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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Health Information Science, held in Beijing, China, in April 2012. The 15 full papers presented together with 1 invited paper and 3 industry/panel statements in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. The papers cover all aspects of the health information sciences and the systems that support this health information management and health service delivery. The scope includes 1) medical/health/biomedicine information resources, such as patient medical records, devices and equipments, software and tools to capture, store, retrieve, process, analyze, optimize the use of information in the health domain, 2) data management, data mining, and knowledge discovery (in health domain), all of which play a key role in decision making, management of public health, examination of standards, privacy and security issues, and 3) development of new architectures and applications for health information systems.
This open access book comprehensively covers the fundamentals of clinical data science, focusing on data collection, modelling and clinical applications. Topics covered in the first section on data collection include: data sources, data at scale (big data), data stewardship (FAIR data) and related privacy concerns. Aspects of predictive modelling using techniques such as classification, regression or clustering, and prediction model validation will be covered in the second section. The third section covers aspects of (mobile) clinical decision support systems, operational excellence and value-based healthcare. Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science is an essential resource for healthcare professionals and IT consultants intending to develop and refine their skills in personalized medicine, using solutions based on large datasets from electronic health records or telemonitoring programmes. The book's promise is "no math, no code"and will explain the topics in a style that is optimized for a healthcare audience.
Worldwide, the population ageing is a reality. The concept of Active Ageing, adopted by the World Health Organization, aims to guarantee quality ageing and appears as a strategy to solve this demographic challenge. The technological solutions might have a key role in the promotion of human functioning and in the mitigation of disabilities, particularly those resulting from the natural ageing process. This perspective is evident in the development of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) solutions. In this context, it is relevant to know about the recent developments in AAL and discuss future trends and challenges in this area. One of the objectives of this book is to do a systematic literature review on AAL, not only considering the technology used, but also the health condition that is intended to improve. For this purpose, we consider the human functioning, in particular the conceptual model of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Considering that the ICF conceptual framework is accepted within the healthcare domain, the use of its concepts and terminologies to promote multidisciplinary approaches for AAL solutions development processes can help to overcome difficulties of communication between users, careers and technological developers. AAL solutions must consider in their development the needs of the person that will use AAL solutions. The development must be user-centred and usability questions cannot be forgotten. In addition, the acceptance of the AAL solutions is closely related to the quality of the systems, so it is necessary to appropriately assess these solutions.
This volume highlights recent advances using iPS cells in disease modeling and medical applications along with new technologies that enhance the power of iPS cells. While the discovery of iPS cells has provided excellent opportunities for developing models of human diseases, platforms for drug discovery and cell therapies, iPS cell technology still faces many challenges. Presenting the latest advances in this rapidly evolving research area, this book is intended to widen the community of researchers and clinicians interested in the exciting field of iPS cells.
This brand new edition describes in detail the tests involved in urodynamic investigation and shows in which clinical areas these tests can help the management of patients. The authors concentrate on common clinical problems and on the presentation of symptom complexes rather than diagnosis, pointing out any limitations and possible artefacts of investigation. * The new edition takes into account the technological innovations that have taken place over the last 10 years, while retaining the original objectives of the first edition. * The subject is presented so simply that a clinician with no previous experience will learn how to use the appropriate equipment in the correct situation. * Urodynamic investigation is described in such detail that it can be accepted in its own right as a fundamental contribution to the management of many patients. After reading this book, clinicians will appreciate the value and limitations of the subject and will have obtained the necessary practical advice on which equipment to use in which situation.
A complete, how-to-do-it guide to planning, programming, implementing, and trouble-shooting todays pacemakers and other implantable cardiac devices Edited by a team of leading clinician-educators this is a practical, go-to reference for trainees and clinical staff who are new to or less experienced with the programming and management of implantable devices. It distills device best-practices into a single, quick-reference volume that focuses on essential tasks, common pitfalls, and likely complications. Each chapter follows a hands-on, how-to-do-it approach that helps readers quickly master even the most challenging device-related taskssuch as programming and how to respond confidently when complications arise. Todays pacemakers and other implantable EP devices are to earlier versions what smart phones are to rotary phones. They are not only smaller and more comfortable; they offer complex programming options that allow clinicians to adapt a device to individual patient requirements. As they continue to become smaller, smarter, and more adaptable, these devices also become more challenging for clinicians to set up, manage and monitor. This unique, quick-reference guide dramatically reduces the learning curve for mastering this essential technology by giving doctors and technicians the how-to information they need. Focuses on tasks clinicians perform, including pre-implementation, planning, programming, management, troubleshooting, and more Shows how expert clinicians achieve optimal outcomes in their own labs with real-world examples Features more than 300 images, including ECGs, X-ray and fluoroscopy, images from device interrogation, intracardiac electrograms, and color electoanatomical maps Provides eight videos on an accompanying website demonstrating key tasks and techniques? Also available in an eBook version, enhanced with instructional videos, How-to Manual for Pacemaker and ICD Devices is an indispensable tool of the trade for electrophysiologists, fellows in electrophysiology, EP nurses, technical staff, and industry professionals.
