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Solar cooling systems can be a cost-effective and environmentally attractive air-conditioning solution. The design of such systems, however, is complex. Research carried out under the aegis of the International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling Program has shown that there is a range of seemingly subtle design decisions that can impact significantly on the performance of solar cooling systems. In order to reduce the risk of errors in the design process, this guide provides detailed and very specific engineering design information. It focuses on case study examples of installed plants that have been monitored and evaluated over the last decade. For three successful plants the design process is described in detail and the rationale for each key design decision is explained. Numerical constraints are suggested for the sizing / selection parameters of key equipment items. Moreover, the application conditions under which the system selection is appropriate are discussed. By following The Guide for any of the three specific solar cooling systems, the designer can expect to reliably achieve a robust, energy-saving solution. This book is intended as a companion to the IEA Solar Cooling Handbook which provides a general overview of the various technologies as well as comprehensive advice to enable engineers to design their own solar cooling system from first principles.
The combination of heat pumps and solar components is a recent development and has great potential for improving the energy efficiency of house and hot water heating systems. As a consequence, it can enhance the energy footprint of a building substantially. This work compares different systems, analyses their performance and illustrates monitoring techniques. It helps the reader to design, simulate and assess solar and heat pump systems. Good examples of built systems are discussed in detail and advice is given on how to design the most efficient system. This book is the first one about this combination of components and presents the state of the art of this technology. It is based on a joint research project of two programmes of the International Energy Agency: the Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC) and the Heat Pump Programme. More than 50 experts from 13 countries have participated in this research.
Passive House Details introduces the concepts, principles, and design processes of building ultralow-energy buildings. The objective of this book is to provide design goals, research, analysis, systems, details, and inspiring images of some of the most energy-efficient, carbon-neutral, healthy, and satisfying buildings currently built in the region. Other topics included: heat transfer, moisture management, performance targets, and climatic zones. Illustrated with more than 375 color images, the book is a visual catalog of construction details, materials, and systems drawn from projects contributed from forty firms. Fourteen in-depth case studies demonstrate the most energy-efficient systems for foundations, walls, floors, roofs, windows, doors, and more.
In this fully updated guide, master plumber and long-time contractor R. Dodge Woodson explains, step by step, how to install, test, and debug in-floor heating systems--the healthy, quiet, economical, and clean heating method.
Radiant Floor Heating, Second Edition now offers details on alternative fuel sources and covers new material options and installation procedures, updated code information, and state-of-the-art piping and heating equipment. Revised illustrations featuring modern products are included in this practical resource.
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Please Note: This book is written for American systems and quotes all U.S. branded goods.
The second edition of Gas Installation Technology will be of interest to all concerned with gas installation work, whether plumbers, heating engineers or dedicated gas fitters. It continues to provide a definitive text for students taking NVQ gas installation and plumbing courses, and a useful reference for operatives renewing their gas competences.
Brought fully up to date to comply with the latest regulations and best practices, it covers domestic, commercial and LPG installations, and provides essential information in a concise, readable, colourful and highly illustrated format. The new edition features enhanced diagrams and photographs to aid understanding. The second edition of "Gas Installation Technology" continues to be a companion to the author's highly successful textbook, Plumbing, and together both books offer plumbers, heating engineers and gas fitters, or students of these disciplines, unrivalled coverage of their subject. Fully revised to cover the latest legislation, best practices and current installation procedures, it covers domestic, commercial and LPG installations Still the only textbook devoted to domestic gas, commercial gas and LPG installation Concise and readable, heavily illustrated with colour diagrams and photographs to aid understanding and recall
The ideal book for students and beginning technicians, this Ninth Edition of ELECTRICITY FOR REFRIGERATION, HEATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING provides readers with the basic electrical principles necessary to understand today's modern control systems. The book's practical approach allows readers to focus exclusively on the electronics information they will use in the field, without bogging them down in unnecessary theory. The book focuses on helping readers master systematic diagnosis and troubleshooting methods and procedures that will enable them to become highly-skilled, professional HVAC-R service technicians.
