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Books > Science & Mathematics > Biology, life sciences > Life sciences: general issues

Brainstorms - Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology (Paperback, Fortieth Anniversary Edition): Daniel C. Dennett Brainstorms - Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology (Paperback, Fortieth Anniversary Edition)
Daniel C. Dennett
R625 R484 Discovery Miles 4 840 Save R141 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

An anniversary edition of a classic in cognitive science, with a new introduction by the author. When Brainstorms was published in 1978, the interdisciplinary field of cognitive science was just emerging. Daniel Dennett was a young scholar who wanted to get philosophers out of their armchairs-and into conversations with psychologists, linguists, computer scientists. This collection of seventeen essays by Dennett offers a comprehensive theory of mind, encompassing traditional issues of consciousness and free will. Using careful arguments and ingenious thought experiments, the author exposes familiar preconceptions and hobbling intuitions. The essays are grouped into four sections: "Intentional Explanation and Attributions of Mentality"; "The Nature of Theory in Psychology"; "Objects of Consciousness and the Nature of Experience"; and "Free Will and Personhood." This anniversary edition includes a new introduction by Dennett, "Reflections on Brainstorms after Forty Years," in which he recalls the book's original publication by Harry and Betty Stanton of Bradford Books and considers the influence and afterlife of some of the essays. For example, "Mechanism and Responsibility" was Dennett's first articulation of his concept of the intentional stance; "Are Dreams Experiences?" anticipates the major ideas in his 1991 book Consciousness Explained; and "Where Am I?" has been variously represented in a BBC documentary, a student's Javanese shadow puppet play, and a feature-length film made in the Netherlands, Victim of the Brain.

Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience (Hardcover, 2015 ed.): Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience (Hardcover, 2015 ed.)
Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung
R35,384 R31,248 Discovery Miles 312 480 Save R4,136 (12%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS) began in 1990 as a small workshop called Analysis and Modeling of Neural Systems. The goal of the workshop was to explore the boundary between neuroscience and computation. Riding on the success of several seminal papers, physicists had made "Neural Networks" fashionable, and soon the quantitative methods used in these abstract model networks started permeating the methods and ideas of experimental neuroscientists. Although experimental neurophysiological approaches provided many advances, it became increasingly evident that mathematical and computational techniques would be required to achieve a comprehensive and quantitative understanding of neural system function. Computational Neuroscience emerged to complement experimental neurophysiology.

The Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience, published in conjunction with the Organization for Computational Neuroscience, will be an extensive reference work consultable by both researchers and graduate level students. It will be a dynamic, living reference, updatable and containing linkouts and multimedia content whenever relevant.


Population Genetics - A Concise Guide (Paperback, second edition): John H. Gillespie Population Genetics - A Concise Guide (Paperback, second edition)
John H. Gillespie
R632 R543 Discovery Miles 5 430 Save R89 (14%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This concise introduction offers students and researchers an overview of the discipline that connects genetics and evolution. Addressing the theories behind population genetics and relevant empirical evidence, John Gillespie discusses genetic drift, natural selection, nonrandom mating, quantitative genetics, and the evolutionary advantage of sex. First published to wide acclaim in 1998, this brilliant primer has been updated to include new sections on molecular evolution, genetic drift, genetic load, the stationary distribution, and two-locus dynamics. This book is indispensable for students working in a laboratory setting or studying free-ranging populations.

Unveiling Man's Origins - Ten Decades of Thought About Human Evolution (Hardcover): L.S.B. Leakey, Vanne Morris Goodall Unveiling Man's Origins - Ten Decades of Thought About Human Evolution (Hardcover)
L.S.B. Leakey, Vanne Morris Goodall
R2,327 Discovery Miles 23 270 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Originally published in 1969, the aim of this book is to tell the story of the major discoveries which have been made and the attitude of the world at large to these discoveries during the ten decades since Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859. For anyone interested in man's past and in understanding the significance of each new discovery relating to human evolution, this reissue will be of great value.

