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This is the second edition of a well-received book reflecting the state of the art in oncologic imaging research and promoting mutual understanding and collaboration between radiologists and clinical oncologists. It presents all currently available imaging modalities and covers a broad spectrum of oncologic diseases for most organ systems. Today, oncologic imaging faces the challenge of improving and refining concepts for precise tumor delineation and biologic/functional tumor characterization, as well as for purposes of creating individual treatment plans. The concept of radiomics has further advanced the conversion of images into mineable data and subsequent analysis of said data for decision-making support. Since the release of the book's first edition, radiomics has been introduced in oncology studies and can be performed with tomographic images from CT, MRI and PET/CT studies. The combination of radiomic data with genomic features is known as radiogenomics, and can potentially offer additional decision-making support. This book will be of interest to clinical oncologists with regard to the diagnosis, staging, treatment and follow-up on various tumors affecting the CNS, chest, abdomen, urogenital and musculoskeletal systems.
The mammalian genome is constantly challenged by exogenous and endogenous threats. Although much is known about the mechanisms that maintain genome integrity, little is known about the applications of this knowledge to combat human disease. The past 20 years has witnessed extensive research and progress in this area and scientists started to design new therapies harnessing individual genetic differences among patients to combat degenerative disorders and cancer. We summarize these advancements and discuss perspectives for the future of personalized medicine.
Perfect for any clinician short on time who needs to practice for oncology board exams, The Bethesda Review of Clinical Oncology is from the same authors who brought you the trusted and bestselling Bethesda Handbook of Clinical Oncology . It's packed with hundreds of disease-specific questions that are formatted just like an actual board review exam-so you can prep as effectively as possible and achieve test success. Features 500 review questions to help fellows and residents prepare for the American Board of Internal Medicine board review and MOC exams in medical oncology. Simulates an actual board review exam experience, with multiple-choice, single-best answer questions-and answer rationales-involving a hypothetical patient scenario. Aligns closely with content presented in the authors' Bethesda Handbook of Clinical Oncology, also published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Photos, illustrations, and other images provide visual context to each clinical scenario. All questions also available in an interactive online question bank-for anytime, anywhere, on-the-go access. Enrich Your eBook Reading Experience with Enhanced Video, Audio and Interactive Capabilities! Read directly on your preferred device(s ), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone Easily convert to audiobook , powering your content with natural language text-to-speech Adapt for unique reading needs , supporting learning disabilities, visual/auditory impairments, second-language or literacy challenges, and more
Variables Related to Human Breast Cancer was first published in 1958.The question of what role, if any, heredity plays in the etiology of human cancer is of obvious importance in the continuing search for an answer to the riddle of cancer. This book describes a study which was conducted at the Dight Institute for Human Genetics of the University of Minnesota, seeking evidence on two aspects of the heredity question. The objectives were, first, to determine whether there is an increased frequency of cancer among relatives of breast cancer patients (over what would be expected by coincidence) and second, to find out whether any family tendency to cancer is general or site-specific.The families of 621 breast cancer patients treated at the Tumor Clinic of the University of Minnesota Hospitals were investigated, with special attention to the choice of original patients and to the completeness of information. For comparison the authors studied the families of husbands of the patients and also analyzed statistics on cancer cases and deaths in the general population.The methods used in the project are described in detail, the data are presented, and the results interpreted. The findings are of value not only in their scientific application but also for use in counseling relatives of breast cancer patients, since these relatives often have greater fear of developing cancer than the facts warrant.
The fifth edition of the only comprehensive text dealing exclusively with rare or infrequently encountered malignancies in adults and children is an essential resource for any clinical oncologist. * Encompasses all the information needed to diagnose and manage uncommon cancers, an area where advice and guidance is typically scarce * Fully revised with new material and an evidence-based, teach-by-example approach * Provides insight on real-world decision making in the clinical setting * Edited and authored by a highly experienced and senior team of medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and other specialists, giving a balanced and complete overview * Extensively illustrated in full color throughout, including heat maps to show gene expression
The Operation Primer "Laparoscopic Sigmoidectomy for Cancer" refers especially to future surgeons, who wish to familiarize with minimal invasive colorectal surgery procedures. Besides, it is useful for experienced surgeons in open colorectal surgery who want to apply the minimally invasive technique.
