Your cart is empty
This is the second volume of the four volume set. Functional nanomaterials appear in our daily lives. These materials mainly include nanocomposites, nanopowders, nanoparticles and nanocoatings. Nanotechnology enables the creation of structures which do not exist in nature, those which cannot be produced by conventional chemistry. Some advantages of this technology are the synthesis of stronger, more adjustable materials as well as lower costs. Nanotechnology is scientific and research development at the atomic, molecular or macromolecular levels in a dimension range of 1 to 100 nm; the fabrication and application of the structures, equipment, and systems which involve unique characteristics and new applications because of their small or medium dimensions; and the potential for (materials and processes) the control and management of atomic scales. Therefore, nanotechnology involves industrial research and development at atomic, molecular, and macromolecular levels. This research aims to create and exploit the structures and systems which involve unique applications due to their small dimensions. The main difference between nanotechnology and other technologies is found within the dimensions and properties of the materials and structures applied in this technology. As a matter of fact, the main difference between these two types of technologies is the presence of base elements, which are indeed the same nanoscale elements with different properties in their nanoscale and larger states. Due to the developed properties of the very fine powders including surface chemistry, compressive properties, optical characteristics, and synthetic reactions as well as an increasing demand for fine powders in industries, very fine fragmentation is applied in many materials such as: minerals, ceramics, dyes, chemicals, micro-organisms, pharmaceuticals and paper manufacturing. This volume mainly discusses the characterisation and reliability of functional nanomaterials.
Low-dimensional solids are of fundamental interest in materials science due to their anisotropic properties. Written not only for experts in the field, this book explains the important concepts behind their physics and surveys the most interesting one-dimensional systems and discusses their present and emerging applications in molecular scale electronics. Chemists, polymer and materials scientists as well as students will find this book a very readable introduction to the solid-state physics of electronic materials. In this completely revised and expanded third edition the authors also cover graphene as one of the most important research topics in the field of low dimensional materials for electronic applications. In addition, the topics of nanotubes and nanoribbons are widely enlarged to reflect the research advances of the last years.
Finish Manufacturing Processes are those final stage processing techniques which are deployed to bring a product to readiness for marketing and putting in service. Over recent decades a number of finish manufacturing processes have been newly developed by researchers and technologists. Many of these developments have been reported and illustrated in existing literature in a piecemeal manner or in relation only to specific applications. For the first time, Comprehensive Materials Finishing integrates a wide body of this knowledge and understanding into a single, comprehensive work. Containing a mixture of review articles, case studies and research findings resulting from R & D activities in industrial and academic domains, this reference work focuses on how some finish manufacturing processes are advantageous for a broad range of technologies. These include applicability, energy and technological costs as well as practicability of implementation. The work covers a wide range of materials such as ferrous, non-ferrous and polymeric materials. There are three main distinct types of finishing processes: Surface Treatment by which the properties of the material are modified without generally changing the physical dimensions of the surface; Finish Machining Processes by which a small layer of material is removed from the surface by various machining processes to render improved surface characteristics; and Surface Coating Processes by which the surface properties are improved by adding fine layer(s) of materials with superior surface characteristics. Each of these primary finishing processes is presented in its own volume for ease of use, making Comprehensive Materials Finishing an essential reference source for researchers and professionals at all career stages in academia and industry.
Detector materials include semiconductors and scintillators, which are represented by a variety of binary molecular compounds such as lanthanum halides (LaX3), zinc oxide (ZnO) and mercuric iodide (HgI2). Ideally, these materials possess appropriate range bandgaps, high atomic numbers of the central element and high densities. They also perform at room temperature, have strong mechanical properties and low production costs. There are significant gaps, however, in the information needed to improve the quality of these materials - in terms of reproducible purity, homogeneity and mechanical integrity. This book features the latest advances in radiation detection materials, both from experimental and theoretical standpoints, as both are needed to grow and characterize materials that will produce enhanced detectors of the future. Topics include: CdTe and CdZnTe detectors; neutron detectors and scintillators.
Lightness, efficiency, durability and economic as well as
ecological viability are key attributes required from materials
today. In the transport industry, the performance needs are felt
exceptionally strongly. This handbook and ready reference covers
the use of structural materials throughout this industry,
particularly for the road, air and rail sectors. A strong focus is
placed on the latest developments in materials engineering. The
authors present new insights and trends, providing firsthand
information from the perspective of universities, Fraunhofer and
independent research institutes, aerospace and automotive companies
Meticulous, precise account of the theory of finite elasticity covers the application of the theory to the solution of boundary-value problems, and to the analysis of the mechanical properties of solid materials capable of large elastic deformations. Setting is purely isothermal. Widely regarded as a classic in the field. Problems. References. Appendixes. 544p.
