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Quality improvement (QI) is embedded in the fabric of successful healthcare organisations across the world, with healthcare professionals increasingly expected to develop and lead improvement as a core part of their clinical responsibilities. As a result, QI is rapidly becoming a feature of the education and training programmes of all healthcare professionals. Written and edited by some of the leading clinicians and managers in the field, ABC of Quality Improvement is designed for clinicians new to the discipline, as well as experienced leaders of change and improvement. Providing comprehensive coverage and clear, succinct descriptions of the major tools, techniques and approaches, this new addition to the ABC series demystifies quality improvement and develops a broader understanding of what constitutes quality in healthcare. With practical examples of improvement interventions and the common pitfalls that can befall them, this book will support and enable readers to manage change projects within their own organisations. Relevant to doctors, dentists, nurses, health service managers and support staff, medical students and doctors in training, their tutors and trainers, and other healthcare professionals at various levels, ABC of Quality Improvement will give readers the confidence to embark on their own improvement projects, whoever, and wherever they may be.
In this humane and important exploration of modern medicine, Druin Burch examines the future of medicine, our changing physicalities and the implications of longer life. From birth to death and through the exploration of topics such as disease, sex, mind, eating and drinking, Burch tracks the future of medicine by looking at what is already possible today. Weaving in insights from literature, art and history, The Shape of Things to Come considers the cultural complexity surrounding medicine as well as its impact on the humanities. As a specialist in geriatric medicine Burch writes with a keen understanding of the medical profession. He outlines the areas of medicine which have seen the greatest improvements and optimistically offers insight into further advancements.
This 3rd edition of a classic textbook examines the context and background of public health informatics, explores the technology and science underlying the field, discusses challenges and emerging solutions, reviews many key public health information systems, and includes practical, case-based studies to guide the reader through the topic. The editors have expanded the text into new areas that have become important since publication of the previous two editions due to changing technologies and needs in the field, as well as updating and augmenting much of the core content. The book contains learning objectives, overviews, future directions, and review questions to assist readers to engage with this vast topic. The Editors and their team of well-known contributors have built upon the foundation established by the previous editions to provide the reader with a comprehensive and forward-looking review of public health informatics. The breadth of material in Public Health Informatics and Information Systems, 3rd edition makes it suitable for both undergraduate and graduate coursework in public health informatics, enabling instructors to select chapters that best fit their students' needs.
This book presents the parameters of Mastery Learning (ML), an especially stringent variety of competency-based education that guides students to acquire essential knowledge and skill, measured rigorously against a minimum passing standard (MPS). As both a scholarly resource and a teaching tool, this is a "how to" book that serves as a resource for a wide variety of health professions educators. A seminal source of information and practical advice about ML, this book divided into five parts: Clinical Education in the Health Professions, The Mastery Learning Model, Mastery Learning in Action, Transfer of Training from Mastery Learning and The Road Ahead. Complete with high-quality images and tables, chapters take an in-depth look into ML principles and practices across the health professions. Specific educational content instructs readers on how to build and present ML curricula, evaluate short and long-run results, conduct learner debriefing and give powerful feedback, set learner achievement standards, and prepare faculty for new educational roles. An invaluable addition to the Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation Series, Mastery Learning in Health Professions Education is written and edited by leaders in the field for practicing clinicians in a variety of health professions.
This book reviews state of the art regarding strategies for generating and improving microbial strains designed for utilizing renewable raw materials. It discusses methods for genetically engineering of thermophilic bacteria, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli and Zymomonas mobilis, as well as approaches for obtaining useful products from these renewable raw materials based on biotechnological processes using microbes to chemically transform them. However, the efficient transformation of lignocellulosic biomass or glycerol to useful products represents a major challenge: Biomass has to be treated physically and chemically to release a mixture of sugars that potentially can be employed by the microbial production strains. These hydrolytic treatments result in diverse toxic compounds being generated and released, that negatively impact strain performance. Furthermore, most of the commonly used industrial microbes do not have the natural capacity to efficiently utilize and transform the generated sugar mixtures or glycerol. The microbial species reviewed in this book possess particular advantages as production strains and are currently employed for the synthesis of numerous biofuels and chemicals. The book reviews the general and strain-specific genetic engineering strategies for the improvement of sugar mixtures and glycerol catabolism. The issue of lignocellulosic hydrolysate toxicity is addressed in several chapters, where genetic engineering and adaptive laboratory evolution strategies are reviewed and discussed. The objective of this book is to provide the current knowledge regarding strategies for the generation and improvement of microbial strains designed for the transformation of renewable raw materials into useful products. This book aims to become a reference for researchers and students working in this field.
