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This book is a comprehensive guide to vascular imaging and endovascular interventions. Divided into fifteen sections, the first chapters provide an overview of vascular imaging, radiation safety, contrast agents and pharmacologics. The following sections cover vascular anatomy, pathology and non-invasive vascular imaging, with each topic further divided by anatomical region. The text continues with detail on angiographic techniques, then each of the following sections provides in depth information on the diagnosis and treatment of different vascular diseases. The book concludes with discussion on male and female genitoreproductive diagnosis and interventions. Written by internationally recognised authorities in the field, this book is highly illustrated with clinical images and diagrams. Key Points Comprehensive guide to vascular imaging and endovascular interventions Provides overview of vascular imaging, radiation safety, contrast agents and pharmacologics Covers diagnosis and treatment of numerous vascular disorders Internationally recognised author team
Optimize diagnostic accuracy with Problem Solving in Chest Imaging, a new volume in the Problem Solving in Radiology series. This concise title offers quick, authoritative guidance from experienced radiologists who focus on the problematic conditions you're likely to see-and how to reach an accurate diagnosis in an efficient manner. Addresses the practical aspects of chest imaging-perfect for practitioners, fellows, and senior level residents who may or may not specialize in chest radiology, but need to use and understand it. Helps you make optimal use of the latest imaging techniques and achieve confident diagnoses. Presents content by organ system and commonly encountered problems, with problem solving techniques integrated throughout. Features more than 1,500 high-quality images that provide a clear picture of what to look for when interpreting studies. Focuses on the core knowledge needed for successful results, covering anatomy, imaging techniques, imaging approach, entities by pathologic disease and anatomic region, and special situations. Key topics include Diffuse Lung Disease, Neoplasms of the Lung and Airways, Interstitial Lung Disease, Smoking-Related Lung Diseases, and Cardiovascular Disease. Shows how to avoid common problems that can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Tables and boxes with tips, pitfalls, and other teaching points show you what to look for, while problem-solving advice helps you make sound clinical decisions. Expert ConsultT eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
This atlas focuses on the imaging and treatment options available for giant intracranial aneurysms since 1990s in the beginning of the so-called modern endovascular era. During this period, there were significant advances made in the therapy of small intracranial aneurysms though the treatment of giant aneurysms continued to pose an insurmountable challenge. At the turn of this century, this grim scenario gradually improved with better understanding of the pathophysiology of giant intracranial aneurysms. This changed scenario in giant intracranial aneurysm therapy has been illustrated with the aid of informative clinical case studies. The clinical presentation of giant aneurysms in adults and children is described as are the merits of different imaging modalities explained and illustrated. Extensive consideration has been given to modern fusion imaging that has improved our insight into the nature of the disease. Endovascular treatment approaches (including illustrative open surgical approaches) and reconstructive and deconstructive strategies are fully documented, with careful attention given to factors that influence management strategies, treatment choice and complications.The atlas will be a valuable reference and practical aid for neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, fellowship trainees, postgraduate & graduate students.
This superbly illustrated book offers a comprehensive analysis of the diagnostic capabilities of CT and MRI in the skull base region with the aim of equipping readers with the knowledge required for accurate, timely diagnosis. The authors' vast experience in the diagnosis of skull base lesions means that they are ideally placed to realize this goal, with the book's contents being based on more than 10,000 histologically verified cases of frequent, uncommon, and rare diseases and disorders. In order to facilitate use, chapters are organized according to anatomic region. Readers will find clear guidance on complex diagnostic issues and ample coverage of appearances on both standard CT and MRI methods and newer technologies, including especially CT perfusion, susceptibility- and diffusion-weighted MRI (SWI and DWI), and MR spectroscopy. The book will be an ideal reference manual for neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, neuro-ophthalmologists, neuro-otolaryngologists, craniofacial surgeons, general radiologists, medical students, and other specialists with an interest in the subject.
Recent advancements in nano/micro materials and related characterization approaches allow the design of a new type of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) with enhanced multifunctional behaviour. This is chance is also supported by the recent achievements in modelling and signal processing. This book provides the state of art of the research activity of two successful European projects, TAMIRUT and SIGHT, addressing an integrated system, encompassing the contrast agent, the hardware equipment and the processing strategies, as a key tool for a combined diagnostic and therapeutic approaches (theranostics) in medical ultrasound. The work provides a highlight of the state of art in the research of novel ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs). Main progresses on the multifunctional aspects of next-generation UCAs concern targeting and drug release properties, perfusion and biointerface behaviour, ultrasound scattering performance, signal processing, electronic equipment.
