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The Specialist Periodical Report Electrochemistry presents comprehensive and critical reviews in all aspects of the field, with contributions from across the globe, providing the reader with an informed digest of the most important research currently carried out in this field. Re-launching in 2015 with a new editorial team, Volume 13 returns to its roots and provides a wide range of topics written by leading experts researching at the forefront and heart of electrochemistry. The book covers topics such as control and structural analysis, and combines different approaches on utilizing light as a source for materials science. This volume is a key reference in the field of electrochemistry, allowing readers to become easily acquainted with the latest research trends.
A "must-have" for materials engineers, chemists, physicists, and geologists, this is one of the first "coffee-table" books in the field of glass science.
Containing over fifty beautiful micrographs, the book reflects 35 years of original research by a highly regarded authority in the field. It contains 50 slides culled from tens of thousands of images on glass crystal nucleation, growth, and crystallization. The images represent glass crystallization mechanisms, including internal, surface, homogeneous, heterogeneous, and eutectic, crystal nucleation and growth.
"Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics: ""Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics," the third volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas:
Optical metrology and displacement measurements at different scales
Digital holography and experimental mechanics
Optical measurement systems using polarized light
Digital image correlation
Optical methods for MEMS and NEMS
Three-dimensional imaging and volumetric correlation
Imaging methods for thermomechanics applications
3D volumetric flow measurement
Optical residual stress measurement techniques
Advances in imaging technologies"
A comprehensive guide to the selection and specification of engineering materials and related component manufacturing processes. Information is included on the methodology of product design and materials selection, and there is a database on materials performance.
This volume is a compilation of papers that were presented at Symposium 6B, 'Advanced Structural Materials', of the XXIV International Materials Research Congress, organized in collaboration with Materials Research Society, which was held from August 16-20, 2015 in Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. The symposium was devoted to fundamental and technological applications of structural materials, and continued the tradition of providing a forum for scientists from various backgrounds with a common interest in the development and use of structural materials to come together and share their findings and expertise. The 'Advanced Structural Materials' symposium has been held for the last twenty years, with the objective of presenting overviews and recent investigations related to advanced structural metallic, ceramic, composite, and concrete materials along with their industrial applications. The topics include innovative processing, phase transformations, mechanical properties, oxidation resistance, modeling and the relationship between processing, microstructure and mechanical behavior.
Polymeric materials are used for a legion of applications in a wide
array of technological areas, and their proper surface/interface
characteristics are of cardinal importance for their applications.
Therefore, the need to characterize polymer surfaces/interfaces and
their suitable modification to impart desired characteristics is
Modern electrodynamics in different media is a wide branch of electrodynamics which combines the exact theory of electromagnetic fields in the presence of electric charges and currents with statistical description of these fields in gases, plasmas, liquids and solids; dielectrics, conductors and superconductors. It is widely used in physics and in other natural sciences (such as astrophysics and geophysics, biophysics, ecology and evolution of terrestrial climate), and in various technological applications (radio electronics, technology of artificial materials, laser-based technological processes, propagation of bunches of charges particles, linear and nonlinear electromagnetic waves, etc.). Electrodynamics of matter is based on the exact fundamental (microscopic) electrodynamics but is supplemented with specific descriptions of electromagnetic fields in various media using the methods of statistical physics, quantum mechanics, physics of condensed matter (including theory of superconductivity), physical kinetics and plasma physics. This book presents in one unique volume a systematic description of the main electrodynamic phenomena in matter: - A large variety of theoretical approaches used in describing various media - Numerous important manifestations of electrodynamics in matter (magnetic materials, superconductivity, magnetic hydrodynamics, holography, radiation in crystals, solitons, etc.) - A description of the applications used in different branches of physics and many other fields of natural sciences - Describes the whole complexity of electrodynamics in matter including material at different levels. - Oriented towards 3-4 year bachelors, masters, and PhD students, as well as lectures, and engineers and scientists working in the field. - The reader will need a basic knowledge of general physics, higher mathematics, classical mechanics and microscopic (fundamental) electrodynamics at the standard university level - All examples and problems are described in detail in the text to help the reader learn how to solve problems - Advanced problems are marked with one asterisk, and the most advanced ones with two asterisks. Some problems are recommended to be solved first, and are are marked by filled dots; they are more general and important or contain results used in other problems.
