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Books > Social sciences > Psychology > Cognition & cognitive psychology

The New Mind Readers - What Neuroimaging Can and Cannot Reveal about Our Thoughts (Paperback): Russell A Poldrack The New Mind Readers - What Neuroimaging Can and Cannot Reveal about Our Thoughts (Paperback)
Russell A Poldrack
R364 R296 Discovery Miles 2 960 Save R68 (19%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

A revealing insider's account of the power-and limitations-of functional MRI The ability to read minds has long been a fascination of science fiction, but revolutionary new brain-imaging methods are bringing it closer to scientific reality. The New Mind Readers looks at the origins, development, and future of these extraordinary tools, revealing how they are increasingly being used to decode our thoughts and experiences-and how this raises sometimes troubling questions about their application in domains such as marketing, politics, and the law. Written by one of the world's leading pioneers in cognitive neuroscience, this book offers needed perspective on what these emerging methods can and cannot do, and demonstrates how they can provide answers to age-old questions about the nature of consciousness and what it means to be human.

Creativity in the Schizophrenia Spectrum - A Special Issue of the creativity Research Journal (Paperback): Louis A. Sass, David... Creativity in the Schizophrenia Spectrum - A Special Issue of the creativity Research Journal (Paperback)
Louis A. Sass, David Schuldberg
R588 Discovery Miles 5 880 In stock

The articles in this special issue seek to re-examine the relationship between creativity and the schizophrenia spectrum of disorders in the wake of recent research and theorizing. They revisit both empirical and conceptual findings and issues regarding connections between the schizophrenia spectrum of disorders: schizotypy, psychotic-like traits, and creativity.

CBT Toolbox for Children and Adolescents (Spiral bound): Lisa Phifer, Amanda Crowder, Tracy Elsenraat CBT Toolbox for Children and Adolescents (Spiral bound)
Lisa Phifer, Amanda Crowder, Tracy Elsenraat
R728 R577 Discovery Miles 5 770 Save R151 (21%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
Perception - How Our Bodies Shape Our Minds (Hardcover): Dennis Proffitt, Drake Baer Perception - How Our Bodies Shape Our Minds (Hardcover)
Dennis Proffitt, Drake Baer
R607 R483 Discovery Miles 4 830 Save R124 (20%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
Rapport - The Four Ways To Read People (Paperback): Emily Alison, Laurence Alison Rapport - The Four Ways To Read People (Paperback)
Emily Alison, Laurence Alison 1
R340 R272 Discovery Miles 2 720 Save R68 (20%) Ships in 5 - 10 working days

Get what you want from even the most difficult characters

All of us have to deal with difficult people. Whether we’re asking our neighbour to move a fence or our boss for a pay rise, we can struggle to avoid arguments and get what we want.

Laurence and Emily Alison are world leaders in forensic psychology, and they specialise in the most difficult interactions imaginable: criminal interrogations. They advise and train the police, security agencies, the FBI and the CIA on how to deal with extremely dangerous suspects when the stakes are high.

After 30 years’ work – and unprecedented access to 2,000 hours of terrorist interrogations – they have developed a ground-breaking model of interpersonal communication. This deceptively simple approach to handling any encounter works as well for teenagers as it does for terrorists. Now it’s time to share it with the world.

Rapport reveals that every interaction follows four styles: Control (the lion), Capitulate (the mouse), Confront (the Tyrannosaur) and Co-operate (the monkey). As soon as you understand these styles and your own goals you can shape any conversation at will. And you’ll be closer to the real secret: how to create instant rapport.

Galileo's Error - Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness (Paperback): Philip Goff Galileo's Error - Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness (Paperback)
Philip Goff
R344 R280 Discovery Miles 2 800 Save R64 (19%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
The Alignment Problem - Machine Learning and Human Values (Hardcover): Brian Christian The Alignment Problem - Machine Learning and Human Values (Hardcover)
Brian Christian
R609 R491 Discovery Miles 4 910 Save R118 (19%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Today's "machine-learning" systems, trained by data, are so effective that we've invited them to see and hear for us-and to make decisions on our behalf. But alarm bells are ringing. Recent years have seen an eruption of concern as the field of machine learning advances. When the systems we attempt to teach will not, in the end, do what we want or what we expect, ethical and potentially existential risks emerge. Researchers call this the alignment problem. Systems cull resumes until, years later, we discover that they have inherent gender biases. Algorithms decide bail and parole-and appear to assess Black and White defendants differently. We can no longer assume that our mortgage application, or even our medical tests, will be seen by human eyes. And as autonomous vehicles share our streets, we are increasingly putting our lives in their hands. The mathematical and computational models driving these changes range in complexity from something that can fit on a spreadsheet to a complex system that might credibly be called "artificial intelligence." They are steadily replacing both human judgment and explicitly programmed software. In best-selling author Brian Christian's riveting account, we meet the alignment problem's "first-responders," and learn their ambitious plan to solve it before our hands are completely off the wheel. In a masterful blend of history and on-the ground reporting, Christian traces the explosive growth in the field of machine learning and surveys its current, sprawling frontier. Readers encounter a discipline finding its legs amid exhilarating and sometimes terrifying progress. Whether they-and we-succeed or fail in solving the alignment problem will be a defining human story. The Alignment Problem offers an unflinching reckoning with humanity's biases and blind spots, our own unstated assumptions and often contradictory goals. A dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, it takes a hard look not only at our technology but at our culture-and finds a story by turns harrowing and hopeful.