Terrestrial Biosphere-Atmosphere Fluxes (Hardcover, New): Russell K. Monson, Dennis D. Baldocchi Terrestrial Biosphere-Atmosphere Fluxes (Hardcover, New)
Russell K. Monson, Dennis D. Baldocchi
R1,582 R1,488 Discovery Miles 14 880 Save R94 (6%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Fluxes of trace gases, water and energy - the 'breathing of the biosphere' - are controlled by a large number of interacting physical, chemical, biological and ecological processes. In this interdisciplinary book, the authors provide the tools to understand and quantitatively analyse fluxes of energy, organic compounds such as terpenes, and trace gases including carbon dioxide, water vapour and methane. It first introduces the fundamental principles affecting the supply and demand for trace gas exchange at the leaf and soil scales: thermodynamics, diffusion, turbulence and physiology. It then builds on these principles to model the exchange of water, carbon dioxide, terpenes and stable isotopes at the ecosystem scale. Detailed mathematical derivations of commonly used relations in biosphere-atmosphere interactions are provided for reference in appendices. An accessible introduction for graduate students and a key resource for researchers in related fields, such as atmospheric science, hydrology, meteorology, climate science, biogeochemistry and ecosystem ecology.

Primate Change - How the world we made is remaking us (Hardcover): Vybarr Cregan-Reid Primate Change - How the world we made is remaking us (Hardcover)
Vybarr Cregan-Reid 1
R407 R322 Discovery Miles 3 220 Save R85 (21%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

'A work of remarkable scope' - Guardian FT Best science books of 2018 Primate Change has been adapted into a radio series for the BBC WORLD SERVICE.* This is the road from climate change to primate change. PRIMATE CHANGE is a wide-ranging, polemical look at how and why the human body has changed since humankind first got up on two feet. Spanning the entirety of human history - from primate to transhuman - Vybarr Cregan-Reid's book investigates where we came from, who we are today and how modern technology will change us beyond recognition. In the last two hundred years, humans have made such a tremendous impact on the world that our geological epoch is about to be declared the 'Anthropocene', or the Age of Man. But while we have been busy changing the shape of the world we inhabit, the ways of living that we have been building have, as if under the cover of darkness, been transforming our bodies and altering the expression of our DNA, too. Primate Change beautifully unscrambles the complex architecture of our modern human bodies, built over millions of years and only starting to give up on us now. 'Our bodies are in a shock. Modern living is as bracing to the human body as jumping through a hole in the ice. Our bodies do not know what century they were born into and they are defending and deforming themselves in response.'

Advances in Plant & Microbial Biotechnology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Rita Kundu, Rajiv Narula Advances in Plant & Microbial Biotechnology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Rita Kundu, Rajiv Narula
R2,867 R2,169 Discovery Miles 21 690 Save R698 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Biotechnology refers to the use or manipulation of an organism or parts of an organism. While the early applications were certainly simpler (though still relevant), modern plant biotechnology is primarily associated with molecular biology, cloning and genetic engineering. Over the last 50 years, several key discoveries have revolutionized the biological sciences and enabled the rapid growth of the biotechnology industry. This book gathers handpicked articles presented by national and international scientists at the International Conference on Biotechnology and Biological Sciences, BIOSPECTRUM 2017. It highlights the works of researchers and students in India and abroad on plant biotechnology and its applications in addressing various agricultural and food production-related issues. The respective papers explore a range of advances in plant biotechnology, e.g.: the cytotoxic potential of Moringaoleifera lam; the use of the entomo-pathogenic fungi Cordyceps sp. as unique and valuable sources of bioactive compounds; and strain improvement strategies for Cordyceps sp. In addition, they discuss the use of low-cost blue green algal biofertilizer comprising four blue green algal strains in rice fields; and the use of lignocellulosic materials as potential renewable energy resources for the production of fuels. This book will be extremely useful for researchers and students of biotechnology and plant science, providing an essential update on the latest findings and trends.