A widely used basic text by two recognized authorities. A unified and disciplined approach; advanced concepts reduced to easy-to-use charts, formulas and numerical examples.
Taking the reader through the underlying principles of molecular translational dynamics, this book outlines the ways in which magnetic resonance, through the use of magnetic field gradients, can reveal those dynamics. The measurement of diffusion and flow, over different length and time scales, provides unique insight regarding fluid interactions with porous materials, as well as molecular organisation in soft matter and complex fluids. The book covers both time and frequency domain methodologies, as well as advances in scattering and diffraction methods, multidimensional exchange and correlation experiments and orientational correlation methods ideal for studying anisotropic environments. At the heart of these new methods resides the ubiquitous spin echo, a phenomenon whose discovery underpins nearly every major development in magnetic resonance methodology. Measuring molecular translational motion does not require high spectral resolution and so finds application in new NMR technologies concerned with 'outside the laboratory' applications, in geophysics and petroleum physics, in horticulture, in food technology, in security screening, and in environmental monitoring.
Solar Energy presents an introduction to all aspects of solar energy, from photovoltaic devices to active and passive solar thermal energy conversion, giving both a detailed and broad perspective of the field. It is aimed at the beginner involved in solar energy or a related field, or for someone wanting to gain a broader perspective of solar energy technologies. A chapter considering solar radiation, basic principles applied to solar energy, semiconductor physics, and light absorption brings the reader on equal footing with the technology of either solar generated electrical current or useful heat. Details of how a solar cell works and then production of current from a photovoltaic device is discussed. Characterization of a solar cell is examined, allowing one the ability to interpret the current-voltage relation, followed by discussion of parameter extraction from this relation. This information can be used to understand what limits the performance of a given solar cell with the potential to optimize its performance. Applications of solar thermal energy are reviewed in detail from passive applications, for example the solar chimney, to active, such as the solar (power) tower, flat plate water heater, and solar thermal electricity generation. Consistency of analysis between the solar thermal applications is used enabling the reader to fully appreciate similarities and dissimilarities between these technologies. Ultimately, the scientist or engineer can understand existing systems, either photovoltaic or solar thermal devices, and design their own technology given the information in this book.
Presenting cutting-edge research and development within multiscale modeling techniques and frameworks, Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials systematically describes the background, principles and methods within this exciting new & interdisciplinary field.
The author's approach emphasizes the principles and methods of atomistic simulation and its transition to the nano and sub-micron scale of a continuum, which is technically important for nanotechnology and biotechnology. He also pays close attention to multiscale analysis across the micro/meso/macroscopy of a continuum, which has a broad scope of applications encompassing different disciplines and practices, and is an essential extension of mesomechanics.
Of equal interest to engineers, scientists, academics and students, Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials is a multidisciplinary text relevant to those working in the areas of materials science, solid and computational mechanics, bioengineering and biomaterials, and aerospace, automotive, civil, and environmental engineering.
Provides a deep understanding of multiscale analysis and its implementation Shows in detail how multiscale models can be developed from practical problems and how to use the multiscale methods and software to carry out simulations Discusses two interlinked categories of multiscale analysis; analysis spanning from the atomistic to the micro-continuum scales, and analysis across the micro/meso/macro scale of continuum.
Symposium BB, 'Functional Nanowires and Nanotubes', was held November 27-December 2 at the 2011 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. Semiconductor nanowires are filamentary crystals with a diameter between several hundred and few nanometers. Both their size and morphology determine novel properties and provide room for novel applications. This symposium proceedings volume represents the recent advances in the area of nanowires. The contributions span all areas from the synthesis to the device, passing from the characterisation of functional properties. Each paper in this volume provides a glimpse of the recent developments in the field such as: the use of nanowires for water splitting and hydrogen production and the use of nanowires as electrodes for lithium batteries.
