightenment to Nietzsche and Marx, the Western tradition has been based on arrogant and erroneous beliefs about human beings and their place in the world. Philosophies such as liberalism and Marxism think of humankind as a species whose destiny is to transcend natural limits and conquer the Earth. John Gray argues that this belief in human difference is a dangerous illusion and explores how the world and human life look once humanism has been finally abandoned. The result is an exhilarating, sometimes disturbing book that leads the reader to question our deepest-held beliefs. Will Self, in the "New Statesman," called "Straw Dogs "his book of the year: "I read it once, I read it twice and took notes . . . I thought it that good." "Nothing will get you thinking as much as this brilliant book" ("Sunday Telegraph").

The Dust of Death - The Sixties Counterculture and How It Changed America Forever (Paperback): Os Guinness The Dust of Death - The Sixties Counterculture and How It Changed America Forever (Paperback)
Os Guinness
R500 R414 Discovery Miles 4 140 Save R86 (17%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days
On Human Nature (Paperback): Thomas Aquinas On Human Nature (Paperback)
Thomas Aquinas; Edited by Thomas S. Hibbs
R411 R369 Discovery Miles 3 690 Save R42 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume begins with excerpts from Aquinas' commentary on De Anima, excerpts that proceed from a general consideration of soul as common to all living things to a consideration of the animal soul and, finally, to what is peculiar to the human soul. These are followed by the Treatise on Man, Aquinas' most famous discussion of human nature, but one whose organization is dictated by theological concerns and whose philosophical importance is thus best appreciated when seen as presented here: within the historical philosophical framework of which it constitutes a development. Aquinas' discussions of the will and the passions follow, providing fruitful points of comparison with other philosophers.

A Vindication of Love - Reclaiming Romance for the Twenty-First Century (Paperback): Cristina Nehring A Vindication of Love - Reclaiming Romance for the Twenty-First Century (Paperback)
Cristina Nehring
R350 R331 Discovery Miles 3 310 Save R19 (5%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In the twenty-first century, political correctness, cynicism, prag-matism, and the commodification of sex have reduced romantic love to a discredited myth or a recreational sport--"a cause for embarrassment," says Cristina Nehring. In "A Vindication of Love," Nehring wrests romantic love from the clutches of retrograde feminists and cutting-edge capitalists, thrill-seeking convenience shoppers and safe-sex moralists. With help from lovers ranging from Heloise and Abelard to Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, Nehring celebrates the wild, irreverent, and uncompromising models of love we have inherited--as she rediscovers romantic love's fearless and heroic provenance, and challenges readers to demand partnerships that fully engage body, heart, and mind.

Machiavelli: Selected Political Writings (Paperback): Niccolo Machiavelli Machiavelli: Selected Political Writings (Paperback)
Niccolo Machiavelli; Edited by David Wootton
R367 R333 Discovery Miles 3 330 Save R34 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Here are The Prince and the most important of the Discourses newly translated into spare, vivid English. Why a new translation? Machiavelli was never the dull, worthy, pedantic author who appears in the pages of other translations, says David Wootton in his Introduction. In the pages that follow I have done my best to let him speak in his own voice. (And indeed, Wootton's Machiavelli does just that when the occasion demands: renderings of that most problematic of words, virtu, are in each instance followed by the Italian). Notes, a map, and an altogether remarkable Introduction no less authoritative for being grippingly readable, help make this edition an ideal first encounter with Machiavelli for any student of history and political theory.

Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Paperback): Rene Descartes Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Paperback)
Rene Descartes; Edited by Andrew Bailey; Translated by Ian Johnston
R320 Discovery Miles 3 200 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This volume provides new translations of Rene Descartes's two most important philosophical works. The Discourse offers a concise presentation and defense of Descartes' method of intellectual inquiry - a method that greatly influenced both philosophical and scientific reasoning in the early modern world. Considered a foundational text in modern philosophy, the Meditations presents numerous powerful arguments that to this day influence debates in epistemology, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of religion. Descartes's timeless writing strikes an uncommon balance of novelty and familiarity, offering arguments concerning knowledge, science, and metaphysics (including the famous 'I think, therefore I am') that are as compelling in the 21st century as they were in the 17th. Ian Johnston's translations are modern, clear, and thoroughly annotated, ideal for readers unfamiliar with Descartes's intellectual context. An approachable introduction engages both the historical and the philosophical aspects of the text, helping the reader to understand the concepts and arguments contained therein.