There are not many books published about esophageal cancer. Esophageal cancer is an entity that must be treated from a multimodal approach. Recent advances in diagnosis, anesthetic aspects and perioperative care, among others, are summarized in this book. This book is written in a simple way and intends to cover the main aspects of this type of cancer. It incorporates the latest evidence about the diagnosis, management and treatment of esophageal cancer from a multimodal point of view. Epidemiologists, gastroenterologists, oncologists and surgeons have all participated in the elaboration of this book. It is divided into ten chapters, describing all esophageal cancer topics and each chapter has been written by recognized experts in this field. Complex content and results have been made reader-friendly and easily understandable. This book is especially useful for residents and fellows because it highlights the important principles for managing these patients. The chapter about surgery is written by a surgeon who is currently considered the best in esophageal cancer, Prof. Simon Law. Also, the oncological content has been written highlighting the latest practical and clinical evidence. The reader can use this book as a practical guideline when addressing patients with esophageal cancer.
Bladder cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer worldwide and is mainly prevalent in developed countries. It is thought to arise through two distinct pathways: the noninvasive and the invasive. The noninvasive pathway gives rise to a superficial papillary carcinoma that is characterized by activating mutations in oncogenes such as H-ras, FGFR3 and PI3K. This pathway is rarely lethal as superficial papillary carcinomas can be readily removed through transurethral resection. However, 15% of noninvasive urothelial tumors can transform into invasive carcinomas and have high recurrence (80% of the cases) that requires intensive surveillance and repetitive treatment. This book discusses the risk factors of bladder cancer, as well as the emerging treatment strategies and challenges.
Since the 1970s, the origin of cancer is being explored from the point of view of the Somatic Mutation Theory (SMT), focusing on genetic mutations and clonal expansion of somatic cells. As cancer research expanded in several directions, the dominant focus on cells remained steady, but the classes of genes and the kinds of extra-genetic factors that were shown to have causal relevance in the onset of cancer multiplied. The wild heterogeneity of cancer-related mutations and phenotypes, along with the increasing complication of models, led to an oscillation between the hectic search of `the' few key factors that cause cancer and the discouragement in face of a seeming `endless complexity'. To tame this complexity, cancer research started to avail itself of the tools that were being developed by Systems Biology. At the same time, anti-reductionist voices began claiming that cancer research was stuck in a sterile research paradigm. This alternative discourse even gave birth to an alternative theory: the Tissue Organization Field Theory (TOFT). A deeper philosophical analysis shows limits and possibilities of reductionist and anti-reductionist positions and of their polarization. This book demonstrates that a radical philosophical reflection is necessary to drive cancer research out of its impasses. At the very least, this will be a reflection on the assumptions of different kinds of cancer research, on the implications of what cancer research has been discovering over 40 years and more, on a view of scientific practice that is most able to make sense of the cognitive and social conflicts that are seen in the scientific community (and in its results), and, finally, on the nature of living entities with which we entertain this fascinating epistemological dance that we call scientific research. The proposed Dynamic and Relational View of carcinogenesis is a starting point in all these directions.
Using A Unique Framework, Fundamentals Of Cancer Epidemiology, Second Edition, Helps Readers Develop An In-Depth Understanding Of The Current Body Of Knowledge On Cancer--What It Is, How It Is Defined, How It Develops In Biological And Genetic Terms, Which Groups Are At Highest Risk, And What Causes It. The New Edition Has Been Thoroughly Updated To Include: New Chapters On Cancer Screening, Drugs And Cancer, And Childhood Cancers. Expanded Sections On Interactions Between Genetic And Environmental Risk Factors. Recent Observations About The Biology Of Normal Cells And Cancer Cells And The Implications For Determining The Etiology Of Various Cancers. New Materials On Cancer Prevention Strategies. Expanded Discussions About The Public Health Implications Of New Scientific Findings Concerning The Causes Of Various Cancers. Fundamentals Of Cancer Epidemiology, Second Edition, Is Accompanied By Downloadable Powerpoints Slides.