"Comprehensive Hard Materials" deals with the production, uses
and properties of the carbides, nitrides and borides of these
metals and those of titanium, as well as tools of ceramics, the
superhard boron nitrides and diamond and related compounds.
Articles include the technologies of powder production (including
their precursor materials), milling, granulation, cold and hot
compaction, sintering, hot isostatic pressing, hot-pressing,
injection moulding, as well as on the coating technologies for
refractory metals, hard metals and hard materials. The
characterization, testing, quality assurance and applications are
also covered. "Comprehensive Hard Materials" provides meaningful
insightson materials at the leading edge of technology. It aids
continued research and development ofthese materials and as such it
is a critical information resource to academics and industry
professionals facing the technological challenges of the
A review of the various methodologies for the surface treatment of different types of inorganic spherical and fibrous fillers, describing ball milling, cationic polymerization, vapor phase grafting, plasma treatment and UV irradiation in detail. In addition, the book connects the resulting composite properties to the modified filler surface properties, thus allowing for a purposeful, application-oriented composite design.
Edited by the initiators of a priority research program funded by the German Science Foundation and written by an international team of key players, this is the first book to provide an overview of nanostructured thermoelectric materials -- putting the new developments into perspective alongside conventional thermoelectrics. As such, it reviews the current state of research on thermoelectric Bi2Te3 nanomaterials, covering advanced methods of materials synthesis, characterization of materials structures and thermoelectric properties, as well as advances in the theory and modeling of transport properties. Nanomaterials-based thermoelectric devices are also discussed with respect to their properties, their suitability for different energy generation applications, and in light of their commercialization potential. An outlook on the chances, challenges and future directions of research rounds off the book, giving a straightforward account of the fundamental and technical problems - plus ways to overcome them.
The field of nanoceramics for biomedical applications has experienced important advances in the last five years. These advances are mainly focused in the field of new nanostructured bioceramics able to mimic almost the same biomineralization processes. In addition, there has also been significant advances in nanoceramics as vehicles for targeted drug delivery and gene therapy. Building on the success of Biomimetic Nanoceramics in Clinical Use, this second edition has been revised and updated to reflect the recent developments in the field. Nanoceramics in Clinical Use includes additional material on bone mineralization processes, new synthesis strategies and applications of nanostructured bioceramics to manufacture 3D macroporous scaffolds and as nanovehicles for targeted drug delivery and gene therapies, to provide the reader with a complete overview of the topic, from fundamental principles to the latest advances. Written by World leading experts in bioceramics, this title will appeal to a broad audience, from academic researchers to those working within the commercial industry. Materials and chemical engineers, chemists, biologists, physicists and those working in medicine, im particular with medical implants, will appreciate the comprehensive coverage of this fast-developing area.
Intended as a reference for basic and practical knowledge about the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanotechnology for students, engineers, and researchers, this book focuses on the production of different types of nanomaterials and their applications, particularly synthesis of different types of nanomaterials, characterization of different types of nanomaterials, applications of different types of nanomaterials, including the nanocomposites.
Intended as a textbook for courses involving preparative solid-state chemistry, this book offers clear and detailed descriptions on how to prepare a selection of inorganic materials that exhibit important optical, magnetic and electrical properties, on a laboratory scale. The text covers a wide range of preparative methods and can be read as separate, independent chapters or as a unified coherent body of work. Discussions of various chemical systems reveal how the properties of a material can often be influenced by modifications to the preparative procedure, and vice versa. References to mineralogy are made throughout the book since knowledge of naturally occurring inorganic substances is helpful in devising many of the syntheses and in characterizing the product materials.
A set of questions at the end of each chapter helps to connect theory with practice, and an accompanying solutions manual is available to instructors. This book is also of appeal to postgraduate students, post-doctoral researchers and those working in industry requiring knowledge of solid-state synthesis.
