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This book covers topics related to medical practices from communications technology point of view. The book provides detailed inside information about the use of health informatics and emerging technologies for the well-being of patients. Each chapter in this book focuses on a specific development in the use of informatics in healthcare. In general, each chapter uses various emerging technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, Cloud computing, Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN), for various health-related illness, such as tuberculosis, heart diseases, asthma and various epidemic outbreaks. The book is intended both for communications engineers with a healthcare focus and medical researchers.
The ?eld of bioinformatics has two main objectives: the creation and main- nance of biological databases and the analysis of life sciences data in order to unravel the mysteries of biological function. Computer science methods such as patternrecognition,machinelearning,anddatamining haveagreatdealtoo?er the ?eld of bioinformatics. The Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics (PRIB) meeting was established in 2006 under the auspices of the International Asso- ation of Pattern Recognition (IAPR) to create a focus for the application and development of computer science methods to life science data. The 5th PRIB conference was held in Nijmegen, The Netherlands, on 22-24 September 2010. A total of 46 papers were submitted to the conference for peer review. Of those, 38 (83%) were accepted for publication in these proceedings. The invited speakers were Rita Casadio (Bologna Biocomputing Group, Italy), Florence d'Alch' e-Buc (Universit' e d'Evry-Val d'Essonne, France), Daniel - son (Tu ..bingen University, Germany), and Natasa Przulj (Imperial College L- don, UK). Tutorials weredeliveredby Concettina Guerra (Universit' adi Padova, Italy), Clarisse Dhaenens (Laboratoire LIFL/INRIA, France), Laetitia Jourdan (Laboratoire LIFL/INRIA, France), Neil Lawrence (University of Manchester, UK), and Dick de Ridder (Delft University of Technology).
This important new volume presents recent research in healthcare information technology and analytics. Individual chapters look at such issues as the impact of technology failure on electronic prescribing behavior in primary care; attitudes toward electronic health records; a latent growth modeling approach to understanding lifestyle decisions based on patient historical data; designing an integrated surgical care delivery system using axiomatic design and petri net modeling; and failure in a dynamic decision environment, particularly in treating patients with a chronic disease. Other chapters look at such topics as the impact of information technology integration in integrated delivery systems; operations and supply chain control for inventory management in a health system pharmacy; decision-theoretic assistants based on contextual gesture recognition; evaluating emergency response medical information systems; clinical decision support in critical care; virtual worlds in healthcare; and natural language processing for understanding contraceptive use at the VA.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of nanotoxicity modeling and its implications for the development of novel nanomedicines. It lays out the fundamentals of nanotoxicity modeling for an array of nanomaterial systems, ranging from carbon-based nanoparticles to noble metals, metal oxides, and quantum dots. The author illustrates how molecular (classical mechanics) and atomic (quantum mechanics) modeling approaches can be applied to bolster our understanding of many important aspects of this critical nanotoxicity issue. Each chapter is organized by types of nanomaterials for practicality, making this an ideal book for senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers in nanotechnology, chemistry, physics, molecular biology, and computer science. It is also of interest to academic and industry professionals who work on nanodrug delivery and related biomedical applications, and aids readers in their biocompatibility assessment efforts in the coming age of nanotechnology. This book also provides a critical assessment of advanced molecular modeling and other computational techniques to nanosafety, and highlights current and future biomedical applications of nanoparticles in relation to nanosafety.
This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the 4th Brazilian Sym- sium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2009, which was held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, during August 29-31, 2009. The BSB symposium had its origins in the Brazilian Workshop on Bioinformatics (WOB). WOB had three editions, in 2002 (Gramado, RS), in 2003 (Macae, RJ), and in 2004 (Brasilia, DF). The change in the designation from wo- shop to symposium reflects the increase in the quality of the contributions and also in the interest of the scientific community for the meeting. The previous editions of BSB took place in Sao Leopoldo, RS, in 2005, in Angra dos Reis, RJ, in 2007, and in Santo Andre, SP, in 2008. As evidence of the internationalization of the event, BSB 2009 had 55 submissions from seven countries. Of the 55 papers submitted, 36 were full papers, with up to 12 pages each, and 19 were extended abstracts, with up to 4 pages each. The articles submitted were carefully reviewed and selected by an international Program Comm- tee, comprising three chairs and 45 members from around the world, with the help of 21 additional reviewers. The Program Committee Chairs are very thankful to the - thors of all submitted papers, and especially to the Program Committee members and the additional reviewers, who helped select the 12 full papers and the six extended abstracts that make up this book.
