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Completely revised and updated, A Guide to Human Factors and Ergonomics, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to the field. Building on the foundation of the first edition, titled "Guide to Ergonomics of Manufacturing," the new title reflects the expanded range of coverage and applicability of the techniques you will find in the second edition. Each and every chapter contains new material and some have been entirely rewritten. Drawing on the author's experience in both teaching and industry, the book lays to rest the common myths and misconceptions that surround ergonomics.
Unlike most ergonomics and human factors books that emphasize the physical, this one gives a broad overview of cognitive as well as physical ergonomics. Written in an accessible style, it presents a systems approach to human factors and ergonomics that leads to complete understanding. The author demonstrates how to collect data on users and operators and how to convert the data to good design, and offers a practical guide to the design and analysis of systems. Design oriented, systems oriented, and results oriented, this text provides the tools needed to solve systems problems and develop adequate design solutions.
Features: This book is addressed to all those who want to learn quickly how to use AutoCAD 2006; The booklet refers to the latest versions of the programme; The tutorials take you through the most important drawing elements from 2D to 3D and visualising; The tutorials are arranged as step-by-step exercises and are based on prefixed drawing settings; You can draw the drawing files applied in the tutorials from the Internet.
The construction enterprise is being transformed by visual modelling. Once principally used by researchers and in niche industries, tools such as 3D/4D CAD and virtual reality are now in widespread use in construction. This book is both a survey of the changes being made in practice and a detailed guide to future directions for research and development bringing together the work of leading practitioners and academics. A particular strength of the book is its many detailed case studies and examples, making it an excellent resource for practitioners, researchers, and students seeking to understand the details of how new tools and methods are applied in a business context. The 11 chapters address following topics: - Uses of 3D/4D CAD and its costs and benefits, - Applications of visual modelling at the work face, - Applications of visual modelling in the designer office, - Technical integration of visual modelling tools such as 3D/4D CAD and virtual reality.
Addresses the preparation and application of design layout analyses with concurrent engineering teams in six steps that capture design intent and add value to your design process Campbell & Roth discuss: product design techniques that alleviate the constraints between product definition, manufacturing, and inspection the prediction of variation effects on product function and manufacturing efficiency functional inspection techniques that include CMM measurement, optical comparators, and surface plate and functional gaging viable elimination tactics for the artificial barriers that segregate design and manufacturing functions verification concerns in product, inspection system, and manufacturing process design a real-life case study depicting the implementation of GD&T methods Integrated Product Design and Manufacturing Using Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing will help streamline product design and inspection for mechanical, manufacturing, design, quality control, project, process, industrial, automation, automotive, and aerospace engineers; metrologists; and upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
An essential book for all those working with fashion and design, particularly fashion print design. It covers all the techniques for the creation of fashion prints using the most popular software, Photoshop and Illustrator. With step-by-step instructions and handy screen grabs, find out how to: scan in hand-drawn motifs or illustration and rework into a digital pattern; work with colour; create stripes, checks and geometric prints, with the secret of seamless repeats; and how to prepare your prints for development onto real fabric and garments. Contains tips and tricks from the professionals and a wealth of inspirational images from some of the best print designers working today.