This superbly illustrated book offers comprehensive and systematic coverage of the pitfalls that may arise during musculoskeletal imaging, whether as a consequence of the imaging technique itself or due to anatomical variants or particular aspects of disease. The first section is devoted to technique-specific artifacts encountered when using different imaging modalities and covers the entire range of advanced methods, including high-resolution ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography. Advice is provided on correct imaging technique. In the second section, pitfalls in imaging interpretation that may occur during the imaging of trauma to various structures and of the diseases affecting these structures are described. Misleading imaging appearances in such pathologies as inflammatory arthritides, infections, metabolic bone lesions, congenital skeletal dysplasis, tumors and tumor-like conditions are highlighted, and normal variants are also identified. Pitfalls in Musculoskeletal Radiology will be an invaluable source of information for the practicing radiologist, facilitating recognition of pitfalls of all types and avoidance of diagnostic errors and misinterpretations, with their medicolegal implications.
This book provides the reader with a detailed update on the use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with lesions of the brain and other parts of the body. The aim is not simply to explain the application of SRS and document its value with reference to the author's own clinical experiences and other published evidence, but also to contextualize the technology within a new strategic concept of cancer care. When embedded within an appropriate conceptual framework, technology becomes pivotal in changing therapeutic strategies. A new paradigm that is increasingly impacting on clinical practice is the oligometastatic state, on the basis that long-term survival might be achieved in patients with a low volume and number of metastatic lesions. This book accordingly addresses the value of SRS in patients with oligometastases of solid tumors to the brain, lung, spine, and liver. In addition, it examines the use of SRS in patients with diverse brain lesions, early-stage stage lung cancer, liver cancer, and early-stage prostate cancer. Readers will be persuaded that SRS, using cutting-edge imaging technologies to deliver precisely targeted radiation therapy, represents an exciting non-invasive procedure that holds great promise for the present and the future of cancer care.
External beam therapy is the most common form of radiotherapy, delivering ionizing radiation such as high-energy x-rays, gamma rays, or electron beams directly into the location of the patient's tumour. Now in its third edition, this book is an essential, practical guide to external beam radiotherapy planning and delivery, covering the rapid technological advances made in recent years. The initial chapters give a detailed insight into the fundamentals of clinical radiotherapy. This is followed by systematic details for each tumour site commonly treated with radiotherapy, covering indications, treatment, and planning. The final chapter covers the all important aspect of quality assurance in radiotherapy delivery. This third edition has been fully updated and revised to reflect new techniques, including details of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), image guided radiotherapy (IGRT), stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), and proton therapy. Written by experts in each field, External Beam Therapy is an invaluable companion to professionals and trainees in medical physics, therapeutic radiology, and clinical or radiation oncology. ABOUT THE SERIES Radiotherapy remains the major non-surgical treatment modality for the management of malignant disease. It is based on the application of the principles of applied physics, radiobiology, and tumour biology to clinical practice. Each volume in the series takes the reader through the basic principles of the use of ionizing radiation and then develops this by individual sites. This series of practical handbooks is aimed at physicians both training and practising in radiotherapy, as well as medical physics, dosimetrists, radiographers, and senior nurses.
First FRCR Anatomy: Mock Papers offers the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of practice cases for trainees preparing for the First FRCR Anatomy exam. Chapters presented as 15 complete mock papers, covering the full range of imaging modalities. Featuring a wealth of practice cases covering all the key topics, this book provides the essential revision tool to maximise chances of exam success. Key Points 300 high quality images, reflecting the breadth of topics encountered in the actual exam 15 mock papers to enable trainees to practice and improve exam technique Highly illustrated to simplify complex anatomy and improve understanding Edited by highly experienced radiological anatomist, Professor Jamie Weir Complements First FRCR Anatomy: Practice Cases - the complete FRCR Anatomy revision package
Written exclusively for limited radiography students, Radiography Essentials for Limited Practice, 5th Edition makes it easy to learn and perform basic procedures. This edition has been revised to improve information clarity and reflect changes in practice. It incorporates all the subjects mandated by the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) curriculum, so you will be thoroughly prepared for the ARRT Limited Scope Exam. Coverage includes the latest information on x-ray science and techniques, processing, radiation safety, radiographic anatomy, patient care, and pathology, along with updated step-by-step instructions for positioning and procedures. Concise coverage thoroughly prepares you for the ARRT Limited Scope Exam and clinical practice with the latest on x-ray science and techniques, radiation safety, radiographic anatomy, pathology, patient care, ancillary clinical skills, and positioning of upper and lower extremities, spine, chest and head. Step-by-step instructions provide guidance on how to position patients for radiographic procedures performed by limited operators. The latest information on state licensure and limited radiography terminology ensures that you understand the role of the limited practitioner. Math and radiologic physics concepts are presented at an easy-to-understand level. Chapter on Bone Densitometry provides all the information you need to know to for the ARRT exam and clinical practice. NEW! Expanded digital imaging concepts reflect current practice and meet the requirements of the ASRT Limited Scope Content Specifications. NEW! Updated drawings, photos, and medical radiographs enhance your understanding of key concepts and illustrate current technology. NEW! Two-color design helps make complex material easier to comprehend.