Due to changes in lifestyle, people spend more time indoors. This refers not only to the time spent at home and at office premises, but also in shopping malls, recreation centers and transport vehicles. Concentrations of many pollutants are higher indoors than they are outdoors. Consequently, the indoor environment has a bigger impact on human health, well being and effectiveness.
Indoor Environment Engineering is a relatively new scientific discipline with an interdisciplinary character, using knowledge from chemistry, biology, medicine and engineering. Since the early 1990s, the number of studies in this area has grown significantly from research on indoor air parameters, new emerging pollutants in indoor air, energy saving systems of heating, to studies on ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings. Even though much progress has been made since then, a number of questions still remains open:
Management of Indoor Air Quality is a collection of 14 peer reviewed papers in Indoor Environment Engineering addressing the above issues. It includes research on HVAC impact on aerosol levels, new ventilation systems as well as air quality problems in new environments. The volume is intended for scientists, engineers, post-graduate and graduate students interested in the area of indoor environment.
This work is primarily a technical guide to the design and production of solar installations in regions where heating is an issue of upmost importance. A climate is defined as cold when the average annual temperature is lower than 10 degrees Celsius, and becomes severe if temperatures become extreme or vary significantly over the day or over the year. This affects about half the populations of developing countries.
Written by experts in the field, The Chemistry of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Composition and Measurement, Second Edition compiles data on the properties of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) and on concentrations of its constituents in indoor air. The authors focus on common natural indoor environments and environments associated with chronic exposure. They stress measurement methods and competing sources of indoor air contaminants commonly attributed to ETS.
Developed in partnership between Skills2Learn and Cengage Learning , this highly interactive workbook can be used as a resource tool for all introductory renewable energy vocational qualifications and apprenticeships. This unique workbook is designed to consolidate learners' theoretical knowledge prior to undertaking practical workshop exercises. Solar Thermal Hot Water provides learners with a thorough insight into solar thermal hot water technology including design principles, health and safety issues, performance calculations and installation, commissioning and handover. Part of the Renewable Energy Series, this unique write-in workbook can also be used alongside the Skills2Learn Solar Thermal Hot Water virtual reality e-learning programme making this a first-of-its-kind, fully integrated blended learning solution.
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Best practices for the design and engineering of geothermal HVAC systemsWith a focus on market needs and customer goals, this practical guide explains how to realize the full potential of geothermal HVAC by integrating hydronic systems and controls at maximum capacity. Modern Geothermal HVAC: Engineering and Control Applications explains how to engineer and specify geothermal HVAC for building projects in varying geographic regions. Typical details on control parameters are provided. By using the proven methods in this innovative resource, you will be able to develop highly efficient, long-lasting, and aesthetically pleasing geothermal HVAC systems. Coverage includes: Low-temperature geothermal or earth coupling Geothermal heat-pump equipment Variations in earth coupling Application of earth coupling with regard to site conditions Closed-loop earth coupling and fusion Intermediate heat exchanger usage in geothermal applications Standing column and open geothermal systems Fundamentals of comfort, psychrometrics, and thermodynamics Hydronic and air HVAC system basics Hydronic HVAC system equipment Variations and improvements to hydronic systems Control systems Load sharing and energy recovery Calculating system efficiencies, heat gain, and loss Geothermal rebates, incentives, and renewables legislation
The easy way to keep your HVAC systems humming. Meet the demand for better quality and efficiency in air systems by mastering the latest TAB (testing, adjusting, and balancing) techniques in the Third Edition of HVAC Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing Manual, by John Gladstone and W. David Bevirt. This time-saving productivity tool puts at your fingertips proven TAB methodologies, equations, and calculations for system balancing, controls, clean rooms, sound vibration and more. Its the only resource you need to: balance air and water distribution systems; adjust the total system to provide specified quantities; perform accurate electrical measurements; establish quantitative performance of all equipment; verify automatic controls; measure sound and vibration with complete confidence; and much more.