This volume presents the proceedings of ECSCW 2015, the 14th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, organized by the University of Oslo, Norway. The conference provides a venue for exploring novel, open and critical approaches to the multidisciplinary nature of social and collaborative technologies and work practices, critically reviewing new and established theories and research, forever committed to high scientific standards, both theoretical and methodological. These proceedings consist of 14 full and 3 exploratory papers, which reflect the lively debate currently ongoing within the CSCW field, focusing on work and enterprise and the challenges of involving various types of people like citizens, patients and software developers into collaborative settings. The blurring boundaries between home and work are explored and recent and emergent new technologies supporting collaborative work are introduced. With contributions from all over the world, the chapters provide interesting perspectives, helping to focus the European perspective within the CSCW community. This collection will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike as it combines an understanding of the nature of technology within both the workplace and wider society
Following The Little Book of Hygge, The Gentle Art of Swedish Death Cleaning and other bestsellers, Shikake introduces the latest example of practical wisdom from abroad: shikakeology, a phenomenon sweeping Japan. Naohiro Matsumura-renowned as the founder of the study of shikake, the Japanese word for "device"-has devised a new approach to design as astonishingly simple in its logic as it is sophisticated in its psychology. For example: * a staircase painted like piano keys prompts people to exercise * a symbol of a shrine placed in a public square discourages vandalism Combining traditional Japanese aesthetics with the lessons of behavioural economics, Matsumura presents a tool kit for literally anyone who wants to create their own mindful designs-and reveals how shikakes can help us address big challenges, including even climate change. Mind-bending yet elegant, Shikake will inspire readers to appreciate-and transform-the analogue world around them.
This booklet gives you a serious introduction to 2D construction with AutoCAD 2006. Through step-by-step exercises you will learn the most necessary commands, and you will go through the construction process -- from drawing to printing. After going through this book you will be able to make constructions yourself. The book is written by one of the most famous AutoCAD writers.
Creativity; China; boredom; shanzhai; digitisation
This book contains the Proceedings of the International Conference on Robot Ethics, held in Lisbon on October 23 and 24, 2015. The conference provided a multidisciplinary forum for discussing central and evolving issues concerning safety and ethics that have arisen in various contexts where robotic technologies are being applied. The papers are intended to promote the formulation of more precise safety standards and ethical frameworks for the rapidly changing field of robotic applications. The conference was held at Pavilhao do Conhecimento/Ciencia Viva in Lisbon and brought together leading researchers and industry representatives, promoting a dialogue that combines different perspectives and experiences to arrive at viable solutions for ethical problems in the context of robotics. The conference topics included but were not limited to emerging ethical, safety, legal and societal problems in the following domains: * Service/Social Robots: Robots performing tasks in human environments and involving close human-robot interactions in everyday households; robots for education and entertainment; and robots employed in elderly and other care applications * Mobile Robots: Self-driving vehicles, autonomous aircraft, trains, cars and drones * Robots used in medicine and for therapeutic purposes * Robots used in surveillance and military functions
Gain a clear understanding of engineering design as ENGINEERING DESIGN PROCESS, 3E outlines the process into five basic stages -- requirements, product concept, solution concept, embodiment design and detailed design. Discover how these five stages can be seamlessly integrated. The book illustrates how the design methods can work together coherently, while the book's supporting exercises and labs help you navigate the design process. The text leads the beginner designer from the basics of design with very simple tasks -- the first lab involves designing a sandwich -- all the way through more complex design needs. This approach to the design model equips you with the skills to apply engineering design concepts both to conventional engineering problems as well as other design problems.
For sophomore or junior-level courses in industrial engineering. Divided into two major areas of study - work systems, and work methods, measurement, and management - this guidebook provides up-to-date, quantitative coverage of work systems and how work is analyzed and designed. Thorough, broad-based coverage addresses nearly all of the traditional topics of industrial engineering that relate to work systems and work science. The author's quantitative approach summarizes many aspects of work systems, operations analysis, and work measurement using mathematical equations and quantitative examples.
This book presents select peer-reviewed proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in VLSI and Embedded Systems (AVES 2019) held at SVNIT, Surat, Gujarat, India. The book covers cutting-edge original research in VLSI design, devices and emerging technologies, embedded systems, and CAD for VLSI. With an aim to address the demand for complex and high-functionality systems as well as portable consumer electronics, the contents focus on basic concepts of circuit and systems design, fabrication, testing, and standardization. This book can be useful for students, researchers as well as industry professionals interested in emerging trends in VLSI and embedded systems.
The general theme of the CE2009 Conference is the recognised requirement for advancements in Concurrent Engineering (CE) with a global perspective for competitive enterprise, economy and ecology. CE appeared in the '80s as the concept of parallel performing engineering design activities and the integration of all related processes. This concept is based on the general assumption that different components of the product life cycle should be considered together and relatively early. The main goal of CE is to make processes more efficient and more resistant to errors.