This book provides the reader with the knowledge required in order to understand the chemical, physical, mechanical, and topographical aspects of implant surfaces, as well as their impact on the biological response. Common ways to modify implant surfaces are described, and methods for the evaluation of surface properties are presented in an easy-to-read style. Experimental results that have contributed to surface modifications relevant for commercial available implants are presented, with emphasis on in vivo and clinical studies. While the focus is primarily on surface modifications at the micrometer and nanometer levels, alterations at the millimeter level are also covered, including thread designs and their possible influence on stress distribution. In addition, it is analyzed how surface alterations have changed the clinical long-term results for certain groups of patients.
This book details how electronic health records (EHRs) and medical records (EMRs) can be optimized to enable meaningful interactions between provider and patient to enhance quality of care in this new era of mHealth. As the technologies evolve to provide greater opportunities for mHealth applications, so do the challenges. This book addresses the issues of interoperability limitations, data processing errors and patient data privacy while providing instruction on how blockchain-like processes can potentially ensure the integrity of an externally maintained EHR. Portable Health Records in a Mobile Society identifies important issues and promising solutions to create a truly portable EHRs. It is a valuable resource for all informaticians and healthcare providers seeking an up-to-date resource on how to improve the availability, reliability, integrity and sustainability of these revolutionary developments in healthcare management.
MATLAB: A Practical Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving, winner of TAA's 2017 Textbook Excellence Award ("Texty"), guides the reader through both programming and built-in functions to easily exploit MATLAB's extensive capabilities for tackling engineering and scientific problems. Assuming no knowledge of programming, this book starts with programming concepts, such as variables, assignments, and selection statements, moves on to loops, and then solves problems using both the programming concept and the power of MATLAB. The fifth edition has been updated to reflect the functionality of the current version of MATLAB (R2018a), including the addition of local functions in scripts, the new string type, coverage of recently introduced functions to import data from web sites, and updates to the Live Editor and App Designer.
Companion volume to Cinemeducation Volume 1 Cinemeducation, Volume 2 outlines a comprehensive approach to using film in graduate and medical education. It provides readers with a wide array of film excerpts ready for immediate application in the classroom. Each excerpt includes the counter time, year of release, names of actors, a short description of the movie and the scene being highlighted as well as discussion questions. Entire chapters are dedicated to reality television, mainstream television, music videos, documentaries and YouTube. Clearly structured, this second volume dives deep into human experiences. Authors from five continents have composed 49 chapters devoted to a wide assortment of new topics relevant to medical and postgraduate healthcare education. Some of the specific issues covered include substance abuse, gambling, dealing with tragedy, diabetes, heart disease, chronic illness and obstetrics as well as mental health problems. Some films portray health care professionals both positively and negatively and these are presented with rich detail. A wide variety of specialties and different health careers are covered. All of these areas converge on the common ground of compassion in the medical experience. This book is ideal for the undergraduate or postgraduate classroom. All healthcare educators will appreciate its comprehensive scope and innovative approach, including those in psychology, social services, dentistry and veterinary science.
This book provides an up-to-date overview of the clinical applications, methods, and technologies of teleophthalmology within the field of preventive medicine. The ability of novel methods to detect the initial signs of neurodegenerative diseases on the basis of alterations in the retina is reviewed, and detailed attention is paid to the role of teleophthalmology in screening for vision-threatening diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration. A major part of the book is devoted to novel imaging methods and the latest information technologies, including advanced mobile communication and Web 2.0 applications in teleophthalmology. In addition, the initial projects of an interdisciplinary cooperation in preventive medicine are described. All of the authors are experienced in the scientific and practical aspects of teleophthalmology, including e-learning, and have produced a book that will meet the needs of all medical care providers interested in using teleophthalmology.
This practical text provides an overview of the adverse consequences of health information technology (HIT) and its impact on patient safety. Specific cases of errors and risks related to various types of HIT are featured along with best practices for patient safety, workflows and organizational standards. The full impact of these challenges with meaningful solutions are openly examined. Written from a clinical perspective, healthcare professionals within multiple settings will find this timely book an invaluable resource to this essential and bourgeoning technology.
This volume highlights recent advances using iPS cells in disease modeling and medical applications along with new technologies that enhance the power of iPS cells. While the discovery of iPS cells has provided excellent opportunities for developing models of human diseases, platforms for drug discovery and cell therapies, iPS cell technology still faces many challenges. Presenting the latest advances in this rapidly evolving research area, this book is intended to widen the community of researchers and clinicians interested in the exciting field of iPS cells.