Classification Analysis of DNA Microarrays (Hardcover): Leif E. Peterson Classification Analysis of DNA Microarrays (Hardcover)
Leif E. Peterson
R2,040 R1,451 Discovery Miles 14 510 Save R589 (29%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

Wide coverage of traditional unsupervised and supervised methods and newer contemporary approaches that help researchers handle the rapid growth of classification methods in DNA microarray studies

Proliferating classification methods in DNA microarray studies have resulted in a body of information scattered throughout literature, conference proceedings, and elsewhere. This book unites many of these classification methods in a single volume. In addition to traditional statistical methods, it covers newer machine-learning approaches such as fuzzy methods, artificial neural networks, evolutionary-based genetic algorithms, support vector machines, swarm intelligence involving particle swarm optimization, and more.

"Classification Analysis of DNA Microarrays "provides highly detailed pseudo-code and rich, graphical programming features, plus ready-to-run source code. Along with primary methods that include traditional and contemporary classification, it offers supplementary tools and data preparation routines for standardization and fuzzification; dimensional reduction via crisp and fuzzy c-means, PCA, and non-linear manifold learning; and computational linguistics via text analytics and n-gram analysis, recursive feature extraction during ANN, kernel-based methods, ensemble classifier fusion.

This powerful new resource: Provides information on the use of classification analysis for DNA microarrays used for large-scale high-throughput transcriptional studiesServes as a historical repository of general use supervised classification methods as well as newer contemporary methodsBrings the reader quickly up to speed on the various classification methods by implementing the programming pseudo-code and source code provided in the bookDescribes implementation methods that help shorten discovery times

"Classification Analysis of DNA Microarrays" is useful for professionals and graduate students in computer science, bioinformatics, biostatistics, systems biology, and many related fields.

Blossoms - And the genes that make them (Hardcover): Maxine Singer Blossoms - And the genes that make them (Hardcover)
Maxine Singer 1
R448 R295 Discovery Miles 2 950 Save R153 (34%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

How do plants, even if still buried underground, know that it's their time to bloom? What signals them to begin the challenging task of making flowers, and how do they make the variety of flower shapes, colours, and scents? What kind of instructions does the plant carry? Flowers enrich the beauty of meadows and gardens, but of course, they are not there simply to please us. Biologically, blossoms form a critical aspect of the reproductive cycle of many plants. In this book, the distinguished scientist Maxine Singer explains what we have pieced together about the genetics behind flowering. She describes in a clear and accessible account the key genes which, regulated by other genes, modulated by epigenetic effects, and responding to environmental cues, cause plants to flower at a particular time, and define the variety of flowers. The remarkably intricate processes involved in making flowers have evolved in nature alongside the pollinating birds and insects that the flowers must attract if there is to be another generation. The processes involved in flowering have only been unravelled in the past twenty years, and the implications for ensuring production of food, including fruits and seeds, are profound. This is cutting-edge science, and we have much still to learn, but the story being revealed that lies behind the flowers in our gardens, parks, and fields is proving astonishing.

Metabolic Ecology - A Scaling Approach (Paperback): Richard M. Sibly, James H. Brown, Astrid Kodric-Brown Metabolic Ecology - A Scaling Approach (Paperback)
Richard M. Sibly, James H. Brown, Astrid Kodric-Brown
R1,556 R1,112 Discovery Miles 11 120 Save R444 (29%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology.Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals - their metabolic rates - vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology.

The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

The Cognitive Neurosciences (Hardcover, fifth edition): Michael S Gazzaniga, George R. Mangun The Cognitive Neurosciences (Hardcover, fifth edition)
Michael S Gazzaniga, George R. Mangun
R3,532 R2,609 Discovery Miles 26 090 Save R923 (26%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The fifth edition of a work that defines the field of cognitive neuroscience, with entirely new material that reflects recent advances in the field. Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The fifth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognition-the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. It offers entirely new material, reflecting recent advances in the field. Many of the developments in cognitive neuroscience have been shaped by the introduction of novel tools and methodologies, and a new section is devoted to methods that promise to guide the field into the future-from sophisticated models of causality in brain function to the application of network theory to massive data sets. Another new section treats neuroscience and society, considering some of the moral and political quandaries posed by current neuroscientific methods. Other sections describe, among other things, new research that draws on developmental imaging to study the changing structure and function of the brain over the lifespan; progress in establishing increasingly precise models of memory; research that confirms the study of emotion and social cognition as a core area in cognitive neuroscience; and new findings that cast doubt on the so-called neural correlates of consciousness.