The Reviews in Computational Chemistry series brings together leading authorities in the field to teach the newcomer and update the expert on topics centered on molecular modeling, such as computer-assisted molecular design (CAMD), quantum chemistry, molecular mechanics and dynamics, and quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR). This volume, like those prior to it, features chapters by experts in various fields of computational chemistry. Topics in Volume 29 include: * Noncovalent Interactions in Density-Functional Theory * Long-Range Inter-Particle Interactions: Insights from Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) Theory * Efficient Transition-State Modeling using Molecular Mechanics Force Fields for the Everyday Chemist * Machine Learning in Materials Science: Recent Progress and Emerging Applications * Discovering New Materials via a priori Crystal Structure Prediction * Introduction to Maximally Localized Wannier Functions * Methods for a Rapid and Automated Description of Proteins: Protein Structure, Protein Similarity, and Protein Folding
Materials science encompasses four classes of materials, the study of each of which may be considered a separate field: metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. This volume gathers important research from around the globe in this dynamic field including research on the electroluminescent and photo luminescent properties of semiconductor-based materials with different structures; advantages of reactive extrusion for the synthesis of polyurethanes for biomedical applications; pyridine-type defects in graphene; amorphous silicon carbide thin film formation at room temperature; hydrogen gas sensor based on material with yttrium nanoparticles; influence of supercritical carbon dioxide for pharmaceutical processing; polymerisable dyes containing heterocyclic derivatives of polyureas and polyurethanes; the -nucleation in polypropylene and its effect on the mechano-physical and thermal properties; and the effect of hydrogen on boron doped amorphous silicon prepared by magnetron sputtering.
There is great interest in metallosupramolecular materials because of their use in magnetic, photonic and electronic materials. Functional Metallosupramolecular Materials focuses on the applications of these materials covering the chemistry underlying the synthesis of a variety of ligands to coordinate various metal ions and the generation of 2D and 3D materials based on these constructs. The book starts by looking at different metallosupramolecular systems including naturally occurring functional metallosupramolecular materials; DNA-based metallosupramolecular materials; metallopolymers; metallogels as well as functional materials based on MOFs. Subsequent chapters then systematically cover the different applications such as molecular computation, spin-crossover, light harvesting and as photocatalysts for the production of solar fuels. The book provides an overview of functional metallosupramolecular materials that will be of interest to graduate students, academics and industrial chemists interested in supramolecular chemistry, materials science and the materials applications.
Reflecting the progress in recent years, this book provides in-depth information on the preparation, chemistry, and engineering of bioceramic coatings for medical implants. It is authored by two renowned experts with over 30 years of experience in industry and academia, who know the potentials and pitfalls of the techniques concerned. Following an introduction to the principles of biocompatibility, they present the structures and properties of various bioceramics from alumina to zirconia. The main part of the work focuses on coating technologies, such as chemical vapor deposition, sol-gel deposition and thermal spraying. There then follows a discussion of the major interactions of bioceramics with bone or tissue cells, complemented by an overview of the in-vitro testing methods of the biomineralization properties of bioceramics. The text is rounded off by chapters on the functionalization of bioceramic coatings and a look at future trends. As a result, the authors bring together all aspects of the latest techniques for designing, depositing, testing, and implementing improved and novel bioceramic coating compositions, providing a full yet concise overview for beginners and professionals.
Si containing polymers have been instrumental in the development of membrane gas separation practices since the early 1970s. Their function is to provide a selective barrier for different molecular species, where selection takes place either on the basis of size or on the basis of physical interactions or both. * Combines membrane science, organosilicon chemistry, polymer science, materials science, and physical chemistry * Only book to consider polymerization chemistry and synthesis of Si-containing polymers (both glassy and rubbery), and their role as membrane materials * Membrane operations present environmental benefits such as reduced waste, and recovered/recycled valuable raw materials that are currently lost to fuel or to flares
With its discussion of strategies for modeling complex materials using new numerical techniques, mainly those based on the finite element method, this monograph covers a range of topics including computational plasticity, multi-scale formulations, optimization and parameter identification, damage mechanics and nonlinear finite elements.
This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.
This book addresses general information, good practices and examples about thermo-physical properties, thermo-kinetic and thermo-mechanical couplings, instrumentation in thermal science, thermal optimization and infrared radiation.
Gain a detailed understanding of the fundamental concepts of chemistry and their engineering applications with this fully revised second edition. Catering to the needs of first and second semester undergraduate students from all branches of engineering taking courses on engineering chemistry, it offers new material on topics such as periodic properties, structure and bonding, gaseous states, ionic equilibrium, oxidation and reduction, Werner's coordination theory, Sidgwick coordination theory, valence bond theory, crystal field theory, bonding in coordination compounds, and isomerism in coordination compounds. Lucid language and an easy-to-learn approach help students to understand the basic concepts, use them to construct engineering materials, and solve problems associated with them. Each chapter is further strengthened by numerous examples and review questions.