Tumors Of The Head And Neck Afflict Nearly Forty Thousand People Annually And Account For Approximately Five Percent Of All Cancers. Whether You're A Newly Diagnosed Head And Neck Cancer Patient, A Survivor, Or Friend Or Relative Of Either, This Book Offers Help. The Only Text To Provide The Doctor's And Patient's Views, 100 Questions & Answers About Head And Neck Cancer Gives You Authoritative, Practical Answers To Your Questions About Treatment Options, Post-Treatment Quality Of Life, Sources Of Support, And Much More. This Is An Invaluable Resource For Anyone Coping With The Physical And Emotional Turmoil Of Head And Neck Cancer.
This book describes the dietary habits (such as use of probiotics, synbiotics, prebiotics and dietary fiber) that could modify and reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The book will be of practical and scientific use to academicians, research scholars, students, health professionals, nutritionists, etc. and could support the cause of preventing CRC by adopting smarter food habits. CRC is the third leading cause of death, in terms of both incidence and mortality, among men and women. Excess consumption of red and processed meat, roasted coffee, etc. have shown an increase in CRC, indicating that compounds formed in food containing free amino acids and sugars interact at elevated temperatures to form mutagens or carcinogens. Standard treatment options for CRC include invasive surgery and chemotherapy or radiation. Several lifestyle and dietary factors could prevent this ailment. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics that are found in functional foods, health supplements and nutraceuticals and short chain fatty acids that are formed in the colon as a result of microbial fermentation of undigested bioactive carbohydrates by Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus inhibit colonic epithelial cells and minimize inflammation, thereby exhibiting immunomodulatory effects. This book tries to address the novel unexplored benefits and mechanism of action of these functional foods.
This volume is dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Department of Otolaryngology of the Sapporo Medical University. It commemorates this landmark event and honors the department's rich tradition of excellence. Chapters feature results of clinical and basic research conducted at the university. The carefully selected articles - ten clinical reviews, ten original research papers, and one case report - reflect the wide range of specialty fields within the department. Topics covered include otology, allergy and rhinology, oncology, sleep medicine, and tonsils. This book is a comprehensive, inspiring contribution to the celebration of one of the oldest departments within the Sapporo Medical University. It contains valuable information for new and experienced otolaryngologists, neurotologists, allergologists, and head and neck surgeons.
Stories in the media about the cancer-causing risks present in everyday life can cause alarm and confusion, and make it difficult to know how to alter one's lifestyle. The Cancer Prevention Manual, Second Edition, is a handy guide to all key issues in cancer prevention, presenting medical and scientific information in a plain, accessible style. Written by authors with distinguished careers studying the illness, and based on a solid scientific grounding, this book provides the facts about how our lifestyles pose cancer risks, and what we can do to change them.
This volume in the book series 'Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology' summarizes the current scientific knowledge of salivary gland neoplasms and illustrates recent advances in this clinical area. Chapters are authored by world renowned experts who cover the full breadth of salivary gland neoplasms, from benign to malignant, primary to secondary, and pediatric to adult. This comprehensive review highlights the outcome of treatments as well as the classification, diagnosis, and management of salivary gland neoplasms. It also includes commentary on the future perspective necessary for improvement. All clinicians, both surgical and non-surgical, involved in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with symptoms and diseases of the salivary gland, will find this book indispensable reading. It is also a beneficial educational resource for clinicians, students, and experts in the field.
This book presents advanced molecular imaging techniques used to assess metabolic function. Covering state-of-the art modalities, it discusses the evaluation of a wide range of diseases that have a metabolic component, including cancer, inflammatory conditions, diabetes, neurodegeneration, and cardiovascular disorders. Imaging provides a quantitative perspective to the assessment of metabolic function and complements genetic analysis of disorders related to disrupted metabolism. Organized into four parts, the book highlights basic principles in molecular imaging techniques; metabolic imaging approaches, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), and hybrid modalities; metabolic diseases; and future perspectives. Featuring contributions from leading authorities in radiology, oncology, cardiology, and neurology, Imaging and Metabolism is a pioneering exploration of the role of imaging modalities in assessing the physiological status of abnormal cells and diagnosing disease.
