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The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century". From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity. From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well-known examples - Adam Smith's pin factory, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' - with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Written by some of the most talented young chemists in Europe, this
text covers most of the groundbreaking issues in chemistry. It
provides an account of the latest research results in European
chemistry based on a selection of leading young scientists
participating in the 2008 European Young Chemists Award
competition. The contributions range from self-organization to new
catalytic synthetic methodologies to organocatalysis. In addition,
the authors provide a current overview of their field of research
and a preview of future directions.
Catch Up Maths & Stats covers the core maths skills you will need on any life or medical sciences course including: * working with fractions and powers * preparation of a dilution series * how to calculate standard deviation * using and understanding graphs * analysing enzyme kinetics * choosing the right statistical test Over 200 examples are provided to show the relevance and application of maths and stats to your course. This second edition also now provides further coverage of differentiation and integration alongside nearly 70 more questions and answers to help you test your understanding. Catch Up Maths & Stats will bring you up to speed in the shortest possible time, even if you didn't study maths at advanced level.
As analytical chemistry and biology move closer together, biologists are performing increasingly sophisticated analytical techniques on cells. Chemists are also turning to cells as a relevant and important sample to study newly developed methods. "Practical Cell Analysis" provides techniques, hints, and time-saving tips explaining what may be "common knowledge" to one field but are often hidden or unknown to another.
Within this practical guide:
The procedures and protocols for cell separation, handling cells on a microscope and for using cells in microfluidic devices are presented.Elements of cell culture are taken and combined with the practical advice necessary to maintain a cell lab and to handle cells properly during an analysisThe main chapters deal with the fundamentals and applied aspects of each technique, with one complete chapter focusing on statistical considerations of analyzing cellsMany diagram-based protocols for some of the more common cell processes are includedChapter summaries and extensive tables are included so that key information can be looked up easily in the lab setting
Much like a good manual or cookbook this book is a useful, practical guide and a handy reference for all students, researchers and practitioners involved in cellular analysis.
Exam Board: AQA Level: A-Level Subject: Biology First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2016 Create confident, literate and well-prepared students with skills-focused, topic-specific workbooks. Our Student Workbooks build students' understanding, developing the confidence and exam skills they need, whilst providing ready prepared lesson solutions. - Supplements key resources such as textbooks to adapt easily to existing schemes of work - Offers time-saving and economical lesson solutions for both specialist and non-specialist teachers - Provides flexible resource material to reinforce and apply topic understanding throughout the course, as classwork or extension tasks, or for revision - Creates opportunities for self-directed learning and assessment with answers to tasks and activities supplied online - Prepares students to meet the demands of the specification by practising exam technique and developing their literacy skills
Since ROC curves have become ubiquitous in many application areas, the various advances have been scattered across disparate articles and texts. ROC Curves for Continuous Data is the first book solely devoted to the subject, bringing together all the relevant material to provide a clear understanding of how to analyze ROC curves. The fundamental theory of ROC curves The book first discusses the relationship between the ROC curve and numerous performance measures and then extends the theory into practice by describing how ROC curves are estimated. Further building on the theory, the authors present statistical tests for ROC curves and their summary statistics. They consider the impact of covariates on ROC curves, examine the important special problem of comparing two ROC curves, and cover Bayesian methods for ROC analysis. Special topics The text then moves on to extensions of the basic analysis to cope with more complex situations, such as the combination of multiple ROC curves and problems induced by the presence of more than two classes. Focusing on design and interpretation issues, it covers missing data, verification bias, sample size determination, the design of ROC studies, and the choice of optimum threshold from the ROC curve. The final chapter explores applications that not only illustrate some of the techniques but also demonstrate the very wide applicability of these techniques across different disciplines. With nearly 5,000 articles published to date relating to ROC analysis, the explosive interest in ROC curves and their analysis will continue in the foreseeable future. Embracing this growth of interest, this timely book will undoubtedly guide present and future users of ROC analysis.
