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Inefficient energy use in buildings is both increasingly expensive and unsustainable. Indeed, the reduction of the energy consumption of existing buildings is as least as important as the design of new low-energy buildings. Controlling energy use is one thing, but it is important to assess or estimate it, and to understand the range of interventions for reducing its use and the methods for assessing the cost effectiveness of these measures. This comprehensive guide clearly and concisely covers the various issues from a theoretical standpoint and provides practical, worked examples where appropriate, along with examples of how the calculations are carried out. Topics covered include: * where and how energy is used in buildings * energy audits * measuring and monitoring energy use * techniques for reducing energy use in buildings * legislative issues. It provides a template for instigating the energy management process within an organization, as well as guidance on management issues such as employee motivation, and gives practical details on how to carry it through. This book should appeal to building managers and facilities managers and also to students of energy management modules in FE and HE courses.
Understanding Indoor Air Quality presents a comprehensive examination of indoor air pollution that addresses the scope, origins, social context, and human health consequences of this emerging public health issue. Topics including the history, social context, and point sources of pollutants and their subsequent consequences are discussed. New and practical approaches for the diagnosis of indoor air quality problems are also addressed. The book's extensive coverage of indoor air pollution makes it essential for physicians, nurses, industrial hygienists, safety professionals, building owners and managers, office managers and workers, as well as others concerned with this problem.
Growth in photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing worldwide continues to increase. In parallel, appropriate standards and certification schemes are being developed. During this transition period, clear guidance is crucial for integrating this technology into working practices of professionals in the building sector. This book offers such guidance, detailing every subject necessary for successful project implementation, from the technical design to the legal and market issues of PV installation. Beginning with resource assessment and an outline of the core components, this guide comprehensively covers system design, economic analysis, installation, operation and maintenance of PV systems.
The art and the science of building systems design evolve continuously as designers, practitioners, and researchers all endeavor to improve the performance of buildings and the comfort and productivity of their occupants. Retaining coverage from the original second edition while updating the information in electronic form, Heating and Cooling of Buildings Design for Efficiency, Revised Second Edition presents the technical basis for designing the lighting and mechanical systems of buildings.
Along with numerous homework problems, the revised second edition offers a full chapter on economic analysis and optimization, new heating and cooling load procedures and databases, and simplified procedures for ground coupled heat transfer calculations. The accompanying CD-ROM contains an updated version of the Heating and Cooling of Buildings (HCB) software program as well as electronic appendices that include over 1,000 tables in HTML format that can be searched by major categories, a table list, or an index of topics. Ancillary information is available on the book s website www.hcbcentral.com
From materials to computers, this edition explores the latest technologies exerting a profound effect on the design and operation of buildings. Emphasizing design optimization and critical thinking, the book continues to be the ultimate resource for understanding energy use in buildings.
With its unique ability to transfer heat over large distances with minimal loss, the heat pipe has emerged as a proven environmentally friendly, energy-saving solution for passive thermal control. However, until recently, the high cost and complex construction use of these marvelous mechanisms has generally limited their use to space technology.
Written by a former senior chief scientist at Lockheed who has also worked for Westinghouse and the U.S Air Force, Heat Pipe Design and Technology: A Practical Approach provides a practical study of modern heat pipe engineering in nuclear and solar energy applications, discussing how it can be optimized and made more cost-effective for use on a wider scale. An introduction to operational and design principles, this book explores the use of heat pipes, particularly in high-heat flux applications and in situations in which there is any combination of non-uniform heat loading, limited airflow over the heat generating components, and space or weight constraints. It also discusses design and application of self-controlled, variable-conductance heat pipes for thermal control in spacecraft.
Offering a review of heat and mass transfer theory relevant to performance, the book covers issues that can affect successful heat pipe operation, including:
With its presentation of mathematical models to calculate heat transfer limitations and temperature gradient of both high- and low-temperature heat pipes, the book compares calculated results with the available experimental data from various sources to increase confidence in existing models. It also explains where and how readers can access helpful interactive computer codes and a series of computer programs developed by the author to support presented data, aid design, and predict performance.
HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers: Fundamentals, Application, and Operation, Second Edition explores the major improvements in recent years to many chiller and cooling tower components that have resulted in improved performance and lower operating costs. This new edition looks at how climate change and "green" designs have significantly impacted the selection of refrigerants and the application of chilled water systems. It also discusses the expanded use of digital controls and variable frequency drives as well as the re-introduction of some older technologies, especially ammonia-based absorption cooling.