Neuroethics - Anticipating the future (Hardcover): Judy Illes Neuroethics - Anticipating the future (Hardcover)
Judy Illes
R1,744 Discovery Miles 17 440 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Pressing ethical issues are at the foreground of newfound knowledge of how the brain works, how the brain fails, and how information about its functions and failures are addressed, recorded and shared. In Neuroethics: Anticipating the Future, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current critical questions and anticipate the issues on the horizon. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? What educational, social and medical opportunities will new neuroscience discoveries bring to the children of tomorrow? As data from emerging technologies are made available on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? How is the environment shaping humans, and humans shaping the environment? These challenging questions and other future-looking neuroethical concerns are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines - neurology and neuroscience, ethics, law, public health, and philosophy - this new volume on neuroethics sets out the conditions for active consideration. It is essential reading for the fields of neuroethics, neurosciences and psychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurology and neurosurgery, psychiatry, paediatrics, and rehabilitation medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.

Bayesian Models - A Statistical Primer for Ecologists (Hardcover): N. Thompson Hobbs, Mevin B. Hooten Bayesian Models - A Statistical Primer for Ecologists (Hardcover)
N. Thompson Hobbs, Mevin B. Hooten
R915 R693 Discovery Miles 6 930 Save R222 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the latest Bayesian methods--in language ecologists can understand. Unlike other books on the subject, this one emphasizes the principles behind the computations, giving ecologists a big-picture understanding of how to implement this powerful statistical approach. Bayesian Models is an essential primer for non-statisticians. It begins with a definition of probability and develops a step-by-step sequence of connected ideas, including basic distribution theory, network diagrams, hierarchical models, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and inference from single and multiple models. This unique book places less emphasis on computer coding, favoring instead a concise presentation of the mathematical statistics needed to understand how and why Bayesian analysis works. It also explains how to write out properly formulated hierarchical Bayesian models and use them in computing, research papers, and proposals. This primer enables ecologists to understand the statistical principles behind Bayesian modeling and apply them to research, teaching, policy, and management. * Presents the mathematical and statistical foundations of Bayesian modeling in language accessible to non-statisticians* Covers basic distribution theory, network diagrams, hierarchical models, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and more* Deemphasizes computer coding in favor of basic principles* Explains how to write out properly factored statistical expressions representing Bayesian models

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence (Paperback, New title): Keith Frankish, William M. Ramsey The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence (Paperback, New title)
Keith Frankish, William M. Ramsey
R508 Discovery Miles 5 080 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2016): Amy Katherine Reeve, Eve M. Simcox, Doug M... Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders (Hardcover, 2nd ed. 2016)
Amy Katherine Reeve, Eve M. Simcox, Doug M Turnbull
R3,411 R2,884 Discovery Miles 28 840 Save R527 (15%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This second edition brings together up-to-date contributions from leaders in the field internationally on the various ways in which mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. The reader is guided through the basic functions of mitochondria and the mechanisms that lead to their dysfunction, and on to the consequences of this dysfunction for neuronal function before finishing with the modelling of these disorders and discussion of new potential therapeutic targets. Additional chapters have been added to the book to reflect advances in the field and there are many new contributors and topics, including how mitochondria are degraded and the interaction of the mitochondria with pathologically relevant proteins. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders provides an accessible, authoritative guide to this important area for neurologists; research and clinical neuroscientists; neuropathologists; and residents with an interest in clinical research.