Die Bild-DVD-ROM zum Lehrbuch "Biologie fur Einsteiger" von Olaf Fritsche ermoglicht Dozenten, die vierfarbigen Grafiken des Buches in der Lehre zu nutzen - sei es in Form von Folien, Dias, Ausdrucken oder uber einen Beamer. Die Grafiken konnen damit den Unterricht stutzen und bereichern. Die im JPEG- und PDF-Format sowie als Power-Point-Folien gespeicherten Abbildungen sind entsprechend ihrer Nummerierung im Buch sortiert und daruber hinaus auch uber die Inhalte der Bildunterschriften recherchierbar. Sie konnen so leicht in Prasentationen eingebaut oder in unterschiedlicher Groe mit oder ohne Legende ausgedruckt werden. Die Bild-DVD-ROM kann naturlich auch fur Studierende zur Vorbereitung von Vortragen und Referaten nutzlich sein. Das Lehrbuch "Biologie fur Einsteiger" ist erhaltlich unter der ISBN 978-3-8274-2096-1.
With its integral treatment of ecosystem and resource management, this is the only overview of the field to address current thinking and future trends. All contributions have been written with the novice in mind, explaining the basics and highlighting recent developments and achievements. Unmatched in scope, this two-volume reference covers both traditional and well-established areas of marine biotechnology, such as biomass production, alongside such novel ones as biofuels, biological protection of structures and bioinspired materials. In so doing, it ties together information usually only found in widely dispersed sources to assemble a grand unified view of the current state of and prospects for this multi-faceted discipline. The combination of the breadth of topics and the focus on modern ideas make this introductory book especially suitable for teaching purposes and for guiding newcomers to the many possibilities offered by this booming field.
Die Biotechnologie liefert die Grundlagen f?r eine nachhaltige Herstellung von Produkten zur Versorgung der Weltbev?lkerung mit Nahrungsmitteln, Medikamenten und anderen notwendigen G?tern. Um den weltweit steigenden Bedarf an biotechnologischen Prozessen zu realisieren, sind Ingenieurinnen und Ingenieure mit biotechnologischen Kenntnissen erforderlich. In diesem praxisnahen Buch werden Aufgaben aus den Bereichen Bioreaktoren, Bioreaktionstechnik, Steriltechnik, Scale-Up, Anlagenplanung- und betrieb, Investitions- und Kostenanalyse und Wirtschaftlichkeit exemplarisch gel?st und erlauben dem Leser eine einfache Nachvollziehbarkeit. Zahlreiche Referenzen geben dem Leser au?erdem die M?glichkeit zur Vertiefung des erworbenen Wissens und diese Aufgabensammlung stellt damit die perfekte Erg?nzung zum Standardwerk "Bioverfahrensentwicklung" von Professor Storhas dar. Neben einer integrierten Formelsammlung und einer kurzen, praxisorientierten Einf?hrung umfasst das didaktische Konzept eine Einteilung der Aufgaben in unterschiedliche Typen, die exemplarisch und mit Hilfe von Kommentaren und Faustformeln aus der Praxis gel?st werden. Diese anwendungsbezogene Vertiefung in der Bioverfahrensentwicklung eignet sich besonders f?r Interessierte im Bereich der Bioverfahrenstechnik und verwandter Disziplinen, Studenten der Ingenieurs- und Naturwissenschaften sowie Verfahrenstechniker.
This first introductory book designed to train novice programmers
is based on a student course taught by the author, and has been
optimized for biology students without previous experience in
Die Bild-DVD-ROM zum Lehrbuch "Wirkstoffdesign" von Gerhard Klebe
ermAglicht Dozenten, die ungefAhr 400 Abbildungen des Buches in der
Lehre zu nutzen - sei es in Form von Folien, Dias, Ausdrucken oder
A1/4ber einen Beamer. Die Grafiken kAnnen damit den Unterricht
stA1/4tzen und bereichern. Die im JPEG- und PDF-Format sowie als
Power-Point-Folien gespeicherten Abbildungen sind entsprechend
ihrer Nummerierung im Buch sortiert und darA1/4ber hinaus auch
A1/4ber die Inhalte der Bildunterschriften recherchierbar. Sie
kAnnen so leicht in PrAsentationen eingebaut oder in
unterschiedlicher GrAAe mit oder ohne Legende ausgedruckt
This book explains the correct logical approach to analysis of forensic scientific evidence. The focus is on general methods of analysis applicable to all forms of evidence. It starts by explaining the general principles and then applies them to issues in DNA and other important forms of scientific evidence as examples. Like the first edition, the book analyses real legal cases and judgments rather than hypothetical examples and shows how the problems perceived in those cases would have been solved by a correct logical approach. The book is written to be understood both by forensic scientists preparing their evidence and by lawyers and judges who have to deal with it. The analysis is tied back both to basic scientific principles and to the principles of the law of evidence. This book will also be essential reading for law students taking evidence or forensic science papers and science students studying the application of their scientific specialisation to forensic questions.