How Women Decide (Paperback): Therese Huston How Women Decide (Paperback)
Therese Huston
R327 R307 Discovery Miles 3 070 Save R20 (6%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
The Polymath - Unlocking the Power of Human Versatility (Hardcover): Waqas Ahmed The Polymath - Unlocking the Power of Human Versatility (Hardcover)
Waqas Ahmed
R514 R386 Discovery Miles 3 860 Save R128 (25%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Every human is born with multifarious potential. Why, then, do parents, schools and employers insist that we restrict our many talents and interests; that we 'specialise' in just one? We've been sold a myth, that to 'specialise' is the only way to pursue truth, identity, or even a livelihood. Yet specialisation is nothing but an outdated system that fosters ignorance, exploitation and disillusionment and thwarts creativity, opportunity and progress. Following a series of exchanges with the world's greatest historians, futurists, philosophers and scientists, Waqas Ahmed has weaved together a narrative of history and a vision for the future that seeks to disrupt this prevailing system of unwarranted 'hyper-specialisation.' In The Polymath, Waqas shows us that there is another way of thinking and being. Through an approach that is both philosophical and practical, he sets out a cognitive journey towards reclaiming your innate polymathic state. Going further, he proposes nothing less than a cultural revolution in our education and professional structures, whereby everyone is encouraged to express themselves in multiple ways and fulfil their many-sided potential. Not only does this enhance individual fulfilment, but in doing so, facilitates a conscious and creative society that is both highly motivated and well equipped to address the complexity of 21st century challenges.

Cognitive Science, Vol. 1 (Hardcover): Noel Sheehy, Antony J. Chapman Cognitive Science, Vol. 1 (Hardcover)
Noel Sheehy, Antony J. Chapman
R4,329 Discovery Miles 43 290 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Cognitive science explores intelligence and intelligent systems. Several disciplines, including psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and the neurosciences, have a well-established interest in these topics. An attempt to organize and unify views of thought developed within these distinct disciplines, cognitive science is concerned with the construction of abstract theory of intelligent processes, the investigation of human and animal intelligence, and a discussion of computational principles that underlie the organization and behavior of computer programs.

This three volume set presents a careful selection of the most important articles on cognitive science, divided into the following areas:

Foundational Issues Conceptualization, Learning, & Memory Representation Problem Solving & Understanding Visual Perception Comprehension Production

Articles in these volumes have been drawn from various books and from the following journals: Science, Psychological Bulletin, The Psychology of Computer Vision, Psychological Review, Cognitive Science, Computers and Thought, Artificial Intelligence, Computers and Biomedical Research, Cognitive Psychology, Cognition, Language and Speech, and Computational Linguistics

Cognitive Science, Vol. 3 (Hardcover): Noel Sheehy, Antony J. Chapman Cognitive Science, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
Noel Sheehy, Antony J. Chapman
R4,331 Discovery Miles 43 310 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Cognitive science explores intelligence and intelligent systems. Several disciplines, including psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and the neurosciences, have a well-established interest in these topics. An attempt to organize and unify views of thought developed within these distinct disciplines, cognitive science is concerned with the construction of abstract theory of intelligent processes, the investigation of human and animal intelligence, and a discussion of computational principles that underlie the organization and behavior of computer programs.