The Secret of Secrets - The Scholarly Career of a Pseudo-Aristotelian Text in the Latin Middle Ages (Hardcover): Steven G.... The Secret of Secrets - The Scholarly Career of a Pseudo-Aristotelian Text in the Latin Middle Ages (Hardcover)
Steven G. Williams
R2,332 Discovery Miles 23 320 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The Secret of Secrets. The title alone promises the revelation of the most treasured arcana and piques our interest. Add the names of Aristotle and Alexander the Great, and our curiosity is securely engaged. Readers reacted similarly during the Latin Middle Ages. The work alleges to be an extended letter of advice sent by Aristotle to his former pupil Alexander the Great while the latter was on a campaign in Persia. It stood at the top of the "best-seller" list for hundreds of years and was read by two different audiences: scholars and laypersons. Steven J. Williams focuses his study on its reception by European scholars, starting with its translation into Latin during the High Middle Ages and carrying the story through to the time when scholarly attention waned around 1550.
An important medieval text that also provides a window onto medieval intellectual life, Secret of Secrets played a modest though significant role in medieval scholarly life: "significant" in that it was used in a variety of scholarly contexts, had some part to play in the scholarly controversies of the day, and was so often read that an impressive number of manuscripts are still extant today; "modest" in that it was cited much less frequently than the major works of its day.
Steven J. Williams is Associate Professor in the Department of History, New Mexico Highlands University.

Al-Kindi - An Annotated Bibliography (Paperback, annotated edition): Nicholas Rescher Al-Kindi - An Annotated Bibliography (Paperback, annotated edition)
Nicholas Rescher
R591 Discovery Miles 5 910 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In his day, al-Kindi (ca. 805-870) was the only philosopher of pure Arab descent, and became known as "the philosopher of the Arabs." He was one of the first Arab scholars interested in a scientific rather than theological viewpoint, and played a key role in bringing Greek learning into the orbit of Islam. al-Kindi wrote over three hundred fifty treatises, for the most part short studies on special topics in science and philosophy. Nicholas Rescher assembles this annotated bibliography, listing of over three hundred items, to assist students and scholars through the maze of publications related to al-Kindi.

Cartesian Poetics - The Art of Thinking (Paperback): Andrea Gadberry Cartesian Poetics - The Art of Thinking (Paperback)
Andrea Gadberry
R606 Discovery Miles 6 060 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

What is thinking? What does it feel like? What is it good for? Andrea Gadberry looks for answers to these questions in the philosophy of Rene Descartes and finds them in the philosopher's implicit poetics. Gadberry argues that Descartes's thought was crucially enabled by poetry and shows how markers of poetic genres from love lyric and elegy to the puzzling forms of the riddle and the anagram betray an impassioned negotiation with the difficulties of thought and its limits. Where others have seen Cartesian philosophy as a triumph of reason, Gadberry reveals that the philosopher accused of having "slashed poetry's throat" instead enlisted poetic form to contain thought's frustrations. Gadberry's approach to seventeenth-century writings poses questions urgent for the twenty-first. Bringing literature and philosophy into rich dialogue, Gadberry centers close reading as a method uniquely equipped to manage skepticism, tolerate critical ambivalence, and detect feeling in philosophy. Helping us read classic moments of philosophical argumentation in a new light, this elegant study also expands outward to redefine thinking in light of its poetic formations.

The Sentences: Book 3 - On the Incarnation of the Word (Paperback, New): Peter Lombard The Sentences: Book 3 - On the Incarnation of the Word (Paperback, New)
Peter Lombard; Translated by Giulio Silano
R944 Discovery Miles 9 440 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Book 3 of the "Sentences" deals with the mystery of the Word made flesh: Christ's incarnation, passion, and death, the consequent restoration of humankind, and the virtues to be practised in imitation of Christ.