In this book, leading authors in the field discuss the habitats of tomorrow. These habitats will be connected through autonomous and assistive systems, turning habitats into health resorts. This book discusses how assistance technologies enable a smooth transition from comfortable health support to medical or nursing care. The contributions have been chosen and invited at the 9th AAL congress, Frankfurt.
This practical text aims to demystify electrophysiology for the cardia c trainee and details the management of different types of arrhythmias, one of the most common cardiac conditions.
Known as the bible of biomedical engineering, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition, sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it has served as a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals, the first volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in physiological systems, biomechanics, biomaterials, bioelectric phenomena, and neuroengineering. More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including cardiac biomechanics, the mechanics of blood vessels, cochlear mechanics, biodegradable biomaterials, soft tissue replacements, cellular biomechanics, neural engineering, electrical stimulation for paraplegia, and visual prostheses. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.
How data from our health-related Internet searches can lead to discoveries about diseases and symptoms and help patients deal with diagnoses. Most of us have gone online to search for information about health. What are the symptoms of a migraine? How effective is this drug? Where can I find more resources for cancer patients? Could I have an STD? Am I fat? A Pew survey reports more than 80 percent of American Internet users have logged on to ask questions like these. But what if the digital traces left by our searches could show doctors and medical researchers something new and interesting? What if the data generated by our searches could reveal information about health that would be difficult to gather in other ways? In this book, Elad Yom-Tov argues that Internet data could change the way medical research is done, supplementing traditional tools to provide insights not otherwise available. He describes how studies of Internet searches have, among other things, already helped researchers track to side effects of prescription drugs, to understand the information needs of cancer patients and their families, and to recognize some of the causes of anorexia. Yom-Tov shows that the information collected can benefit humanity without sacrificing individual privacy. He explains why people go to the Internet with health questions; for one thing, it seems to be a safe place to ask anonymously about such matters as obesity, sex, and pregnancy. He describes in detrimental effects of "pro-anorexia" online content; tells how computer scientists can scour search engine data to improve public health by, for example, identifying risk factors for disease and centers of contagion; and tells how analyses of how people deal with upsetting diagnoses help doctors to treat patients and patients to understand their conditions.
This book offers examples of how data science, big data, analytics, and cloud technology can be used in healthcare to significantly improve a hospital's IT Energy Efficiency along with information on the best ways to improve energy efficiency for healthcare in a cost effective manner. The book builds on the work done in other sectors (mainly data centers) in effectively measuring and improving IT energy efficiency and includes case studies illustrating power and cooling requirements within Green Healthcare. Making Healthcare Green will appeal to professionals and researchers working in the areas of analytics and energy efficiency within the healthcare fields.
This book provides a novel solution for existing challenges in wireless body sensor networks (WBAN) such as network lifetime, fault tolerant approaches, reliability, security, and privacy. The contributors first discuss emerging trends of WBAN in the present health care system. They then provide possible solutions to challenges inherent in WBANs. Finally, they discuss results in working environments. Topics include communication protocols of implanted, wearable and nano body sensor networks; energy harvesting methodologies and experimentation for WBAN; reliability analysis and fault tolerant architecture for WBAN; and handling network failure during critical duration. The contributors consist of researchers and practitioners in WBAN around the world.
This reference, written by leading authorities in the field, gives basic theory, implementation details, advanced research, and applications of RF and microwave in healthcare and biosensing. It first provides a solid understanding of the fundamentals with coverage of the basics of microwave engineering and the interaction between electromagnetic waves and biomaterials. It then presents the state-of-the-art development in microwave biosensing, implantable devices -including applications of microwave technology for sensing biological tissues - and medical diagnosis, along with applications involving remote patient monitoring. this book is an ideal reference for RF and microwave engineer working on, or thinking of working on, the applications of RF and Microwave technology in medicine and biology. Learn: The fundamentals of RF and microwave engineering in healthcare and biosensing How to combine biological and medical aspects of the field with underlying engineering concepts How to implement microwave biosensing for material characterization and cancer diagnosis Applications and functioning of wireless implantable biomedical devices and microwave non-contact biomedical radars How to combine devices, systems, and methods for new practical applications
This compendium contains 10 chapters written by world renowned researchers with expertise in semantic computing, genome sequence analysis, biomolecular interaction, time-series microarray analysis, and machine learning algorithms.The salient feature of this book is that it highlights eight types of computational techniques to tackle different biomedical applications. These techniques include unsupervised learning algorithms, principal component analysis, fuzzy integral, graph-based ensemble clustering method, semantic analysis, interolog approach, molecular simulations and enzyme kinetics.The unique volume will be a useful reference material and an inspirational read for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, computer scientists, computational biologists, bioinformatics and biomedical professionals.