This three volume set presents a careful selection of the most important articles on cognitive science, divided into the following areas:

Foundational Issues Conceptualization, Learning, & Memory Representation Problem Solving & Understanding Visual Perception Comprehension Production

Articles in these volumes have been drawn from various books and from the following journals: Science, Psychological Bulletin, The Psychology of Computer Vision, Psychological Review, Cognitive Science, Computers and Thought, Artificial Intelligence, Computers and Biomedical Research, Cognitive Psychology, Cognition, Language and Speech, and Computational Linguistics

Behavioural Neuroscience (Paperback): Sean Commins Behavioural Neuroscience (Paperback)
Sean Commins
R904 R762 Discovery Miles 7 620 Save R142 (16%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Brain and behaviour are intrinsically linked. Animals demonstrate a huge and complex repertoire of behaviours, so how can specific behaviours be mapped onto the complicated neural circuits of the brain? Highlighting the extraordinary advances that have been made in the field of behavioural neuroscience over recent decades, this book examines how behaviours can be understood in terms of their neural mechanisms. Each chapter outlines the components of a particular behaviour, discussing laboratory techniques, the key brain structures involved, and the underpinning cellular and molecular mechanisms. Commins covers a range of topics including learning in a simple invertebrate, fear conditioning, taste aversion, sound localization, and echolocation in bats, as well as more complex behaviours, such as language development, spatial navigation and circadian rhythms. Demonstrating key processes through clear, step-by-step explanations and numerous illustrations, this will be valuable reading for students of zoology, animal behaviour, psychology, and neuroscience.

Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Paperback): Iris van Rooij, Mark... Cognition and Intractability - A Guide to Classical and Parameterized Complexity Analysis (Paperback)
Iris van Rooij, Mark Blokpoel, Johan Kwisthout, Todd Wareham
R762 Discovery Miles 7 620 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Intractability is a growing concern across the cognitive sciences: while many models of cognition can describe and predict human behavior in the lab, it remains unclear how these models can scale to situations of real-world complexity. Cognition and Intractability is the first book to provide an accessible introduction to computational complexity analysis and its application to questions of intractability in cognitive science. Covering both classical and parameterized complexity analysis, it introduces the mathematical concepts and proof techniques that can be used to test one's intuition of (in)tractability. It also describes how these tools can be applied to cognitive modeling to deal with intractability, and its ramifications, in a systematic way. Aimed at students and researchers in philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, psychology, artificial intelligence, and linguistics who want to build a firm understanding of intractability and its implications in their modeling work, it is an ideal resource for teaching or self-study.

The Great Illusion - The Myth of Free Will, Consciousness, and the Self (Paperback): Paul Singh The Great Illusion - The Myth of Free Will, Consciousness, and the Self (Paperback)
Paul Singh
R325 R270 Discovery Miles 2 700 Save R55 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
The Origins and History of Consciousness (Paperback, With a Foreword): Erich Neumann The Origins and History of Consciousness (Paperback, With a Foreword)
Erich Neumann; Translated by R.F.C Hull; Foreword by C. G. Jung
R578 R432 Discovery Miles 4 320 Save R146 (25%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"The Origins and History of Consciousness" draws on a full range of world mythology to show how individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of development as human consciousness as a whole. Erich Neumann was one of C. G. Jung's most creative students and a renowned practitioner of analytical psychology in his own right. In this influential book, Neumann shows how the stages begin and end with the symbol of the Uroboros, the tail-eating serpent. The intermediate stages are projected in the universal myths of the World Creation, Great Mother, Separation of the World Parents, Birth of the Hero, Slaying of the Dragon, Rescue of the Captive, and Transformation and Deification of the Hero. Throughout the sequence, the Hero is the evolving ego consciousness.

Featuring a foreword by Jung, this Princeton Classics edition introduces a new generation of readers to this eloquent and enduring work.

Does your Family Make You Smarter? - Nature, Nurture, and Human Autonomy (Paperback): James R. Flynn Does your Family Make You Smarter? - Nature, Nurture, and Human Autonomy (Paperback)
James R. Flynn
R507 R420 Discovery Miles 4 200 Save R87 (17%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Does your family make you smarter? James R. Flynn presents an exciting new method for estimating the effects of family on a range of cognitive abilities. Rather than using twin and adoption studies, he analyses IQ tables that have been hidden in manuals over the last 65 years, and shows that family environment can confer a significant advantage or disadvantage to your level of intelligence. Wading into the nature vs. nurture debate, Flynn banishes the pessimistic notion that by the age of seventeen, people's cognitive abilities are solely determined by their genes. He argues that intelligence is also influenced by human autonomy - genetics and family notwithstanding, we all have the capacity to choose to enhance our cognitive performance. He concludes by reconciling this new understanding of individual differences with his earlier research on intergenerational trends (the 'Flynn effect') culminating in a general theory of intelligence.