A stunning landmark co-publication between the American Society of Plant Biologists and Wiley-Blackwell."The Molecular Life of Plants" presents students with an innovative, integrated approach to plant science. It looks at the processes and mechanisms that underlie each stage of plant life and describes the intricate network of cellular, molecular, biochemical and physiological events through which plants make life on land possible. Richly illustrated, this book follows the life of the plant, starting with the seed, progressing through germination to the seedling and mature plant, and ending with reproduction and senescence. This "seed-to-seed" approach will provide students with a logical framework for acquiring the knowledge needed to fully understand plant growth and development.
Written by a highly respected and experienced author team "The Molecular Life of Plants "will prove invaluable to students needing a comprehensive, integrated introduction to the subject across a variety of disciplines including plant science, biological science, horticulture and agriculture.
Bernard Rosner's FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOSTATISTICS is a practical introduction to the methods, techniques, and computation of statistics with human subjects. It prepares students for their future courses and careers by introducing the statistical methods most often used in medical literature. Rosner minimizes the amount of mathematical formulation (algebra-based) while still giving complete explanations of all the important concepts. As in previous editions, a major strength of this book is that every new concept is developed systematically through completely worked out examples from current medical research problems.
Ever since Nobel Prize-winning atmospheric chemist Paul Crutzen coined the term "Anthropocene" to describe our current era-one in which human impact on the environment has pushed Earth into an entirely new geological epoch-arguments for and against the new designation have been raging. Finally, an official working group of scientists was created to determine once and for all whether we humans have tossed one too many plastic bottles out the car window and wrought a change so profound as to be on par with the end of the last ice age. In summer 2016, the answer came back: Yes. In Making the Most of the Anthropocene, scientist Mark Denny tackles this hard truth head-on and considers burning questions: How did we reach our present technological and ecological state? How are we going to cope with our uncertain future? Will we come out of this, or are we doomed as a species? Is there anything we can do about what happens next? This book * explains what the Anthropocene is and why it is important* offers suggestions for minimizing harm instead of fretting about an impending environmental apocalypse * combines easy-to-grasp scientific, technological, economic, and anthropological analyses In Making the Most of the Anthopocene, there are no equations, no graphs, and no impenetrable jargon. Instead, you'll find a fascinating cast of characters, including journalists from outer space, peppered moths, and unjustly maligned Polynesians. In his bright, lively voice, Denny envisions a future that balances reaction and reason, one in which humanity emerges bloody but unbowed-and in which those of us who are prepared can make the most of the Anthropocene.
The previous three editions of BIOLOGY, written by Dr. Rob Brooker, Dr. Eric Widmaier, Dr. Linda Graham, and Dr. Peter Stiling, have reached thousands of students and provided them with an outstanding view of the biological world. Now, the fourth edition has gotten even better! The author team is dedicated to producing the most engaging and current text that is available for undergraduate students who are majoring in biology. The authors want students to be inspired by the field of biology and become critical thinkers. They understand the goal of a professor is to prepare students for future course work, lab experiences, and careers in the sciences. Building on the successes of the previous editions, the fourth edition reflects a focus on core competencies and provides a more learner-centered approach. The strength of an engaging and current text is improved with the addition of new pedagogical features that help develop and strengthen critical thinking skills.
Written in dialog form, Gerhard Gottschalk's book provides surprising insights into the amazing world of bacteria. These microorganisms have changed the Earth more than any other life form and turned it into an inhabitable planet. Did you know, for example, that the human body contains more bacteria cells than human ones? Or that in each animal and plant cell the remains of former symbiotic bacteria maintain the metabolism? But bacteria also have their negative aspects: they cause illnesses and produce the strongest toxins known to mankind. Backed by more than 45 contributions from famous international scientists written especially for this book.
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