Rapid advances in the field of oncology have made the diagnosis and treatment of intraocular tumors more and more complex, therefore requiring equally advanced training and expertise. Early detection and specialized care can have a profound impact on the final outcome, so it is crucial to manage them appropriately. In this 7th volume of the 'ESASO Course Series', the focus is on ocular tumors, including diagnosis and management. With a strong emphasis on diagnostic aspects, chapters cover and illustrate a variety of intraocular tumors, such as retinoblastoma and uveal melanoma, encountered in children and adults. This book includes contributions by renowned experts from Europe and the United States. It is a valuable resource for primary care ophthalmologists as well as residents and fellows in the field of ophthalmology.
Minimally invasive surgical techniques are moving into the mainstream of urological practice. Even less invasive techniques, some of which can involve no use of the knife whatsoever, are rapidly being developed and implemented for treating urological cancer. Interventional Techniques in Uro-oncology is the first text to cover these techniques in total and provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art minimally invasive interventions. This well-illustrated reference provides the basic science behind each technique before explaining when and how best to perform them. It examines their use in different clinical settings, the advantages and disadvantages of each technique in the management of specific tumor types, and their suitability for different patients. Future techniques are discussed including the potential of nanotechnology in the delivery of urologic healthcare. Each chapter is easy to navigate with key points and references. Interventional Techniques in Uro-oncology is an essential reference for training and practicing oncologists, urologists and radiologists as well as the general physician with a keen interest in cancer care. Its approachable style will also inform non-experts on what is available and whether a particular intervention is suitable for their patient in the clinic.
Whether you're a newly diagnosed GI Stromal patient, a survivor, or a friend or relative of either, this book offers help. The only text to provide the doctor's and patient's views, 100 Questions & Answers About Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) gives you authoritative, practical answers to your questions about treatment options, post-treatment quality of life, sources of support, and much more. This book is an invaluable resource for anyone coping with the physical and emotional turmoil of this frightening disease.
Gastric cancer is one of the most common and potentially lethal gastrointestinal malignancy, but it is now at the forefront of modern oncology due to new discoveries. In recent years, the field of gastric cancer has been transformed by many notable developments in both the diagnostic area and the therapeutic strategies. The main aim of the text is to propose a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of this field, and will serve as a valuable resource for oncologists, pathologists, surgeons and researchers with an interest in gastric cancer. The first chapters will review the interplay between pathogens and especially H. pylori, inflammation, genomic instability, and tumorigenesis. Secondly, an exhaustive overview of the diagnosis of gastric cancer from a clinical/endoscopic and pathologic perspectives will be illustrated. Two specific chapters will deal with tissue and serum biomarkers with an important role in diagnosis as well as prognostic and predictive markers of response to specific therapy. A central section of the book will focus on treatment options available today for patients. Surgery is the cornerstone of treatment for gastric cancer; however, the prognosis of patients with locally advanced disease is still poor even after curative resection. Therefore, in order to improve the prognosis of patients, especially with advanced stage, a multimodal strategy is advisable and is thoroughly addressed in the appropriate section. With the advent of next-generation sequencing and new preclinical model technologies, the genomic landscape of gastric cancer has been delineated and molecular characterizations finalized to novel therapeutic targets of each molecular subtype have been identified. These advances are making it feasible to integrate clinical and phenotype-based diagnostic and therapeutic methods and are described in a dedicated section. The text will conclude with chapters focusing on the future direction of gastric cancer research in the precision medicine era: an in-depth analysis of non-coding RNAs and their role in gastric cancer, the impact of immunomodulation/immunotherapy and the perspectives of nano-medicine will be finally proposed to the audience. A brief review of the existing literature addressing the above mentioned topics will be present in each chapter. This text will serve as a useful resource for physicians and researchers dealing with, and interested in, this challenging malignancy. It will provide a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts. All chapters will be written by experts in their fields and will include the most up to date scientific and clinical information.