The Evolving Animal Orchestra - In Search of What Makes Us Musical (Hardcover): Henkjan Honing The Evolving Animal Orchestra - In Search of What Makes Us Musical (Hardcover)
Henkjan Honing; Translated by Sherry MacDonald
R566 R395 Discovery Miles 3 950 Save R171 (30%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

A music researcher's quest to discover other musical species. Even those of us who can't play a musical instrument or lack a sense of rhythm can perceive and enjoy music. Research shows that all humans possess the trait of musicality. We are a musical species-but are we the only musical species? Is our musical predisposition unique, like our linguistic ability? In The Evolving Animal Orchestra, Henkjan Honing embarks upon a quest to discover if humans share the trait of musicality with other animals. Charles Darwin believed that musicality was a capacity of all animals, human and nonhuman, with a clear biological basis. Taking this as his starting point, Honing-a music cognition researcher-visits a series of biological research centers to observe the ways that animals respond to music. He has studied scientists' accounts of Snowball, the cockatoo who could dance to a musical beat, and of Ronan, the sea lion, who was trained to move her head to a beat. Now Honing will be able to make his own observations. Honing tests a rhesus monkey for beat perception via an EEG; performs a listening experiment with zebra finches; considers why birds sing, and if they intend their songs to be musical; explains why many animals have perfect pitch; and watches marine mammals respond to sounds. He reports on the unforeseen twists and turns, doubts, and oversights that are a part of any scientific research-and which point to as many questions as answers. But, as he shows us, science is closing in on the biological and evolutionary source of our musicality.

Biocode - The New Age of Genomics (Paperback): Dawn Field, Neil Davies Biocode - The New Age of Genomics (Paperback)
Dawn Field, Neil Davies
R173 R153 Discovery Miles 1 530 Save R20 (12%) Shipped within 4 - 9 working days

The living world runs on genomic software - what Dawn Field and Neil Davies call the 'biocode' - the sum of all DNA on Earth. In Biocode, they tell the story of a new age of scientific discovery: the growing global effort to read and map the biocode, and what that might mean for the future. The structure of DNA was identified in 1953, and the whole human genome was mapped by 2003. Since then the new field of genomics has mushroomed and is now operating on an industrial scale. Genomes can now be sequenced rapidly and increasingly cheaply. The genomes of large numbers of organisms from mammals to microbes, have been mapped. Getting your genome sequenced is becoming affordable for many. You too can check paternity, find out where your ancestors came from, or whether you are at risk of some diseases. Some check out the pedigree of their pets, while others turn genomes into art. A stray hair is enough to crudely reconstruct the face of the owner. From reading to constructing: the first steps to creating artificial life have already been taken. Some may find the rapidity of developments, and the potential for misuse, alarming. But they also open up unprecedented possibilities. The ability to read DNA has changed how we view ourselves and understand our place in nature. From the largest oceans, to the insides of our guts, we are able to explore the biosphere as never before, from the genome up. Sequencing technology has made the invisible world of microbes visible, and biodiversity genomics is revealing whole new worlds within us and without. The findings are transformational: we are all ecosystems now. Already the first efforts at 'barcoding' entire ecological communities and creating 'genomic observatories' have begun. The future, the authors argue, will involve biocoding the entire planet.

Fortress Plant - How to survive when everything wants to eat you (Hardcover): Dale Walters Fortress Plant - How to survive when everything wants to eat you (Hardcover)
Dale Walters 1
R540 R350 Discovery Miles 3 500 Save R190 (35%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The survival of plants on our planet is nothing short of miraculous. They are virtually stationary packages of food, providing sustenance for a vast array of organisms, ranging from bacteria and fungi, through to insects, and even other plants. But plants are master survivors, having coped with changing environments and evolving predators over much of the history of life on earth. They have surveillance systems and defences that would put most modern armies to shame. They need to have a formidable armoury, because their enemies have sophisticated weaponry of their own. In this often hostile world, battles are fought daily, often to the death. These battles are not trivial - they matter, because life on this fragile planet of ours depends on plants. In this book Dale Walters takes readers on a journey through these battlefields, exploring how predators try to fool plants' surveillance systems and, if they manage to do so, how they gain access to the nourishment they require. Incredibly, successful attackers can manipulate plant function in order to suppress any attempt by the plant to mount defensive action, while at the same time ensuring a steady supply of food for their own survival. Walters shows how plants respond to such attacks, the defences they use, and how the attacked plant can communicate its plight to its neighbours. These skirmishes represent the latest stage in an unending evolutionary war between plants and organisms that feed on them. These battles might be on a micro scale, but they are every bit as fierce, complicated, and fascinating as the battles between animal predators and prey.