This volume contains the proceedings of Symposia LL and MM of the 2011 MRS Fall Meeting, held November 28-December 2 in Boston, Massachusetts. 'Synthetic and Biological Gels' (Symposium LL) focused on advances made in the field and demonstrated the growing importance of these materials in a wide variety of applications. Insights were reported concerning the structural and dynamic properties of molecular and polymeric gels as well as dispersions in which the liquid component was aqueous or organic. Many of the presentations focused on potential or realised applications of gels for tissue engineering or medical interventions at the cellular or subcellular levels. 'Micro- and Nanoscale Processing of Biomedical Materials' (Symposium MM) highlighted several recent advances in the processing of microstructured and nanostructured materials for use in medical diagnosis and treatment. In addition, functional nanobiomaterials are being developed that exhibit unique interactions with proteins, DNA and other components of biological systems.
Symposium SS, 'Properties and Processes at the Nanoscale-Nanomechanics of Material Behavior', was held November 28-December 2 at the 2011 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. For two decades, the MRS meetings have had a significant presence in hosting symposia focused on nanomechanical behavior of materials. This symposium continued this strong tradition by focusing on both methods of testing and the resulting unique properties in small volumes of materials. Two main thrusts are evident from the field at this time: the use of small-scale tests to examine a locally small structure or defect (i.e., something you cannot accomplish with a macroscopic test) and the use of nanomechanics to determine nm-scale mechanisms that control macroscopic mechanical behavior. This selection of papers from the symposium highlight the breadth of work presented at the symposium.
Symposium N, 'Diamond Electronics and Biotechnology - Fundamentals to Applications V' was held at the 2011 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, November 28-December 2, 2011. This volume contains submitted, peer-reviewed articles of the rapid advances in these fields. The scope of this meeting stretched from fundamentals to applications of all kinds of diamond, be they single crystal to nanocrystalline, bulk film to nanoparticle. New forms and applications of carbon such as graphene and single photon emission were given particular attention. The attendance of this series has been consistently high due to the excellent quality and international nature of the contributions, as well as the choice of invited speakers. New areas such as microplasma arrays from CVD were placed alongside such standards as diamond growth and electrochemistry. In this symposium, 10 invited oral presentations, 49 contributed oral presentations and 46 posters were presented, representing more than 15 countries.
Superbly written advanced text covers torsion, rotating disks, membrane stresses in shells, much more. Many problems and answers. Reprint of 1952 ed.
"Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics" is a compilation and
selection of recent works in soft matter mechanics by a group of
active researchers in the field. The main objectives of this book
are first to disseminate the latest developments in soft matter
mechanics in the field of applied and computational mechanics, and
second to introduce soft matter mechanics as a sub-discipline of
soft matter physics. As an important branch of soft matter physics,
soft matter mechanics has developed rapidly in recent years. A
number of the novel approaches discussed in this book are unique,
such as the coarse grained finite element method for modeling
colloidal adhesion, entropic elasticity, meshfree simulations of
liquid crystal elastomers, simulations of DNA, etc. The book is
intended for researchers and graduate students in the field of
mechanics, condensed matter physics and biomaterials.
This volume is a compilation of papers that were presented at the Symposium 4A: 'Advanced Structural Materials' of the XXIII International Materials Research Congress, organized in collaboration with MRS, which was held from August 17-21, 2014 in Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. The symposium was devoted to fundamental and technological applications of structural materials, and continued the tradition of providing a forum for scientists from various backgrounds with a common interest in the development and use of structural materials to come together and share their findings and expertise. The 'Advanced Structural Materials' symposium has been held for the last 20 years with the objective of presenting overviews and recent investigations related to advanced structural metallic, ceramic, composite, and concrete materials along with their industrial applications. The topics include innovative processing, phase transformations, mechanical properties, oxidation resistance, modeling, and the relationship between processing, microstructure and mechanical behavior.
This pedagogical and self-contained text describes the modern mean field theory of simple structural glasses. The book begins with a thorough explanation of infinite-dimensional models in statistical physics, before reviewing the key elements of the thermodynamic theory of liquids and the dynamical properties of liquids and glasses. The central feature of the mean field theory of disordered systems, the existence of a large multiplicity of metastable states, is then introduced. The replica method is then covered, before the final chapters describe important, advanced topics such as Gardner transitions, complexity, packing spheres in large dimensions, the jamming transition, and the rheology of glass. Presenting the theory in a clear and pedagogical style, this is an excellent resource for researchers and graduate students working in condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics.