Cognition: Pearson New International Edition - The Thinking Animal (Paperback, 3rd edition): Daniel Willingham Cognition: Pearson New International Edition - The Thinking Animal (Paperback, 3rd edition)
Daniel Willingham
R1,303 Discovery Miles 13 030 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

For undergraduate courses of beginning graduate courses in Introductory Cognitive Psychology. Using a unique question-and-answer format, this text comprehensively addresses many of the overarching questions that confront and motivate today's cognitive scientists. When Daniel Willingham first approached the prospect of creating his own cognitive psychology text, he did so with the knowledge that his years of teaching experience had brought him: while many texts were relatively adequate in coverage, his students never liked them. Usually underexposed to social sciences in pre-college courses, he found his students often struggled with understanding how and why cognitive psychologists approach the problems that they do. Here, by using a unique question-and-answer format, he is able to start with questions frequently asked by students, relate those to questions cognitive scientists ask in their own research, present clear answers, and frame those answers in an interesting, lively, and comprehensive coverage of the core material. Through this accessible narrative style, Willingham shows the logical connections between each section and, by means of several new pedagogical features, encourages students to apply what they have learned in their daily lives.

Idealization and the Aims of Science (Paperback): Angela Potochnik Idealization and the Aims of Science (Paperback)
Angela Potochnik
R766 Discovery Miles 7 660 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Science is the study of our world, as it is in its messy reality. Nonetheless, science requires idealization to function--if we are to attempt to understand the world, we have to find ways to reduce its complexity. Idealization and the Aims of Science shows just how crucial idealization is to science and why it matters. Beginning with the acknowledgment of our status as limited human agents trying to make sense of an exceedingly complex world, Angela Potochnik moves on to explain how science aims to depict and make use of causal patterns--a project that makes essential use of idealization. She offers case studies from a number of branches of science to demonstrate the ubiquity of idealization, shows how causal patterns are used to develop scientific explanations, and describes how the necessarily imperfect connection between science and truth leads to researchers' values influencing their findings. The resulting book is a tour de force, a synthesis of the study of idealization that also offers countless new insights and avenues for future exploration.

Human Intelligence - An Introduction (Paperback): Robert J. Sternberg Human Intelligence - An Introduction (Paperback)
Robert J. Sternberg
R1,271 Discovery Miles 12 710 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Human Intelligence is the most comprehensive, current, and readable textbook available today. Written by leading experts in the field, the text includes IQ-test-based, biological, cognitive, cultural, and systems-based perspectives. It also addresses genetic and environmental influences, extremes of intelligence, group differences, lifespan development, the relationship of intelligence and other psychological attributes, and educational interventions. Specific pedagogical features make the text ideal for teaching. Introductions briefly preview what is to come in each chapter. Key terms and concepts are bolded and defined in the text as they are introduced and also found in a glossary at the end of the book. Chapter summaries highlight major points of each chapter, and comprehension and reflection questions help students check their understanding of the material they have just read. Each chapter also includes a 'Focus on Contemporary Research' box that describes in vivid detail the chapter author's current research. A rich program of tables, figures, photos, and samples from research tools throughout help students understand the material in a concrete way.

The Vicarious Brain, Creator of Worlds (Hardcover): Alain Berthoz The Vicarious Brain, Creator of Worlds (Hardcover)
Alain Berthoz; Translated by Giselle Weiss
R580 R502 Discovery Miles 5 020 Save R78 (13%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Groping around a familiar room in the dark, or learning to read again after a traumatic brain injury; navigating a virtual landscape through an avatar, or envisioning a scene through the eyes of a character--all of these are expressions of one fundamental property of life, Alain Berthoz argues. They are instances of vicariance, when the brain sidesteps an impasse by substituting one process or function for another. In The Vicarious Brain, Creator of Worlds, Berthoz shows that this capacity is the foundation of the human ability to think creatively and function in a complex world. Vicariance is often associated with proxies and delegates, but it also refers to a biological process in which a healthy organ takes over for a defective counterpart. Berthoz, a neuroscientist, approaches vicariance through neuronal networks, asking how, for example, a blind person can develop a heightened sense of touch. He also describes how our brains model physical reality and how we use these models to understand things that are foreign to us. Forging across disciplinary boundaries, he explores notions of the vicarious in paleontology, ethology, art, literature, and psychology. Through an absorbing examination of numerous facets of vicariance, Berthoz reveals its impact on an individual's daily decision making and, more broadly, on the brain's creation of worlds. As our personal and social lives are transformed by virtual realities, it is more crucial than ever before that we understand vicariance within our increasingly complex environment, and as an aspect of our own multiplying identities.