This book offers a collection of specimen multiple choice questions (MCQs) for the first FRCR examination in clinical radiology that is for the physics module. It includes questions arranged in nine sets of 40 MCQs following the examination format. Additionally, chapters cover explanation to some of the answers for better understanding of the topics. The book covers updated syllabus of Royal College of Radiology (RCR), UK on scientific basis of medical imaging, including topics in molecular imaging. Each chapter with a practice set comprises of questions arranged in the order of the syllabus of the examination, starting from the basis of medical imaging and radiation physics to the principles of specific modalities and safety issues. This book offers assistance to candidates preparing for the first FRCR examination, clinical radiology trainees, and radiology and nuclear medicine postgraduate students.
Radiofrequency catheter ablation is a safe and presently a routine method for the treatment of arrhythmias. This practical atlas presents illustrative cases aiming to inform practitioners and aid in the management of their patients. This essential text is written by an international array of experts in this field and organized by the Reunion of European countries for the Treatment of Arrythmias in Cardiology (RETAC).
This volume provides a concise yet comprehensive overview of gastrointestinal interventional radiology (IR). The text reviews the extensive array of gastrointestinal IR procedures available, while illustrating the ways in which IR can help and how IR may be the only means available to treat patients. The book also focuses on common clinical issues surrounding IR procedures, including how to know which procedures are best for a patient, how to prepare patients for the procedure, and how to handle complications and decide on medications after the procedure. Written by experts in the field, Gastrointestinal Interventional Radiology is a valuable resource for clinicians and practitioners that will help improve overall patient clinical outcomes.
This book describes and illustrates the radiological findings that are characteristic of Crohn's disease and correlates these appearances with clinical and surgical findings in order to assist the reader in implementing an appropriate diagnostic approach in this complex disease, which often differs from patient to patient. All of the modern imaging modalities and techniques are covered, including ultrasound, multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and combinations of MDCT and MRI with enteroclysis and enterography. The current value of X-ray and the role of endoscopy are also examined. Care is taken to cover specific patient groups, including pediatric patients, those with perianal disease or anal fistulas, and patients who have undergone surgery. In addition to surgical approaches, including minimally invasive options, other new therapies are discussed. The book will be invaluable for diagnostic radiologists, gastroenterologists, and surgeons.
This book presents a comprehensive overview and outlook for the future of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence navigation surgery, which is attracting clinical interest as a safe and less invasive procedure not only in detecting cerebral vessels, coronary arteries, and biliary trees, but also in identifying sentinel lymph nodes in cancer. The book starts with the characteristics of ICG and photodynamic cameras/endoscopes, followed by detailed descriptions of the applications of ICG fluorescence imaging in various areas such as ocular surgery, neurosurgery, cardiovascular surgery, and plastic surgery. It also covers identifying sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer as well as cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, and provides valuable information for hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgeons, such as identifying tattooing of liver segments and bile leakage. Written entirely by experts in their respective areas, ICG Fluorescence Imaging and Navigation Surgery offers an essential resource for surgeons operating on cancers and vascular disorders in the brain and cardiovascular systems and in plastic surgery.