Since then the whole CE approach has evolved into different forms with different names and has become omnipresent. The industrial presence of CE differs from well established corporation implementations to SME applications. The last twenty years have brought many changes to the organization of product design and manufacturing: engineers have developed narrower specializations; engineers have developed a global presence; engineers work in firms which are final producers or suppliers; sometimes firms create alliances; engineers cooperate and collaborate; and they use different methods and tools to support their engineering activities. As a result the CE approach supports engineers in many ways.
The role of information systems in CE has always been treated as very important. First methodologies and tools were concentrated on offering the possibility to contact people and processes, to make the right information and knowledge available at the right time. The presence of computer tools in CE is treated as standard.
If one looks now at what is going on and at how many different issues are important in design, manufacturing, supply, distribution, etc., one will understand why the context of CE is so rich and so complicated, why there are so many CE specializations and why the main topic of the CE2009 Conference is of great relevance. The plurality of CE specializations mentioned above was reflected in the following CE2009 Conference tracks: Systems Engineering, PLM, Advanced Manufacture, Product Design, Mass Customization, Lean Thinking, Design for Sustainability, Customer Value, Environmental Impact, Knowledge Engineering, SCM, Concurrent System Architecturing, Collaborative Engineering, Web Technologies, Standards, Digital Manufacture, Service Solutions, Purchasing/Procurement, Emotion Engineering. Apart from the above tracks the conference also has seven special sessions in RFID, Collaborative Product Development, Multi-disciplinary Design and Optimization, Design Knowledge Utilization, Competitive Supply Chain Performance, Value Engineering, and Competitive Design.
The proceedings contain 94 papers, demonstrating the multitude of different perspectives contained in this volume. There are papers which are theoretic and conceptual, as well as papers which have very strong industrial roots. There are also very detailed, highly specialized paper, which are closely linked to specific industrial case studies. The reader will also find papers which are based on real processes, but which operate on abstract models and which offer a bridge between industrial reality and academic research.
CE does not develop equally in each area; the direction of development depends on many factors. The content of this volume reflects the variety of issues in today's CE methods and phenomena; consequently, readers will be able to build their own view of the present problems and methods involved in CE.
This booklet is addressed to all those who want to learn quickly how to use AutoCAD. The booklet refers to the latest version of the program. The tutorials take you through the most important drawing elements from 2D to 3D and visualising. The tutorials are arranged as step-by-step exercises and are based upon prefixed drawing settings. You can get the drawing files applied in the tutorials via e-mail. Fundamental: Circles; Lines; Object snaps; Multiple parallel lines; Arcs; Linetypes; Layers; Hatching; Polyline; 3D revolved solid. Intermediate: Dimensions; Text and text styles; Blocks and arrays; Defining and editing attributes; Advanced: Lights; Scenes and materials; Layout; Model space; Xrefs.
This book describes the design, detailing and structural engineering of filigree, double-curved and long-span glazed shells of minimal weight and ingenious details. Innovative, clear and understandable geometric principles for the design of double-curved shell structures are explained in a practical manner. The principles are simple to apply with the use of functions now available in most CAD programs. The author demonstrates how floating and homogeneous structures can be created on these "free" forms, particularly grid shells of planar rectangles. These are especially suitable for glazing with flat panes and offer structural, economical and architectural advantages. Examples are provided to illustrate in simple ways the latest methods of form finding calculation and holistic optimisation through the complex interaction of structure, form and topology. Numerous examples built all over the world from 1989 to 2014 offer orientation and assistance in the design of such double-curved shells. Essential design parameters, many details and node connections of constructed projects are presented and evaluated. These structures have been built all over the world in close partnership with renowned architects.