You're about to Make a Terrible Mistake - How Biases Distort Decision-Making and What You Can Do to Fight Them... You're about to Make a Terrible Mistake - How Biases Distort Decision-Making and What You Can Do to Fight Them (Hardcover)
Olivier Sibony
R594 R475 Discovery Miles 4 750 Save R119 (20%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days
Face Value - The Irresistible Influence of First Impressions (Hardcover): Alexander Todorov Face Value - The Irresistible Influence of First Impressions (Hardcover)
Alexander Todorov
R696 R556 Discovery Miles 5 560 Save R140 (20%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The scientific story of first impressions--and why the snap character judgments we make from faces are irresistible but usually incorrect We make up our minds about others after seeing their faces for a fraction of a second--and these snap judgments predict all kinds of important decisions. For example, politicians who simply look more competent are more likely to win elections. Yet the character judgments we make from faces are as inaccurate as they are irresistible; in most situations, we would guess more accurately if we ignored faces. So why do we put so much stock in these widely shared impressions? What is their purpose if they are completely unreliable? In this book, Alexander Todorov, one of the world's leading researchers on the subject, answers these questions as he tells the story of the modern science of first impressions. Drawing on psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and other fields, this accessible and richly illustrated book describes cutting-edge research and puts it in the context of the history of efforts to read personality from faces. Todorov describes how we have evolved the ability to read basic social signals and momentary emotional states from faces, using a network of brain regions dedicated to the processing of faces. Yet contrary to the nineteenth-century pseudoscience of physiognomy and even some of today's psychologists, faces don't provide us a map to the personalities of others. Rather, the impressions we draw from faces reveal a map of our own biases and stereotypes. A fascinating scientific account of first impressions, Face Value explains why we pay so much attention to faces, why they lead us astray, and what our judgments actually tell us.

The Science of Superstition - How the Developing Brain Creates Supernatural Beliefs (Paperback): Bruce M Hood The Science of Superstition - How the Developing Brain Creates Supernatural Beliefs (Paperback)
Bruce M Hood
R305 R285 Discovery Miles 2 850 Save R20 (7%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In The Science of Superstition, cognitive psychologist Bruce Hood examines the ways in which humans understand the supernatural, revealing what makes us believe in the unbelievable.

*Previously published as SuperSense.

Judgment and Decision-Making - In the Lab and the World (Paperback, 1st ed. 2018): Nancy S Kim Judgment and Decision-Making - In the Lab and the World (Paperback, 1st ed. 2018)
Nancy S Kim
R859 Discovery Miles 8 590 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

How do we make the judgments that inform our lives? Is there any way of consciously removing bias from the choices we make? What do our everyday personal decisions have in common with those made by groups, companies, and even nations? In this engaging and innovative textbook, Nancy Kim presents a multidisciplinary introduction to the dynamic field of judgment and decision-making. This lucidly written text delivers insights from cognitive psychology, aptly combining with interdependent findings from fields as diverse as neuropsychology, behavioural economics, social, developmental and clinical psychology, and philosophy. Offering not only a comprehensive explanation of the neurological structures and cognitive processes that underlie how we make decisions and form judgments in our everyday lives, readers can expect to learn the implications of these decisions upon an individual's prospects for health and longevity. Understanding behaviour is a central aspect of inquiry in the psychology discipline and as such this book is an essential companion for students taking undergraduate psychology, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience courses; particularly those which include a module in judgment and decision-making. This text may also be helpful for undergraduate and postgraduate business courses on the subject.

The Kinesthetic Classroom - Teaching and Learning Through Movement (Paperback, New): Traci Lengel, Michael S. Kuczala The Kinesthetic Classroom - Teaching and Learning Through Movement (Paperback, New)
Traci Lengel, Michael S. Kuczala
R683 Discovery Miles 6 830 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Current research shows that regular physical activity helps children and teenagers perform better in school. Taking physical activity beyond PE lessons and lunchtimes, this inspiring book shows how to integrate movement as part of classroom teaching and learning. Drawing on cutting-edge educational research, the authors describe how regular physical movement improves attention span and helps the brain master new information. Readers will learn how to use short activity breaks to refocus students and how to enhance the academic curriculum through movement-based games. This resource includes: - User-friendly information on how physical activity influences the brain - Hundreds of movement activities that can be easily implemented in the classroom, including many requiring two minutes or less - Discussion of how movement can contribute to classroom management and community - Case studies showing how combining physical activity and academics contributes to student achievement With an emphasis on teaching the whole child, this guide shows how movement can improve students' mental and physical well-being and contribute to their joy in learning.

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