This book provides a complete guide to all methods of protecting your lungs from harmful wood dust. Completely revised and updated, this new edition provides the latest information on dust control and dust collection products for amateur woodworkers, professional carpenters and woodwork rooms in schools and colleges. - Developing a dust-control strategy - Planning shop ventilation - Combining dust-control measures - Choosing masks and respirators - Installing air filtration - Making the best of shop vacuums - Designing central dust collection - Cutting and installing ductwork - - Collection hoods - Testing a duct system - Capturing dust from portable tools - * A practical guide to respirators, shop vacuums, central collection systems, air filtration devices and more. * Design, build and install a system that is right for your workshop. * Fully revised to take account of the very latest technology and products - nowadays safety in the workshop is is as important as light and power. * First edition published 1995 (ISBN 1-56158-116-X).
This leading authority in small theatre stagecraft shows and tells how professional-quality lighting can be achieved within the limitations of school auditoriums, community theatres and churches. Part I contains a short section on stage lighting in general, plus a number of lighting solutions for specific programs and locations. Part II contains more detailed information on dimmers, lamps, spotlight types, filters, connectors, control boards, homemade equipment and the like. This is a workshop book with many art illustrations.
As our dependence on and need for abundant energy grows, it becomes
increasingly important for engineers and managers to develop and
maintain energy efficient systems and build effective energy
management programs. Energy Management in Illuminating Systems
presents the latest concepts, innovative methods, and state-of-the
art technologies in commercial or industrial lighting systems and
Heat Conversion Systems develops the underlying concepts of
advanced Rankine-based absorption and compression cycles and
introduces the Building Block Approach as a general concept. The
Building Block Approach identifies all cycle configurations for a
given application to ensure that system designers have available
all important alternatives. The book features numerous examples of
advanced cycles and includes single- and multi-stage absorption
heat pumps and heat transformers and combined systems. The book
also discusses single- and multi-stage vapor compression systems
with multiple solution circuits, multiple compressors, and
cascades. Aspects of working fluid selection and their influence on
cycle options, performance evaluation, and estimating procedures
for the Coefficient of Performance (COP) are addressed. Cycle
analysis based on the Second Laws of Thermodynamics is examined.
This text has been designed for students taking mechanics and technician courses at technical schools, colleges and other training institutions. It is a practical guide to refrigeration and air-conditioning maintenance and service.;The "Motivate" series has been developed to meet the need for practical, appropriate and up-to-date technical and vocational core textbooks. The series is based on the principle that each book must be relevant to the needs of the reader, and contain all that is required for a comprehensive understanding and study of the subject area. Each title in the series highlights the key concepts; includes illustrations, examples and exercises; features end-of-chapter summaries allowing for self-check, followed by exercises and questions; answers to the questions and a list of key words.
Develop the knowledge and skills you need to maintain and troubleshoot today's complex heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems with REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNOLOGY, 8th Edition. This practical, easy-to-understand book provides hands-on guidance, practical applications, and the solid foundation you need to fully understand today's HVAC service and repair, its environmental challenges, and their solutions. Focused on sustainable technology in today's HVAC/R industry with an emphasis on new technologies and green awareness, the 8th Edition covers the latest advances in the industry and the all-important soft skills and customer relations issues that impact customer satisfaction and employment success. Memorable examples, more than 260 supporting photos, and unique Service Call features bring concepts to life and help you develop the critical skills you need for success in your future career. Now available with this text is The Complete HVAC Lab Manual, which features over 250 lab exercises, covering 15 topic areas. See the supplements section for more details.
In the almost sixty years since the publication of the first edition of HVAC Engineer's Handbook, it has become widely known as a highly useful and definitive reference for HVAC engineers and technicians alike, and those working on domestic hot and cold water services, gas supply and steam services.The 11th edition continues in the tradition of previous editions, being easily transportable and therefore an integral part of the HVAC engineer or technician's daily tools. Newly updated data on natural ventilation, ventilation rates, free cooling and night-time cooling, make the 11th edition of the HVAC Engineer's Handbook a vital source of information.Fred Porges has worked in both the manufacturing and process industries, and became a partner in a building services consultancy in 1962. He has held senior positions with design contractors, and his experience covers every building service and type of building from schools to housing, factories to laboratories.