Vogel and Motulsky's Human Genetics - Problems and Approaches (Hardcover, 4th ed. 2010): Michael Speicher, Stylianos E... Vogel and Motulsky's Human Genetics - Problems and Approaches (Hardcover, 4th ed. 2010)
Michael Speicher, Stylianos E Antonarakis, Arno G. Motulsky
R6,678 R4,960 Discovery Miles 49 600 Save R1,718 (26%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

The one and only comprehensive reference for all aspects of human genetics Unique in breadth and authority The fourth, completely revised edition of this classical reference and textbook presents a cohesive and up-to-date exposition of the concepts, results, and problems underlying theory and practice in human and medical genetics. In the 10 years since the appearance of the third edition, many new insights have emerged for understanding the genetic basis of development and function in human health and disease. Human genetics, with its emphasis on molecular concepts and techniques, has become a key discipline in medicine and the biomedical sciences. The fourth edition has been extensively expanded by new chapters on hot topics such as epigenetics, pharmacogenetics, gene therapy, cloning and genetic epidemiology. In addition a section giving an overview on the main model organisms (mouse, dog, worm, fly, yeast) used in human genetics research has been introduced. This book will be of interest to human and medical geneticists, scientists in all biomedical sciences, physicians and epidemiologists, as well as to graduate and postgraduate students who desire to learn the fundamentals of this fascinating field

Why Evolution is True (Paperback): Jerry A Coyne Why Evolution is True (Paperback)
Jerry A Coyne 1
R233 R179 Discovery Miles 1 790 Save R54 (23%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

"Coyne's knowledge of evolutionary biology is prodigious, his deployment of it as masterful as his touch is light." -Richard Dawkins
In the current debate about creationism and intelligent design, there is an element of the controversy that is rarely mentioned-the evidence. Yet the proof of evolution by natural selection is vast, varied, and magnificent. In this succinct and accessible summary of the facts supporting the theory of natural selection, Jerry A. Coyne dispels common misunderstandings and fears about evolution and clearly confirms the scientific truth that supports this amazing process of change. Weaving together the many threads of modern work in genetics, paleontology, geology, molecular biology, and anatomy that demonstrate the "indelible stamp" of the processes first proposed by Darwin, "Why Evolution Is True" does not aim to prove creationism wrong. Rather, by using irrefutable evidence, it sets out to prove evolution right.

Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction (Paperback): Richard Passingham Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction (Paperback)
Richard Passingham
R204 R155 Discovery Miles 1 550 Save R49 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Up to the 1960s, psychology was deeply under the influence of behaviourism, which focused on stimuli and responses, and regarded consideration of what may happen in the mind as unapproachable scientifically. This began to change with the devising of methods to try to tap into what was going on in the 'black box' of the mind, and the development of 'cognitive psychology'. With the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain, outlines of brain components and processes began to take shape, and by the end of the 1970s, a new science, cognitive neuroscience, was born. But it was with the development of ways of accessing activation of the working brain using imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI that cognitive neuroscience came into its own, as a science cutting across psychology and neuroscience, with strong connections to philosophy of mind. Experiments involving subjects in scanners while doing various tasks, thinking, problem solving, and remembering are shedding light on the brain processes involved. The research is exciting and new, and often makes media headlines. But there is much misunderstanding about what brain imaging tells us, and the interpretation of studies on cognition. In this Very Short Introduction Richard Passingham, a distinguished cognitive neuroscientist, gives a provocative and exciting account of the nature and scope of this relatively new field, and the techniques available to us, focusing on investigation of the human brain. He explains what brain imaging shows, pointing out common misconceptions, and gives a brief overview of the different aspects of human cognition: perceiving, attending, remembering, reasoning, deciding, and acting. Passingham concludes with a discussion of the exciting advances that may lie ahead. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity (Hardcover): Carina Hoorn, Allison Perrigo, Alexandre Antonelli Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity (Hardcover)
Carina Hoorn, Allison Perrigo, Alexandre Antonelli
R1,777 R1,277 Discovery Miles 12 770 Save R500 (28%) Shipped within 7 - 13 working days

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.