This book outlines the principle and display methods of stereopsis, the biological effects of image viewing, and the effects on the human body, as well as its clinical significance. The authors also present the latest research findings and future prospects for stereopsis methods. In the field of medical care, the technique is useful for the 3-dimensional identification of lesions and affected regions; however, stereoscopic images can cause unpleasant symptoms including motion sickness, headache, and visual fatigue. With increasing opportunities for using the stereoscopic viewing technique in various other fields outside medicine, it is important to resolve the underlying issues of stereoscopic viewing and improve the diagnostic accuracy, safety of surgery and reduce the stress for physicians. Written by pioneering authors, Stereopsis and Hygiene is a valuable resource for both new and established researchers and students seeking comprehensive information on stereoscopic imaging methods as well as professionals working in environmental/occupational health and health promotion.
A midwife is responsible for recording the progress of labour on a partograph or partogram. The partograph helps caregivers detect whether labour is progressing normally or not, indicates when augmentation of labour is appropriate and assists in recognising potential problems before they occur. Each title covers one important topic, and has been written by a specialist in that field. The series follows a consistent format and covers issues such as key ethical and legal considerations, relevant legislation, case studies, and practical applications. These concise, accessible texts will be suitable for accreditation when continuing professional development becomes a requirement
The field of forensic arts therapies is dynamic and diverse, and so this unique volume covers a fascinating range of work. It brings together a collection of presentations given at FATAG conferences, case studies, research, new developments in theory, and explorations in the peculiarities of forensic arts therapies: art, music, drama, and dance. Therapists work with male and female offenders in detained in prisons or secure health care units, or sometimes with patients involved in probation or counselling services, victim support, and other services and institutions concerned with understanding the causes and effects of crime. The experiences described are often difficult, but also very rewarding for all involved. Arts therapy (in any of its forms) regularly has a profound and beneficial effect on the life of an offender. This thought-provoking and enlightening work gives an insight into how these skilled professionals have been a necessary part of UK forensic services for more than four decades.The Forensic Arts Therapies Advisory Group (FATAG) is a voluntary organisation which aims to provide support, advice and opportunities for continuing professional development for arts therapists working in forensic or secure settings and trainee arts therapists on clinical placement in forensics. FATAG provides a safe space to share difficult, complex and, at times, painful work not easily shared amongst a non-forensic audience.
This book is about the transformation of the biomedical information to smart healthcare, the chapters are designed to discuss the health associated factors such as genetics, lifestyle, nutrition and environmental factors. The interactions of these factors and the informatics for the analyses of their effects on health are also covered. The era of aging is approaching and the P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) medicine paradigm is becoming practical and reality. According to the Kondratiev's long wave theory, IT (information technology) and health will be the next technological revolution for the new economic cycle. This book is written for biomedical informatics scientists, clinicians, health practitioners and researchers, etc.
Understanding the importance and application of biosensors is complicated by the diverse range of methods and application and some existing text is somewhat technical in nature with little consideration to the novice. This book disseminates information on biosensors in a readable way by having unique sections for the novice and expert alike. Each chapter has an abstract, key facts, applications to other areas of health and disease, a "mini-dictionary" of key terms and summary points. In addition, the book covers optical imaging, surface plasmon resonance, microcantilevers, electrochemistry, aptamers, fluorescence, electrochemistry, nanobiosensors and nanowires.
This essential reference acquaints developers of medical devices with the basic concepts and major issues of medical quality assurance and regulatory documents, describes the requirements listed in these documents, and provides strategies for compliance with these requirements. Medical Device Quality Assurance and Regulatory Compliance summarizes regulation activities of the FDA, the European Economic Community, and the Global Harmonization Task Force shows how to choose a standard from the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 series teaches how to prepare your company for auditing, how to choose a notified body, and how to survive the audit reviews standards dealing specifically with medical devices such as EN 46000, ISO 13485, and ISO 13488 discusses the requirements for product submittals prior to product introduction addresses current issues such as third party approvals and more Including numerous key references, tables, and drawings, Medical Device Quality Assurance and Regulatory Compliance is ideal for biomedical, quality assurance, reliability, software, product design, manufacturing, research and development, and industrial engineers; project managers; biomedical technicians; medical device purchasing personnel; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Hemodynamic computations represent a state-of-the-art approach for patient-specific assessment of cardiovascular pathologies. The book presents the development of reduced-order multiscale hemodynamic models for coronary artery disease, aortic coarctation and whole body circulation, which can be applied in routine clinical settings for personalized diagnosis. Specific parameter estimation frameworks are introduced for calibrating the parameters of the models and high performance computing solutions are employed to reduce their execution time. The personalized computational models are validated against patient-specific measurements. The book is written for scientists in the field of biomedical engineering focusing on the cardiovascular system, as well as for research-oriented physicians in cardiology and industrial players in the field of healthcare technologies.