Eyelid tumors are commonly encountered by oculoplastic as well as plastic surgeons. The challenge of managing these cases lies not only in performing the surgery in a precise manner in small area, but also in ensuring a visually-appealing cosmetic outcome. This is an innovative and concise portable handbook that guides the surgeons on how to approach and manage these cases in a step-by- step manner. Each chapter of this practical guidebook has outstanding illustrations drawn in full color clearly showing each incision line, flap management, suture placement and its technique, and the expected cosmetic outcome. When a lid tumor is excised, there is a tissue defect that needs to be corrected. Ophthalmologists and plastic surgeons will find this work an excellent reference material to solve the jigsaw puzzle of tissue defects in and around the periorbital region. Importantly, they can quickly refer to the images just before starting a procedure. The author has first explained the anatomical aspects and anesthetic techniques for eyelid surgery, followed by review of the benign and malignant tumors, finally describing the flap creation and reconstruction techniques that are currently used in various lid tumors in an organized fashion.
Get quick access to the most important information surrounding cancer and oncology nursing care with Mosby's Oncology Nursing Advisor, 2nd Edition. Covering everything from the various types of cancer and cancer treatment options to patient education and nursing best-practices, this indispensable nursing guide is like getting seven books in one! Plus, its user-friendly layout and straightforward coverage make it ideal for use in any clinical setting. With 17 new chapters, updated evidence-based content throughout, and proven patient teaching handouts, this new edition offers the authoritative guidance you need to provide the best possible oncology nursing care. Detailed descriptions of over 50 major cancer types provide essential information on incidence, etiology and risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnostic workup, histology, staging, treatment, prognosis, and prevention. Coverage of cancer management principles outlines a wide range of treatment and pharmacologic modalities, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, and complementary and alternative therapies. Symptom management guidelines offer in-depth coverage of pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, assessment tools, lab and diagnostic tests, differential diagnoses, interventions, patient education, follow up care, and resources for over 30 common symptoms associated with cancer and cancer treatments. Essential information on many oncologic emergencies and emergent issues prepares readers to respond quickly to structural, metabolic, and hematologic emergencies. Section on palliative care and end-of-life issues offers helpful guidelines for dealing with topics related to survivorship, palliative care, the final hours of the cancer patient, and loss, grief, and bereavement. NEW! Updated evidence-based content reflects the latest national and international quality standards regarding various cancer types, major drug and non-drug treatments, treatment protocols, and approaches to symptom management. NEW! Nursing Practice Considerations section incorporates information on communication, cultural considerations, ethical considerations, safe and quality care, evidence-based practice, patient navigation, and patient education. NEW! 17 new chapters cover topics including myelofibrosis, neuroendocrine cancers, tumor treating fields, oral adherence, clinical trials, epistaxis, hypersensitivity reactions, hypertension, hyperglycemia, nail changes, ocular and visual changes, rashes, survivorship, quality and safety, evidence-based practice, nurse navigation, and patient education. NEW! Expanded content on patient education keeps readers on top of best practices in this critical area. NEW! High-quality electronic patient teaching handouts are evidence-based and have been vetted by practicing nurses.
Benign breast diseases constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions. In this book, common benign lesions are summarized and their relationship to developing subsequent breast cancer is emphasized. The majority of lesions occurring in the breast are benign. As we know, the most common breast malignancy is in women; however, benign lesions of the breast are far more frequent than malignant ones. The majority of the information that we have available in the literature about the nonmalignant breast diseases is fragmented in texts and innumerable articles. The information provided in this book throughout its fourteen chapters is very complete with regard to the diagnosis of and indications for the treatment of these diseases. Over the last decade, there have been dramatic advances in the imaging techniques employed for the detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, which now include conventional or antilog mastography; digital ultrasound mammography, and magnetic resonance. The most frequent pathologies of the breast, as observed by those of us devoted to Oncology, are of the benign type. However, this is not so for non-specialist physicians and for the women who suffer from these and for whom they are a true cause for alarm. Therefore, it is very important for physicians who are not specialists in cancer to know the signs and symptoms of each of these benign breast diseases in order for them to be able to emit a diagnostic impression and to suggest treatment. Groups of medical specialists with experience in benign diseases of the breast from different institutions in Mexico have been invited to describe the differential diagnosis of benign breast lesions versus breast cancer.
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