The sixth volume in a series of handbooks on graphene research and applications The Handbook of Graphene, Volume 6: Biosensors and Advanced Sensors discusses the unique benefits that the discovery of graphene has brought to the sensing and biosensing sectors. It examines graphene's use in leading-edge technology applications and the development of a variety of graphene-based sensors. The handbook looks at how graphene can be used as an electrode, substrate, or transducer in sensor design. Graphene-based sensor detection has achieved up to femto-levels, with performances delivering the advantages of greater selectivity, sensitivity, and stability.
Tungsten alloying in microalloyed steels is of growing academic and industrial interests due to its positive role in the aspects of microstructural modification and properties improvement. This book has systematically described the functions of tungsten alloying in microalloyed steels. Topics covered include the effects of tungsten on the phase transformation behaviour of microalloyed steels by establishing the continuous cooling transformation diagrams in order to control the expected microstructure and the required mechanical properties; the effects of tungsten on the characteristics of precipitated particles in microalloyed steels; the microstructural evolution of microalloyed steels including grain size, phase component, pearlite interlamellar spacing, allotriomorphic ferrite and acicular ferrite after tungsten addition; the effects of tungsten on mechanical properties of microalloyed steels by means of hardness, impact toughness and room/low-temperature tensile properties tests; strategies for heat treatment of microalloyed steels with the purpose of determining the optimal heat treatment conditions for microalloyed steels with different tungsten additions; improvement of the corrosion resistance of microalloyed steels after tungsten addition; and the effects of tungsten on the hydrogen embrittlement behaviour of microalloyed steels. The text of this book is up-to-date, informative, readable and self-contained. It is not only a technical document that can be used in the research and development of tungsten alloying in microalloyed steels, but also a scientific and valuable literature for the metallurgists, engineers, materials scientists, academics and higher degree research students who make, use, study and design with steels and tungsten worldwide by introducing the latest research findings and achievements of tungsten alloying in microalloyed steels, and considering the metallurgical basis for steel research.
This new book focuses on recent developments in this field, focusing on nanostructured materials and nanocomposites. The book deals with some recent developments in the synthesis and characterization of nanomaterial as well as its incorporation into polymer matrixes. The biological applications of nanomaterials are also discussed in detail, along with new approaches in nanostructured materials and nanocomposites. Highlights include a detailed discussion on synthesis of nanostructured materials and nanocomposites; reviews of biodiesel production; green nanostructured materials; and nanosensors, nanomedicines, and biomedical applications of nanostructured materials.
This informative book focuses on newly developed functional materials and their applications for electronic and spintronic devices. Electronic devices have become a part of our daily modern life, involving mobile phones, data storage, computers, and satellites, and there is relentless growth in microelectronics. This volume covers the topics of oxide materials for electronics devices, new materials, and new properties, especially in newly developed research areas, such as oxide magnetic semiconductors and two-dimensional electron gas. Key features: Emphasizes functional materials for electronic devices, including two-dimensional materials, two-dimensional electron gas, multiferroic materials, memory materials, sensor materials, and spintronic materials. Describes the basics as well as new developments of these functional materials and devices.
You may like...
Biological Performance of Materials…
Jonathan Black Hardcover R2,701 Discovery Miles 27 010
Quantum Theory of Materials
Efthimios Kaxiras, John D. Joannopoulos Hardcover R1,736 Discovery Miles 17 360
Superalloys 2020 - Proceedings of the…
Sammy Tin, Mark Hardy, … Hardcover R9,801 Discovery Miles 98 010
Introduction to Materials…
Elliot Douglas Paperback
Engineering Materials, v. 1
Roger L. Timings Paperback R1,614 Discovery Miles 16 140
Supramolecules in Drug Discovery and…
Thomas Mavromoustakos, Andreas G. Tzakos, … Hardcover R3,640 Discovery Miles 36 400
Handbook of Adhesives and Sealants
Edward Petrie Hardcover R3,017 Discovery Miles 30 170
Optical Effects in Solids
David B. Tanner Hardcover R1,673 Discovery Miles 16 730
Rare Metal Technology 2020
Gisele Azimi, Kerstin Forsberg, … Hardcover R4,293 Discovery Miles 42 930
Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in…
Peter F. Green Hardcover R1,944 Discovery Miles 19 440