Industrial hygienists and ventilation engineers know the name well: W.C.L. Hemeon. Since 1955, those professionals have frequently looked to Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation for essential information on industrial ventilation. Hemeon's longtime influence and inspiration has now prompted D. Jeff Burton-a prolific author on industrial ventilation himself-to produce a Fourth Edition of "the classic industrial ventilation text." While retaining Hemeon's distinctive writing style, conveying practical information in vivid phrasing, Burton has added extensive new information to recognize today's technology and techniques. Essential fundamentals of ventilation covered in the book include an explanation about the dynamic properties of airborne contaminants, and the principles of dispersion mechanism and local exhaust. Advanced applications are also examined in detail, particularly system design, dust control, and troubleshooting. Along with providing essential background on the two primary types of workplace ventilation-general and local exhaust-Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation also aims for mutual understanding between the health-oriented priorities of industrial hygienists, and the practical applications for maximum efficiency considered by ventilation engineers. Have a well-thumbed, dog-eared copy of Hemeon's Plant & Process Ventilation? Now is the best time to retire it in favor of this revised-and respectful-edition. Those who are new to Hemeon's approach will discover what other professionals have known more than 40 years: Hemeon offers some of the most effective ways to control environmental contaminates through proper ventilation techniques.
What more appealing scene can you conjure up on a wintry day than a
pair of comfortable armchairs pulled up to a crackling fire while
wisps of smoke curl from the chimney top? All your senses are in
use--the sight of the flickering flames, the sound of the crackling
logs, the warmth on your face, and the fragrance and taste of wood
smoke. The hearth truly is the essential core of every home,
whether it is an actual fireplace or merely a mantel displaying the
treasures and trophies of intertwined lives. Long past the days of
strictly utilitarian purpose, fireplaces and stoves are a design
feature in their own right. They are available in an array of
styles, sizes, and colors; offer a variety of fuel choices; and
feature benefits beyond mere aesthetics, including heat and
cooking. Fireplaces and heat sources are also widely found in many
rooms throughout the house, including the family or living room,
bedroom, kitchen, and bathroom, as well as outdoors. And the latest
innovations in fireplace and stove technologies make having one no
longer an expensive proposition.
More than a billion people still live in semi-darkness after sunset, no better off than in earlier centuries, mainly because they are beyond the reach of mains electricity. The traditional forms of lighting such as candles and oil lamps tend to be inefficient and inadequate yet most of the more recent types of lights like kerosene pressure lamps (Tilley Lamps), butane lights with incandescent mantles or dry-cell powered torches (flashlights) have such high running costs that they are too expensive for anything except occasional use. Recent technical developments have led to new possibilities such as high-efficiency folded tube fluorescent lamps that can be substituted for a conventional light bulb yet use only one fifth of the electricity to produce the same amount of light. Such efficient lamps can now allow the economic use of solar photovoltaic power systems to convert and store sunshine during the day into electricity to provide lighting at night. These, and other new lighting technologies are becoming available and more affordable, but it is difficult to know which types and sizes are most appropriate for different purposes and to evaluate their cost-effectiveness in comparison with traditional lighting techniques. Also, as with most products that are only newly available and not well understood, the quality of many kinds of lighting system is quite variable and the potential user will often benefit from some advice on what features to look for to ensure reliability and maximum cost-effectiveness. To meet their needs, this book primarily addresses the question of choosing and using "stand-alone" lighting systems. It also considers some of the more general problems of using lights, such as sizing and positioning them correctly for different purposes, the use of reflectors and other methods of improving lighting efficiency. Such questions are of relevance to people using mains electric lighting as much as for those living in remote areas. The book also includes a "buyers' guide" section providing up-todate information on lighting systems and products. "Rural Lighting" has been jointly published with The Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
The residential sector consumes a vast amount of energy. This situation has resulted in an increased interest by the scientific community in the subject of energy saving. In the present work, the authors examine the characteristics of some newer systems and options for energy savings in residential buildings. Sources for optimally heating buildings, energy systems distribution, thermal energy storage systems, control systems among other improvements and operations, which may help to reduce energy consumption in the residential sector, are discussed. The possibilities of use of heat pumps in technical systems, passive solar heating and water heating in domestic hot-water systems are also outlined. Special attention is paid to the problem of energy storage in energy systems.
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