This book concisely reviews our current understanding of hypoxia, molecular targeting, DNA repair, cancer stem cells, and tumor pathophysiology, while also discussing novel strategies for putting these findings into practice in daily clinical routine. Radiotherapy is an important part of modern multimodal cancer treatment, and the past several years have witnessed not only substantial improvements in radiation techniques and the use of new beam qualities, but also major strides in our understanding of molecular tumor biology and tumor radiation response. Against this backdrop, the book highlights recent efforts to identify reasonable and clinically applicable biomarkers using broad-spectrum tissue microarrays and high-throughput systems biology approaches like genomics and epigenomics. In particular, it describes in detail how such molecular information is now being exploited for diagnostic imaging and imaging throughout treatment using the example of positron emission tomography. By discussing all these issues in the context of modern radiation oncology, the book provides a broad, up-to-date overview of the molecular aspects of radiation oncology that will hopefully foster its further optimization.
The leading introductory radiology text for medical students and others who are required to read and interpret common radiologic images, Learning Radiology, 4th Edition, stresses an easy-to-follow pattern recognition approach that teaches how to differentiate normal and abnormal images.
Dr. William Herring's clear, conversational writing style employs a touch of humor to explain what you need to know to effectively interpret medical images of all modalities. From the basics of patient safety, dose reduction, and radiation protection to the latest information on ultrasound, MRI, and CT, this concise, user-friendly text provides a complete, up-to-date introduction to radiology needed by today's students.
This thesis offers an accessible guide to biomedical phase-contrast imaging with over 20 radiographic illustrations. It focuses on research to improve radiography, and particularly mammography applications, by using a novel X-ray imaging modality that exploits the wave-nature of X-rays, rather than just their absorption in tissue. Further, it explores a broad range of potential applications - from the assessment of breast cancer and the evaluation of microcalcification clusters, to the examination of renal stones. X-ray imaging is an indispensable tool in modern medical diagnostics, and ranges from simple radiography applications to advanced CT imaging protocols. This novel phase-contrast approach has the potential to deliver significantly improved diagnostic information, also and especially in cases where mammography is used for screening purposes. The thesis is based on several studies conducted by the author - working in close interdisciplinary cooperation with medical doctors at two university clinics in Munich - and successfully demonstrates this diagnostic potential in pre-clinical experiments.
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American women. Although cardiovascular-related deaths significantly outnumber breast cancer deaths, breast cancer is arguably the most feared diagnosis among American women. Great strides have been made to heighten public awareness of breast cancer, with particular emphasis on early detection with mammography. Breast radiologists regularly witness the extreme anxiety that just the thought of being diagnosed with breast cancer can cause a patient. This anxious anticipation is often heightened by a lack of knowledge about what to expect from the process of breast imaging evaluation, which is frustrating for both patient and practitioner and can negatively affect the experience. Physicians often encounter patients who have little or no understanding of the reasoning behind the examination or procedure about to be performed-sometimes even up to the day of their breast cancer surgery. Furthermore, most women who undergo breast evaluations will not be diagnosed with cancer. The incidence of breast cancer is only 125.3 per 100,000 women (or 3-6 in every 1,000 screenings), however, symptoms of benign breast abnormalities are quite common and impact many more lives. Accurately diagnosing these non-cancerous conditions can alleviate much anxiety, in addition to helping patients towards a correct treatment plan. The Breast Test Book is a straightforward guide to the process of radiologic breast evaluations. Based on the most current scientific research and best standards of clinical practice, it will help debunk myths, shed light on misinformation, and provide clear facts about what women should expect from these screenings. This improved understanding will ultimately allow patients to play more active roles in their own care and, in the event that a diagnosis is made, give them confidence in their treatment.
Pediatric Thoracic Imaging is the first comprehensive text to focus on all aspects of pediatric congenital and acquired thoracic disorders. This text is an essential reference for pediatric radiologists, those in training and of special interest to general radiologists as well as clinicians in different pediatric medical specialties. Skillfully written by Dr. Edward Y. Lee, current President of the ISPTI (International Society of Pediatric Thoracic Imaging) of Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School with the added international perspective of five associate editors, it is an authoritative encyclopedia of diseases/disorders with more than 2,000 high-quality images of radiography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, nuclear medicine and more. Sections organized by lung, large airways, mediastinum, heart, chest wall, and diaphragm presenting the imaging modalities and options for pediatric congenital and acquired thoracic disorders Discussions include anatomy/embryology, both normal and variant, clinical and imaging manifestations, and current management strategies Organized by disease/disorder for quick reference Special sections on pediatric interstitial (diffuse) lung disorders and cardiovascular procedures Enhance Your eBook Reading Experience Read directly on your preferred device(s), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone. Easily convert to audiobook, powering your content with natural language text-to-speech.