Erasmus and the Age of Reformation (Paperback): Johan H. Huizinga Erasmus and the Age of Reformation (Paperback)
Johan H. Huizinga
R323 R268 Discovery Miles 2 680 Save R55 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In the 16th century, Erasmus was one of the most celebrated figures in Europe--a man of such vast learning that both royalty and universities petitioned for his services. In this very readable biography, a noted scholar traces Erasmus's youth, his years as an itinerant scholar, sojourns in England, France, Switzerland, and Italy, friendship with Sir Thomas More, and disputes with Martin Luther. The author also probes Erasmus's mind and character and discusses his writings, including In Praise of Folly and his great translation of the New Testament.

Galileo's Error - Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness (Paperback): Philip Goff Galileo's Error - Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness (Paperback)
Philip Goff
R369 R307 Discovery Miles 3 070 Save R62 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon (Hardcover): John M. Robertson The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon (Hardcover)
John M. Robertson
R5,813 Discovery Miles 58 130 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

First published in 1905, this reissued edition of The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon is an edited collection based upon the definitive seven volume edition of 1857, translated and prefaced by Robert Leslie Ellis and James Spedding.

Of great historical, philosophical and scientific interest, this collection brings together translations of Bacon 's most important works, including the Novum Organum, the De Augmentis Scientarium, the Parasceve, and the De Principiis atque Originibus, as well as works originally written in English, such as the Valerius Terminus and the Filum Labyrinthi. The reissue offers a comprehensive and provocative collection of the key writings of the man we now consider to be the father of Empiricism who popularised inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry. All works include prefaces by Robert Leslie Ellis and James Spedding, and the collection includes an introductory note from the editor John M. Robertson.

Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works (Paperback): St. Anselm Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works (Paperback)
St. Anselm; Edited by Brian Davies, G.R. Evans
R297 R249 Discovery Miles 2 490 Save R48 (16%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

`For I do not seek to understand so that I may believe; but I believe so that I may understand. For I believe this also, that unless I believe, I shall not understand.' Does God exist? Can we know anything about God's nature? Have we any reason to think that the Christian religion is true? What is truth, anyway? Do human beings have freedom of choice? Can they have such freedom in a world created by God? These questions, and others, were ones which Anselm of Canterbury (c.1033-1109) took very seriously. He was utterly convinced of the truth of the Christian religion, but he was also determined to try to make sense of his Christian faith. Recognizing that the Christian God is incomprehensible, he also believed that Christianity is not simply something to be swallowed with mouth open and eyes shut. For Anselm, the doctrines of Christianity are an invitation to question, to think, and to learn. Anselm is studied today because his rigour of thought and clarity of writing place him among the greatest of theologians and philosophers. This translation provides readers with their first opportunity to read all of his most important works within the covers of a single volume. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Freewill and Responsibility (Hardcover): Anthony Kenny Freewill and Responsibility (Hardcover)
Anthony Kenny
R2,537 Discovery Miles 25 370 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This reissue was first published in 1978. Anthony Kenny, one of the most distinguished philosophers in England, explores the notion of responsibility and the precise place of the mental element in criminal actions. Bringing the insights of recent philosophy of mind to bear on contemporary developments in criminal law, he writes with the general reader in mind, no specialist training in philosophy being necessary to appreciate his argument.
Kenny shows that abstract distinctions drawn by analytic philosophers are relevant to decisions in matters of life and death, and illustrates the philosophical argument throughout by reference to actual legal cases. The topics he covers are of wide general interest and include: mens rea and mental health, strict liability, freedom and determinism, duress and necessity, intoxication and irresistible impulse, intention and purpose, murder and rape, punishment and deterrence, witchcraft and supernatural beliefs.

Maps of Medieval Thought - The Hereford Paradigm (Paperback, New edition): Naomi Reed Kline Maps of Medieval Thought - The Hereford Paradigm (Paperback, New edition)
Naomi Reed Kline
R534 R507 Discovery Miles 5 070 Save R27 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Filled with information and lore, mappae mundi present an encyclopaedic panorama of the conceptual "landscape" of the middle ages. Previously objects of study for cartographers and geographers, the value of medieval maps to scholars in other fields is now recognised and this book, written from an art historical perspective, illuminates the medieval view of the world represented in a group of maps of c.1300. Naomi Kline's detailed examination of the literary, visual, oral and textual evidence of the Hereford mappa mundi and others like it, such as the Psalter Maps, the '"Sawley Map," and the Ebstorf Map, places them within the larger context of medieval art and intellectual history. The mappa mundi in Hereford cathedral is at the heart of this study: it has more than one thousand texts and images of geographical subjects, monuments, animals, plants, peoples, biblical sites and incidents, legendary material, historical information and much more; distinctions between "real" and "fantastic" are fluid; time and space are telescoped, presenting past, present, and future. Naomi Kline provides, for the first time, a full and detailed analysis of the images and texts of the Hereford map which, thus deciphered, allow comparison with related mappae mundi as well as with other texts and images. NAOMI REED KLINE is Professor of Art History at Plymouth State College.