This book summarizes the latest research on drug and gene delivery to the central nervous system (CNS). The chapters address safety concerns regarding the nanotechnology that is needed to develop nanomedicine for clinical practice. Particular focus is given to new technologies that have emerged in recent years to deliver therapeutic materials, such as genes, drugs, and other agents using nanotechnologies of diverse origin. This is an ideal book for students, teachers, researchers, and clinicians interested in a deeper understanding of nanotechnological advances in therapeutic medicine. This book also: Broadens readers' understanding of viral vector gene delivery to the brain for treating neurogenetic diseases as well as targeted gene delivery into the brain using microbubble-facilitated focused ultrasound Covers in detail the latest developments in delivering therapeutic materials, such as siRNA delivery to the brain for treating neurological diseases, neuroprotective effects of gelatin nanoparticles in stroke, and nanowired drug delivery for brain diseases, heat stroke, and CNS injury Enriches understanding of new technologies for delivering therapeutic materials treating Alzheimer's Disease, including targeted nanodrug delivery through the blood-brain barrier and the superior neuroprotective effects of nanowired drug delivery in Alzheimer's Disease
This book is about the transformation of the biomedical information to smart healthcare, the chapters are designed to discuss the health associated factors such as genetics, lifestyle, nutrition and environmental factors. The interactions of these factors and the informatics for the analyses of their effects on health are also covered. The era of aging is approaching and the P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) medicine paradigm is becoming practical and reality. According to the Kondratiev's long wave theory, IT (information technology) and health will be the next technological revolution for the new economic cycle. This book is written for biomedical informatics scientists, clinicians, health practitioners and researchers, etc.
Founded in 2004, the Games for Health Project supports community, knowledge and business development efforts to use cutting-edge games and game technologies to improve health and health care. The Games for Health Conference brings together researchers, medical professionals and game developers to share information about the impact of games, playful interaction and game technologies on health, health care and policy. Over two days, more than 400 attendees participate in over 60 sessions provided by an international array of 80+ speakers, cutting across a wide range of activities in health and health care. Topics include exergaming, physical therapy, disease management, health behavior change, biofeedback, rehab, epidemiology, training, cognitive health, nutrition and health education.
Applied Clinical Informatics for Nurses, Second Edition employs a contextually based teaching approach to promote clinical decision making, ethical conduct, and problem solving. The text is designed to assist educators in creating significant and practical learning experiences for nursing students in clinical informatics. Its real-world approach makes it a practical handbook for both faculty and students. The Second Edition features updated and expanded content on a variety of important topics that have been identified as strategic priorities by the National Institute for Nursing Research and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Another important focus is on the interaction between patients and computers and how such interactions can affect the quality of data collected by informatics applications. Key Features: Real-world application such as fall prevention Explores bar coding and pharmacy management Chapter objectives and chapter summaries Navigate 2 Advantage Access Instructor Resources: Instructor's Manual HTML: Test Bank PowerPoint Slides
Introducing a handbook for gene regulatory network research using evolutionary computation, with applications for computer scientists, computational and system biologists This book is a step-by-step guideline for research in gene regulatory networks (GRN) using evolutionary computation (EC). The book is organized into four parts that deliver materials in a way equally attractive for a reader with training in computation or biology. Each of these sections, authored by well-known researchers and experienced practitioners, provides the relevant materials for the interested readers. The first part of this book contains an introductory background to the field. The second part presents the EC approaches for analysis and reconstruction of GRN from gene expression data. The third part of this book covers the contemporary advancements in the automatic construction of gene regulatory and reaction networks and gives direction and guidelines for future research. Finally, the last part of this book focuses on applications of GRNs with EC in other fields, such as design, engineering and robotics. Provides a reference for current and future research in gene regulatory networks (GRN) using evolutionary computation (EC) Covers sub-domains of GRN research using EC, such as expression profile analysis, reverse engineering, GRN evolution, applications Contains useful contents for courses in gene regulatory networks, systems biology, computational biology, and synthetic biology Delivers state-of-the-art research in genetic algorithms, genetic programming, and swarm intelligence Evolutionary Computation in Gene Regulatory Network Research is a reference for researchers and professionals in computer science, systems biology, and bioinformatics, as well as upper undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students. Hitoshi Iba is a Professor in the Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, at the University of Tokyo, Toyko, Japan. He is an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation and the journal of Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines. Nasimul Noman is a lecturer in the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia. From 2002 to 2012 he was a faculty member at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Noman is an Editor of the BioMed Research International journal. His research interests include computational biology, synthetic biology, and bioinformatics.
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