The Ecology of Tropical East Asia (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition): Richard T. Corlett The Ecology of Tropical East Asia (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition)
Richard T. Corlett
R883 Discovery Miles 8 830 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Tropical East Asia is home to over one billion people and faces massive human impacts from its rising population and rapid economic growth. It has already lost more than half of its forest cover to agriculture and urbanization, and has the highest rates of deforestation and logging in the tropics. Habitat loss, coupled with hunting and the relentless trade in wildlife products, threatens all its large and many of its smaller vertebrates. Despite these problems, the region still supports an estimated 15-25% of global terrestrial biodiversity and a growing environmental awareness means that it is no longer assumed that economic development justifies environmental damage, and no longer accepted that this trade-off is inevitable. Effective conservation action now depends on integrating a clear understanding of the ecological patterns and processes in the region with the varied needs of its human population. This third edition continues to provide an overview of the terrestrial ecology of Tropical East Asia: from southern China to Indonesia, and from Bhutan and Bangladesh to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. It retains the balance between compactness and comprehensiveness of the previous editions, and the even-handed geographical treatment of the whole region, but it updates both the contents and the perspective. Approximately one third of the text is new or greatly modified, reflecting the explosion of new research in the region in the last few years and the increasing use of new tools, particularly from genomics and remote sensing. The change in perspective largely reflects the growing realization that we are in a new epoch, the Anthropocene, in which human activities have at least as large an influence as natural processes, and that stopping or reversing ecological change is no longer an option. This does not mean that biodiversity conservation is no longer possible or worthwhile, but that the biodiverse future we strive for will inevitably be very different from the past. The Ecology of Tropical East Asia is an advanced textbook suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate level students taking courses on the terrestrial ecology of the East Asian tropics, as well as an authoritative regional reference for professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs worldwide.

Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation - Plant Conservation Science and Practice: The Role of Botanic Gardens (Paperback):... Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation - Plant Conservation Science and Practice: The Role of Botanic Gardens (Paperback)
Stephen Blackmore, Sara Oldfield
R756 Discovery Miles 7 560 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Only a green world, rich in plants, can sustain us and the millions of other species with which we share this planet. But, in an era of global change, nature is on the retreat. Like the communities they form, many plant species are becoming rarer, threatened even to the point of extinction. The worldwide community of almost three thousand botanic gardens are holders of the most diverse living collections of plants and have the unique potential to conserve plant diversity. Conservation biology is a fast moving and often controversial field, and, as the contributions within these pages from experts in the field demonstrate, plant conservation is multifaceted, mirroring the complexity of the biodiversity it aims to protect, and striving not just to protect threatened plants but to preserve ecosystem services and secure the integrity of the biosphere.

Education and Neuroscience - Evidence, Theory and Practical Application (Hardcover): Paul Howard-Jones Education and Neuroscience - Evidence, Theory and Practical Application (Hardcover)
Paul Howard-Jones
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This book brings together contributions from scientists and educators at the forefront of interdisciplinary research efforts involving neuroscience and education. It includes consideration of what we know about brain function that may be relevant to educational areas including reading, mathematics, music and creativity. The increasing interest of educators in neuroscience also brings dangers with it, as evidenced by the proliferation of neuromyths within schools and colleges. For this reason, it also reviews some of the more prominent misconceptions, as well as exploring how educational understanding can be constructed in the future that includes concepts from neuroscience more judiciously.

This book will be of interest to educators, policymakers and scientists seeking fresh perspectives on how we learn.

This book was published as a special issue in Educational Research, a journal of the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER).

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