When planes crash, bridges collapse, and automobile gas tanks explode, we are quick to blame poor design. But Henry Petroski says we must look beyond design for causes and corrections. Known for his masterly explanations of engineering successes and failures, Petroski here takes his analysis a step further, to consider the larger context in which accidents occur. In To Forgive Design he surveys some of the most infamous failures of our time, from the 2007 Minneapolis bridge collapse and the toppling of a massive Shanghai apartment building in 2009 to Boston's prolonged Big Dig and the 2010 Gulf oil spill. These avoidable disasters reveal the interdependency of people and machines within systems whose complex behavior was undreamt of by their designers, until it was too late. Petroski shows that even the simplest technology is embedded in cultural and socioeconomic constraints, complications, and contradictions. Failure to imagine the possibility of failure is the most profound mistake engineers can make. Software developers realized this early on and looked outside their young field, to structural engineering, as they sought a historical perspective to help them identify their own potential mistakes. By explaining the interconnectedness of technology and culture and the dangers that can emerge from complexity, Petroski demonstrates that we would all do well to follow their lead.
Theoretical and practical interests in additive manufacturing (3D printing) are growing rapidly. Engineers and engineering companies now use 3D printing to make prototypes of products before going for full production. In an educational setting faculty, researchers, and students leverage 3D printing to enhance project-related products. Additive Manufacturing Handbook focuses on product design for the defense industry, which affects virtually every other industry. Thus, the handbook provides a wide range of benefits to all segments of business, industry, and government. Manufacturing has undergone a major advancement and technology shift in recent years.
Although Leonardo's Giant Crossbow is one of his most popular drawings, it has been one of the least understood. "Leonardo's Giant Crossbow" offers the first in-depth account of this drawing's likely purpose and its highly resolved design. This fascinating book has a wealth of technical information about the Giant Crossbow drawing, as it's a complete study of this project, though this is as accessible to the general audience as much as it is also informative with new discoveries for the professors of engineering, technology and art. The book explores the context of Leonardo's invention with an examination of the extensive documentary evidence, a short history of the great crossbow and ballista, the first accurate translation of the text and the technical specifications, and a detailed analysis of Leonardo's design process for the crossbow, from start to finish. Dozens of preparatory drawings, along with the recent discovery of nearly invisible metal stylus preparatory incisions under the ink of the Giant Crossbow drawing, are evidence of Leonardo's intent to offer engineers and other viewers a thorough design of the massive machine. The book proposes these new discoveries with the help of a strategy that had been at the core of Leonardo's working philosophy: the proportional method. As proven with an analysis of the Giant Crossbow project, he used a consistent approach to 1/3rd proportions throughout the design and drawing process and employed this kind of proportional strategy at the start of almost every important project. Thanks to this proof of his knowledge of geometry, evidence of his studies of impetus and force, and thanks to the highly polished and complex nature of the Giant Crossbow design, a later date for the drawing is proposed in the present book, associating the drawing with his drafting capabilities around 1490-93.
This senior undergraduate level textbook is written for Advanced Manufacturing, Additive Manufacturing, as well as CAD/CAM courses. Its goal is to assist students in colleges and universities, designers, engineers, and professionals interested in using SolidWorks as the design and 3D printing tool for emerging manufacturing technology for practical applications. This textbook will bring a new dimension to SolidWorks by introducing readers to the role of SolidWorks in the relatively new manufacturing paradigm shift, known as 3D-Printing which is based on Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology. This new textbook: Features modeling of complex parts and surfaces Provides a step-by-step tutorial type approach with pictures showing how to model using SolidWorks Offers a user-Friendly approach for the design of parts, assemblies, and drawings, motion-analysis, and FEA topics Includes clarification of connections between SolidWorks and 3D-Printing based on Additive Manufacturing Discusses a clear presentation of Additive Manufacturing for Designers using SolidWorks CAD software "Introduction to SolidWorks: A Comprehensive Guide with Applications in 3D Printing" is written using a hands-on approach which includes a significant number of pictorial descriptions of the steps that a student should follow to model parts, assemble parts, and produce drawings.
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