Francis Bacon: From Magic to Science (Hardcover): Paolo Rossi Francis Bacon: From Magic to Science (Hardcover)
Paolo Rossi
R4,287 Discovery Miles 42 870 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Originally published in 1968. This volume discusses Francis Bacon 's thought and work in the context of the European cultural environment that influenced Bacon 's philosophy and was in turn influenced by it. It examines the influence of magical and alchemical traditions on Bacon and his opposition to these traditions, as well as illustrating the naturalist, materialist and ethico-political patterns in Bacon 's allegorical interpretations of fables.

Ockham: Philosophical Writings - A Selection (Paperback, New Ed): William of Ockham Ockham: Philosophical Writings - A Selection (Paperback, New Ed)
William of Ockham; Edited by Philotheus Boehner; Revised by Stephen F Brown
R500 R443 Discovery Miles 4 430 Save R57 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume contains selections of Ockham's philosophical writings which give a balanced introductory view of his work in logic, metaphysics, and ethics. This edition includes textual markings referring readers to appendices containing changes in the Latin text and alterations found in the English translation that have been made necessary by the critical edition of Ockham's work published after Boehner prepared the original text. The updated bibliography includes the most important scholarship produced since publication of the original edition.

Thomistic Principles and Bioethics (Hardcover): Jason T. Eberl Thomistic Principles and Bioethics (Hardcover)
Jason T. Eberl
R3,165 Discovery Miles 31 650 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Thomas Aquinas is one of the foremost thinkers in Western philosophy and Christian scholarship, recognized as a significant voice in both theological discussions and secular philosophical debates. Alongside a revival of interest in Thomism in philosophy, scholars have realized its relevance when addressing certain contemporary issues in bioethics. This book offers a rigorous interpretation of Aquinas's metaphysics and ethical thought, and highlights its significance to questions in bioethics.
Jason T. Eberl applies Aquinas's views on the seminal topics of human nature and morality to key questions in bioethics at the margins of human life - questions which are currently contested in the academia, politics and the media such as:
- When does a human person's life begin? How should we define and clinically determine a person's death?
- Is abortion ever morally permissible? How should we resolve the conflict between the potential benefits of embryonic stem cell research and the lives of human embryos?
- Does cloning involve a misuse of human ingenuity and technology?
- What forms of treatment are appropriate for irreversibly comatose patients? How should we care for patients who experience unbearable suffering as they approach the end of life?
- What ethical mandates and concerns underlie the practice of organ donation?
"Thomistic Principles and Bioethics" ""presents a significant philosophical viewpoint which should motivate further dialogue amongst religious and secular arenas of inquiry concerning such complex issues of both individual and public concern. It will be illuminating reading for scholars, postgraduate and research students of philosophy, metaphysics, ethics, bioethics and moral theology.

Renaissance Humanism - An Anthology of Sources (Paperback): Margaret L. King Renaissance Humanism - An Anthology of Sources (Paperback)
Margaret L. King
R529 R467 Discovery Miles 4 670 Save R62 (12%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

By far the best collection of sources to introduce readers to Renaissance humanism in all its many guises. What distinguishes this stimulating and useful anthology is the vision behind it: King shows that Renaissance thinkers had a lot to say, not only about the ancient world--one of their habitual passions--but also about the self, how civic experience was configured, the arts, the roles and contributions of women, the new science, the 'new' world, and so much more. --Christopher S. Celenza, Johns Hopkins University

Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers (Hardcover): G.R. Evans Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers (Hardcover)
G.R. Evans
R2,299 Discovery Miles 22 990 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Focussing on individuals whose ideas shaped intellectual life between 400 and 1500, Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers is an accessible introduction to those religious, philosophical and political concepts central to the medieval worldview. Including such diverse figures as Bede and Wyclif, each entry presents a biographical outline, a list of works and a summary of their main theories, alongside suggestions for further reading. Chronologically arranged, and with an introductory essay which presents important themes in context, this volume is an invaluable reference tool for all students of Medieval Europe.