Intended as a textbook for courses involving preparative solid-state chemistry, this book offers clear and detailed descriptions on how to prepare a selection of inorganic materials that exhibit important optical, magnetic and electrical properties, on a laboratory scale. The text covers a wide range of preparative methods and can be read as separate, independent chapters or as a unified coherent body of work. Discussions of various chemical systems reveal how the properties of a material can often be influenced by modifications to the preparative procedure, and vice versa. References to mineralogy are made throughout the book since knowledge of naturally occurring inorganic substances is helpful in devising many of the syntheses and in characterizing the product materials.
A set of questions at the end of each chapter helps to connect theory with practice, and an accompanying solutions manual is available to instructors. This book is also of appeal to postgraduate students, post-doctoral researchers and those working in industry requiring knowledge of solid-state synthesis.
Pioneered by the pharmaceutical industry and adapted for the
purposes of materials science and engineering, the combinatorial
method is now widely considered a watershed in the accelerated
discovery, development, and optimization of new materials.
Combinatorial Materials Synthesis reveals the gears behind
combinatorial materials chemistry and thin-film technology, and
discusses the prime techniques involved in synthesis and property
determination for experimentation with a variety of materials.
Funneling historic innovations into one source, the book explores
core approaches to synthesis and rapid characterization techniques
for work with combinatorial materials libraries.
This highly readable, popular textbook for upper undergraduates and graduates comprehensively covers the fundamentals of crystallography and symmetry, applying these concepts to a large range of materials. New to this edition are more streamlined coverage of crystallography, additional coverage of magnetic point group symmetry and updated material on extraterrestrial minerals and rocks. New exercises at the end of chapters, plus over 500 additional exercises available online, allow students to check their understanding of key concepts and put into practice what they have learnt. Over 400 illustrations within the text help students visualise crystal structures and more abstract mathematical objects, supporting more difficult topics like point group symmetries. Historical and biographical sections add colour and interest by giving an insight into those who have contributed significantly to the field. Supplementary online material includes password-protected solutions, over 100 crystal structure data files, and Powerpoints of figures from the book.
Defence managers, like their counterparts in both the public and private sector need to learn to cope with change and the resulting uncertainty. This is no easy task for uncertain situations meaning that there are no sure answers or solutions. This volume represents the attempts of its contributors, military and academic, to assist in the process. To some extent uncertainty is nothing new, indeed it may be the only certainty in an era of rapid social change, increasing economic pressures. The end of the Cold War, a rise in global terrorism and rapid developments in informatics have accelerated the pace of change. Tried and trusted techniques that served well in the past are no longer appropriate in an era where defence services must be ready to challenge unknown adversaries, accept a range of responsibilities in operations other than war, and where even fundamental social values are being changed and challenged. This volume maintains a practical focus by offering contributions from serving officers as well as academics. Subjects covered range from the broad context of international affairs since 11 September 2001, to the finer detail of maintaining a proper work-life balance for se
A first on ultrafast phenomena in carbon nanostructures like graphene, the most promising candidate for revolutionizing information technology and communication The book introduces the reader into the ultrafast nanoworld of graphene and carbon nanotubes, including their microscopic tracks and unique optical finger prints. The author reviews the recent progress in this field by combining theoretical and experimental achievements. He offers a clear theoretical foundation by presenting transparently derived equations. Recent experimental breakthroughs are reviewed. By combining both theory and experiment as well as main results and detailed theoretical derivations, the book turns into an inevitable source for a wider audience from graduate students to researchers in physics, materials science, and electrical engineering who work on optoelectronic devices, renewable energies, or in the semiconductor industry.
This book gathers peer-reviewed contributions presented at the 2nd RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication (Digital Concrete), held online and hosted by the Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands from 6-9 July 2020. Focusing on additive and automated manufacturing technologies for the fabrication of cementitious construction materials, such as 3D concrete printing, powder bed printing, and shotcrete 3D printing, the papers highlight the latest findings in this fast-growing field, addressing topics like mixture design, admixtures, rheology and fresh-state behavior, alternative materials, microstructure, cold joints & interfaces, mechanical performance, reinforcement, structural engineering, durability and sustainability, automation and industrialization.
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