Addressing the origin, current status, and future development of point-of-care diagnostics, and serving to integrate knowledge and tools from Analytical Chemistry, Bioengineering, Biomaterials, and Nanotechnology, this book focusses on addressing the collective and combined needs of industry and academia (including medical schools) to effectively conduct interdisciplinary research. In addition to summarizing and detailing developed diagnostic devices, this book will attempt to point out the possible future trends of development for point-of-care diagnostics using both scientifically based research and practical engineering needs with the aim to help novices comprehensively understand the development of point-of-care diagnostics. This includes demonstrating several common but critical principles and mechanisms used in point-of-care diagnostics that address practical needs (e.g., disease or healthcare monitoring) using two well-developed examples so far: 1) blood glucose meters (via electrochemistry); and, 2) pregnancy tests (via lateral flow assay). Readers of this book will come to fully comprehend how to develop point-of-care diagnostics devices, and will be inspired to contribute to a critical global cause - the development of inexpensive, effective, and portable in vitro diagnostics tools (for any purpose) that can be used either at home or in resource limited areas.
In the post-genomic era, a holistic understanding of biological systems and p- cesses,inalltheircomplexity,is criticalincomprehendingnature'schoreography of life. As a result, bioinformatics involving its two main disciplines, namely, the life sciences and the computational sciences, is fast becoming a very promising multidisciplinary research ?eld. With the ever-increasing application of lar- scalehigh-throughputtechnologies,suchasgeneorproteinmicroarraysandmass spectrometry methods, the enormous body of information is growing rapidly. Bioinformaticians are posed with a large number of di?cult problems to solve, arising not only due to the complexities in acquiring the molecular infor- tion but also due to the size and nature of the generated data sets and/or the limitations of the algorithms required for analyzing these data. Although the ?eld of bioinformatics is still in its embryonic stage, the recent advancements in computational and information-theoretic techniques are enabling us to c- ductvariousinsilicotestingandscreeningofmanylab-basedexperimentsbefore these are actually performed in vitro or in vivo. These in silico investigations are providing new insights for interpretation and establishing a new direction for a deeper understanding. Among the various advanced computational methods currently being applied to such studies, the pattern recognition techniques are mostly found to be at the core of the whole discovery process for apprehending the underlying biological knowledge. Thus, we can safely surmise that the - going bioinformatics revolution may, in future, inevitably play a major role in many aspects of medical practice and/or the discipline of life sciences.
Big Data Analytics for Intelligent Healthcare Management covers both the theory and application of hardware platforms and architectures, the development of software methods, techniques and tools, applications and governance, and adoption strategies for the use of big data in healthcare and clinical research. The book provides the latest research findings on the use of big data analytics with statistical and machine learning techniques that analyze huge amounts of real-time healthcare data.