Medieval Philosophy - A history of philosophy without any gaps, Volume 4 (Hardcover): Peter Adamson Medieval Philosophy - A history of philosophy without any gaps, Volume 4 (Hardcover)
Peter Adamson
R769 R550 Discovery Miles 5 500 Save R219 (28%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Peter Adamson presents a lively introduction to six hundred years of European philosophy, from the beginning of the ninth century to the end of the fourteenth century. The medieval period is one of the richest in the history of philosophy, yet one of the least widely known. Adamson introduces us to some of the greatest thinkers of the Western intellectual tradition, including Peter Abelard, Anselm of Canterbury, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, and Roger Bacon. And the medieval period was notable for the emergence of great women thinkers, including Hildegard of Bingen, Marguerite Porete, and Julian of Norwich. Original ideas and arguments were developed in every branch of philosophy during this period - not just philosophy of religion and theology, but metaphysics, philosophy of logic and language, moral and political theory, psychology, and the foundations of mathematics and natural science.

Philosophy Bites Back (Hardcover): David Edmonds, Nigel Warburton Philosophy Bites Back (Hardcover)
David Edmonds, Nigel Warburton
R275 R233 Discovery Miles 2 330 Save R42 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Philosophy Bites Back is the second book to come out of the hugely successful podcast Philosophy Bites. It presents a selection of lively interviews with leading philosophers of our time, who discuss the ideas and works of some of the most important thinkers in history. From the ancient classics of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, to the groundbreaking modern thought of Wittgenstein, Rawls, and Derrida, this volume spans over two and a half millennia of western philosophy and illuminates its most fascinating ideas. Philosophy Bites was set up in 2007 by David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton. It has had over 12 million downloads, and is listened to all over the world.

Reading Machiavelli - Scandalous Books, Suspect Engagements, and the Virtue of Populist Politics (Paperback): John P. McCormick Reading Machiavelli - Scandalous Books, Suspect Engagements, and the Virtue of Populist Politics (Paperback)
John P. McCormick
R496 R470 Discovery Miles 4 700 Save R26 (5%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

A new reading of Machiavelli's major works that demonstrates how he has been previously misread To what extent was Niccolo Machiavelli a "Machiavellian"? Was he an amoral adviser of tyranny or a stalwart partisan of liberty? A neutral technician of power politics or a devout Italian patriot? A reviver of pagan virtue or initiator of modern nihilism? Reading Machiavelli answers these questions through original interpretations of Machiavelli's three major political works-The Prince, Discourses, and Florentine Histories-and demonstrates that a radically democratic populism seeded the Florentine's scandalous writings. John McCormick challenges the misguided understandings of Machiavelli set forth by prominent thinkers, including Jean-Jacques Rousseau and representatives of the Straussian and Cambridge schools, and he emphasizes the fundamental, often unacknowledged elements of a vibrant Machiavellian politics. Advancing fresh readings of Machiavelli's work, this book presents a new outlook on how politics should be conceptualized and practiced.

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics (Paperback): Thomas Williams The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics (Paperback)
Thomas Williams
R614 Discovery Miles 6 140 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Ethics was a central preoccupation of medieval philosophers, and medieval ethical thought is rich, diverse, and inventive. Yet standard histories of ethics often skip quickly over the medievals, and histories of medieval philosophy often fail to do justice to the centrality of ethical concerns in medieval thought. This volume presents the full range of medieval ethics in Christian, Islamic, and Jewish philosophy in a way that is accessible to a non-specialist and reveals the liveliness and sophistication of medieval ethical thought. In Part I there is a series of historical chapters presenting developmental and contextual accounts of Christian, Islamic, and Jewish ethics. Part II offers topical chapters on such central themes as happiness, virtue, law, and freedom, as well as on less-studied aspects of medieval ethics such as economic ethics, the ethical dimensions of mysticism, and sin and grace. This will be an important volume for students of ethics and medieval philosophy.

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