The first half of the book focuses on water chillers and the second half addresses cooling towers. In both sections, the author includes the following material:
This up-to-date book provides HVAC designers, building owners, operating and maintenance staff, architects, and mechanical contractors with definitive and practical guidance on the application, design, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. It offers helpful information for you to use on a daily basis, including checklists and troubleshooting guidelines.
This is the book for anyone who wants a quick, easy-to-understand and affordable guide to mastering basic household plumbing and heating jobs. A straightforward guide to plumbing and central heating tasks Master Basic Plumbing and Central Heating is a straightforward guide to such easy, yet frequently mysterious, tasks as replacing a radiator or changing a tap; it also offers ample help for such crises as blocked toilets and frozen pipes. It will tell you all about the layout of a house and water system, then show you how to undertake basic emergency repairs; complete small and achievable projects; and even tackle bigger things like installing a bathroom suite or plumbing in a dishwasher. With plenty of illustrations, step-by-step guides, a full glossary and a whole chapter on how and when to call in expert help, this book is perfect for you if you dread the expense of call-out charges and labour. Master Basic Plumbing and Central Heating includes: Chapter 1: The plumbing in your home Incoming cold water supply Cold supply inside the dwelling The storage cistern The toilet flushing cistern Hard and soft water Water softeners and water conditioners The above-ground drainage system The below-ground drainage system Protective equipotential earth bond Chapter 2: Hot water in your home Gas installations Oil installations Flues and ventilation for gas- and oil-burning appliances Hot water supply Hot water storage systems Direct systems of hot water supply Indirect systems of hot water supply Instantaneous systems of domestic hot water supply Thermal storage systems of hot water supply Choice of domestic hot water supply Chapter 3: Domestic central heating Radiant heating Central heating systems using radiators Radiators and heat emitters The boiler Heating controls Protecting heating systems Chapter 4: Emergencies and contingency work 1 Turning off the water supply Draining water from the various systems A dripping tap Water leaking from the body of a tap Lack of water flow from a tap Toilet will not flush Toilet continuously discharging water into the pan Toilet or storage cistern overflowing Toilet leaks when it is flushed Chapter 5: Emergencies and contingency work 2 Burst pipes Noises from the pipework Hot water problems Blockages to the waste water pipework Smell of gas fumes Chapter 6: Plumbing processes Corrosion Pipework used for water supplies Copper pipework and fittings Bending copper tube Plastic pipework and fittings for hot and cold pipework Specialist plumbing tools Chapter 7: Ancillary works and maintenance Employing a qualified professional Gas or oil boiler maintenance Gas fire maintenance General plumbing maintenance Chapter 8: Undertaking small plumbing projects Installing a washing machine or dishwasher Installing a water softener Making a branch connection to the existing vertical soil pipe Installing an outside tap Removing a radiator to decorate behind it Repairing the incoming water supply main Replacing the supply main Installing a new storage cistern Faulty immersion heaters Insulating to prevent freezing and frost damage Installing new guttering and rainwater pipes Installing a new WC suite Installing a new sink, basin or bath taps Installing a new sink, basin or bath Installing a shower cubicle Replacing a shower booster pump Learn effortlessly with a new easy-to-read page design and interactive features: Not got much time? One, five and ten-minute introductions to key principles to get you started. Author insights Lots of instant help with common problems and quick tips for success, based on the author's many years of experience. Test yourself Tests in the book and online to keep track of your progress. Extend your knowledge Extra online articles to give you a richer understanding of the subject. Five things to remember Quick refreshers to help you remember the key facts. Try this Innovative exercises illustrate what you've learnt and how to use it.
This report provides clarification of Part L and its revisions, helping you to fully understand the requirements and ways of demonstrating compliance in new and existing buildings.
The building of the American Army in World War II from a tiny, outdated and ill-equipped force into one of the mightiest armies of the world was rightly described by Sir Winston Churchill as being a prodigy of organization. Its value to the Allied cause was immeasurable and it had a fine fighting record all over the world. The US Army was marvellously well-equipped, thanks to American inventiveness, know-how and technological prowess, and by 1945 it led the world in weaponry, strategic mobility and logistic capabilities.