The two volume set LNCS 9043 and 9044 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, IWBBIO 2015, held in Granada, Spain in April 2015. The 134 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 268 submissions. The scope of the conference spans the following areas: bioinformatics for healthcare and diseases, biomedical engineering, biomedical image analysis, biomedical signal analysis, computational genomics, computational proteomics, computational systems for modelling biological processes, eHealth, next generation sequencing and sequence analysis, quantitative and systems pharmacology, Hidden Markov Model (HMM) for biological sequence modeling, advances in computational intelligence for bioinformatics and biomedicine, tools for next generation sequencing data analysis, dynamics networks in system medicine, interdisciplinary puzzles of measurements in biological systems, biological networks, high performance computing in bioinformatics, computational biology and computational chemistry, advances in drug discovery and ambient intelligence for bio emotional computing.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed conference proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Simulation (ISBMS) which was held in Strasbourg, France, in October 2014. Biomedical modeling and simulation are at the center stage of worldwide efforts to understand and replicate the behavior and function of the human organism. Large scale initiatives such as the Physiome Project, Virtual Physiological Human and Blue Brain Project aim to develop advanced computational models that will facilitate the understanding of the integrative function of cells, organs, and organisms, with the ultimate goal of delivering truly personalized medicine. At the same time, progress in modeling, numerical techniques and haptics has enabled more complex and interactive simulations. The 27 revised full papers (including 16 regular and 11 short papers) were carefully selected from 45 submissions and cover topics such as training systems and haptics, physics-based registration, vascular modeling and simulation, image and simulation, modeling, surgical planning, analysis, characterization and validation.
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mobile Communication and Healthcare, MobiHealth 2017, held in Vienna, Austria, in November 2017. The 34 revised full papers were reviewed and selected from more than 50 submissions and are organized in topical sections covering data analysis, systems, work-in-process, pervasive and wearable health monitoring, advances in healthcare services, design for healthcare, advances in soft wearable technology for mobile-health, sensors and circuits.
How do firms jointly develop open information infrastructures? To answer this question, this book draws on the results of a longitudinal research project covering the development of the pharmaceutical distribution industry in China from 2004 to 2012, focusing on the emergence and subsequent evolution of industry-wide information infrastructures. How do firms delimit areas of proprietary innovation in open innovation projects? How do firms coordinate, initiate, negotiate and implement the development of innovative infrastructures? How do processes and practices within firms enable and constrain such collective efforts? - This book provides answers to these questions and draws conclusions regarding the challenges and new capabilities that firms will need in a world in which participation in the building of open information infrastructures becomes a necessary task for commercial organizations.
This book focuses on the innovative and more critical management approach adopted in the PA (Public Administration) in order to identify and describe the main models and instruments to economically evaluate the decision making process in accordance to the specific conditions such as efficiency, effectiveness, cost and equity. The manuscript pays special attention to this sector by identifying, investigating and applying the main evaluation models (logic and methods) of the decision making process, in particular in terms of investment decisions. In the recent decades, with reference to PA, several managerial approaches have been developed from a business management perspective. These managerial approaches differ in terms of variables analyzed, such as the role of governance or the specific logics and mechanisms applied, but all of them have a common goal, which is the improvement of efficiency, effectiveness, economic and equitable decision making and operations in the PA. This book investigates the different mentioned frameworks adopting a wider and integrated analysis perspective on the evaluation of investments in the health care system.
This book provides a current view of the research and commercial landscape of diagnostics devices, particularly those that utilize microscale technologies, intended for both patient and laboratory use. Common diagnostic devices that are based on microfluidic principles include glucose sensors for diabetic patients and over-the-counter pregnancy tests. Other diagnostic devices are being developed to quickly test a patient for bacterial and viral infections, and other diseases. The chapters, written by experts from around the world, discuss how to fabricate, apply, and market microfluidic diagnostic chips - for lab and at-home use. Most importantly, the book also contains a discussion of topics relevant to the private sector, including patient-focused, market-oriented development of diagnostics devices.
DENTAL ASSISTING INSTRUMENT GUIDE, 2nd Edition is the ideal pocket study guide, presenting the numerous instruments used in modern dentistry, along with proper functions, parts, and tray set-ups. Instruments for all practice areas are covered in detail, alongside supporting hundreds of color photos that make memorization easy. Compact and organized for quick reference, DENTAL ASSISTING INSTRUMENT GUIDE, 2nd Edition provides the fundamental instrument knowledge dental assistants need for success in the ever-changing field of dentistry
Enter the OR with confidence Here's your go-to guide to the vast array of surgical instruments and equipment used in the OR today. This spiral-bound text/atlas delivers over 725 full-color photographs, detailed specifications, and comprehensive coverage you won't find anywhere else. Thoroughly updated and revised throughout to reflect the practice of surgery today, it's the resource you'll turn to every day.
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