This text examines in detail mathematical and physical modeling, computational methods and systems for obtaining and analyzing biological structures, using pioneering research cases as examples. As such, it emphasizes programming and problem-solving skills. It provides information on structure bioinformatics at various levels, with individual chapters covering introductory to advanced aspects, from fundamental methods and guidelines on acquiring and analyzing genomics and proteomics sequences, the structures of protein, DNA and RNA, to the basics of physical simulations and methods for conformation searches. This book will be of immense value to researchers and students in the fields of bioinformatics, computational biology and chemistry. Dr. Dongqing Wei is a Professor at the Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. His research interest is in the general area of structural bioinformatics.
Various applications in the field of pulmonary image analysis require a registration of CT images of the lung. For example, a registration-based estimation of the breathing motion is employed to increase the accuracy of dose distribution in radiotherapy. Alexander Schmidt-Richberg develops methods to explicitly model morphological and physiological knowledge about respiration in algorithms for the registration of thoracic CT images. The author focusses on two lung-specific issues: on the one hand, the alignment of the interlobular fissures and on the other hand, the estimation of sliding motion at the lung boundaries. He shows that by explicitly considering these aspects based on a segmentation of the respective structure, registration accuracy can be significantly improved.
Consumer Satisfaction in Medical Practice will equip physicians and other decision makers in health care with the necessary tools to meet the growing demand for customers'satisfaction in medical practices. Addressing the deliverance of accurate and affective medical services, this intelligent guide provides you with proven techniques in order to provide competitive prices, convenience, accessibility, and quality outcomes to customers. Consumer Satisfaction in Medical Practice turns the delivery of health care toward the patient. Each recommendation will enable you to provide long-term and cost-effective benefits for customers and your company. Exposing common myths about medical practice, this knowledgeable book offers you a patient s perspective on the services they need and request to help you offer your customers the appropriate services. From Consumer Satisfaction in Medical Practice, you will be able to give customers the medical services they want with the help of proven methods and suggestions which include: remembering that office budgets, profits for practitioners, and financial strengths of progressive hospitals and physician service organizations exist to help offer better health services to customers creating a consumers'bill of rights that ensures patients that they are receiving the best possible care for their money, that every patient has a right to their own medical information, and that every patient has a right to express grievances sending out newsletters and announcements of staff changes and changes to office hours to improve physician services to patients incorporating consumer satisfaction in employee and physician performance evaluations and setting standards for consumer satisfaction measuring physician staff and employee satisfaction along with that of the patient and payer to improve provider conditions and consumer satisfaction increasing physician satisfaction by recognition through awards and an incentive systemFeaturing several charts, tables, and suggestion boxes, this guide contains effective steps that you can institute in order to offer excellent care to your customers. Consumer Satisfaction in Medical Practice allows you to expand and improve customer satisfaction for the benefit of your customers and your business.
Contains papers presented at the Third International Symposium on
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (1997),
which provide evidence that computer-based models, and in
particular numerical methods, are becoming essential tools for the
solution of many problems encountered in the field of biomedical
engineering. The range of subject areas presented include the
modeling of hip and knee joint replacements, assessment of fatigue
damage in cemented hip prostheses, nonlinear analysis of hard and
soft tissue, methods for the simulation of bone adaptation, bone
reconstruction using implants, and computational techniques to
model human impact. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical
Engineering also details the application of numerical techniques
applied to orthodontic treatment together with introducing new
methods for modeling and assessing the behavior of dental implants,
adhesives, and restorations.
Predictive control is a powerful tool in dealing with those processes with large time delays. Generalized Predictive Control (GPC) is the most popular approach to the subject, and this text discusses the application of GPC starting with the concept of long-range predictive control and its need in medicine (particularly automated drug deliveries). The concept of adaptation is also emphasized with respect to patient-to-patient parameter variations. Subsequent chapters discuss interactions, comparisons and various aspects of GPC. The book concludes by putting into perpective the generic nature of the architecture built around GPC and which provides model-based fault diagnosis with control.
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