With the advances in image guided surgery for cancer treatment, the role of image segmentation and registration has become very critical. The central engine of any image guided surgery product is its ability to quantify the organ or segment the organ whether it is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), X-ray, PET, SPECT, Ultrasound, and Molecular imaging modality. Sophisticated segmentation algorithms can help the physicians delineate better the anatomical structures present in the input images, enhance the accuracy of medical diagnosis and facilitate the best treatment planning system designs. The focus of this book in towards the state of the art techniques in the area of image segmentation and registration.
This well-illustrated pocket book offers up-to-date guidance on the clinical and research applications of PET/CT in the most common neurological and neuro-oncological disorders. The opening chapters cover the pros and cons of widely used radiological imaging techniques, scanners, and radiopharmaceuticals, with emphasis on the state of the art hybrid modalities, primarily PET/CT but also PET/MRI. Helpful information is provided on the clinical and research tracers used in neurodegenerative diseases, movement disorders, epilepsy and brain tumours. These four killers are then discussed in detail, highlighting the role of PET/CT and targeted tracers in their assessment and in radiotherapy planning. In addition, the clinical applications of PET/MRI are considered. Throughout, many images are included to better explain the diseases and the role of hybrid imaging, and the final chapter presents a large sample of teaching cases and files that will assist in daily clinical practice. The book has been compiled under the auspices of the British Nuclear Medicine Society. It will be an excellent asset for nuclear medicine physicians, radiologists, radiographers, neurologists and neurosurgeons.
This atlas comprehensively describes the application of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in real-world scenarios using 192 illustrative clinical cases. These imaging techniques are revolutionizing the diagnostic and therapeutic approach for cardiovascular patients and are progressively becoming viable sub-specialties among radiologists and cardiologists. Clinical Atlas of Cardiac and Aortic CT and MRI features clinically relevant case-based examples of how CT and MR imaging techniques can be applied to identify the pathological features of a range of acquired and congenital heart diseases. Using more than 1000 high-quality figures of distinctive CT and MR imaging features of most cardiovascular diseases, both acquired and congenital, it therefore provides a valuable resource for both specialist and non-specialist radiology/cardiology practitioners seeking to develop a deep understanding of how to recognize the features of a variety of heart diseases using CT and MR imaging techniques.
Now fully updated with more than 2,000 new images, 200 new videos, and new content throughout, Diagnostic Ultrasound, 5th Edition, by Drs. Carol M. Rumack and Deborah Levine, remains the most comprehensive and authoritative ultrasound resource available. Spanning a wide range of medical specialties and practice settings, it provides complete, detailed information on the latest techniques for ultrasound imaging of the whole body; image-guided procedures; fetal, obstetric, and pediatric imaging; and much more. Up-to-date guidance from experts in the field keep you abreast of expanding applications of this versatile imaging modality and help you understand the "how" and "why" of ultrasound use and interpretation. Covers all aspects of diagnostic ultrasound with sections for Physics; Abdominal, Pelvic, Small Parts, Vascular, Obstetric, and Pediatric Sonography. Uses a straightforward writing style and extensive image panels with correlative findings. Features 5,000 images - more than 2,000 brand-new - including new 2D and 3D imaging as well as the use of contrast agents and elastography. Includes a new virtual chapter on artifacts with individually labelled images from throughout the book, displaying artifacts with descriptive legends by category and how they can be used in diagnosis or corrected for better quality imaging. Features more images and new uses for contrast agents in the liver, breast, and in pediatric applications. Includes current information on imaging more diagnostic dilemmas, such as Zika virus in the fetus and newborn. Includes 400 video clips showing real-time scanning of anatomy and pathology. Expert ConsultT eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, Q&As, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
Over the past decade, we have made great advances in the field of multiple sclerosis (MS) research, and this book focuses on those advances in MS pathogenesis and treatment. While some of these advances have been through new approaches and ideas that have emerged in the last decade such as the newly identified protective role that amyloid proteins may play in MS or the use of helminths to treat autoimmune diseases, others have evolved from previous theories and ideas that have only now gained momentum and a deeper understanding such as the role of HLA or gender in MS susceptibility. This book covers these emerging and evolving topics and highlights the substantial advancements made in elucidation of the factors regulating susceptibility or disease progression, identification of new ways to monitor or predict MS pathology, and development of new strategies for treating MS.
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