Artificial lighting has become so commonplace that it can sometimes be taken for granted and therein lies a possible minefield of related health and safety problems. Lighting for Health and Safety guides the reader through the fundamentals of vision and lighting. It highlights the potential health and safety problems that can develop as a consequence of inadequate lighting and, further, advises of the necessary remedies available, in order to produce optimum lighting conditions for the workplace. This book will therefore assist the practitioner in compliance with legislation. First book to address this field Written for the practising professional
A series of studies of homes in England show that around 15% - or
some 3 million homes - suffer problems with damp and mould, largely
because of poor ventilation. The impact on public health and
quality of life is substantial.
The need for clean air has probably never been greater. Many industrial employees need to avoid exposure to airborne particulates, while certain industrial processes demand clean air of exceptional quality. Medical and biological fields rely on sterile air, while filtration can improve air quality in offices, homes and all types of transport. Filters act in a variety of complex and subtle ways. Each chapter introduces its subject matter simply, before tackling the problem in greater depth. The book therefore provides an excellent basis for detailed study, but is also invaluable to anyone needing an overview of the subject. Essential reading for industrial hygienists and engineers requiring an understanding of filtration, and for anyone whose work involves the maintenance or monitoring of air quality.
Steam Generation from Biomass: Construction and Design of Large Boilers provides in-depth coverage of steam generator engineering for biomass combustion. It presents the design process and the necessary information needed for an understanding of not only the function of different components of a steam generator, but also what design choices have been made. Professor Vakkilainen explores each particular aspect of steam generator design from the point-of-view of pressure part design, mechanical design, layout design, process design, performance optimization, and cost optimization. Topics such as fuels and their emissions, steam-water circulation, auxiliary equipment, availability and reliability, measurements and control, manufacture, erection, and inspection are covered. Special attention is given to recovery boilers and fluidized bed boilers, and automated design and dimensioning calculation spreadsheets are available for download at the book's companion website. This book is intended for both design engineers and steam boiler operators, as well as those involved in plant management and equipment purchasing.
This text covers the fundamental science and design principles of air conditioning engineering for the student and professional alike. The author uses his experience as a lecturer to present the material in a logical and accessible manner, always introducing new techniques and ideas with the use of worked examples. This new edition has been updated to provide greater coverage of developments in safety, hygiene and reduced energy consumption. The use of computerized controls is emphasized and recent advances in refrigeration are considered.;An ELBS/LPBB edition is available.
This book serves as a guide for discovering pathways to more efficient energy use. The first part of the book illustrates basic laws of energy conversion and principles of thermodynamics. Laws of energy conservation and direction of energy conversion are formulated in detail, and the types of thermodynamic processes are explained. Also included is the characterization of various types of real energy conversion. The second part of the book discusses types of energy conversion referred to as thermal-energy technologies. The advantages of the co-generation processes and devices operating within the Brayton direct cycle and their adaptively to household energetics are underlined.
Blending information from popular mainstream articles, highly technical publications, and research journals, the second edition of Principles of Air Quality Management features new sections on air toxics, new information on chronic and acute health effects, and new approaches to the assessment of those impacts on sensitive populations. It emphasizes toxic air pollutants and alternative approaches to management of air quality in local environments. The book explains how primary pollutants form in industrial and mobile combustion processes and the latest on how they are controlled. It also presents in-depth information on the meteorology of atmospheric transport and explains how secondary photochemical pollutants form in ambient air.
'Lighting Engineering: Applied Calculations' describes the mathematical background to the calculation techniques used in lighting engineering and links them to the applications with which they are used. The fundamentals of flux and illuminance, colour, measurement and optical design are covered in detail. There are detailed discussions of specific applications, including interior lighting, road lighting, tunnel lighting, floodlighting and emergency lighting. The authors have used their years of experience to provide guidance for common mistakes and useful techniques including worked examples and case studies. The last decade has seen the universal application of personal computers to lighting engineering on a day-to-day basis. Many calculations that were previously impracticable are therefore now easily accessible to any engineer or designer who has access to an appropriate computer program. However, a grasp of the underlying calculation principles is still necessary in order to utilise these technologies to the full. Written by two of the leading authorities on this subject, 'Lighting Engineering' is essential reading for practising lighting engineers, designers and architects, and students in the field of lighting.
Designed for students and professional engineers, the fifth edition of this classic text deals with fundamental science and design principles of air conditioning engineering systems. W P Jones is an acknowledged expert in the field, and he uses his experience as a lecturer to present the material in a logical and accessible manner, always introducing new techniques with the use of worked examples.
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